Tightening security on a system.

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7
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4answers
497 views

How can I handle open ports?

After port scanning my company's network, I found a lot of open ports. What are the risks that will result out of these ports, if I left them open? And is there any way to handle them without ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Where to check if a specific OS / service is vulnerable despite being patched, because of a vendor's decision?

I need to discuss how to mitigate the risk of services which are vulnerable despite being patched (typically because they are not maintained by the vendor anymore, or because the vendor does not want ...
5
votes
2answers
180 views

Can a Windows 7 PC with folder sharing and remote desktop disabled, still be penetrated by a rogue computer on the same WiFi or LAN?

Assume the network is already penetrated, and the attacker already fully controls another PC. Other than setting up a proxy to intercept traffic from all other systems on the network and use that to ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

LogJam hardening OpenSSH and testing it [duplicate]

I would like to harden my OpenSSH (clientsite) after the LogJam attack. I read this article https://weakdh.org/sysadmin.html and there is one paragraph, which says how to do that. Is this enough and ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Is it there any effective way to prevent shodan to access my webcams [duplicate]

Recently while browsing using shodan, I came across a search string to explore webcams. Some of the searches I carried out were: webcamxp city:city name webcamxp geo: longitude and latitude ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

What are hardened ACLs for the Windows %systemroot% folder?

What are the recommended file permissions for %systemroot% in Windows 8.1? I couldn't find hardened file system permissions to apply to better secure a Windows installation.
1
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0answers
42 views

PowerShell's Module logging, a few questions

I'm looking for some more information concerning the white paper which goes into some detail over PowerShell's Module logging. Specifically, once this is enabled, are the default cmdlets logged? For ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Unidentified Filemount in Ubuntu

Not sure if this should go under security or Ubuntu but, I believe that my server got hacked somehow. Its being hosted on Digital Ocean and I mainly use it fiddle around with things. Today, I got a ...
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Should I wipe a brand new Machine and HDD ?

So I am buying a brand new machine and a HDD separate, when I buy this new HDD should I wipe it before I install it ? What necessary steps should I take to make sure it's pretty much clean of any ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Is it possible to lock guest VMs (or processes) to sticks of physical RAM to prevent row hammer attacks?

I was wondering if it is possible through some means to isolate processes (or preferably guest VMs) to physical sticks of RAM. This would be to prevent row hammer like attacks from using physical ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Limiting a CA to only issue valid certificates to internal web sites and clients

What are the possible defense measures that can be applied to a simple PKI (no intermediate CAs, etc.) used to authenticate clients and servers over TLS on an internal network only? Certificates ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

SOP for the CERT in case of hack activity [closed]

I work at a University in the Information Systems Department and recently one of the web server was hacked. the hacker deleted certain databases and few websites were down. In lieu to such events ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Can a signed downloaded file be securely verified if you only control the private key and the download/verification algorithm?

I'm designing the update procedure for IP Camera's. I'm wondering if my current design is secure enough. I have a binary file that I want to get to a device. I make a hash of this binary file and ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Secure the config file of a service

I have a service running on a linux box, started with upstart, that runs as user "the_user", it has to read a config file. Having the file owned by root would make things more secure, but would ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

What is a key-hardened hash?

I've seen the term 'key hardened hash' used to describe a recommended way to tighten up password hashing. What does this mean? Can it just mean to use a pepper?
0
votes
1answer
363 views

Recent “attack” to my server that might be using shellshock exploit

I just notice this repeated entry in nginx log: 31.184.194.114 - - [04/Mar/2015:10:29:53 +0700] "GET /cgi-bin/up.cgi HTTP/1.1" 301 178 "-" "() { :;};/usr/bin/perl -e 'print \x22Content-Type: ...
2
votes
3answers
94 views

What can manufactures of hardware do to prevent attacks on the firmware?

Given the revelations since The Equation Group was discovered. As well as that it is possible to not guarantee removal of a rootkit even with a nuke from high orbit. What properties of a harddrive ...
2
votes
1answer
156 views

Basic nginx securing / restricted access [closed]

I run a private virtual server on Ubuntu 14.04 and I use Nginx as my http server and/or reverse proxy. I run multiple webapps on this server, most of them are fresh open source projects. UPDATE : ...
3
votes
1answer
257 views

Root server hacked via httpd - consequences and future prevention

Since before mid 2014, my root server was targeted by hackers and recently they gained limited access. I disabled all services once I realized the server has been compromised and started ...
5
votes
1answer
548 views

Hardening SSL/TLS on Azure Cloud Service for A+ on Qualys SSL Labs?

We're using this powershell script as our Azure Cloud Service (PaaS) startup script and we're at an A- on the Qualys SSL Labs test Specifically we're losing points for the following reasons: Forward ...
2
votes
0answers
275 views

Using “Security Compliance Manager” to audit a Windows system

I found a few posts which suggest using Microsoft SCM (Security Compliance Manager) to audit the security of Microsoft software solutions: Windows security policy analysis tool How do I apply a ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How to securely encrypt data with a public-private key encryption scheme, but also allow decryption if the private key is lost?

This question is a followup question to Storing plaintext passwords for cameras - Security concerns?. In that question, I posed what I thought was a simple question, which actually turned out to ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Storing plaintext passwords for cameras - Security concerns?

This question has a follow-up question here: How to securely encrypt data with a public-private key encryption scheme, but also allow decryption if the private key is lost? TL;DR: Can I use ...
3
votes
2answers
210 views

Python security hardening

I’m working for a large organization which is using some Windows products that require python to work. Python is used to execute built in utility scripts and the user never recognizes that python is ...
0
votes
1answer
443 views

Firewall Benchmark, Checklist, Guideline?

I'm doing some research on checklist, benchmark, hardening guidelines. And I couldn't find specific documents for security checklist for firewall. CIS had this document, but it was only for Cisco ...
3
votes
1answer
241 views

Does malware which infects the BIOS/ Firmware always need 'root' access to do so?

There are very few hardened Operating Systems who restrict or totally disable Terminal 'root' access for the user. Would this feature prevent persistent BIOS rootkits from writing into BIOS or ...
3
votes
2answers
225 views

Read-Only Hard Drives

Has anyone come across a 2.5 SSD or HDD that has a physical read-only switch similar to this? Or an enclosure that can render a hard drive read only?
1
vote
2answers
119 views

Segregating Offline Server and Internet Connection in one pc

What I want to do: Setup a PC with two routers. One router is directly connected to the internet, the other is connected to an offline workspace server. My client will be connected to both via a ...
0
votes
1answer
131 views

Joomla Linux Permissions

I installed Joomla 3 to /var/www/html directory in Cent OS 6 server. Currently /var/www/html is owned by apache:apache. What is the recommended permissions for Joomla installation on Linux in ...
2
votes
2answers
67 views

Question regarding browser windows when integrating with 3rd party payment software

I've been told that when integrating with a 3rd party payment gateway, the other website's window should not be opened in an iFrame or a separate window - that the current application window itself ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

Is opening a new mysql connection for each query potentially unsafe?

I am doing some unit testing and noticed that if I click (or have multiple people clicking) the same filter very very fast (very precise I know;) eventually I get a "The connection is already open." ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Basic Website Protection (XSS,SQL-inject,hashing)

I have a very simple app that does allow unauthenticated users to leave comments (maybe later I will incorporate a capatcha). The app then stores the comments in a mysql db. I do my best to filter out ...
0
votes
3answers
159 views

Testing Malware in one Virtual Machine which is running side by side along with other Virtual Machines

I want to harden the security of my host system and side by side running virtual machines while testing some files for malware in one of the virtual machines. Here comes a list of questions that I ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

What's there to harden for a home Unix-box behind Comcast cable modem?

I'm learning that much of the security advice I come across under the "hardening" heading simply does not apply to a single-user home desktop box sitting in a private wireless IPv4 LAN behind a ...
1
vote
1answer
422 views

How to harden a “dedicated” Firefox?

I want to set up an instance of Firefox to be used to access a strictly limited "white list" of websites (my bank's, my credit cards', etc.). How can I harden such an instance of Firefox to reduce ...
2
votes
3answers
182 views

How to setup a dedicated home machine (Linux) for secure transactions?

I would like to set up a computer at home (preferably running Debian, or some other flavor of Linux) to be used only for secure financial transactions. The idea is that, by strictly limiting what is ...
4
votes
2answers
303 views

Heap canaries, to protect function pointers in heap objects

I'm wondering if anyone has previously proposed, evaluated, or deployed the following measure to harden systems against heap-based buffer overruns: basically, stack canaries, but applied before ...
1
vote
2answers
195 views

Web-based intrusion detection integrating visibility into web app and database

Consider the problem of hardening an existing, database-backed web application, to detect attacks and stop them where possible. It seems like one plausible approach might be to build an intrusion ...
7
votes
3answers
233 views

What is a good source for hardened base configurations

I attended B-Sides in Orlando FL where one of the speakers had mentioned a site which contains hardened configs for popular services such as apache and postfix. The author of these configs is ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

libraries alternative to gcc stack-protector / fortity source feature on linux

is there external library/approach/whatever to add canary protection (stack-protector equivalent) extra buffer boundary check (fortity source equivalent) on a C software without using glibc / ...
6
votes
2answers
395 views

How often is ASLR randomness refreshed, in Linux?

Most Linux distributions now use ASLR for many programs, to randomize the layout of memory. How often is the randomness used for this changed? If I re-run the same program multiple times, will it ...
1
vote
1answer
334 views

Defend against Blind ROP

At IEEE Security & Privacy, the blind return-oriented programming attack (blind ROP) was just introduced. In some sense, this is just another variation on ROP attacks -- but the blind ROP attack ...
5
votes
1answer
366 views

Does Linux kernel use DEP for kernel memory?

Does the Linux kernel use DEP internally for its kernel memory? In other words, does the Linux kernel take care to ensure that, when the kernel is executing (in kernel mode), every executable ...
3
votes
3answers
328 views

System Hardening: Outsource to Security Expert or have Sys Admin do it? [closed]

Can any of you security experts help me make a decision on how to deal with staffing for an initial hardening for an Apache server running MySQL and PHP? We are working on a new site have to do ...
0
votes
2answers
120 views

Anonymizing data for applications

I try to design a system which reads events comming from devices, stores them and exposes API to various applications. Originally I wanted to introduce a module Id translator, so I would store only ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Mainframe security [closed]

I am new to mainframe security testing practice. So far I have read a few articles on that even security of mainframe can be compromised. I would like to know if there are any such checklists that ...
0
votes
2answers
180 views

Debian missing security features?

Debian (stable) is a well respected server Linux distro. I was surprised to see that in their hardening walkthrough (https://wiki.debian.org/HardeningWalkthrough) they do not support position ...
1
vote
0answers
208 views

Disable HNAP on D-Link router

I'm concerned that Home Network Administration Protocol (HNAP) is a serious vulnerability that exposes consumer network routers to remote management by malicious entities such as government ...
1
vote
2answers
142 views

How to avoid log4j output external modification

I had a request to find a solution for making a log file secure from editing from the user (not root user) running the JBoss instance of an application (Linux environment) First idea I had is to use ...
1
vote
1answer
594 views

Virtual Box security [duplicate]

I am using virtual box to run a secure machine. I am not fully confident in the hosts security. My assumptions are that of course the host can read the VM when the VM is running and that if the ...