Concerned with software or hardware firewalls

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39
votes
6answers
11k views

What techniques do advanced firewalls use to protect againt DoS/DDoS?

It is hard to protect a server against Denial of Service attacks, DoS/DDoS. The two simple ways I can think of is to use a server with much resources (e.g. CPU and memory), and to build the server ...
30
votes
7answers
18k views

Why do people tell me not to use VLANs for security?

I have a network, where a have a couple of VLANS. There is a firewall between the 2 VLANs. I am using HP Procurve switches and have made sure that switch-to-switch links accept tagged frames only and ...
42
votes
2answers
19k views

Is it a bad idea for a firewall to block ICMP?

This question was inspired by this answer which states in part: The generic firewall manifest file finishes off by dropping everything I didn't otherwise allow (besides ICMP. Don't turn off ICMP). ...
30
votes
9answers
19k views

Why block outgoing network traffic with a firewall?

In terms of a home network, is there any reason to set up a router firewall so that all outgoing ports are blocked, and then open specific ports for things such as HTTP, HTTPS, etc. Given that every ...
18
votes
7answers
3k views

Port Knocking is it a good idea?

Normally for a server I like to lock down SSH and other non-public service to only be accessible by certain IP addresses. However this is not always practical if the business doesn’t have static IP ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

Should SSL be terminated at a load balancer?

When hosting a cluster of web application servers it’s common to have a reverse proxy (HAProxy, Nginx, F5, etc.) in between the cluster and the public internet to load balance traffic among app ...
12
votes
2answers
3k views

Reject IP packets with an ICMP error, or just drop them?

Consider an internet-facing host (the outer firewall). What should be done with undesired traffic: just drop it, or send back an ICMP error such as port unreachable? (In Linux terms: iptables -P DROP ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

What is best practice for separation of trusted zones from a DMZ with a single firewall?

At our organization we have a single firewall sitting between our internal zones and the public internet. Currently all of our trusted zones are defined as different vlans on a layer 3 switch plugged ...
16
votes
12answers
24k views

Public DMZ network architecture

Years ago, when I was a student, a network security professor taught me in a class what a DMZ is. The architecture he used in his slides was similar to this one: Now that I got employed, my boss, a ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

To firewall or not to firewall?

There's recently been some discussion (to be generous) about the pros and cons of having a firewall deployed in front of servers. The con mainly being that it's a point of failure in case of a DDoS. ...
6
votes
6answers
6k views

How important is NAT as a security layer?

I've signed on to help a department move buildings and upgrade their dated infrastructure. This department has about 40 employees, 25 desktops, an old Novell server, and a handful of laboratory ...
8
votes
3answers
969 views

Evasion techiques for WAFs

Is there any documented techniques for evading Web application firewall for testing WAF rule configurations.
6
votes
2answers
69k views

What are the TCP/UDP ports used by torrent applications?

I want to block torrent traffic on my network because it is utilizing too much bandwidth and disrupted my network traffic. What port range should I use and what protocol TCP or UDP?
5
votes
5answers
4k views

What kind of attacks against home router's NAT do exist?

I always thought NAT was some kind of a security feature and I still think it is, because if it didn't existed the internet, respectively the clients behind NATs, would be even more insecure, since ...
12
votes
5answers
7k views

What is the best practice for placing DataBase servers in secure network topologies

I have a classic DMZ architecture: My webserver is placed in the DMZ. The webserver needs to communicate with a database server. This database server is the most critical component of my network ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

What is a Web Application Firewall?

What is a Web Application Firewall (WAF) and what are some of the things to look for in an effective one? Why would you deploy a WAF instead of just an IPS?
13
votes
5answers
907 views

Neural networks & anomaly detection

Neural networks, with their ability to learn behavioural patterns from arbitrary data, seem like a natural way to deal with intrusion detection. There are many academic papers on the topic which ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Kerberos authentication over the public internet

What are the threats to having the KDC accessible via the internet for remote clients? It's my understanding that the authentication is a challenge/response protocol and that the password is never ...
10
votes
6answers
678 views

Firewall philosophy

I've always been taught/believed that with a corporate firewall, you block all outgoing traffic to start, then open up only the holes you need for specific traffic. This makes sense to me from both ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Proxy vs. Firewall

I understand that very simply put a proxy is a sort of 'man in the middle' allowing/denying access to certain services/resources. Strictly in terms of security (I mean here privacy, parental control ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Block all BotNets and TOR addresses from accessing our site

I've heard that many DOS attacks and general "black hat hacking" attempts occur over the TOR network. Is it possible for me to dynamically block source IP's by their presence in a BotNet or similar ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How should an outgoing connection white-list be created?

I see my previous question was closed as duplicate of Why block outgoing network traffic with a firewall?. The answers that everyone agree with mention the value of blocking outgoing connections (to ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How secure is blocking all incoming connections on my ADSL or cable router?

My router, an up-to-date ADSL Fritz!Box 7340 router with a fixed leased IP address, has been configured to block all incoming traffic. Assuming, for the sake of argument, no extra security is ...
10
votes
7answers
2k views

Egress filtering on an office network?

With an office network most companies will use ingress filtering to add a level of security, however few take advantage of egress filtering to protect their networks. The use of egress filtering will ...
7
votes
6answers
243 views

Why shouldn't I run other applications on a Firewall?

If I want to use Ubuntu 11.04 as a Firewall in SOHO environment, then I just can't figure out what is the bad thing about installing GUI on it (e.g.: XFCE)? The only opened port to the world (wan ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

incoming packets in server

I have enabled iptables logging for packets coming from the outside -A INPUT ! -s 192.168.218.0/24 -j LOG Now i am seeing lots of incoming packets from unknown addresses Jun 5 14:54:56 localhost ...
3
votes
2answers
427 views

1 PIX firewall, 2 routers, 2 switches. Please answer a couple questions about hack lab

I bought a bunch of cisco equipment for a project and I got 1 PIX firewall 2 switches and 2 routers This is my plan for a topology but I am new at this so I need help. I am basing this off the ...
3
votes
4answers
283 views

What does a switched network protect us from? What does it not protect us from?

There seems to be some misconceptions regarding what a switched network will protect us from, and what technologies/precautions a secure environment requires when segmenting trusted users from hostile ...
2
votes
3answers
403 views

iptables: plaintext password protection

I'd like to find a way to block or restrict my access to the web-pages where my password is sent as a plaintext on the internet. Let's assume if I have the same password for all web-pages, is it ...
1
vote
4answers
14k views

How can attackers bypass firewalls? [closed]

I have read the Wikipedia article on firewalls but don't understand firewall security and how an attacker from the outside can bypass the firewall to hack target system. We all know it happens but ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Maximum protection on a computer network?

I would like to secure as much as possible a computer I am using to sync sensitive data files from work to my home pc. The syncronisation is being done by only 1 software is there a firewall to allow ...