Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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20
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2answers
12k views

Strength of WEP, WPA and WPA 2 PSK

I know there are three method for wifi security. What are the relative strengths of the password encryption in WEP, WPA and WPA2 PSK?
7
votes
1answer
268 views

Encryption in an embeddded system

After accepting an answer to my previous question, I am beginning to have doubts. I want to updating pricing information in vending machines by inserting an SD card with new pricing. I have to ...
1
vote
2answers
332 views

Seeking lightweight encryption - shareable between Delphi & C

I want to encrypt a text file in Delphi & decrypt it, line by line, in C on an embedded system which does not have much RAM (so, only one line in RAM at a time). FOSS must be available for both ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What would be the scenario if P = NP for RSA algorithm?

Suppose I am using RSA for my security system. Now someone discovers find a polynomial time algorithm for RSA. Then what measure should one that such that RSA never breaks. Maybe large number of used ...
-5
votes
2answers
4k views

Is AES slower to encrypt than MD5?

Is this the right interperation of this diagram: http://www.cryptopp.com/benchmarks.html AES/CCM MiB/Second:61 Cycles Per Byte:28.6 MD5 MiB/Second:255 Cycles Per Byte:6.8 And does that ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

CMC (RFC 5272) compatible CA server

I need a CA server or any tool that supports Certificate Management over CMS (CMC) format, described in RFC 5272 (RFC 2797). I need a possibility to generate different Full PKI requests and responses ...
11
votes
1answer
5k views

When using AES and CBC, is it necessary to keep the IV secret?

If I encrypt some data with a randomly generated Key and Initialization Vector, then store all three pieces of information in the same table row; is it necessary to encrypt the IV as well as the Key? ...
2
votes
2answers
860 views

Determine encoding/hashing methods used based on knowing the input and output only?

If I know the initial value of a string and the resulting hash but have no access to the system that produces the output, how can I determine what has actually occurred so I can reproduce the hashing ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I encrypt a file with .NET and have the same file size of the original file?

I'm using .NET and I've written an awesome routine (xD) that encrypts and decrypts a file using AES256 CBC. It works perfectly, but now they told me that the encrypted file must be of the same size of ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to login and encrypt data with the same password/key

I've made a "vault" web app in PHP for storing passwords, credit card numbers, etc. It's mostly just for myself, but I'm practicing building it with multiple users in mind. I use two way encryption to ...
7
votes
1answer
112 views

What is the best way to manage package signing keys?

I am researching a way to protect, and enable accountability of, our packages when being transferred from our dev team, through to Q+A and eventually to deployment. I have initially created a signing ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

Is it alright to tell everyone your encryption information?

I have an account in an online banking system and they have the FAQ with something like this: How secure is the <Online Banking System Name>? Each page you view and any information ...
1
vote
5answers
10k views

How to properly encrypt a communication channel between a client and a server (without SSL)?

I have a poor knowledge in the world of cryptography, I'm just starting to learn it so I'm a newbie :) As a project for getting into the field of cryptography I want to write a client\server program ...
4
votes
1answer
445 views

Is OpenPGP encryption a valid replacement for SSL when passing messages?

I am writing an application that occasionally needs to transmit larger messages to other servers on the internet without allowing people to snoop on the traffic. The normal way to handle this is to ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Why not buy cheap SSL certificates? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there any technical security reason not to buy the cheapest SSL certificate you can find? The comparison in Godaddy's website, makes it clear: they're just cheaper ...
2
votes
3answers
346 views

Password Security: Encrypting salt [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Password Hashing add salt + pepper or is salt enough? I'm new to security and trying to understand why encrypting or hiding a salt is not considered useful. I've read ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

rsa encrypted hash == rsa signature

$ echo -n "1327943823" > test_ok.txt $ openssl dgst -sha1 -binary -out test_ok.sha1 test_ok.txt $ echo "GURbsl4CFPCG83RCZxsEpoRleXicXQhH1OC4Fk77b7EMj2g8aHUhD/L+sm ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the Netscape Cert Type attributes? Why/when are they needed?

What are the Netscape Cert Type attributes in a X.509 Certificate and how are they different with the X509v3 extensions? Example: There is the Client/Server Extended Key Usage (X.509) but there is ...
3
votes
4answers
150 views

Strong authentication over insecure links

Let's begin by assuming that we're operating in either a corporate or Governmental environment where SSL man-in-the-middle interceptions are a given and that *all* traffic on the network between the ...
6
votes
2answers
686 views

What risks does WPA carry?

A family member of mine would like to be able to play old PSP games online. Unfortunately the device does not support WPA2, and my network is strictly WPA2 AES secured. What are the risks involved in ...
2
votes
1answer
240 views

Seeding GPG keygen with a hashed secret [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Tool for public key cryptography where password is the private key? I was wondering if you guys could clue me in to potential problems with using a hashed password as ...
15
votes
3answers
10k views

How to encrypt database connection credentials on a web server?

OWASP advise against storing DB credentials in plain text: https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Password_in_Configuration_File However, they don't provide suggestions of how to encrypt the DB access ...
6
votes
3answers
314 views

How much added security do I really get with a longer key size?

Imagine I have a cipher which supports keys of 128, 192 or 256 bits. Suppose that there are no vulnerabilities in the cipher regardless of key length. I'm going to use it to encrypt something, and ...
14
votes
6answers
2k views

Why not RSA-encrypt the entire document?

I have recently learned of a way for person B to verify that a document sent from person A is indeed from person A. Person A gives Person B his public RSA key. This must be done reliably. Person A ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

A String that if encrypted or decrypted with the same key gets an English word/statement in both cases

I am trying to find a string S that if encrypted using a Vigenère cipher with Key K, it gets an English statement/word that makes sense. Additionally, if the same string S is decrypted using Vigenère ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Password checking in the context of symmetric encryption

It is my understanding that block ciphers like AES don't have any built-in mechanisms to verify data integrity upon decryption, although some modes of operation might provide that. I played around ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Security of re-encryption with a list of pre-computed password based keys

I have a problem where an encrypted file stored on a server needs to be decrypted through a precomputed list of passwords that are used one time only - OTP applied to encryption basically. The file is ...
1
vote
3answers
536 views

Should I use a Firefox master password or NTFS encrypt my profile?

As a follow-up to another question, is the encryption via Firefox' master password more secure than simply NTFS encrypting the profile folder? I.e. is there a convincing reason to add the ...
4
votes
1answer
851 views

Are SSH packets encrypted even before new keys are sent?

What format does SSH use to exchange (encrypted / plain) packets before new keys are derived? SSH Document says that after key exchange, client and server use negotiated algorithm to encrypt the ...
3
votes
3answers
179 views

How to know if its the same User?

I asked a question awhile ago asking how to make an efficient encrypted chatroom. What I ended up doing was Making each user generate a 4096 bit RSA KeyPair, share their public Keys, and then one of ...
1
vote
1answer
417 views

About performance of Smart card for performing 3DES in a MD5 hash

Another question related to previous, unanswered A SW system constructed with Microsoft CNG can be FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant? Another alternative is to store the keys in a Smart card permanently ...
0
votes
2answers
257 views

Analyzing SSL encryption

I have to analyze SSL encryption in my test network and want to prove the transported data is encrypted. What methods can I use to prove encryption is in place?
0
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2answers
251 views

How could an AV detect a virus that has a chance of not decrypting itself?

If I understand this correctly there is a chance the virus may not decrypt itself at all. How could an AV catch this? In some cases, the decryptor may start with a header whose intent is not ...
18
votes
1answer
867 views

Doing a dictionary attack on RSA if you have the public key?

I'm trying to learn exactly how RSA works. Currently I have a very, very simplictic overview that goes like this. Having the public key allows you to encrypt things. Encrypting the same message ...
2
votes
4answers
572 views

Plausible deniability for phones

I have sensitive data on my computers and phones. I use Trycrypt's plausible deniability system on my computers. When law enforcement/border patrol or my spouse asks for access I type in the password ...
6
votes
2answers
487 views

Does anyone use XML Encryption?

The XML standard defines a mechanism for encrypting the data in a XML document. It's part of the standard. Does anyone use this XML encryption format? Are there any significant deployed systems ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there any processor that could decrypt encrypted data and machine instructions?

Is there any processor that could decrypt encrypted data and machine instructions and then execute the instructions on the data then encrypt the results?
6
votes
3answers
6k views

What key does Linux use when storing user passwords?

Linux typically stores user names and password hashes in /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow. Now lets say I have an old CentOS distro and I want to attempt to recover a user's password (it's in a legal, ...
21
votes
8answers
3k views

Software that encrypts the data before deleting it

I am searching for a software that would encrypt data and then delete it (as opposed to just deleting or wiping). With that, even if the file is recovered, you still have to break the encryption to ...
3
votes
2answers
409 views

Wi-fi security using WPA or WEP

In current years we have used WPA and WPA 2 for the encryption of data sent over an 802.11 network. But in the past WEP is used . From time to time, many people say that WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) ...
4
votes
3answers
267 views

Security in wireless ad hoc sensor network (without physical access)

I want to know without taking physical access, what are the methods that can steal the data in a node. When talking about eavesdropping, how can an attacker sniff the packets? Do they need to listen ...
1
vote
2answers
429 views

Oracle Transparent Data Encryption [closed]

Currently we are using Vormetric for Transparent Data Encryption (TDE) in the Oracle Standard product to satisfy PCI-DSS 2.0 requirements. Does anyone have experience with other third party solutions ...
3
votes
4answers
5k views

What Are The Best Practices (Application Security Policy) For Modifying Rijndael Salt, IV, Pass Phrase

(Note: originally posted in SO - advised to post on SSE) With regards to Rijndael encryption, what (if any) are the best practices (and consequences) regarding the periodic modification of one or ...
1
vote
1answer
729 views

How to protect encryption key while application is using it

I made an J2SE application that uses AES (in CBC mode using BouncyCastle library) to encrypt application config file & some user provided files. I stored the raw AES key in a file that is ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How to secure data before returning Macbook Air?

I am returning my MacBook Air to Apple and want to know the best way to ensure my data is not recoverable from the flash storage. I currently have Filevault 2 enabled, however before I enabled it I ...
9
votes
3answers
926 views

Why do so many embedded devices use shared keys?

Many commercially available embedded device manufactures use the same keys for all instances of their respective devices. This situation is so rampant, a project called littleblackbox has created a ...
1
vote
2answers
912 views

encryption method against man in the middle attack

Let's say there are 3 computers: Alice, Bob, Carol. Carol is network provider, so everything from Alice to Bob and vice versa passes through Carol. Carol can modify messages between Alice and Bob. Is ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Using Elliptic Curve Cryptography

I am wondering if ECC could be used the way that the data is encrypted with the public key instead of the random generated key. Is there any advantage doing that comparing to the "traditional" way of ...
5
votes
2answers
277 views

homomorphic encryption and DARPA

Why the government (and the DARPA in particular)is spending all these millions to improve the homomorphic encryption?which useful usage could it get?
5
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2answers
4k views

How to make an iPhone app HIPAA compliant?

How do we make a iPhone app HIPAA compliant. Our website is HIPAA compliant since we use encryption at rest, we use SSL, and other security provisions. Will using a SSL connection give us the ...