Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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How are public/private keys used in code? [closed]

I have a question about public key encryption. Say I have a string: "Hello, everyone." If I am choosing to use a cipher to encode/encrypt this by just shifting the letters around X places, it is ...
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3answers
1k views

Digital Signature and Verification?

AFAIK , When Alice wants to write a message to Bob -- she uses Bob's public key and encrypt the message - and then Bob - using his private key - use to decrypt it. So public key is used to decrypt ...
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3answers
2k views

User data encryption/decryption in a database (PHP)

I was wondering which is the best way to encrypt and decrypt user data in a database, to make it much more secure as it is possible? I was reading about AES but I would like to know if is really the ...
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2answers
618 views

What is disk encryption worth? Threat of proprietary Bios, SMM, optionrom, TPM etc?

Supposing there is private/secret data on a machine (i.e a x86 arch) the most reasonable thing to me would be to encrypt this data, so to protect it. I understand that the purpose of ...
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3answers
277 views

Security in wireless ad hoc sensor network (without physical access)

I want to know without taking physical access, what are the methods that can steal the data in a node. When talking about eavesdropping, how can an attacker sniff the packets? Do they need to listen ...
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3answers
866 views

What risks would exist in transmitting an encrypted PKCS12 via Https

I have a scenario in which I would like to automate the deployment of client certificates generated by an issuer I control. The approach I am considering is given below, and I would appreciate ...
4
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2answers
944 views

What is the purpose of using Youtube-style alphanumeric ids as URL slugs?

I asked a question on StackOverflow on how to generate the alphanumeric/base64 resource IDs that Youtube, Instragram, and others use to identify videos/pictures/etc. Discussion led to the question of ...
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2answers
269 views

Trusted device web application

I would like to build a web application which has a trusted device feature. What is required to store for recognizing the machine securely? Can I safely store an encryption key (private) on the ...
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3answers
666 views

find password and iv of an encoded string knowing the decoded string

If I would know the clear and encoded versions of a string could I somehow find the password and.or iv that wore used to encode it? Encoding done with open_ssl aes-128-cbc.
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1answer
12k views

Where is the salt on the OpenSSL AES encryption?

I'm interested in knowing how and where OpenSSL inserts the generated salt on an AES encrypted data. Why? Im encrypting data in Java classes and need to guarantee that I can use OpenSSL to decrypt ...
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2answers
595 views

AES CBC over TCP - when is new IV needed

I am working on a project where two devices will be communicating with AES with CBC over TCP. We already have a secure mechanism for sharing the encryption/decryption key. I am not sure if we need to ...
2
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2answers
693 views

Can fully homomorphic encryption be practical?

Fully homomorphic encryption has been implemented by Craig Gentry using ideal lattices. Can it be applied to data stored on a private cloud setup in practice? I've seen references here and on other ...
13
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1answer
2k views

When authenticating ciphertexts, what should be HMACed?

Some have argued for using AES-256-CTR with HMAC-SHA-256 for authenticated encryption over AEAD-specific modes like EAX and GCM. However, when doing, this, what should be HMAC'd? And how? ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the purpose of the entropy parameter for DPAPI.Protect?

So in Windows, when you make a call to the Data Protection API, you can specify some bytes as "entropy". To me, this sounds like salt. In PBKDF2, the salt is can, and in fact needs to be stored as ...
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6answers
7k views

Why encrypt data in memory?

I saw that KeePass not only encrypts its password-database-file, it also can encrypt the passwords it holds in memory. This is just an example. I thinking of a new project dealing with sensitve / ...
3
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1answer
253 views

CMC (RFC 5272) compatible CA server

I need a CA server or any tool that supports Certificate Management over CMS (CMC) format, described in RFC 5272 (RFC 2797). I need a possibility to generate different Full PKI requests and responses ...
0
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1answer
341 views

How key_derivation and key_verification functions are implemented of a 7-zip archive's encryption mechanism?

I am curious about how password recovery works for password protected files. And I want to know the exact flow of the 7-zip encryption mechanism :) !! 7-zip uses the AES-256 encryption algorithm in ...
3
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1answer
425 views

DPAPI offline attack by cracking windows password?

I'm thinking of using DPAPI to protect configuration file information in my program. After doing some reading on it, it looks like it uses the user's Windows password as part of the encryption ...
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3answers
7k views

How secure is Intel SSD Encryption?

Are there any known flaws in the full disk encryption on Intel 520 series SSD drives? Specifically, it seems these drives generate an internal AES key automatically, even when no password is set. But ...
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8answers
3k views

Software that encrypts the data before deleting it

I am searching for a software that would encrypt data and then delete it (as opposed to just deleting or wiping). With that, even if the file is recovered, you still have to break the encryption to ...
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5answers
2k views

What's the State of the Art of Homomorphic Encryption?

I get the impression from some internet resources I have skimmed that homomorphic encryption is yet computationally very inefficient. However, an Infineon press release from 2010 says that the CPUs of ...
3
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3answers
409 views

Without SSL, what vantage point does one need to MITM non-SSL'd HTTP?

OK, so there are two things here: being able to read the content of the requests and responses, and then being able to modify them. The former may depend on the latter, I'm not sure. But basically, ...
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1answer
2k views

Should WPA2-AES be presumed insecure? (What is the “Hole196” vulnerability?)

I saw it mentioned in an answer here about firesheep, but I've never heard of it -- Should WPA2 be presumed insecure?
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3answers
4k views

In PGP, why not just encrypt message with recipient's public key? Why the meta-encryption?

It's described very well by this diagram. It seems like the process used is convoluted and more round-about than it needs to be. Why is an intermediate random key generated for the payload's ...
22
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3answers
13k views

Encryption and compression of Data

If we want both encryption and compression during transmission then what will be the most preferable order. Encrypt then compress Compress then encrypt
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2answers
5k views

Storing password in Java application

What is best secure way to store passwords in Java web application? I am not talking about password to the DB, so it must be stored in de-cryptable way. It’s cloud environment and I need to protect ...
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2answers
2k views

How do I know if my encryption algorithm is strong enough?

I am using ruby and have the following encryption algorithm: @@secret_key = Digest::SHA256.hexdigest(key) encrypted = Encryptor.encrypt("encrypt this", key: @@secret_key) encoded = ...
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2answers
594 views

Security concerns about my webapp

I read though OWASP very carefully, but I am not sure about some parts of my website. I am using jbcrypt on my website. It stores the salt in the hash itself something like this hash+salt. I read ...
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1answer
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truecrypt second encryption of the master and XTS key with a back door password

this table was published by (Ubuntu Privacy Remix Team ), in an analysis document, anyway i was quite skeptical. On file based containers as well as on completely encrypted partitions or drives ...
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2answers
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Does AES-192 provide better encryption than AES-256?

this wikipedia article describing AES says: Related-key attacks can break AES-192 and AES-256 with complexities 2^176 and 2^99.5, respectively. Does this mean that AES-256 is actually a weaker ...
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2answers
268 views

Unecrypted connection to server - safe?

I am using heroku and cloudflare. I am going to release my website but I don't want do it without SSL. Now I always need an heroku addon to add my SSL certificates which costs $20/month. Cloudflare ...
2
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2answers
7k views

How to set up a user-friendly NAS encryption?

We recently installed one NAS drive (Buffalo LinkStation Pro Duo, LS-WVL, running the most recent Firmware version 1.6 to be precise) in our (small) company network. Currently, there is no encryption ...
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7answers
24k views

Where does SSL encryption take place?

I checked the data transmission of an HTTPS website (gmail.com) using Firebug. But I can't see any encryption to my submitted data (username and password). Where does SSL encryption take place?
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8answers
6k views

Is TrueCrypt safe enough to store clear-text-passwords?

The reason: I want to be able to use a portable USB drive to access my passwords on any machine and OS. TrueCrypt seems to be the only program that has sufficient support on all major platforms. So I ...
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1answer
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OpenSSL fails NIST AES-128-ECB test vectors?

I'm having trouble getting OpenSSL's ciphertext to match the NIST test vectors. Example : in "ecb_e_m.txt" from http://csrc.nist.gov/archive/aes/rijndael/rijndael-vals.zip, the first test is (in hex) ...
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2answers
31k views

Remove Password Protection from XLS Document

Similar to what is listed here, http://datapigtechnologies.com/blog/index.php/hack-into-a-protected-excel-2007-or-2010-workbook/, is there a way to remove the password from an XLS (Excel 2003) ...
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2answers
228 views

What number of bits does a browser use to generate a key?

The question comes from the accepted answer in this thread: My understanding of how HTTPS works (gmail for example) The Gmail server sends your client a certificate. The certificate includes the ...
37
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3answers
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Understanding 2048 bit SSL and 256 bit encryption

On DigiCert's page, they advertise a 2048 bit SSL with a 256 bit encryption: http://www.digicert.com/256-bit-ssl-certificates.htm What exactly is the difference here and why are two encryption bits ...
2
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1answer
801 views

Encryption key token

How to securely store an encryption key in USB drive? Here is my idea. I would like to write a program (let's say PC) and it will store data to a database encrypted at the record level or field level, ...
4
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2answers
754 views

Can you encrypt a password using that password itself? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to securely hash passwords? https security - should password be hashed server-side or client-side? I need to make a request to a web server, the only information I ...
4
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3answers
355 views

Secure File Encryption/Decryption Capabilities

As a preface to my question, let me state that I'm a relative newbie in the field of security. I work for a back-office financial software provider that is responsible for processing, generating, ...
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5answers
1k views

what would be a good way for a doctor to send xrays encrypted to another doctor?

As a dentist, I often want to send medical information including digital xrays to another doctor. What would be a good/easy way to do this encrypted? Our organization currently requires that all ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Is SSL Tamper Detectable?

I know how SSL provides security against people reading your messages - by encryting the message with a SYMMETRIC KEY, which was exchanged during SSL Handshake with the help of ASYMMETRIC KEYS. But I ...
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5answers
2k views

making an iPhone/Android app which sends a user password to my server, how to secure?

I'm making an iPhone/Android app for my website, users already have an account on the website and the app will allow them to login. I don't have SSL on my website, but it's just a reviews website and ...
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2answers
2k views

Avast says I don't need to use encrypted connections for my e-mail accounts

I am using Outlook 2010 and Avast anti-virus 7. Whenever I add an account to Outlook if I choose to use SSL for incoming or outgoing connections Avast alerts me I shouldn't use it because Avast can't ...
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2answers
910 views

Keeping the password secret over regular http

I would like to at first be clear that this is for poor site owners who can't afford the SSL option but require logins to their site, potentially from a public kiosk, and need a secure method of ...
8
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3answers
2k views

Encrypt WiFi connection per connected user

One of the questions that comes on quite often is about WiFi encryption. Now imagine that you have multiple users connecting to one AP. With a simple WPA2 protection setup they can still sniff each ...
6
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1answer
579 views

Should password hashes be encrypted or HMACed?

Assume I am hashing user passwords with PBKDF2, bcrypt, scrypt, or some other secure key derivation function. Are there: tangible security benefits, precedents, and respected research for ...
6
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1answer
271 views

Could a consumer-friendly PGP-like file encryption application theoretically be secure?

In a situation where there are desktop and mobile clients, and a central public key repository to and from which the desktop and mobile clients automatically upload and download public keys as needed, ...
3
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1answer
166 views

How to ensure web application remains secured after intrusion of server

My application employs asymmetric encryption / decryption, the process of how this work is detailed below: Encryption - Server A Data is encrypted using the public key of server B Data is signed ...