A hash algorithm is a function which takes a variable size input and produces a fixed size output. The algorithm tries to make it difficult to predict the output for a given input, find two inputs with the same output, or reconstruct the input from the output.

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Is it a good idea to store Email addresses as hash only?

I am currently building a web service at http://write-math.com similar to http://detexify.kirelabs.org/ that should help users to get LaTeX code from drawn formulae. It is part of my bachelors thesis ...
2
votes
6answers
1k views

“Double hashing” with 2 different hash functions

Is doing something like this sha256(sha512(password+salt)) Less secure then just doing sha256(password+salt) I've heard it will increase collision chances. I can think of 3 reasons to do this ...
10
votes
2answers
37k views

OpenSSH default/preferred ciphers, hash, etc for SSH2

When using OpenSSH server (sshd) and client (ssh), what are all of the default / program preferred ciphers, hash, etc. (security related) and their default options (such as key length)? So, what are ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I check the integrity of the downloaded files?

I know we use hash functions to check for the integrity of the files etc... but my question is how can we check for the integrity of the files being downloaded from some server?
3
votes
7answers
2k views

Is it possible to detect password length from hash? Does doubling your password add more security?

Assuming a service doesn't store a plain text password, am I right in saying that the answer to this question depends on the service? On a bad service, the hash length is related to the password ...
52
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3answers
31k views

Securing a JavaScript Single Page App with RESTful backend

I'm currently in the process of building a JavaScript SPA and have been researching how to secure it. There is currently as RESTful API that is being completely interacted with through AJAX. We also ...
39
votes
5answers
16k views

How does hashing work?

I have been interested in Information Security. I was recently introduced to the idea of hashing. What I currently understand about hashing is that it takes the password a user enters. Then it ...
39
votes
3answers
4k views

Security Review - password_hash implementation for PHP

I'm currently working on a "helper function" for PHP's core to make password hashing more secure and easier for the majority of developers. Basically, the goal is to make it so easy, that it's harder ...
71
votes
8answers
9k views

Convincing my manager to use salts

My manager says we don't need to salt our passwords because people are not likely to use the same password because they all have different native languages, in addition to the websites they are active ...
36
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4answers
23k views

Are salted SHA-256/512 hashes still safe if the hashes and their salts are exposed?

Scenario: a database of hashed and and salted passwords, including salts for each password, is stolen by a malicious user. Passwords are 6-10 chars long and chosen by non-technical users. Can this ...
37
votes
8answers
4k views

Why improvising your own Hash function out of existing hash functions is so bad

I'm afraid I'll have tomatoes thrown at me for asking this old question, but here goes. After reading that cooking up your own password hash out of existing hashing functions is dangerous over and ...
40
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7answers
3k views

“Real” Salt and “Fake” Salt

During a Q&A period at DEFCON this year, one member of the audience mentioned that we're using "fake salt" when concatenating a random value and a password before hashing. He defined "real salt" ...
30
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5answers
13k views

Why AES is not used for secure hashing, instead of SHA-x?

As far as I understand, AES is believed to be extremely secure. (I have read somewhere that it would certainly not be broken in the next 20 years, but I am still not sure if the author was serious.) ...
18
votes
2answers
783 views

Can client-side hashing reduce the denial-of-service risk with slow hashes?

When storing user's passwords that you need to verify against (but not use as plaintext) the current state of the art is: Hash the password Use a salt Use a slow hash function - bcrypt, scrypt, etc. ...
25
votes
3answers
14k views

Which SSL/TLS ciphers can be considered secure?

The OpenSSL website provides a long list of different ciphers available for SSL and TLS. My question is, which of those ciphers can be considered secure nowadays. I am especially interested in HTTPS, ...
28
votes
3answers
4k views

MD5 collision attacks: are they relevant in password hashing?

DISCLAIMER: This is not an endorsement of MD5 as a password hashing function. I know about parallelization, GPUs, and dedicated password hashing functions like bcrypt and scrypt. With that out of ...
19
votes
6answers
2k views

Hash function change

I have user account passwords stored in a database using an unsafe (old) cryptographic hash function. What is the best/usual approach to changing password hash function? Only two ideas come to my ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Content hashes to help protect resources being fetched from a CDN

During a conversation in The DMZ, it was suggested that an SHA256 hash could be used to check that content being delivered from a CDN hasn't changed before being executed, similar to how Kim Dotcom's ...
13
votes
2answers
38k views

What are the differences between MD5, SHA and RSA?

MD5 tools output hexadecimal values. In the same manner, do SHA and RSA together produce a hexadecimal (or any other) output? What are the differences between the MD5, SHA and RSA algorithms?
24
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2answers
8k views

What is the difference between a Hash Function and a Cryptographic Hash Function?

I mean, is it just a matter of "how difficult is it to reverse the function with the current technology"? Or is there a mathematical concept or property that makes them different? If it is a matter ...
19
votes
8answers
17k views

Why do people still use/recommend MD5 if it is cracked since 1996?

It's still commonly recommended way of hashing passwords, even if it's insecurity had been proven in 1996 Therefore we suggest that in the future MD5 should no longer be implemented in ...
4
votes
11answers
4k views

Definitely safest password storage scheme?

I already asked this on StackOverflow but I was suggested this would be a better suited place and I found no way to "move" the question so I have to copy it. Believe, I know, there are hundreds ...
27
votes
2answers
4k views

How bad is it to truncate a hash?

I'm wondering how bad it is to truncate a SHA1 and only compare, say, the first 10/12 bytes, etc. I'm working with a fixed length of 8 bytes that I need to hash for uniqueness but store with the ...
15
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5answers
3k views

The aescrypt implementation hashes a password 8192 times to generate the key. Is this necessary?

I'm considering encrypting some small files (hundreds of kb apiece) using the aescrypt reference implementation. Looking at the source, it seems that the encryption key is derived from the IV and the ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

Does symmetric encryption provide data integrity?

Let's say I have one server that encrypts a file with a symmetric key, e.g. AES-CBC, and sends it to clients that decrypt it. Does that provide data integrity when decrypted? Or is it possible for ...
20
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1answer
2k views

Why does Facebook bother comparing old and new passwords?

An answer to this question says Facebook generates a bunch of password guesses to see if they hash the same as a previous version of the password. Why bother? If a service forces every password to ...
20
votes
9answers
1k views

Is a simple, but very long password a good password?

Is a password like wwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww9 (25x 'w' and a number) secure? It would be easy to remember.
16
votes
2answers
5k views

How big should salt be?

I will be using scrypt to store passwords in my application. As such, I'll be using SHA-256 and Salsa20 crypto primitives (with PBKDF2). Having that in mind, how big salt should I use? Should it be ...
3
votes
1answer
470 views

Perfectly Robust Hashing Scheme, or Completely Over-Engineered?

This is going to get long, so prepare. Basis of the question is, Do all these steps improve security, or am I completely overthinking the problem? Are my assumptions/thought process valid? We all ...
12
votes
1answer
609 views

General purpose slow/unique hash routine for dup checking of private data, without storing the data itself?

I am wondering if there is a percentage of uniqueness known to be lost with every repeat of various hash routines, like MD5, SHA1, and how that might compare with other algorithms. If theoretically I ...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

Does hashing a PRNG make it cryptographically secure?

Would hashing the result of a regular random number generator produce a cryptographically secure PRNG? For example, would sha1(rand()) effectively be a secure PRNG? Assuming it doesn't, how would ...
26
votes
8answers
2k views

Why is password hashing considered so important?

After reading this article, I can see the benefits of password hashing as a second layer of defence, in the event of an intruder gaining access to a password database. What I still don't understand is ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

Hashed password storage with random salt

Ever since I've been making sites that require a user to log in with a username and password I've always kept the passwords somewhat secure by storing them in my database hashed with a salt phrase. ...
16
votes
3answers
12k views

Whats the difference between MAC vs hash

What is the difference between the two algorithms? One difference that I know of, is that MAC is keyed and hash is not.
14
votes
2answers
856 views

How safe are signed git tags? Only as safe as SHA-1 or somehow safer?

How safe are signed git tags? Especially because git uses SHA-1. There is contradictory information around. So if one verifies a git tag (git tag -v tagname), then checksouts the tag, and checks that ...
18
votes
1answer
869 views

Doing a dictionary attack on RSA if you have the public key?

I'm trying to learn exactly how RSA works. Currently I have a very, very simplictic overview that goes like this. Having the public key allows you to encrypt things. Encrypting the same message ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

What is a good enough salt for a SaltedHash?

Since I'm hashing all passwords with each their own salt, is there a benefit to the salt being really random, or would an incremental counter or a guid be good enough? Also, is there a benefit of ...
7
votes
2answers
231 views

Does password-hashing “busy-work” need to be cryptographically secure

All modern password hashing schemes are deliberately designed to include a huge amount of "busy-work", to limit the speed with which an attacker would be able to conduct password hashing attempts. ...
5
votes
2answers
789 views

What is the purpose of a Pepper?

I've been trying to find out exactly what a pepper is. The only things I could accurately determine are that a Pepper: Is theoretically unique from site to site and hard-coded in the site's source ...
5
votes
2answers
340 views

Is cascading cryptographic algorithm better than using a single one?

Am I wrong to think that scrypt(bcrypt(password)) would be better than using sole (s|b)crypt? Especially when considering two different key for the two algorithms. I am also interested in some ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

How big is the risk of hash fixed points/cycles?

It's established wisdom to hash password multiple times with a salt to increase the time it takes per brute force iteration. At the same time (unless the algorithm guarantees otherwise) there's a ...
4
votes
5answers
484 views

Am I required to hash passwords

Is one required to hash passwords by law in the US or elsewhere? If not required by law, are there legal ramifications if unhashed passwords are stolen? If not required in the US, but required in the ...
2
votes
1answer
353 views

PRF, IKE and hash function

The term PRF is mentioned in the documentation of the IKE (Internet Key Exchange) protocol. What is a PRF? What is the difference between a PRF and a hash function? What PRFs are used in the IKE ...
1
vote
3answers
565 views

What part of the CSR is hashed in order to create its signature?

I'd like to change the CSR before it is transferred to the CA without going through the CSR creation process again. To do that I need to know how to calculate the signature of the CSR after I modified ...
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votes
5answers
913 views

create a variants of MD5

I have also asked similar q here : To create a variants of MD5, I made following changes : MD5 uses a non-linear sin(i)* pow(2,32) ----> i plane to use cos(i)*pow(2,32) Instead ...
14
votes
7answers
2k views

Why should I hash passwords?

I've read that every good web application should hash passwords. I found many articles about hashing. So I started implementing hashing on my website and then I asked myself why should I do it? When a ...
11
votes
1answer
823 views

Any risk in using the same salt for several hashes on a user?

Right now I'm storing a salt and password_hash on the users table (pretty standard stuff). The need arose to get a secure hash of another field for a user. Is there any risk in reusing the same salt ...
5
votes
3answers
332 views

What steps can you take to make offline cracking of SRP harder?

In the aftermath of the Blizzard hack, what steps can I take to make offline cracking of SRP more difficult? My question assumes that your database is already gone and that you implemented SRP more ...
4
votes
5answers
753 views

Use the hash of the password to encrypted password

I have a app which transmit the password in clear text. I was planning to use the hash of the password (SHA-512) as the key for encrypting the plain text password. Then send the encrypted text to the ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Can I brute-force a password hash even if I don't know the hash-algorithm used?

Can I brute-force a password hash even if I don't know the underlying algorithm? For example if I get hold of a database with password hashes and the used hash algorithm is unknown, like a random ...