The data, tools, and procedures which, when applied to a specific vulnerability, predictably violate the security design of a system.

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242
votes
3answers
55k views

CRIME - How to beat the BEAST successor?

With the advent of CRIME, BEAST's successor, what possible protection is available for an individual and/or system owner in order to protect themselves and their users against this new attack on TLS?
198
votes
5answers
122k views

What is a specific example of how the Shellshock Bash bug could be exploited?

I read some articles (article1, article2, article3, article4) about the Shellshock Bash bug (CVE-2014-6271 reported Sep 24, 2014) and have a general idea of what the vulnerability is and how it could ...
125
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I protect myself from this kind of clipboard abuse?

Clipboard abuse from websites Many websites use JavaScript or CSS to stealthily insert or replace text in the user's clipboard whenever they copy information from the page. As far as I know this is ...
117
votes
14answers
37k views

What “hacking” competitions/challenges exist? [closed]

I have always enjoyed trying to gain access to things I'm not really supposed to play around with. I found Hack This Site a long time ago and I learned a lot from it. The issue I have with HTS is that ...
111
votes
9answers
128k views

Can webcams be turned on without the indicator light?

I've made a series of penetration tests in my network and one of the things I've tried was to record webcam and microphone. Recording an end-user's microphone seems to be a stealth thing, but what ...
110
votes
5answers
56k views

What should a website operator do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit?

CVE-2014-0160 http://heartbleed.com This is supposed to be a canonical question on dealing with the Heartbeat exploit. I run an Apache web server with OpenSSL, as well as a few other utilities ...
91
votes
7answers
17k views

Why do I hear about so many Java insecurities? Are other languages more secure?

I really like the Java programming language, but I continuously hear about how insecure it is. Googling 'java insecure' or 'java vulnerabilities' brings up multiple articles talking about why you ...
58
votes
7answers
6k views

Can “cat-ing” a file be a potential security risk?

I often use cat on the console to view the contents of files, and every now and then I accidentally cat a binary file which basically produces gibberish and system beeps. However today I've ...
48
votes
2answers
27k views

How do ASLR and DEP work?

How do Address Space Layout Randomisation (ASLR) and Data Execution Prevention (DEP) work, in terms of preventing vulnerabilities from being exploited? Can they be bypassed?
45
votes
3answers
4k views

I found obfuscated code in a comment on my blog. What should I do?

Today I was checking comments on my blog and I found a strange comment, here is the exact text <script>var ...
45
votes
3answers
37k views

Stack Overflows - Defeating Canaries, ASLR, DEP, NX

To prevent buffer overflows, there are several protections available such as using Canary values, ASLR, DEP, NX. But, where there is a will, there is a way. I am researching on the various methods an ...
41
votes
5answers
11k views

Accidentally came across the source code for some malware, what to do?

I accidentally, the other day, went to a dodgy site, and today I discovered that in my cache there lay a text file. And after reading the contents of the file, I have deduced that it is the source ...
36
votes
5answers
4k views

Can malicious code trigger without the user executing or opening the file?

If a file is downloaded from the Internet, and saved on disk, but is not opened by a user (if we keep autorun off), are there any chances that malicious code (e.g. a virus) in the file could trigger? ...
34
votes
9answers
4k views

Why is it a security problem not to update one's browser?

Is it in general a security problem not to update your browser. Firefox constantly prompts me to update my browser, but how dangerous is it to not update? As part of this question, I would like to ...
33
votes
7answers
3k views

Is there a difference between GET and POST for web application security?

I have 2 choices in sending data between 2 web applications. I encode the data in Base64 and append to the URL and retrieve these parameters at my destination application and decode the parameters. ...
32
votes
10answers
7k views

Vulnerable OS's?

Which vulnerable OS's like for example DVL would you recommend for someone to use for the purpose of pentest/exploitation learning?
31
votes
3answers
14k views

How do you stop a hacker when their IP address is 0.0.0.0?

Wordfence reports the following visitor: An unknown location at IP 0.0.0.0 visited 4 hours 45 mins ago IP: 0.0.0.0 Browser: Baiduspider version 2.0 Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Baiduspider/2.0; ...
31
votes
2answers
4k views

Where to report malicious URLs, phishing, and malicious web sites?

I recently discovered that my web site was hacked: there was a hidden HTML div that's about selling shoes...! I googled the text in question and voila: thousands of sites have been hacked. Check this ...
30
votes
5answers
19k views

Can A Powered Down Cell Phone be Turned On Remotely?

I know this is tin-foil hat fodder, but at least one judicial opinion (http://www.politechbot.com/docs/fbi.ardito.roving.bug.opinion.120106.txt) referenced a bug that could track/listen in on the ...
30
votes
4answers
9k views

BREACH - a new attack against HTTP. What can be done?

Following on from CRIME, now we have BREACH to be presented at Black Hat in Las Vegas Thursday (today). From the linked article, it suggests that this attack against compression will not be as simple ...
26
votes
6answers
7k views

Most secure way to partition linux?

I recently acquired a netbook to play with, and I want to install Kali Linux so I can start learning about network security and exploit development. I want to use this to learn as much about security ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

Linux-based Turla trojan

There are several articles describing the newly discovered Linux-based Turla trojan. But basically, all these articles repeat the same, very limited, information. Can anybody provide more details, ...
22
votes
3answers
4k views

Is it possible to transfer a virus through browser video?

I know that there is already a question related to viruses in videos, but the implication in the other question is that videos in question have been downloaded and played by media software on the ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Aviation security - Lessons to learn from PlaneSploit

A somewhat related question has already been asked (What would one need to do in order to hijack a satellite?), only at a more abstract level. Now we have a presentation by Hugo Teso from n.runs AG ...
21
votes
3answers
5k views

How can I be protected from pictures vulnerabilities?

I've just read this question What is the corrupted image vulnerability? How does it work? (GIFAR, EXIF data with javascript, etc..) I'm asking myself how can I protect myself and my website's users. ...
21
votes
3answers
470 views

As a student, how do I safely and responsibly disclose a serious security issue in a school environment?

I am a student at my local school. About eight months ago, I stumbled upon a security hole that could allow any user to discover any student's ID in the entire district, and I am aware that the IT ...
20
votes
8answers
4k views

How could someone exploit the OS an ATM is running?

As I'm sure many of you have heard, the end of support for Windows XP is the supposed apocalypse for ATM's worldwide. I am cognizant of the fact that this ensures that no more patches are issued, and ...
20
votes
4answers
4k views

Example of a backdoor submitted to an open source project?

To clarify immediately, I'm not interested in writing a backdoor. I have no interest in submitting backdoor changelists to projects myself. I'm researching some source modeling techniques, and we're ...
19
votes
1answer
1k views

EICAR Virus Test maliciously used to delete logs?

Today at work I was asked to test our anti-virus software on our Linux servers. I attempted to create a text file containing the EICAR Virus Test signature. The file was deleted instantly, ...
18
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is 0x41414141 associated with security exploits?

This article and this search suggest that the 32-bit word 0x41414141 is associated to security exploits. Why is 0x41414141 associated to security exploits?
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Could someone explain parts of the FBI's Firefox 0-day?

Here is the full Javascript (and related iframes) that the FBI apparently injected into all "Freedom Hosting" pages in the course of their recent takedown. http://pastebin.mozilla.org/2776374 The ...
17
votes
7answers
1k views

How to exploit the “PHP_MAGIC_QUOTES ON” vulnerability in order to cause max damage?

I've found a whole lot of SQL injection exploits in some systems I maintain. I know how to prevent the injection, but I would like to demonstrate to my CEO and CTO how dangerous it is if we don't have ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the corrupted image vulnerability? How does it work?

What exactly happens when someone injects malicious binary code into an image file (on Windows)? How is that done?
16
votes
7answers
8k views

How is it possible to embed executable code in an image

I was reading up on FireEye and came across this NYTimes article detailing a Skype chat where an image was sent that was laden with malware: Quote: To gain access to information on the ...
16
votes
3answers
9k views

What is the difference between Exploit and Payload?

In computer security, we know that weak points in software are called vulnerabilities (if related to security). And once the vulnerability is found, theoretically it requires a piece of code as proof ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the easiest way to search massive, leaked databases for persons and personal information?

This may seem like a rather nefarious question, however, my motivations are quite the opposite-- I want to know how at risk I might be! A while ago a very MASSIVE database was leaked that contained ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Could you write custom data to a file of a specific extension and use it to hack a program once it opens the file?

From what I understand file extensions don't really affect the data contained within them at all. They just give your computer a hint of what the data is, how it's structured and your computer then ...
15
votes
7answers
3k views

Can hackers detect my operating system?

I've seen people demonstrating the use of backtrack to attack VMs. In one of the components of backtrack, it shows the operating system of the targets. Since support for Windows XP is ending soon, i ...
15
votes
5answers
674 views

What is the potential impact of the alleged OpenBSD IPSEC attack?

Recently there is a bit of concern over encryption back doors in IPsec and while the status of this has not been confirmed, I don't know what impact something like this might have. For instance, does ...
15
votes
3answers
30k views

How can I use this path bypass/exploit Local File Inclusion?

I have tried to run a vulnerability scanning script (Uniscan 6.0) on some websites and then I found a site which is exploitable with this following path. (included a word "invalid" , params/website ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

Return-oriented programming: how to find a stack pivot

I have a program with a heap overflow. It contains some code that is not randomized (is not using ASLR). I want to do a return-oriented programming exploit. Since this is a heap overflow, the first ...
14
votes
3answers
847 views

How can a font be used for privilege escalation?

Recently Kaspersky released an analysis of Duqu 2.0 and apparently the malware used a True Type Font File to exploit a critical vulnerability (CVE-2011-3402) to "jump directly into Kernel". I haven't ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do exploit kits use droppers?

I've been looking into the structure of the online criminal underground, which consists of exploit kits, droppers, and malware payloads. What is the function of the dropper in this pipeline? Why ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Protecting cellphones from USB attacks (a.k.a. Juice Jacking)

We have several smartphone with encrypted data on them (BES, iPhone, Android) and want to prevent an unauthorized person from downloading information from the device via USB. The visual assumption ...
13
votes
4answers
750 views

Custom socket server on the internet running as root

We are writing a custom socket server which runs on a high port. Until recently, it has been running behind a corporate firewall. Now, it has been decided that the server should be taken outside the ...
13
votes
3answers
948 views

remote desktop connection to a potentially compromised machine

I am using rdesktop client on Linux to connect to windows machines. If some of these machines were compromised by some evil malware/virus/worm/trojan, is there any way for the malware to "jump" to my ...
13
votes
4answers
9k views

How does BeEF work? (working understanding)

I have recently come across the BeEF- a browser exploitation tool. In most of the articles, it is said time and again that it is developed for research and pen test purposes! Has anyone worked with ...
13
votes
1answer
946 views

SCADA / PLC exploit code was released in metasploit. Now what?

Wired reports that there are many security issues with Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) and now there is an easy to use tool to scan and detect vulnerabilities. They say it's so easy, the ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Getting exploit reliability when using the off by one framepointer overwrite on linux

We have a program that is vulnerable to a one byte frame pointer overwrite. The stack is marked executable, the Linux machine has aslr disabled, stack cookies are disabled, and it's a little endian ...
12
votes
9answers
4k views

Can an old operating system webserver be made secure?

I have an old laptop with far too little RAM to run Linux (including specialty distributions). It can however run Windows 98 just fine, and I'm looking into turning it into a tiny retro webserver. Is ...