Encryption is the process of transforming plaintext using a cipher to make it unreadable to anyone except those possessing the key.

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27
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3answers
4k views

Use multiple computers for faster brute force [duplicate]

I've watched Mr. Robot lately and can't stop thinking why it was so hard to decrypt files encrypted using AES encryption with a 256-bit key. Let us say the only method to find the key is through brute ...
5
votes
2answers
537 views

Can you encrypt data using BCRYPT?

Somebody else posted a question about ghostmail (https://www.ghostmail.com/crypto) and whether it looks valid. One of the things that triggered alarm bells for me was the sentence "Account Password ...
0
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2answers
50 views

Secure way for bulk mailbox verification to avoid IP Blacklisting

We have built an API that verifies a address existence in the respective MX using RCTP command. Their are many services available out there but we like to do it again since we have few clients who ...
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Momentarily unencrypted Payment cards

Momentarily unencrypted Payment cards I read about the cyber-attacks related to the momentarily unencrypted payment processing data at the point of sales devices. Technically, how is it possible? ...
4
votes
1answer
219 views

decrypt a string with a password, but unknown method

I want to run through multiple algorithms against an encrypted string. I have the password and the encrypted string but not the method it was encrypted under? what would be the best method to find ...
6
votes
1answer
248 views

John McAfee's Explanation of iOS Hack

I'm referring to this YouTube video, and further comment from John: I hope everyone knows that the Apple explanation was VASTLY dumbed down for the press. I know the A7 system chip well, ...
-4
votes
1answer
118 views

How is it technically possible for Apple to unlock the San Bernardino shooter's iPhone? [duplicate]

If the iPhone of the San Bernadino shooters is locked, how would it even be possible for Apple to acquiesce to the FBI's request for them to unlock the phone? Does that mean Apple has some kind of ...
5
votes
3answers
220 views

How can I prove that my software is secure for those who are interested to install it?

I've written a password locker program for Microsoft Windows that encrypts its contents to the local machine. The only way to get the data out is with the encryption key the user knows. It uses the ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Is this encrypted information? Why is it in a URL?

There's a vendor who sends us reports full of links to articles. Some of these links, especially ones that perform what I'm guessing is an HTTP verb of some kind, look like this: ...
1
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4answers
195 views

How to know if accessing to a VPN service is safe and won't steal my data

I want to know if a VPN service is safe or not. If the VPN server itself can catch or sneak peek my data? Or as long as it is a VPN service, then the security is protected by the algorithm itself? ...
28
votes
1answer
1k views

What does this say? It's in MD5 [closed]

Some one sent this to me and I have tried to figure it ouut on my own. But have not been successful. Can you help figure out this, he said it was in MD5... 1ce67f05968d51656eb71f13368f0b2d
3
votes
1answer
87 views

VPN Authentication and Network Administrators

Is it possible for a network admin (or attacker) to monitor traffic sent to a VPN server during authentication and end up being able to decrypt the data as if they were the legitimate user? I don't ...
-1
votes
1answer
157 views

Decrypt or prevent Teslacrypt [closed]

Has anyone come up with a method to prevent receiving Teslacrypt or a method to decrypt encrypted files? Is there a way to prevent encryption on network attached storage? Is email the main avenue ...
5
votes
3answers
376 views

1Password for team how secure it is?

I would like to ask you opinion about how secure is the 1Passowrd for Teams. For someone who doesn't know how 1Password - Personal use - works here a summary: You create a master password (hard to ...
-2
votes
2answers
56 views

Is there a reason to salt instead of enxrypting data? [duplicate]

Is it more secure to: a) Take a password, salt it, then hash it. b) Take a password, hash it, then encrypt it(Using a symmetric algorithm with a large key)
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How easily could this method of cryptography be cracked? [closed]

Background A couple of years back, in my naivety I dreamt up a method of encrypting information, the result can be seen on my website, I evidentially thought it was pretty neat and I decided to mix ...
1
vote
3answers
141 views

Authenticating user in same sub-domain using cookies

We have few in production websites say site1.dom1.com , site2.dom1.com , site3.dom1.com which are just replicas working on different server. Now we want to extend some application on another server ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

FileVault 2 FDE and BoxCryptor are safe to use together or they have conficts?

Assuming that someone has a Mac and uses FileVault 2 FDE (256-bit AES key) and uses the BoxCryptor (256-bit AES key) for the clouds like Dropbox/GDrive/etc and or some other folders. FileVault 2 uses ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

How to secure JSON data that is shown on web service page?

I have an iOS app that uses a web service to get data from my server. It grabs the data and echoes a JSON feed to the web page, and the iOS app interprets it. I have SSL so I am not worried about the ...
1
vote
3answers
171 views

Are longer passwords safer even if the encryption/database security used is compromised?

Let me preface this that I am having a lot of trouble wording my question. Hopefully my description will help clarify. I have always wondered if long passwords actually provide you any more security ...
45
votes
4answers
5k views

Is this a self rolled hashing/obfuscation method? Can you recognize the pattern?

A system we're introducing into the organization is not using any traditional hashing function that I can find. I've been assigned to "approve" it by black-box testing. I suspect passwords are simply ...
4
votes
2answers
166 views

How can Apple claim that a backup of an iPhone made to iCloud is “hackable”/accessible but not the data on the device itself?

So I’ve been reading up on the 2015 San Bernardino attack and the legal/tech issues surrounding the FBI’s request that Apple unlocks the shooter’s phone. This is how I understand the issue: The FBI ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Does FTPs (FTP over SSL using explicit TLS) support encryption of data channel?

I am exploring the ability of the FTPs(FTP over SSL using explicit TLS) to encrypt the data channel. I read online that the secure data channel can be entered by entering the PROT command. PROT P for ...
3
votes
4answers
146 views

TLS and e-mail security

Our client has asked us to send sensitive data via TLS and to install a certificate on our mail servers so that they can verify the authenticity of our e-mails. If I understand correctly, TLS ...
1
vote
2answers
62 views

Is an Initialization Vector (IV) required with unique data?

When used to encrypt data that is unique, is an Initialization Vector (IV) still required? For example, Credit Card numbers or Social Security numbers. The ultimate point of an IV is to ensure that ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Why IOS on IPhone cannot be brute-forced programatically? [duplicate]

I am interested in the recent Apple case where FBI wants to get access, but they say it's not technically possible other than creating a new OS (or I guess just modifying the existing one). More ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

Is Apple’s latest encryption considered to be munitions grade?

According to U.S. Export and Import laws, any device that has a minimum level of encryption is considered as falling under munitions type laws. Does Apple’s latest OS contain that level? And if it ...
1
vote
2answers
145 views

Password may not be similiar to last 5 passwords [duplicate]

SAP NetWeaver has a password policy to prevent your new password beeing similiar to the last 5 passwords. Are the passwords stored in plaintext to verify this? Or is something like a soundex value ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

access to mounted luks partition by non-root user

Recently I searched substitute for truecrypt and played a bit with cryptsetup. The steps I did: mkfs -t ext4 /dev/sdb1 sudo cryptsetup open --type luks /dev/sdb1 enc_vol sudo mount ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

What integrity does the TLS Record Protocol actually provide?

In TLS the "base" protocol is the "TLS Resource Protocol". This protocol is responsible for: securing application data and verifying its integrity and origin. It also uses a HMAC. However this ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Using Two Different Brands of Security Tools To Block Backdoors

There's this idea of using 2 brands of firewalls both inline that is usually brought up: {Internet}<-->FW(A)<-->FW(B)<-->{Internal Network} Or using 2 algorithms: {Plain ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

GPG Public Key changes after removing master key [closed]

Why does my gpg public key change after removing my master key (leaving just my subkeys) from the gpg key ring? I'm doing this so i can move my daily use keys (subkeys) to my online machine while ...
11
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3answers
1k views

Why can't apple simply add the backdoor now and then remove it after the FBI is done?

Summary of the current situation by @TTT Apple released an open letter to the public outlining their reasons for not complying with the FBI's demands to modify the iPhone's security mechanism. ...
-3
votes
1answer
531 views

What is suspected to be on the famous encrypted iPhone? [closed]

Quite a big deal is being made about Apple's refusal to decrypt an iPhone used in a terrorist attack. What is suspected to be on the device? If the crime has already been committed and the dead ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Keeping the same key and iv for encrypting post content

I want to encrypt and decrypt some wordpress posts. Only the content field i care about. Is it safe to use the same key and iv for the process?
6
votes
3answers
629 views

Encrypted password inside compressed archive

File compression utilities like Winrar or ZIP or 7zip encrypt the password and store it inside the archive. How safe is that? I mean you are giving away the archive with the password inside,it's not ...
3
votes
2answers
417 views

Encryption: Files that can't be encrypted/cryptolocker family doesn't encrypt?

Are there any type of file whatsoever that can -not- be encrypted? Is there any data that can't be encrypted by the regular RSA encryption methods? Also, does anyone know what files the cryptolocker ...
-1
votes
4answers
165 views

Securely enable FBI backdoor for phones [duplicate]

Most of the issues raised by Apple and others about giving the FBI access to the terrorists iPhone, seem to stem from a concern about reducing the overall security for regular users. Does this ...
1
vote
3answers
139 views

Is it possible for Apple or any other company to create fully encrypted smartphone?

From the latest Apple vs FBI story it's known that Apple is technically capable of changing the boot-loader of the iPhone to provide interface for brute-force finding of 4-digit password. I'm ...
0
votes
3answers
95 views

How does encryption force a processor to “pause”?

I'm often told that encryption forces processors to "make a pause" when performing the math to decrypt a hash, which is why brute forcing can take so long. I don't understand what it means for a ...
166
votes
8answers
27k views

Why can't the FBI read the key embedded in the iPhone's secure chip/ROM directly from hardware (silicon)?

As far as I understand, the 4 digit passcode is combined (in some fashion) with a key stored in secure read only memory (e.g. secure enclave chip or similar), where it is directly embedded into ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Could the FBI dump the drive contents of an iOS device, and then somehow run Virtual CPU's with different keys?

This seems like the most logical answer that would prevent wiping the data. Dump Contents of Drive. SetUp Virtual CPU with different keys. Use existing firmware and hardware for ios x Profit Is ...
-4
votes
1answer
106 views

How to decrypt this javascript code [closed]

I can't decrypt it. Please advise me. javascript code var ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Key rotation benefits of a multi-key hierarchy

I think I have a decent grasp of the problems associated with key rotation, and as I'm working through them determining an approach for key management on an application I keep stumbling up against ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Why can't the FBI copy the contents of an iPhone they are trying to crack?

Making the news rounds now is a story about the courts ordering Apple to disable the automatic deletion of data after 10 failed password guesses. What I don't understand is, why doesn't the FBI just ...
157
votes
6answers
18k views

Apple's open letter - they can't or won't backdoor iOS?

Apple released an open letter to the public outlining their reasons for not complying with the FBI's demands to modify the iPhone's security mechanism. Here's a summary: The FBI has an iPhone in ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

Chosen-ciphertext attack — basic question

Disclaimer: I'm a beginner with security. Problem: I am reading Applied Cryptography by Schneier. He writes: Question: How can "automatic decryption" work without the deduced key? Does the ...
43
votes
9answers
7k views

Can an open Wi-Fi hotspot be considered “secure” when using a VPN connection?

There are many open Wi-Fi hotspots scattered around from cafes to airports. I understand that a non-passworded Wi-Fi leaves traffic unencrypted and therefore available for hackers to read. I also ...
-2
votes
3answers
331 views

Why is encryption bad for passwords?

We use PGP for almost everything and it's so infeasible to bruteforce that it's considered secure. This is the guiding principle beyond CryptoLocker. But for stuff like e-mail, SSH and HTTPS, it's ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

Android vs iPhone encryption

I'm really curious to know what the technologies behind Android and iPhone are in regards to encryption. I know Android was supposed to go with encryption by default like iOS 8.0 and beyond and never ...