Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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About performance of Smart card for performing 3DES in a MD5 hash

Another question related to previous, unanswered A SW system constructed with Microsoft CNG can be FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant? Another alternative is to store the keys in a Smart card permanently ...
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How to use RC4 securely

I want to encrypt my network communications with RC4. The reason for choosing RC4 is the simple implementation and speed. I need to have a pure Python implementation, because I cannot compile for my ...
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proxy services for torrents vs encrypting data

I've noticed growing popularity in proxy services for torrent clients; such as BTGuard. Most torrent clients encrypt traffic so aren't these services pointless? I read that it's because the encryption ...
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Secure way to store Userdata without encrypting the Database

I'm looking for a way or best practise to store Userdata securely in a Database without encrypting the Database. We’re talking about an Application Server connected to a Database-server. My approach ...
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Can I use hardware random number generation on my computer? Am I already using it?

A lot of computer security depends on encryption: SSL connections, TCP packet sequencing, encrypted files, etc. These depend on random number generation to ensure that attackers can't guess the ...
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Is AES slower to encrypt than MD5?

Is this the right interperation of this diagram: http://www.cryptopp.com/benchmarks.html AES/CCM MiB/Second:61 Cycles Per Byte:28.6 MD5 MiB/Second:255 Cycles Per Byte:6.8 And does that ...
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Is encrypting a salt value with a password/plaintext a viable alternative to straight up hashing?

The basic problem, as far as I can tell, is that hashing's flaw is that the password is in the hash. Asymmetric encryption's flaw is that the password is encrypted and can be reversed. The posts ...
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Using RSA with 3DES instead of plain 3DES. Does it make sense?

I have a large legacy code. Currently it is using 3DES encryption for a network based application. It encrypts data packets with a main key. This key is used to encrypt and decrypt (symmetrical). And ...
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Linux mcrypt security

I just installed 'mcrypt'. When I try to encrypt some file with DES using the command 'mcrypt -a des myfile', I am prompted for a passphrase with a maximum character count of 512. > mcrypt -a des ...
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Password entropy question

Is password entropy only mean that its long and look/or random, or there is something else, if the password 50 random numbers will it had high entropy or not
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What do key size and block size mean in cryptography?

Can some one simply explain the meanings and the difference between symmetric key and block size. Why 64 block size not safe any more and they increase it to 128 (AES,...,Serpent)? And what about key ...
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Is the Netscape SMIME extension still required in a certificate?

Every Windows 7 host has a Trusted Root certificate from Entrust that has the "Netscape Cert Type" extension (see image) I'm comparing inter-operable S/MIME extensions and see a pretty diverse set ...
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S/MIME and Dual-use certificates

My assumption is that S/MIME almost always utilizes certificates as follows: My certificate can be used to allow people to encrypt messages and send them to me. My certificate (the same ...
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How does adding a random serial number improve a certificates' security?

This article says: "Finding collisions is a tricky process, since it requires you to muck with the bits of the public key embedded in the certificate (see this paper for more details). Also, ...
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Security of asymmetrical decrypting proxy

I'm thinking about the safest possible way to store secure data (eg. Credit Card numbers) with a requirement of sending them in clear text to third party API (so hashing doesn't come into play). I've ...
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4answers
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Bouncy Castle - document signed by sender and only readable by receiver?

I am building an application that requires secure data transfer. In particular, the sender has a data file that needs to be sent to the receiver. It is required that only the receiver be able to read ...
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Brute-force a passphrase, generated by `pwgen 16 -s`, of a GPG CAST5 archive

A sad story: One of our hard drives failed. While it was failing, we managed to take a quick backup. As it is our standard practice, we encrypted the backup using GPG (by however method Duplicity uses ...
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1answer
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When should one use RSACryptoServiceProvider vs AESCryptoServiceProvider

I am interested in storing certificates for various purposes on a SmartCard. Since this answer illustrates how there are confusing differences and similarities between RSA and AES When should one ...
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What is better salted hash or openssl encryption?

Im using php and I was looking to store passwords in a mysql database. I was wondering what would be safer to use a salted hash or openssl encryption? If i use a unique random generated salted hash ...
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Using PBKDF2 with AES and SHA2

I use the following inputs to encrypt using AES: UserPassword (plain text) SecretKey RandomIV I use the following inputs to encrypt using SHA512: UserPassword (plain text) RandomSalt I'd ...
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Using TPM with DMcrypt?

Is it possible to use TPM for storage of some private key? It's not a full-disk encryption , I want it to be compatible with existing LUKS, just add another key, and store it in the TPM.
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4answers
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Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)

Microsoft allows a CA to use Cryptography Next Generation (CNG) and advises of incompatibility issues for clients that do not support this suite. Here is an image of the default cryptography settings ...
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Is TLS flawless enough to prevent eavesdropping carried out by an ISP?

I would like to "secure" my email, http servers and desktop client by connecting exclusively over TLS, be it email, in/out:80 or just regular "web surfing" traffic. Will that prevent ISP and ...
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1answer
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Encrypting configuration on shared IIS7 hosting that uses load balancing

When hosting a site on a cluster (or cloud configuration) we need to specify a Machine Key in the web.config file. This is needed to keep the machines in sync (often the first encounter with this is ...
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Has the wedge security flaw been fixed for credit cards?

According to this site http://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2009/08/25/defending-against-wedge-attacks/ there is a flaw in EMV. Since then has this flaw been fixed? Is it the same law as the one ...
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In the Diffie-Hellman key exchange, how is the shared base key 'p' known and how are A and B, protected from Eve?

I'm trying to wrap my head around Hellman, Diffie, and Merkle's key exchange design, but after reading the Wiki article about it, I can't figure out how the commonly known factor ('p', I think) comes ...
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What does Bluffdale mean for privacy?

I posted a question related to tracing webserver attacks over here and the responses got me google-ing. My understanding has always been that privacy is dead and that essentially there's always ...
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Is using encryption the only viable option to thwart password sniffing?

I'm using HTTPS Everywhere on my browser to chose SSL versions of websites when available, but many sites don't offer a secure version. Is SSL the only viable option to thwart password/clear text ...
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How to use 'key material' so that multiple people can access protected files?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE to ask this question, but it seems more I have a database of files that needs to be encrypted such that multiple people with different passwords/logins to this ...
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Standards for encrypting passwords in configuration files?

My workplace has a standard that plaintext passwords are not allowed in application configuration files. This makes enough sense on its face, in case someone gets access to the config files they ...
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symetric encryption and signature [closed]

asymetric key is normally used for signature for non repudiation. But what if one uses EMV CAP in TDS mode as described here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chip_Authentication_Program ? Is non ...
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Is it true that encryption bit “strength”, although numerically identical, may actually be different depending on the algorithm?

I was reading recently that for AES, the encryption strength is actually the key size/length, so 128-, 192- or 256-bit. While, for SHA-2, the encryption strength is measured against the message digest ...
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What are best practices for implementing Remote Desktop within a corporation?

After the recent critical vulnerability: 'MS12-020: Vulnerabilities in Remote Desktop could allow remote code execution' I have been looking for a hardening checklist or in the scenario that I am an ...
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Security of GPG encryption with AES and MD5 if MD5 is broken

I have a file encrypted with gpg, using AES256 and MD5. Suppose that the MD5 hash function is broken, but not the AES cipher. Does that make it easy to crack decrypt the file?
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Encryption of metadata files with the help of password based encryption

I have to use password-based encryption for dealing with metadata files in my application. While reading, I came across three options: bcrypt, scrypt, and PBKDF2. I read something about them, but I ...
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Understanding AirCrack output in Backtrack 5

First let me clarify that I was trying to crack WPA2 in my home for educational purposes. I followed some tutorials and the message I received was: key found! [ilovegod] I know that this is not ...
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How secure is GnuPG conventional encryption (with defaults)?

How secure is the encryption of files when using GPG this way? gpg -c personal.zip It will not use any keys or other lines. And how good is it compared to TrueCrypt? Note that I will upload ...
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MAC vs Encryption

I understand the difference between MAC (eg. hmac_sha256, etc.) and Symmetrical Encryption (eg. rc4, etc.), but my question is what advantage does MAC solve that using encryption doesn't? I know that ...
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How secure is using this (p3 Python) module to encrypt a file?

I've recently been looking for a good (enough) method to encrypt files, and I came across this thing. It says that it's a Simple p3 encryption "algorithm": it's just SHA used as a stream cipher ...
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How to download PHI PDF from a secure website to a secure, encrypted folder on Windows 7?

Objective: HIPAA compliance. Here is the process: Receive PDF File through secure website Open the PDF (Which involves downloading to some folder) No longer need PDF The Question: Is there any ...
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How can I decrypt traffic on a WEP encrypted network?

Let's say that I am connected to a WEP Access Point and I want to sniff all wireless traffic inside that network. How can I decrypt the traffic even though I don't have the cryptographic key? I found ...
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Can we prevent a man-in-the-middle attack with symmetric-key cryptography?

Suppose that Alice signs the message M = "I love security" and then encrypts it with Bob's public key before sending it to Bob. As well known, Bob can decrypt this to obtain the signed message and ...
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Why don't more services offer encryption for email notifications?

I understand that using encryption for email isn't particularly mainstream (a fraction of a percentage of users, at a guess). Is that the only reason that banks and other sensitive companies do not ...
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Voting System, is there a hole here?

I had this idea a few years ago and improved it today as I notice a hole or two. I believe I have the system down right but If there was a hole the first time there may be a hole this time. I believe ...
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How to make an iPhone app HIPAA compliant?

How do we make a iPhone app HIPAA compliant. Our website is HIPAA compliant since we use encryption at rest, we use SSL, and other security provisions. Will using a SSL connection give us the ...
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4answers
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Is e-mail sent from a Gmail address to another Gmail address encrypted?

Gmail provides an SSL connection and also encrypts the entire session by default. But if you send a mail, once it leaves gmails servers, it can be read at any point on the internet. But what about ...
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How secure is static key encryption?

I was looking at using the encrypt option in an application but I've read some comments saying it is not so secure because it uses static keys. How easy is it to break static key encryption? Does it ...
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What risks do I have to consider when encrypting server side as opposed to client-side?

I am looking at encrypting user data however performed on the server as opposed as on the client. What risks do I have to consider and if so how do I limit such risks? The reason we are looking at ...
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When is it appropriate to SSL Encrypt Database connections?

Let's say I have a web server I setup, and then a database server. However, they are communicating locally and are behind firewall. In my opinion, no SSL is needed here right? The only time to use ...
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Is your PGP passphrase used to decrypt an encrypted private key, or needed in conjunction with the private key to decrypt the message?

If the former, then if the private key can be used to digitally sign messages, why doesn't your client offer to encrypt this highly sensitive piece of data? If the latter, then if someone had access ...