Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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Hash, encryption of file… key? Need help [closed]

So my previous question was with some help on pcap files as I am doing a security course and we have a challenge to figure out what was going on in our network. Now one of the files I retrieved is an ...
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325 views

what is this hash type? [closed]

Actually I have this hash but I don't know what cryptographic hash function generated it. 4753305A7A673D7A5A442156 I know password is 12345678 I extracted this pass from PLC device Mitsubishi
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675 views

How to safely collect bank account from website?

I want to collect bank account information from my customers on my website. I'd like to do that through a form, then I will download it to a PC, print it, and then delete it from the website. Or ...
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3answers
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how long does it take to brute force varying encryption standards?

Let's say I want to encrypt information in a database. What would be the best encryption algorithm to use and why. I was thinking AES, since it's widely used as a government standard, but if the ...
2
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1answer
178 views

How are AV scanners protecting against encrypted (PGPd) malicious code?

As a user of PGP I worry about receiving a virus that was previous encrypted with my public key, which anybody can get by querying many PGP key servers. What prevents an attacker to target a PGP user ...
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1answer
2k views

How does small dish satellite secure their signal?

For example how does Direct TV's small plastic cards control who receives the TV signal? How is the signal encoded in a way that can allow future updates without the provider needing a new satellite? ...
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1answer
64 views

Does SGC Support reduce HTTPS security?

Server Gated Cryptography is a legacy technology (implemented by obsolete laws) that allows older browsers to establish a SSL session at a higher encryption. This article says SGC should never be ...
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3answers
3k views

What does it mean for a digital certificate to be “signed”?

When someone says that a particular digital certificate (like an SSL cert) has been "signed with a key", what does that imply? Does that mean the certificate simply includes a key that should be used ...
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1answer
283 views

any small idea to decode this algortihm from php script [closed]

So I think the algorithm is based on the php function ENCODING_decode defined in includes/encoding.php (which i don't have) . The encoded result $xId_campaign_encoded from the php script has ...
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2answers
170 views

Why would encrypting data result in a call to a Domain Controller

This KB article mentions an issue where signing or encrypting information may result in a network IO call to a Domain Controller. Apparently the RSACryptoServiceProvider's SignData and VerifyData ...
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2answers
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How do I protect user data at rest?

I want to encrypt the username, email, and password fields in the database AND encrypt user files at rest. How can I do this? I am aware of software such as Gazzang and since there is not cost ...
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3answers
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What's the advantage of using PBKDF2 vs SHA256 to generate an AES encryption key from a passphrase?

I'm looking at two comprable pieces of software which need to encrypt data on disk using a passphrase. One uses PBKDF2 to generate the encryption key from a passphrase, while the other uses two rounds ...
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1answer
426 views

About performance of Smart card for performing 3DES in a MD5 hash

Another question related to previous, unanswered A SW system constructed with Microsoft CNG can be FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant? Another alternative is to store the keys in a Smart card permanently ...
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How to use RC4 securely

I want to encrypt my network communications with RC4. The reason for choosing RC4 is the simple implementation and speed. I need to have a pure Python implementation, because I cannot compile for my ...
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1answer
2k views

proxy services for torrents vs encrypting data

I've noticed growing popularity in proxy services for torrent clients; such as BTGuard. Most torrent clients encrypt traffic so aren't these services pointless? I read that it's because the encryption ...
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2answers
2k views

Secure way to store Userdata without encrypting the Database

I'm looking for a way or best practise to store Userdata securely in a Database without encrypting the Database. We’re talking about an Application Server connected to a Database-server. My approach ...
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2answers
661 views

Can I use hardware random number generation on my computer? Am I already using it?

A lot of computer security depends on encryption: SSL connections, TCP packet sequencing, encrypted files, etc. These depend on random number generation to ensure that attackers can't guess the ...
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2answers
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Is AES slower to encrypt than MD5?

Is this the right interperation of this diagram: http://www.cryptopp.com/benchmarks.html AES/CCM MiB/Second:61 Cycles Per Byte:28.6 MD5 MiB/Second:255 Cycles Per Byte:6.8 And does that ...
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4answers
2k views

Is encrypting a salt value with a password/plaintext a viable alternative to straight up hashing?

The basic problem, as far as I can tell, is that hashing's flaw is that the password is in the hash. Asymmetric encryption's flaw is that the password is encrypted and can be reversed. The posts ...
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2answers
4k views

Using RSA with 3DES instead of plain 3DES. Does it make sense?

I have a large legacy code. Currently it is using 3DES encryption for a network based application. It encrypts data packets with a main key. This key is used to encrypt and decrypt (symmetrical). And ...
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3answers
558 views

Linux mcrypt security

I just installed 'mcrypt'. When I try to encrypt some file with DES using the command 'mcrypt -a des myfile', I am prompted for a passphrase with a maximum character count of 512. > mcrypt -a des ...
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2answers
618 views

Password entropy question

Is password entropy only mean that its long and look/or random, or there is something else, if the password 50 random numbers will it had high entropy or not
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4answers
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What do key size and block size mean in cryptography?

Can some one simply explain the meanings and the difference between symmetric key and block size. Why 64 block size not safe any more and they increase it to 128 (AES,...,Serpent)? And what about key ...
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1answer
530 views

Is the Netscape SMIME extension still required in a certificate?

Every Windows 7 host has a Trusted Root certificate from Entrust that has the "Netscape Cert Type" extension (see image) I'm comparing inter-operable S/MIME extensions and see a pretty diverse set ...
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2answers
198 views

S/MIME and Dual-use certificates

My assumption is that S/MIME almost always utilizes certificates as follows: My certificate can be used to allow people to encrypt messages and send them to me. My certificate (the same ...
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1answer
3k views

How does adding a random serial number improve a certificates' security?

This article says: "Finding collisions is a tricky process, since it requires you to muck with the bits of the public key embedded in the certificate (see this paper for more details). Also, ...
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2answers
163 views

Security of asymmetrical decrypting proxy

I'm thinking about the safest possible way to store secure data (eg. Credit Card numbers) with a requirement of sending them in clear text to third party API (so hashing doesn't come into play). I've ...
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4answers
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Bouncy Castle - document signed by sender and only readable by receiver?

I am building an application that requires secure data transfer. In particular, the sender has a data file that needs to be sent to the receiver. It is required that only the receiver be able to read ...
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1answer
2k views

Brute-force a passphrase, generated by `pwgen 16 -s`, of a GPG CAST5 archive

A sad story: One of our hard drives failed. While it was failing, we managed to take a quick backup. As it is our standard practice, we encrypted the backup using GPG (by however method Duplicity uses ...
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1answer
967 views

When should one use RSACryptoServiceProvider vs AESCryptoServiceProvider

I am interested in storing certificates for various purposes on a SmartCard. Since this answer illustrates how there are confusing differences and similarities between RSA and AES When should one ...
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2answers
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What is better salted hash or openssl encryption?

Im using php and I was looking to store passwords in a mysql database. I was wondering what would be safer to use a salted hash or openssl encryption? If i use a unique random generated salted hash ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Using PBKDF2 with AES and SHA2

I use the following inputs to encrypt using AES: UserPassword (plain text) SecretKey RandomIV I use the following inputs to encrypt using SHA512: UserPassword (plain text) RandomSalt I'd ...
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3answers
4k views

Using TPM with DMcrypt?

Is it possible to use TPM for storage of some private key? It's not a full-disk encryption , I want it to be compatible with existing LUKS, just add another key, and store it in the TPM.
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4answers
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Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)

Microsoft allows a CA to use Cryptography Next Generation (CNG) and advises of incompatibility issues for clients that do not support this suite. Here is an image of the default cryptography settings ...
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Is TLS flawless enough to prevent eavesdropping carried out by an ISP?

I would like to "secure" my email, http servers and desktop client by connecting exclusively over TLS, be it email, in/out:80 or just regular "web surfing" traffic. Will that prevent ISP and ...
2
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1answer
954 views

Encrypting configuration on shared IIS7 hosting that uses load balancing

When hosting a site on a cluster (or cloud configuration) we need to specify a Machine Key in the web.config file. This is needed to keep the machines in sync (often the first encounter with this is ...
4
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1answer
364 views

Has the wedge security flaw been fixed for credit cards?

According to this site http://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2009/08/25/defending-against-wedge-attacks/ there is a flaw in EMV. Since then has this flaw been fixed? Is it the same law as the one ...
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In the Diffie-Hellman key exchange, how is the shared base key 'p' known and how are A and B, protected from Eve?

I'm trying to wrap my head around Hellman, Diffie, and Merkle's key exchange design, but after reading the Wiki article about it, I can't figure out how the commonly known factor ('p', I think) comes ...
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1answer
187 views

What does Bluffdale mean for privacy?

I posted a question related to tracing webserver attacks over here and the responses got me google-ing. My understanding has always been that privacy is dead and that essentially there's always ...
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3answers
199 views

Is using encryption the only viable option to thwart password sniffing?

I'm using HTTPS Everywhere on my browser to chose SSL versions of websites when available, but many sites don't offer a secure version. Is SSL the only viable option to thwart password/clear text ...
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2answers
1k views

How to use 'key material' so that multiple people can access protected files?

I'm not sure if this is the right SE to ask this question, but it seems more I have a database of files that needs to be encrypted such that multiple people with different passwords/logins to this ...
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4answers
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Standards for encrypting passwords in configuration files?

My workplace has a standard that plaintext passwords are not allowed in application configuration files. This makes enough sense on its face, in case someone gets access to the config files they ...
0
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1answer
110 views

symetric encryption and signature [closed]

asymetric key is normally used for signature for non repudiation. But what if one uses EMV CAP in TDS mode as described here http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chip_Authentication_Program ? Is non ...
2
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2answers
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Is it true that encryption bit “strength”, although numerically identical, may actually be different depending on the algorithm?

I was reading recently that for AES, the encryption strength is actually the key size/length, so 128-, 192- or 256-bit. While, for SHA-2, the encryption strength is measured against the message digest ...
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2answers
598 views

What are best practices for implementing Remote Desktop within a corporation?

After the recent critical vulnerability: 'MS12-020: Vulnerabilities in Remote Desktop could allow remote code execution' I have been looking for a hardening checklist or in the scenario that I am an ...
3
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2answers
515 views

Security of GPG encryption with AES and MD5 if MD5 is broken

I have a file encrypted with gpg, using AES256 and MD5. Suppose that the MD5 hash function is broken, but not the AES cipher. Does that make it easy to crack decrypt the file?
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1answer
139 views

Encryption of metadata files with the help of password based encryption

I have to use password-based encryption for dealing with metadata files in my application. While reading, I came across three options: bcrypt, scrypt, and PBKDF2. I read something about them, but I ...
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3answers
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Understanding AirCrack output in Backtrack 5

First let me clarify that I was trying to crack WPA2 in my home for educational purposes. I followed some tutorials and the message I received was: key found! [ilovegod] I know that this is not ...
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2answers
2k views

How secure is GnuPG conventional encryption (with defaults)?

How secure is the encryption of files when using GPG this way? gpg -c personal.zip It will not use any keys or other lines. And how good is it compared to TrueCrypt? Note that I will upload ...
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MAC vs Encryption

I understand the difference between MAC (eg. hmac_sha256, etc.) and Symmetrical Encryption (eg. rc4, etc.), but my question is what advantage does MAC solve that using encryption doesn't? I know that ...