1
vote
3answers
100 views

What are the differences between dictionary attack and brute force attack?

Can someone explain the major differences between a Brute force attack and a Dictionary attack. Does the term rainbow table has any relation with these?
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Is there any way to log in with a hash?

I've understood that the following steps are taken when I log in to a site: 1. My password is hashed 2. The hash is compared to what's stored in the database. 3. If the hashes are equal, I can log in. ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Hashing / How easy is it to infer the original input if the a slight variation of the input, the hash result and the hashing algorithms are known [duplicate]

Given that I have an initial input that is publicly known (e.g. "ABCDEFGHIJ") a slight variation of (1) (e.g. "BACDEFGHIJ") that is used as the input to a hashing algorithm (3) an modern one-way ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

How does an attacker authenticate to a service using just the hash of the user (after performing a pth attack)

Let's say the attacker got the username and the password's hash. How can he use it when authenticating to some service in its domain with NTLM , for example? How can he send the request as the ...
2
votes
5answers
215 views

Methods used to reverse a hash

I know that a hash is a one-way-function and that therefore there isn't a reversal function. By reversing a hash I just mean to find some plaintext that gives the hash. I think that I understand that ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is using salt more secure?

Storing the hash of users' passwords, e.g. in a database, is insecure since human passwords are vulnerable to dictionary attacks. Everyone suggests that this is mitigated via the use of salts, but the ...
18
votes
1answer
2k views

Collision rate for different hash algorithms

Is there any collision rate measure for popular hashing algorithms (md5, crc32, sha-*)? If that depends only from output size, it's quite trivial to measure, but I suppose that depends also of ...
62
votes
2answers
11k views

What are rainbow tables and how are they used?

Where can I find one? Is there a pot of gold at the end? How do I protect against them? From the Area51 proposal This question was IT Security Question of the Week. Read the Sep 09, 2011 blog ...