The data, tools, and procedures which, when applied to a specific vulnerability, predictably violate the security design of a system.

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25
votes
10answers
4k views

Vulnerable OS's?

Which vulnerable OS's like for example DVL would you recommend for someone to use for the purpose of pentest/exploitation learning?
1
vote
2answers
155 views

Can BadUsb only be delivered via USB?

BadUsb works by infecting a computer when plugged into the USB port. Is it also possible for an attacker who gains control of a system, such as remote access, to then infect any connected USB ...
79
votes
7answers
11k views

Why do I hear about so many Java insecurities? Are other languages more secure?

I really like the Java programming language, but I continuously hear about how insecure it is. Googling 'java insecure' or 'java vulnerabilities' brings up multiple articles talking about why you ...
8
votes
5answers
905 views

Can the BadUSB exploit be prevented?

Recently I read a few things about the BadUSB exploit, for example: http://arstechnica.com/security/2014/07/this-thumbdrive-hacks-computers-badusb-exploit-makes-devices-turn-evil/ My understanding ...
182
votes
5answers
103k views

What is a specific example of how the Shellshock Bash bug could be exploited?

I read some articles (article1, article2, article3, article4) about the Shellshock Bash bug (CVE-2014-6271 reported Sep 24, 2014) and have a general idea of what the vulnerability is and how it could ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Pivoting through XSS

I'll start off by saying this is a purely academic question; I'm trying to fill some gaps in my knowledge. If a website is vulnerable to XSS, and the target host is another machine that can browse to ...
5
votes
1answer
868 views

What kind of vulnerability would this exploit?

We're currently having our website pentested, and looking through our logs, a cookie we set (our allowCookies cookie) has had the value set to ...
1
vote
1answer
337 views

Exploiting shellshock

On doing some digging on the shell shock vulnerability, I found that being able to run the exploit via a remote location depends on whether the attacker actually knows the exact cgi script which uses ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Why “() { :;};”?

I was wanting to understand why the code below serves as a proof-of-concept for telling me whether my server is vulnerable or not. Moreover, how does the vulnerability work at lower-level? $ env ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Where to report malicious URLs, phishing, and malicious web sites?

I recently discovered that my web site was hacked: there was a HTML hidden div selling about shoes... I Googled the text in question and voila: thousands of sites have been hacked. Check this out: ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How can non-secure or non-https-only cookie affect security of an HSTS website?

If a website is running on HSTS and it is setting about 20 cookies. Out of those 20 cookies 15 are both secure and https-only and remaining 5 are neither. In this scenario, in what all ways can we ...
-3
votes
1answer
87 views

Feedback Form Exploitation possible or not? [closed]

how an attacker can exploit the below provided feedback form in a company website containing the company’s domain? the feedback form does not store data into a database. The server side code only ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

How does the ShellShock exploit work over OpenSSH?

The three options listed in the CERT release (AcceptEnv TERM and SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND) are all server-side options. If none of these are set on a host (and no http vector is available) is the host ...
8
votes
1answer
648 views

What does this attempted Shellshock exploit do, and has my website been compromised?

I grepped my Apache's access.log today for the now infamous () { string, and besides a bunch of what seemed like pings to check how many servers are vulnerable, I found this attempt, which looked like ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Am I safe to see a thumbnail of a downloaded images on Ubuntu 14.04?

I have downloaded an image that someone has uploaded to my website with a public upload form. My intention was to copy the file in a virtual machine and see the image from there; unfortunately, on ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Does FCGId use environment variables? (Or is it a possible attack vector for CVE-2014-6271/7169?)

According to Red Hat httpd (attack vector): CGI scripts are likely affected by this issue: when a CGI script is run by the web server, it uses environment variables to pass data to the ...
-1
votes
2answers
108 views

XSS InJavaScript

Recently i was figuring out a web application and found that the url is reflected among the source of the page which make it bit obvious for xss but the input from url which is reflected on source is ...
25
votes
4answers
12k views

Can A Powered Down Cell Phone be Turned On Remotely?

I know this is tin-foil hat fodder, but at least one judicial opinion (http://www.politechbot.com/docs/fbi.ardito.roving.bug.opinion.120106.txt) referenced a bug that could track/listen in on the ...
-2
votes
1answer
56 views

Escape from <script> to cause a XSS (XSS when reflection is already under <script>) [duplicate]

I am trying my level best to solve this issue i am totally not able to create a XSS i still thinks it to be a vulnerability and i think it is exploitable. I am frustrated around it for 8 days . Please ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views
33
votes
9answers
4k views

Why is it a security problem not to update one's browser?

Is it in general a security problem not to update your browser. Firefox constantly prompts me to update my browser, but how dangerous is it to not update? As part of this question, I would like to ...
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

Why should I use ROP for exploit dev? [closed]

Return Oriented Programming is a technique for bypassing DEP which based on ret2libc.. ROP is used for formatting the API function parameters in order to make a reliable shellcode.. I dont get ...
0
votes
1answer
230 views

Which shell is more secure, mksh or bash?

Which shell is more secure, mksh or bash? There has been some discussion pointing into the direction, that mksh is more secure. How to come to that conclusion? By looking which code was more audited ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is this GET request an exploit attempt?

I've noticed a few requests like this to a Rails application I am maintaining: GET ...
3
votes
4answers
254 views

Vulnerability exploitation in Java

I am not intimately familiar with Java, so this could be a stupid question. In a C program I can find buffer overflows or may be a ROP based exploit to run custom code. How is it done in the context ...
2
votes
1answer
503 views

is computrace a permanent backdoor?

I was reading about CompuTrace and this thing is pretty much a backdoor and irremovable. It's in the firmware, in the BIOS and survives formatting and even hard drive change and OS reinstalls. Some ...
0
votes
1answer
143 views

Are shell scripts / bash inherently less secure than other (script) languages such as python?

Are shell scripts / bash suitable for any kind of task as long as the developer(s) write correct, security bug free scripts? Or are shell scripts / bash less advisable for some tasks such as parsing ...
18
votes
1answer
643 views

EICAR Virus Test maliciously used to delete logs?

Today at work I was asked to test our anti-virus software on our Linux servers. I attempted to create a text file containing the EICAR Virus Test signature. The file was deleted instantly, ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

CSRF vulnerability in CGI/shell script web interface of hardware

I have a web interface to a hardware that is primarily used to reboot the hardware. Reboot can be done only by authenticated user.The web interface is written in CGI/shellscript. It does not use any ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

.JPEG File upload shell via EXIF comments

I came across this advisory recently and I'm a bit confused by both exploits, but specifically the file upload vulnerability. I don't understand how to actually exploit this condition (or even why ...
15
votes
7answers
2k views

Can hackers detect my operating system?

I've seen people demonstrating the use of backtrack to attack VMs. In one of the components of backtrack, it shows the operating system of the targets. Since support for Windows XP is ending soon, i ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Shared clipboard on Linux without keylogging, etc. vulnerabilities?

X has some serious security problems, not the least of which is that any program using a given display can log keystrokes from any other program on that display. (This can be demonstrated easily using ...
4
votes
2answers
878 views

Possible arbitrary file download vulnerability

I am auditing a possible vulnerable piece of ASP code on a Windows environment. The code is as follows: If InStr(strPath, "\Only\Download\From\Here\", CompareMethod.Text) = 0 Then Basicly it is ...
3
votes
2answers
278 views

Small, Vulnerable apps for exploit training

I'm looking for some really small apps on Ubuntu for some bufferoverflow exploitation training. I don't want to start off with some huge apps. I know some sites like http://www.oldversion.com.de/ ...
2
votes
4answers
292 views

How should I defend against zero-day attack on SSH?

Vulnerabilities are discovered everyday. The recent Heart bleed attack caught many people off guard. I was wondering if a serious flaw was to be discovered that allows unfettered access to SSH, how ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Was I a victim of an “Apache PHP Remote Exploit” attack?

I have a server in my computer for testing purposes, accessible from the outside. I was reviewing the access.log file, and I saw 89.187.33.50 - - [29/Mar/2014:03:39:01 +0100] "HEAD / HTTP/1.0" 200 - ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is OpenSSL CCS Injection (CVE-2014-0224) critical?

Recently the CCS Injection was discovered in OpenSSL (CVE-2014-0224) http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2014-0224. It allows man-in-the-middle attackers to consequently hijack sessions ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

How do you stop a hacker with no IP and a dot for their HOST

The entry below is from the visitors log in c-panel Host: . /specific legimate-wordpress-post/ Http Code: 503 Date: Jul 24 09:28:06 Http Version: HTTP/1.1 Size in Bytes: 1118 Referer: ...
1
vote
2answers
137 views

the dangers of internet forums - what is FUD, what is not

I just visited a forum and a member knew what OS I was running without me saying anything (a not TOO common distro of linux). Now I'm not sure how he exactly he might have done it, or what information ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Exploiting PHP via GET params

To be clear, this is in the interest of ethical testing to secure an application on behalf of my work. Now that that's out of the way, here are the details: Un-sanitised GET params are used in a ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Reverse shell connections

Why are reverse shell connections so popular in the event of a successful intrusion? Many "hacking" videos show this and it is often seen in practice. Would not most servers restrict outgoing ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

Why does printf() vulnerability require 4-bytes of junk data? - “Hacking: The Art of Exploitation” [duplicate]

I've been reading "Hacking: The Art of Exploitation 2nd Ed." and I hit a part that's not explained clearly enough for me. In the section "Writing to an Arbitrary Address" Jon Erickson creates a ...
0
votes
0answers
154 views

Exploit circulating Facebook with a .pnh file embedded in a <img> tag

Not sure how long this link will be up, but this is the page where users get redirected after trying to read a fake news post in someone timeline. [WARNING: ACCESS IN A CONTROLLED ENVIRONMENT] ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Return-oriented programming: how to find a stack pivot

I have a program with a heap overflow. It contains some code that is not randomized (is not using ASLR). I want to do a return-oriented programming exploit. Since this is a heap overflow, the first ...
2
votes
2answers
324 views

How do I make a working example of a “Dangling Pointers” exploit? (or where do I find it online)

I was recently reading about buffer overflows and dangling pointers. I read "Smashing the stack for fun and Profit " by Aleph1 and that paper was really clear and concise in explaination. On the ...
-2
votes
1answer
115 views

Proccess to exploit an OS vulnerability [closed]

What are the steps to use an exploit on an OS vulnerability? I tried the popular ms08-067 on an XP machine, following a guide found on the internet, discovering Metasploit etc., but I can't figure ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Is API hooking done by a process in a shared page, visible to all other processes?

Assume, I have an executable which hooks the API CreateFileW located in Kernel32.dll which is shared globally across the system for all other processes. From hooking I mean, that I have overwritten ...
2
votes
2answers
372 views

I've found security vulnerability in current linux distribution. What next?

I've installed ubuntu server 12.04 on VM two weeks ago. I've created regular snapshots. XXX time ago I've noticed unusual activity and I've found that a backdoor was installed into my server. One of ...
49
votes
7answers
5k views

Can “cat-ing” a file be a potential security risk?

I often use cat on the console to view the contents of files, and every now and then I accidentally cat a binary file which basically produces gibberish and system beeps. However today I've ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

What type of probing sends GET /“ data ” to a server?

During monitoring of webserver logs I've stumbled upon those standard probings for wordpress exploits etc, like No route found for "GET /wp-login.php" (uncaught exception) No route found for "GET ...