a method for constructing a message authentication code based on a cryptographic hash function.

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0
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2answers
44 views

HMAC: How unique does a nonce need to be if the Date is also part of the signature?

In a HTTP scheme where the HMAC-SHA256 signature is sent as part of the Authorization header, and the message input contains: The request method URL Post data Nonce Date HTTP header How unique ...
9
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2answers
762 views

Timing attack against HMAC in authenticated encryption?

In an answer to another question of mine, it was noted that a class using standard string comparison functions when checking the HMAC in authenticated encryption would make the class vulnerable to ...
7
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1answer
474 views

Is there a method to get plain-text from cipher-text in HMAC SHA-1, given that the key is known?

This is technically not even an attack. We have all the resources at hand, except for the original plain-text. We have the cipher-text (to be converted back to plain-text), as well as the key. The ...
1
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1answer
124 views

What is the right way to implement Keyed Password Hashing?

As mentioned in this wonderful link, the way to get a PBKDF2 Hash of a user given password given a password (of course), a salt (generated Cryptographically Secure Random Number Generator. iteration ...
0
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1answer
67 views

Does encrypting the message protect it against length extension attacks

Assuming the following HMAC is used : HMACK(M) = Hash(K||M) = H which is "secret-prefix" hashed function. M is the plaintext message , K is the secret key used The ciphertext is generated as follow : ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Securing connection between redirect from A to B domain

I'm building special extension ( on domain B ) to the present e-commerce hosted on a domain A. The goal is to redirect user from A to B and back. Similar to technique where user leaves e-commerce site ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Encryption and HMAC with the same password

I need to send authenticated ciphered messages by using a single password. Reusing the same (derived) key for the block cipher and the HMAC is not a good practice, I know. My initial idea is to ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Should I use HMAC in this situation

I need to store a big message encrypted on a server. What I am about to do is: Encrypt the message with a AES key; (Authentication) Hash the message with SHA512 and encrypt the hash with RSA priv ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Using HMAC when sending data through an untrusted server

I have a set up like this: Payment Server (PS) <> Front End (FE) <> Client JS. I need to get some data from the Client JS to the PS, without the FE being able to modify it and have PS prove ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

How secure is HMAC

I'm a building a RESTful stateless API and I'm using a token for authentication. The problem I'm having is I'm not sure how secure HMAC is. I'm using a JSON Web Token library that let's me encrypt ...
5
votes
3answers
92 views

Why can't a cryptographic hash inside a cryptogram serve as a MAC? [duplicate]

My question is closely related to Why do you need message authentication in addition to encryption? Specifically I am interested in symmetric-key cryptography. I understand that attackers may modify ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Node's createHmac function

for the node.js crypto command: crypto.createHmac('this is a test', key); What is node expecting for key's encoding? utf8? a binary buffer?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Use TOTP to prevent simulating requests

I'm developing an API system which provides functionalities for a game. Currently, we are using HMAC to prevent simulating requests (let's say, prevent hackers from simulating the game) but because we ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Authentication for Restful web services [duplicate]

I am building a restful web services. My requirement is that I have to provide authentication for accessing the webservices. First I tried with basic authentication. Which is working fine, but ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

HMAC based algorithm for publicly sharing authenticated messages

I am trying to design an algorithm for publicly sharing authenticated messages. Obviously, asymmetric public/private key schemes do this, but I want to avoid the requirement that users have to keep ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

Is the HMAC weakened if a part of the message is part the key?

For example: I am using HMAC SHA 256 to sign an XML file. Part of the file data is a version number. If I append the version to my secret to use it as a key, does that weaken the HMAC? As the version ...
-1
votes
1answer
71 views

Can HMAC leak the password? [duplicate]

Imaging the following pseudo-code: h = hash(sha512) h.input(password) h.input(message) send h, message to client If the user has the hash and the message, and the only missing variable is the ...
0
votes
1answer
201 views

Password Storage with Jasypt StrongPasswordEncryptor vs PBKDF2

We are currently working on authentication for a web application. For password storage, we're using Jasypt StrongPasswordEncryptor with SHA-256 and tens of thousands of iterations. Going into the ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Payment Application Integration - Encryption or HMAC

Doing an integration with an online payment provider. Payment provider will be making a web request to my server to provide some information about the basket content. On my end there's no payment ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

4 bytes authentication problem

I have a classic security problem where Alice needs to prove its identity to Bob but with quite unusual requirements and constraints due to a M2M context. EDITs in bold The communication channel ...
0
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0answers
61 views

Allowing third-party clients to authenticate with an app server

I'm working on an app that is planned to be licensed to OEMs, who would in turn offer it as a service to their users.  We would host the app server and the OEM would optionally host the app's web ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

When to use HMAC alongside AES?

One of my clients wants to provide an URL to each of his customers to register in a system. This URL would contain a query string parameter with some data (e.g. code, email and name) from his clients ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Does ASP.NET guarantee the integrity of a page's controls on a post back?

Say you have an ASP.NET page that lists the prices for certain items in labels. I know it's cringe-worthy, but say you took the price of the item from the label on the page to determine what the user ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

Using hashed password as secret key for hmac to avoid exchange of secret between server and client

I'm currently trying to improve our API to be more restful, therfore avoid any state on the server. I want to accomplish this with a hmac token, appended on every request. The hmac will be made with ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Should HMAC key be changed regularly? Should it be kept secret at all times?

I am doing an HMAC of some cipher-text, IV and encryption algorithm. Right now I am using a hard-coded key that is known to both sender and receiver. I was wondering if the key should be changed once ...
2
votes
1answer
461 views

HMAC secret key client storage

I've read numerous articles about using HMAC and the secret key for client authentication in a RESTful client (Javascript) application today. Still, I don't find a single source that is able to ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Is this signature methodology secure?

I'm working on authentication for my JSON-RPC API and my current working strategy is using signed requests sent via POST over SSL. I'm wondering if anyone can see any vulnerabilities that I haven't ...
0
votes
1answer
398 views

Openssl ciphers SHA384 and AEAD

When running the command: openssl ciphers -v I get a long list of cipher combinations. I'm having issues interpreting some of them. An example is: DHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=DH Au=RSA ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Where are MAC used?

I can think of where people use hashes and signatures. But where are MAC used in real life? Are there any protocol in cryptography that uses MAC? Or examples where MACs are relevant?
1
vote
1answer
218 views

What is a AUTH-KEY in the security of the computers?

I don't know if this is the right section to post my question and if it is not I apologize. I'm studying security in computers and in particular the URL Spoofing. I understand that a form of URL ...
1
vote
0answers
129 views

Login Authentication with SSL and HMAC

My question is pretty similar to : http://stackoverflow.com/questions/5487757/using-hmac-sha1-for-api-authentication-how-to-store-the-client-password-secure. Basically, I want to write an API for my ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Confused about the most relevant way to secure my APIs

I own a Javascript application (Single Page Application) hitting some apis from my own RESTful backend. What I expect for my authentication/(authorization) mechanism is three things: Preventing ...
0
votes
0answers
125 views

Gladman's file encryption library = AES in counter mode with HMAC-SHA1 authentication?

I would like to use Gladman's algorithm to create AES encrypted data in JavaScript. I use the Crypto-JS library, but its performance is horrible. PBKDF2 is terribly slow, so I switched to another ...
2
votes
0answers
665 views

FIDO, U2F Compatibility

I've been following the FIDO standard (a consumer-friendly public-key system similar to SSH key pairs) and it appears that it's close to being complete: both Google and PayPal have been testing it ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the purpose of derivation of encryption and authorization keys from master key?

We're using AES-CBC and HMAC to encrypt and authenticate our messages (using encrypt-then-authenticate method). Sometimes I see solutions (like this one) which are deriving encryption and ...
1
vote
0answers
126 views

Is hashing the HMAC secret key a good idea?

I'm implementing a REST API and I've generated 128-bit random API keys which are used with HMAC-SHA1 for authorization. Should I hash the secret key on both the client and server before using it, ...
1
vote
3answers
126 views

Detect message tampering without shared key and without certificate authority

Is it possible to detect if a message has been tampered with, without using MAC (i.e. shared key) and without using a "trusted" third party (i.e. certificate authority)? I'm pretty sure it's not, but ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Avoiding Replay Attacks on Lightweight Channel

I'm in the process of building a network of small devices (ARM microcontrollers with something like nRF24L01 connectivity). The controllers will be receiving commands from a central system over these ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

HMAC solution for a rest API

I'm trying to learn some things about REST apis and one of the topics that I'm having some trouble is security. I'm using angularjs for web interface ans slim framework for the php api. I've read ...
0
votes
1answer
751 views

Which is better in “DH-group14-sha1 with hmac-sha2-256” and “DH-group-exchange-sha256 with hmac-sha2-256” from performance and security perspective?

In our product (embedded system), so far we were using diffie-hellman-group1-sha1 with hmac-sha1. But due to security concern we are planning to use diffie-hellman-group14 for key exchange and ...
1
vote
0answers
884 views

Want to implement a really good authentication mechanism for REST API

I own a web application (single page application with Angular), that asks for some data through a set of REST APIs based on my server-side application (using Play Framework 2.2.1). So basically, I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
143 views

How to simply and efficiently generate different keys from one password?

I saw here that using the same key to encrypt and mac (in that order) a message could eventually be unsafe. What is the best way to generate two different keys from the same password (using a PBKDF ...
1
vote
1answer
406 views

SSO via HMAC and shared key. Can this be improved?

Given an authenticated user on A.com, we want to redirect the user to B.com so that she'll be immedaitely authenticated. The scheme I'm considering is very basic: A.com and B.com both share key S. ...
0
votes
2answers
230 views

Have I crossed my t's and dotted my lower-case j's? (or, implementing AES, please help get some eyes on my code)

So, I used the crypto module in node.js to implement a secure key generator and encrypt/decrypt functions. Knowing that security's best friend is a spotlight on the implementation, I want to throw it ...
4
votes
1answer
343 views

HMAC needed with SSL/AccessToken in place?

Is using an HMAC in web service messages overkill if you are already using SSL and Access Tokens? I’m thinking of further ways to secure a service, and HMAC message signing is one. But it comes with ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Is there an advantage to applying pbkdf2 to a key that's used to generate a MAC?

We need to generate tamper-resistant URLs to access a service, which are then shared with the end-user. The URLs don't contain any confidential data, but we need to ensure that they have not been ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

using counter instead of salt for hashing

I'm developing own protocol for secure message exchanging. Each message contains the following fields: HMAC, time, salt, and message itself. HMAC is computed over all other fields using known secret ...
2
votes
1answer
310 views

What key to use in HMAC

I need to use HMAC on a certain message to guarantee integrity, but I cannot figure out what are the requirements for the key to be given as input to the hashing algorithm. In particular I have to ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

What key needs to be used to compute HMAC?

I use AES-128bit to encrypt files and I want to compute a HMAC for each one of the encrypted files to ensure their integrity. Can I use directly the AES KEY to compute HMAC or should I used a derived ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How is the HMAC key exchanged?

Just wondering about this. Does it need a PKI to work?