The data, tools, and procedures which, when applied to a specific vulnerability, predictably violate the security design of a system.

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198
votes
3answers
46k views

CRIME - How to beat the BEAST successor?

With the advent of CRIME, BEAST's successor, what possible protection is available for an individual and/or system owner in order to protect themselves and their users against this new attack on TLS?
177
votes
5answers
95k views

What is a specific example of how the Shellshock Bash bug could be exploited?

I read some articles (article1, article2, article3, article4) about the Shellshock Bash bug (CVE-2014-6271 reported Sep 24, 2014) and have a general idea of what the vulnerability is and how it could ...
108
votes
5answers
55k views

What should a website operator do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit?

CVE-2014-0160 http://heartbleed.com This is supposed to be a canonical question on dealing with the Heartbeat exploit. I run an Apache web server with OpenSSL, as well as a few other utilities ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

Protecting cellphones from USB attacks (a.k.a. Juice Jacking)

We have several smartphone with encrypted data on them (BES, iPhone, Android) and want to prevent an unauthorized person from downloading information from the device via USB. The visual assumption ...
92
votes
15answers
18k views

What “hacking” competitions/challenges exist? [closed]

I have always enjoyed trying to gain access to things I'm not really supposed to play around with. I found Hack This Site a long time ago and I learned a lot from it. The issue I have with HTS is that ...
28
votes
3answers
15k views

Stack Overflows - Defeating Canaries, ASLR, DEP, NX

To prevent buffer overflows, there are several protections available such as using Canary values, ASLR, DEP, NX. But, where there is a will, there is a way. I am researching on the various methods an ...
18
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I be protected from pictures vulnerabilities?

I've just read this question What is the corrupted image vulnerability? How does it work? (GIFAR, EXIF data with javascript, etc..) I'm asking myself how can I protect myself and my website's users. ...
16
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the corrupted image vulnerability? How does it work?

What exactly happens when someone injects malicious binary code into an image file (on Windows)? How is that done?
30
votes
2answers
11k views

How do ASLR and DEP work?

How do Address Space Layout Randomisation (ASLR) and Data Execution Prevention (DEP) work, in terms of preventing vulnerabilities from being exploited? Can they be bypassed?
31
votes
7answers
2k views

Is there a difference between GET and POST for web application security?

I have 2 choices in sending data between 2 web applications. I encode the data in Base64 and append to the URL and retrieve these parameters at my destination application and decode the parameters. ...
25
votes
4answers
6k views

BREACH - a new attack against HTTP. What can be done?

Following on from CRIME, now we have BREACH to be presented at Black Hat in Las Vegas Thursday (today). From the linked article, it suggests that this attack against compression will not be as simple ...
25
votes
10answers
4k views

Vulnerable OS's?

Which vulnerable OS's like for example DVL would you recommend for someone to use for the purpose of pentest/exploitation learning?
19
votes
3answers
1k views

Where to report malicious URLs, phishing, and malicious web sites?

I recently discovered that my web site was hacked: there was a HTML hidden div selling about shoes... I Googled the text in question and voila: thousands of sites have been hacked. Check this out: ...
7
votes
5answers
734 views

How should I serve untrusted / unsanitized documents (PDF, DOC, XLS) to end users over the web?

My website will be hosting documents for end users and I would like to make this as secure as possible. Question Assuming that I have a need to share documents on a website that may contain hostile ...
81
votes
8answers
86k views

Can webcams be turned on without the indicator light?

I've made a series of penetration tests in my network and one of the things I've tried was to record webcam and microphone. Recording an end-user's microphone seems to be a stealth thing, but what ...
13
votes
5answers
569 views

What is the potential impact of the alleged OpenBSD IPSEC attack?

Recently there is a bit of concern over encryption back doors in IPsec and while the status of this has not been confirmed, I don't know what impact something like this might have. For instance, does ...
31
votes
9answers
4k views

Why is it a security problem not to update one's browser?

Is it in general a security problem not to update your browser. Firefox constantly prompts me to update my browser, but how dangerous is it to not update? As part of this question, I would like to ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Is it possible to inject HTML into image to provoke XSS?

Some answers mention that it's possible to inject attacker-controlled HTML into images and therefore provoke XSS. I guess that this HTML will be processed by browser only if hole exists in browser. ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

How will security need to be changed if P=NP?

If we suppose that it is found that P=NP, how will security measures need to be changed? I'd like to know the major security measures that are affected, and how they would need to be changed. We can ...
5
votes
10answers
599 views

Can a compromised mobile phone be used to penetrate a desktop or server?

Can a compromised mobile phone be used to penetrate a desktop or server, such as when you plug the phone into the server or desktop for plug and play? I don't know what protocol the transfer is ...
6
votes
3answers
573 views

Security implications of an exploited router

So I completely understand that routers and local networks need to be kept locked down, etc. What real security threats can come about from an attacker who has remotely accessed (telnet or web gui) ...
-1
votes
2answers
98 views

XSS InJavaScript

Recently i was figuring out a web application and found that the url is reflected among the source of the page which make it bit obvious for xss but the input from url which is reflected on source is ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Suggested reading list: OS exploits

In computer security, my areas of interest include x86 processors, binary exploitation and reverse engineering. I'm also interested in the certain aspects of the minix and the linux kernel(memory ...
8
votes
5answers
760 views

Can the BadUSB exploit be prevented?

Recently I read a few things about the BadUSB exploit, for example: http://arstechnica.com/security/2014/07/this-thumbdrive-hacks-computers-badusb-exploit-makes-devices-turn-evil/ My understanding ...
1
vote
6answers
6k views

Use PHP to check uploaded image file for malware?

I want my users to be able to upload a photo. Currently I am not checking the uploaded photo for problems of any kind, although I do limit the size to 32k. Is there any way for me to check uploaded ...
7
votes
4answers
434 views

How should I escalate a vulnerability that is dismissed by the vendor?

I've come across a vulnerability that secure@microsoft does not think is worth pursuing. I would estimate that there are many, many customers affected by this issue. I do not want to start a ...
5
votes
3answers
440 views

Why does printf() vulnerability require 4-bytes of junk data? - “Hacking: The Art of Exploitation”

I've been reading "Hacking: The Art of Exploitation 2nd Ed." and I hit a part that's not explained clearly enough for me. In the section "Writing to an Arbitrary Address" Jon Erickson creates a ...
9
votes
2answers
776 views

Why is Firesheep Unable to Session Hijack over SSL?

Why is Firesheep unable to session hijack when a user is using SSL?
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Exploits or other security risks with SVG upload?

I have a site, where people can upload graphics, you might think of it like an image hoster or a forum for pictures. Now, I allow upload of raster graphics to a certain size, but no vector graphics ...
5
votes
5answers
4k views

What kind of attacks against home router's NAT do exist?

I always thought NAT was some kind of a security feature and I still think it is, because if it didn't existed the internet, respectively the clients behind NATs, would be even more insecure, since ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Are there any tools that focus on shellcode analysis?

Shellcode presents certain challenges for disassembly. It often self-modifies, jumps to the stack (where the shellcode will likely be placed), and relies on certain unusual tricks that standard ...
3
votes
5answers
400 views

Was the ASP.NET Padding Oracle exploit exposed in an ethical manner? What could have been done differently?

This is a multi-part question.... In regards to the ASP.NET Padding Oracle, (demo link)was that security exploit dealt with in an ethical manner? What could have been done differently or better? ...
73
votes
5answers
2k views

How can I protect myself from this kind of clipboard abuse?

Clipboard abuse from websites Many websites use JavaScript or CSS to stealthily insert or replace text in the user's clipboard whenever they copy information from the page. As far as I know this is ...
77
votes
7answers
10k views

Why do I hear about so many Java insecurities? Are other languages more secure?

I really like the Java programming language, but I continuously hear about how insecure it is. Googling 'java insecure' or 'java vulnerabilities' brings up multiple articles talking about why you ...
48
votes
7answers
5k views

Can “cat-ing” a file be a potential security risk?

I often use cat on the console to view the contents of files, and every now and then I accidentally cat a binary file which basically produces gibberish and system beeps. However today I've ...
25
votes
4answers
11k views

Can A Powered Down Cell Phone be Turned On Remotely?

I know this is tin-foil hat fodder, but at least one judicial opinion (http://www.politechbot.com/docs/fbi.ardito.roving.bug.opinion.120106.txt) referenced a bug that could track/listen in on the ...
17
votes
7answers
1k views

How to exploit the “PHP_MAGIC_QUOTES ON” vulnerability in order to cause max damage?

I've found a whole lot of SQL injection exploits in some systems I maintain. I know how to prevent the injection, but I would like to demonstrate to my CEO and CTO how dangerous it is if we don't have ...
6
votes
2answers
238 views

Example of malware in the wild?

I'd like to test an application that detects malware on my network. In order to do that, I have a Windows VM set up that I'd like to infect with malware. But for the life of me, I can't seem to find ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Example of a backdoor submitted to an open source project?

To clarify immediately, I'm not interested in writing a backdoor. I have no interest in submitting backdoor changelists to projects myself. I'm researching some source modeling techniques, and we're ...
12
votes
6answers
543 views

Can a website determine what OS or webbrowser a visitor is using if the useragent is blanked/changed?

Assume that a visitor to a website has changed his useragent to something like the following, but he's using linux: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; rv:20.0) Gecko/20121202 Firefox/20.0 Assume that the ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

How “leaking pointers” to bypass DEP/ASLR works

I was wondering if anyone could give me some clues on how "leaking pointers" to bypass DEP/ASLR work. I read here: The only way to reliably bypass DEP and ASLR is through an pointer leak. This ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What security standards and regulations are in place for bank ATM?

Are there any international or US mandated standards and regulations that apply to communications between automatic teller machines and bank's central office? Are banks or ATM operators subjected to ...
5
votes
1answer
887 views

Does xkcd.com/1353 overstate heartbleed's capability?

Today's xkcd has characters discussing heartbleed: Megan: I mean, this bug isn't just broken encryption. Megan: It lets website visitors make a server dispense random memory contents. Megan: It's ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Ways to completely spoof browser user agent and hiding OS to a webserver

This is a follow-up to the following question: Can a website determine what OS or web browser a visitor is using if the useragent is blanked/changed? If I have understood the answers correctly, a ...
8
votes
2answers
962 views

Is this GET request an exploit attempt?

I've noticed a few requests like this to a Rails application I am maintaining: GET ...
6
votes
1answer
414 views

How do I check the code of a Chrome extension to make sure it's not stealing my info?

I've been reading more and more about just how much access browser extensions can have to your data. This is a little unsettling, so I'm curious if there is a way to Vet these extensions and make sure ...
4
votes
1answer
278 views

On Hawkes' technique to bypass canaries

I found this reference to bypass canaries: http://sota.gen.nz/hawkes_openbsd.pdf It recommends to brute force the canary byte-for-byte. I don't understand how this works: "Technique is to brute force ...
3
votes
2answers
637 views

Found some malicious Javascript - how did it get there?

Found some malicious javascript on a Joomla site which we noticed has returned after being deleted a week ago. Also noticed that www.cssstickyfooter.com is infected by the same code. If you're ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Malicious *URLs*?

Everyone says not to click on "malicious URLs". Are there any attacks where the URL itself, rather than the resource accessed by the URL, is the attack vector?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it possible to change the admin user/password remotely on a router without logging in?

Is it possible to change the admin user/password remotely on a router without logging in? If yes, how so?