Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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How do you Secure VOIP in a large organization

As part of a large organization looking to implement VoIP, to get on the bandwagon of savings and converged network focus, I'm being asked to look at the security concerns to develop a policy to help ...
7
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2answers
5k views

Simple way to encrypt files on Linux and decrypt on Windows?

We are in need of an encryption process for backups of very valuable data. This data will be stored on a distributed filesystem, so even with permissions set right, its not out of reach that this data ...
26
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2answers
2k views

Are URLs viewed during HTTPS transactions to one or more websites from a single IP distinguishable?

For example, say the following are HTTPS URLs to two websites by one IP over 5 mins: "A.com/1", "A.com/2", "A.com/3", "B.com/1", "B.com/2". Would monitoring of packets reveal: nothing, reveal only ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Is the OpenPGP private key inherently password-protected?

I know I am required to enter a password every time I use my OpenPGP key. Is this done via software implementation or is it a property inherent to the protocol, and therefore the key? Essentially, ...
4
votes
1answer
482 views

Help on interpretation of FIPS-140 paragraph

This is from the FIPS 140-2 standard: Cryptographic keys stored within a cryptographic module shall be stored either in plaintext form or encrypted form. Plaintext secret and private ...
2
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3answers
764 views

Are the encryptions “broken” with great computing power?

http://www.dwavesys.com/en/pressreleases.html#lm_2011 Lockheed Martin Corporation (NYSE: LMT) has entered into an agreement to purchase a quantum computing system from D-Wave Systems Inc. I'm ...
8
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3answers
692 views

Most widespread use of PGP after 20 years

Phil Zimmerman released PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) on June 5, 1991. As we examine the legacy of that far-sighted and brave act 20 years later, what are the most widespread and helpful uses of PGP ...
5
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2answers
444 views

General Question on FIPS requirements

I understand that FIPS addresses cryptographic operations. My question is, is it addressing exactly this? For example, can an application loading a keystore use a non-FIPS provider? Any input or ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Security implications of storing the password hash along an encrypted AES key

I am using the PKCS#5 standard to generate a key using a random and unique salt and the user's password in input. Consider this key as the "encryption" key. The "encryption" key is used to encrypt a ...
7
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2answers
417 views

PKCS#5 Salt privacy? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Password Hashing add salt + pepper or is salt enough? In the official documentation of the PKCS5 V2.0 standard, we can read "The salt can be viewed as an index into a ...
-1
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2answers
245 views

How to store my contacts encrypted?

I use KeePass for storing my passwords. What should I use if I want to store my several hundred contacts (name, phone number, email, etc) encrypted?
69
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8answers
165k views

How to determine what type of encoding/encryption has been used?

Is there a way to find what type of encryption/encoding is being used? For example, I am testing a web application which stores the password in the database in an encrypted format ...
5
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2answers
299 views

homomorphic encryption and DARPA

Why the government (and the DARPA in particular)is spending all these millions to improve the homomorphic encryption?which useful usage could it get?
8
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4answers
2k views

What Partial Homomorphic Encryption implementations exist and how do I leverage them?

It appears that only Partial Homomorphic Encryption(P.H.E.) is practical for modern day (2011) use. However I'm having difficulty locating libraries (FOSS or otherwise) that enable me to leverage ...
14
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6answers
629 views

Primary Key as Salt?

Is it okay to use the primary key as the salt in a Users table? The only disadvantage that I can see is if the PK changes (unlikely), then the passwords break. What are your thoughts?
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Which real time cross-platform chat applications exist with end-to-end encryption?

I am looking for an instant messaging / chat application which can be used securely across different platforms, eg Windows, Linux, BSD! Do any exist?
6
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1answer
1k views

How do I learn Cryptographic/Mathematical notation

I asked a question earlier where it was recommended that I describe my issue using standard cryptography notation. How do I learn this notation and how to convey my approach? How can I annotate this ...
3
votes
1answer
958 views

Peer review of C# cryptography for Azure Table security

Edit: Update - I am researching how to implement AES with authentication in an efficient way for this project. If you have the time I'd appreciate your skill in finding the best implementation for ...
15
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4answers
3k views

In what ways does Full or Partial Homomorphic Encryption benefit the cloud?

Can someone explain, in plain English, the practical ways FHE and PHE can be leveraged in the cloud? Some interesting (and confusing) links include this Microsoft Research PDF and this wiki entry. ...
35
votes
3answers
9k views

symmetric encryption session keys in SSL/TLS

This question concerns the session send and receive keys used in SSL/TLS protocol. my understanding is that this key uses symmetric encryption (DES, AES, BlowFish, etc.) I'm wondering, if ...
12
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3answers
2k views

Question about dictionary attacks on GnuPG symmetric encryption

They say algorithms like AES can't practically be broken given a long enough key length (> 128 bits). If I use GnuPG to encrypt a file using AES: gpg -c --cipher-algo AES secretfile it asks me for a ...
10
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2answers
2k views

How does the padding scheme impact the security of encryption

After digging a little deeper into cryptography I am wondering what impact the different padding schemes do have an the security of an encryption algorithm. Lets take AES-128 in CBC mode as an ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the value of encrypting a payload when it will be transferred over sftp anyway?

We have a integration arrangement to send content across the internet and the agreed protocol encrypts then sends it via sftp. What possible reason coould there be to encrypt the content twice? I ...
3
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3answers
426 views

How to optimize compressed file cracking?

I'm currently doing research on cracking encrypted, compressed files (specifically: uif, zip, 7z, dmg). Looking at all the utilities out there, it seems the time it takes to crack something is ...
6
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2answers
9k views

The new CCMP attack against WPA/WPA2 PSK

The use of Counter Mode with Cipher Block Chaining Message Authentication Code Protocol (CCMP) for WPA/WPA2 PSK is being attacked. This is a trivial attack (offline brute force) against the initial ...
3
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3answers
153 views

Encrypting a fixed format message with commands and transmitting over the internet

Linked to: Encrypting a fixed format message? I need to communicate from Site A, a set of information that will be presented to users of Site A, which when they choose to submit, should travel to my ...
4
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3answers
491 views

It is safe to buy a domain if I get this message in Firefox?

Greetings, I want to buy a domain name from a big registar(well known on the internet) but when I go to checkout I see that my link is going from full encrypted to “Connection Partially Encrypted” ...
2
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1answer
308 views

How to tell if Firefox Home (iOS) is using Data Protection API?

The source code is here: http://mxr.mozilla.org/services-central/source/fx-home/ What should I be looking/search for? Or even how to extract /ffhomeDB.sq3 and see what it contains.
2
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2answers
253 views

Is random data inserted into an encrypted stream easy to retrieve?

Given that I have two pieces of data: A large piece of encrypted data. A small, fixed-size piece of random data. I want to be able to transmit both pieces of data together, but I don't want the ...
11
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4answers
3k views

Is it feasible to encrypt customers personal data? (name, address etc…)

Seeing the Sony Personal data kerfuffle unfold has gotten me thinking about the encryption and securing of personal data - obviously credit cards can (and should) be encrypted, making data breaches of ...
5
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4answers
556 views

Possibility of undetectable encryption system

I am not sure if it is pre-mature to ask such a question. The question is largely inspired by pondering over the question and discussions in the following link (In his answer, @Dad also raises ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Feistel Block Cipher

Can anybody explain, in simple terms, how Feistal Block Ciphers work. I am not a math student so I do not understand the math behind it, just would like the principles.
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Encrypting a fixed format message?

I'm planning to send across TWO pieces of information over the internet from machine A A site identifier which will be like: $SiteName = "EXAMPLE" (in plaintext) Encoded text which will be like: ...
6
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4answers
508 views

What do you do to protect data on a Macbook in the event of theft/loss of the device?

What setup do you recommend to protect data on a MacBook in the event of theft/loss of the device? I'm specifically interested in Macs here, rather than laptops generally, and in concrete ...
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2answers
1k views

Thoughts on Tiny Encryption Algorithm (TEA, anyone)?

I'm planning to implement Tiny Encryption Algorithm and exchange data between two PHP sites. Specifically, using the code presented at PHP-einfach.de Does anyone have any experiences / thoughts / ...
20
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6answers
2k views

What are the good use cases for disk encryption?

I've been researching disk/file system encryption, and on the surface it seems like a good idea for a lot of things. But as I dig further, the security it offers seems more mirage like than real. ...
15
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3answers
4k views

Computationally simple, lightweight replacement for SSL/TLS

Target hardware is a rather low-powered MCU (ARM Cortex-M3 @72MHz, with just about 64KB SRAM and 256KB flash), so walking the thin line here. My board does have ethernet, and I will eventually get ...
50
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17answers
3k views

Can we still provide confidentiality when cryptography is outlawed?

In certain jurisdictions, use of cryptography by the private sector is limited: e.g. there are reports that in the UAE and other countries not all of the encryption capabilities of the BlackBerry are ...
11
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5answers
8k views

Encrypting files in a windows environment

We have certain client data which must be encrypted at all times. The part we have been struggling with is encrypting files on network shares. Currently we have network folders encrypted using PGP ...
5
votes
1answer
508 views

Is storing a private key in a device as it was done in AirPort Express the right solution?

Here's a story about how one guy reverse engineered AirPort Express and obtained the private key that was used to prevent cloning the device ability to stream audio to approved devices only. So ...
6
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3answers
807 views

Patent free symmetric-only key exchange protocols?

I am working with a networked embedded device with AES-128 and no public key cryptography (1KB RAM, 8KB flash). At install, the device is pre-loaded with a longterm AES-128 key known also to the ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Data Encryption and Key Management in C#

Which route to take, what are the pros and cons, which is more secure.. Generate AES key, encrypt the data with it and then encrypt the AES key with RSA, save the encrypted data and encrypted AES ...
14
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4answers
2k views

Is Steganography considered encryption and subject to USA export restrictions?

I have written an application for Apple's iOS which embeds messages in JPEG files using steganography (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steganography). For the purposes of this question lets assume ...
12
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7answers
4k views

Why can an encrypted private key be brute forced?

When using SSH keys to authenticate to a server for remote access, why is it possible to devise the true key and therefore the passphrase from an encrypted private key, without checking each guess of ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

Encrypting with Mongo

How can I achieve the following goals? All compute and storage to be located in the cloud. Encryption in transit of all data between web nodes and db nodes running MongoDB. How to set up tunnels? ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

How should passwords be stored if they must be recoverable?

By "encrypting" passwords you are violating CWE-257: Storing Passwords in a Recoverable Format. But this is exactly what the French government wants. They want to be able to obtain the passwords of ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Can RSA (or any public/private key algorithm) be repeated for large amounts of data?

I'm working on a small security assignment and I was instructed to implement simple encryption/decryption of files using RSA in C#. When attempting to encrypt/decrypt large files, I was informed by ...
15
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4answers
1k views

Doubling up or cycling encryption algorithms

I've occasionally read the suggestion to enhance security by either doubling up on encryption algorithms (encrypt a message once with one algorithm, then encrypt the ciphertext again with a different ...
29
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3answers
4k views

Is there any advantage to splitting a password?

I've been reading about the LANMAN (LM) hash and I'm curious about a particular part of the algorithm. The LM hash is computed as follows: The user’s ASCII password is converted to uppercase. ...
2
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2answers
421 views

What is the correct way to assess and compare Certicom's products to the alternatives?

I'm investigating Certicom's API because they are "free" with the Blackberry implementations, and have come to realize that I have several alternatives for implementing crypto such as BouncyCastle, ...