A hash algorithm is a function which takes a variable size input and produces a fixed size output. The algorithm tries to make it difficult to predict the output for a given input, find two inputs with the same output, or reconstruct the input from the output.

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My friend hashes passwords with SHA512 algorithm without salt. How do I convince him that he needs to add salt?

Today I discovered something incredibly stupid - my friend hashes user passwords with sha512 algorithm without a salt. I immediately raised this issue to him but he said he wants to see anyone crack a ...
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2answers
129 views

Difference between Second Pre-image Resistance and Collision Resistance in Cryptographic Hash Functions

I am studying the subject from these notes. However it is not clear what is the difference between "Second Pre-image Resistance" and "Collision Resistance" properties of Cryptographic Hash Functions. ...
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1answer
78 views

Security of shared “super pin” code table at meineschufa.de

The german brank credit report service "Schufa" uses a so called "SuperPIN" to enable users to reset their password. This super pin is a permutation of 30 lower and upper case letters and digits and ...
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0answers
100 views

Breaking it gently

Let's say I've found a fundamental error with mathematics of a security package. For example, let's say I've found something similar to the Pollard’s \rho-1 algorithm that renders some of the RSA keys ...
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1answer
165 views

Windows system password hashed - see which hash is used

How can I know / see if my windows is using NTML, LM, NTML2 for its user account passwords? What is the standard today, in windows systems?
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1answer
85 views

Can a known MD5 hash limit the search space for SHA1 collisions?

For a course in game theory, we are dealing with BitTorrent and alternative strategies (roughly alternative clients) we can employ to maximize our download speed. One strategy is to over-report the ...
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1answer
1k views

John the Ripper - Calculating brute force time to crack password

I'm using incremental mode (brute force) mode in John the Ripper to crack Linux MD5 passwords. I'm trying to calculate the time it will take to run through all combinations of 12 passwords (with 12 ...
3
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3answers
526 views

Accepting other similar passwords when storing a salted, hashed password

If a website stores passwords as a salted hash, is it reasonable to accept similar passwords as correct? For example, given the password stackexchange, does it dramatically decrease security if the ...
6
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3answers
276 views

Calculating password hashes in the browser?

I just finally got into Keybase and was surprised to see this in the sign-up page: Shouldn't password stretching and hashing be done on the serverside, as we normally don't trust a client?
7
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2answers
628 views

Does Outlook store plain-text passwords?

A long time ago when Microsoft changed my e-Mail from Hotmail to Outlook the password-interface said that I should only put in the first 16 chars of my password. But my password was longer before. So ...
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1answer
140 views

Adding hash value to user supplied URL in a web application: any security benefit?

We administer a Java web application from an external supplier where we have access to the source code. The user is able to provide an external URL which is stored in a database and later on embedded ...
7
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2answers
223 views

Does password-hashing “busy-work” need to be cryptographically secure

All modern password hashing schemes are deliberately designed to include a huge amount of "busy-work", to limit the speed with which an attacker would be able to conduct password hashing attempts. ...
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1answer
136 views

How to decode/decrypt strings of text [closed]

So I'm trying to decrypt/decode some text strings. I don't believe they're hashes because they vary in length too much and the software they are used for is able to easily decode them and display them ...
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3answers
151 views

Is is necessary to encrypt the message digest?

In symmetric key settings, in order to provide the message integrity, we compute the hash of the message. The message along with the message digest is then encrypted. Is it necessary to encrypt the ...
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2answers
593 views

How safe are signed git tags? Only as safe as SHA-1 or somehow safer?

How safe are signed git tags? Especially because git uses SHA-1. There is contradictory information around. So if one verifies a git tag (git tag -v tagname), then checksouts the tag, and checks that ...
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1answer
2k views

How do I hash a password in C#? [duplicate]

I assume that the best way to handle passwords for a website is I create a hash of the password and save that hash in my database. Then when someone tries to login, I do a hash of the password they ...
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2answers
151 views

Search on hashed data

We have a request to encrypt customer personal data (e-mail, address etc.) We use MySQL which does not have any TDE like MS SQL or Oracle. So along with encrypting data we need to preserve ...
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3answers
158 views

Is it ever safe to publish hashed data?

I'm having a friendly debate with someone who thinks that a website can safely make public sensitive data about it's users as long as that data is hashed (don't ask why, it's a long and hypothetical ...
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2answers
59 views

Protect against malicious client with key derivation function (PBKDF2)?

Consider a protocol that allows clients to retrieve XML "forms" from a server. Forms are identified by a unique, randomly generated form ID that is embedded in the form. Clients fill out the form and ...
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3answers
6k views

What are the differences between dictionary attack and brute force attack?

Can someone explain the major differences between a Brute force attack and a Dictionary attack. Does the term rainbow table has any relation with these?
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1answer
83 views

Secure log in without sending plain test to server

I know this question asked so many times, but here I am again with it. I am working on an application in which I need to log-in users but the question is it is not a good Idea to send user credentials ...
4
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2answers
238 views

Is there a strong reason to salt and hash passwords when password reuse is not an issue?

I am dealing with a system (in development) that uses randomly generated (not user provided), unique, strings to authenticate services that will consuming an API. Right now, these strings are stored ...
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4answers
1k views

Why secure encrypted data consistency by strong hashing?

Consider the SSH protocol: the SSH packet is like [data, SHA1(data)]. The packet is entirely encrypted by a block cipher. The question is, why do we need a strong hash to protect the packet ...
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288 views

How safe is to secure sensitive content by URL with MD5 hash and no other authorization?

Suppose we have website that use MD5 hash in URL like this: http://somewebsite.com/XXX/ where XXX is MD5 hash. Content of this website may have sensitive information like transaction details with ...
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3answers
1k views

Trying to understand why signatures in root certs “are not used”?

Taken from here: Don't worry if the root certificate uses SHA1; signatures on roots are not used (and Chrome won't warn about them. Why are the signatures not used? Are not root certificates ...
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68 views

Is my Password Hashing Secure or not?

I have recently created a code for hashing password. Can you please give your advice over the security of my code? The function takes a password, then converts it to a number. #include <string> ...
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1answer
159 views

Using random number to salt passwords

in a project I have, I'm salting passwords with 3 salts at the moment... Static salt - hard-coded into the source-code. Randomly generated salt (using a function designed for generating password ...
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1answer
172 views

Idea for an algorithm to authenticate users with zero-knowledge-proof [need thoughts/review]

I have an idea for an algorithm. I don't know if I made any mistakes and need some extra thoughts/peer review on it. This would work as an (almost)zero knowledge proof for sending passwords that can ...
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2answers
101 views

Authenticate User Salted Hash Without Username

I've got a page with a login system where you type your username and password, the salted hash gets pulled down from the database depending on the username ... SELECT hash FROM db WHERE username = ? ...
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2answers
195 views

Why is the brute force search time for hashing algorithms 2^(num_bits / 2)?

I noticed that the brute force times (the time it takes to find a message that hashes to a given hash) of various hashing algorithms seems to be 2^(num_bits / 2). For example, people say that brute ...
2
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1answer
243 views

HMAC secret key for securing communication - how to keep private on DB

I have a mobile app that communicates to server over HTTPS. To authenticate the client and to make sure its who I believe it is, I return upon successful signup (apart from the username) a secret API ...
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1answer
240 views

What hash version is implemented on ThePirateBay.se? SHA-1 or MDA-5? [closed]

I downloaded a File Checksum Utility executable file from Microsoft. This tool is for checking the hash of a file. I'm wondering what is the version of the "Info Hash" section on the torrent site ...
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1answer
97 views

client side and server side hash password [duplicate]

Another question about client or server side password hashing, I know. After reading many other post about this topic I'm still a little confused and not completely sure what is the best, because I ...
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1answer
575 views

What is “c/s” in context of hash cracking?

I was reading hashcat's About page, and the stats are listed in terms of c/s....is that "Cracks per seconds"....the 'c' part seems wrong, I'm just guessing. What is 'c'?
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1answer
69 views

Good way to make a secure token for logged out users

I work for a firm that has a marketplace on the web. We want to make a link with a token that stops an ad on the marketplace without the user being logged in. Someone suggested that we make a token ...
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4answers
583 views

Is hashing the hash considered an extra level of security [duplicate]

As in md5(md5(md5(x)))... I can remember coming across that in some piece of code. If the attacker can somehow reverse md5(md5(md5(x))) into md5(md5(x)) then he certainly can reverse md5(md5(x)) into ...
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2answers
129 views

Do hashes repeat themselves?

I am not sure how hashing works exactly, all I know it is impossible to reverse it. All hash types have X amount of characters in them while the phrases and made up words can have an infinite quantity ...
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1answer
182 views

encrypted lookup-keys for key-value store

I'd like to use a key-value store (cassandra, redis, ...), but I don't trust the server. The clients have a shared secret, and I'm using that to encrypt the stored values. But what is the proper way ...
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1answer
468 views

What type of hash is that [closed]

Hey do you guys know the algorithm used to generate this hash? 6874747a3b202063733437373676342f766c2f6e6520753933313538343931206175646960732039‌​353861383a3a36663836392f6e7a3325313638 It's ...
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4answers
437 views

Should BCRYPT be used for client-side password hashing

I am concerned about the use of bcrypt for client-side password generation. I am developing a password generation function to be used client-side, similar to PwdHash and PasswordMaker. Much has been ...
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2answers
228 views

Is this hash function safe?

Below is the hash function implementation of the roguewave library. It returns a 32 bit hash. The core operation is A = B ^ ((C << 5) | (C >> 27)). Is this hash safe to use as a password check ...
3
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1answer
370 views

How to check for presence of LM hashes in local SAM

To get rid of LM hashes in local SAM databases, one can rely on the famous NoLMHash domain GPO, which instructs clients not to store password hashes with the LM algorithm locally ("Do not store LAN ...
0
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1answer
192 views

What multiplier to use when calculating the average time to crack passwords with a given entropy?

Suppose that we have a process that generates passwords with entropy E. I'd like to compute the average time it would take for a brute-force attack to crack an MD5-hashed instance of such a password. ...
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1answer
81 views

Can HMAC leak the password? [duplicate]

Imaging the following pseudo-code: h = hash(sha512) h.input(password) h.input(message) send h, message to client If the user has the hash and the message, and the only missing variable is the ...
2
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1answer
175 views

Is encrypting something more than once safer than hashing more than once?

I am aware of the implications that hashing something more than once correctly will increase the security of a system, but doing it incorrectly will decrease it, as noted here and on various other ...
2
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3answers
275 views

Does figuring out what one password hashes to allow you to crack all identical passwords?

Forgive me, as I am very new to cryptography, but it seems interesting, and I have a question. I'll state my beliefs and please feel free to correct me on the aspects that I'm mistaken so i can ...
2
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4answers
733 views

Using last characters of hash as salt [duplicate]

In a recent discussion somebody mentioned the following hashing scheme: passHash = sha256(password) saltedHash = sha256(passHash+passHash.substr(-10) finalHash = sha256(secret+saltedHash) The ...
18
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2k views

Should I use own constants when using well known hashing algorithms?

I understand that it is important to use well known and well tested hashing algorithms instead of designing my own. For such there often are reference implementations available, which initialize the ...
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2answers
72 views

Identifying/decrypting hashed/encrypted data [closed]

This weekend I took part in an security challenge. I had great fun doing it but i found a huge gap in my knowledge that I'm really keen to fill and hope someone here can help get me pointing in the ...
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2answers
224 views

Difference between OS X md5 and gnu md5sum

I have installed the "md5sum" utility on my Mac and there was also a "md5" binary pre-installed in /sbin. My problem and question is this: "Isn't MD5 a standard algorithm?" Because I get different ...