Definition: HTTP - the Hypertext Transfer Protocol - provides a standard for Web browsers and servers to communicate. The definition of HTTP is a technical specification of a network protocol that software must implement. HTTP is an application layer network protocol built on top of TCP. HTTP ...

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12
votes
2answers
2k views

Is sending a string (representing a HTTP message) over SSL the same as sending a HTTPS message?

I want to communicate from an embedded device that only has SSL for encryption with an intranet-server that can receive HTTPS. Will SSL encrypted HTTP string be interpreted as HTTPS? or is there more ...
5
votes
3answers
974 views

How can I defend against malicious GET requests?

My server is getting hit with a variety if requests like the following: Started GET "/key/values" ActionController::RoutingError (No route matches [GET] "/key/values") Started GET "/loaded" ...
9
votes
1answer
574 views

Why can't you steal the synchroniser token to do CSRF? [duplicate]

I'm reading up on CSRF and I came across synchroniser tokens. I don't understand why you can't do a CSRF to get the token to do a real CSRF. Example: bank.com has a form like this at ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Encrypting layers of OSI

I was reading that WPA2-PSK encrypts layer 2 of the OSI network model. What is the danger of having this layer in plaintext (I know it can be decrypted very easily from within the network)? Is there a ...
11
votes
6answers
317 views

Securing web applications with only a reverse proxy

In order to secure its public HTTP API (so called REST), my client is asking me to implement a simple HTTP reverse proxy that will verify (OAuth 2.0) access tokens and forward HTTP requests to ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How to Develop Waf as Service [closed]

Recently, I've started a my educational project WAF as service. To develop this project as per my view, following things are required: Web Application Firewall is in-line with the web servers; it ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

'http_login' metasploit module isn't able to Brute Force the target. Any suggestions? [closed]

I'm trying to Brute force the http Basic authentication on the domain pentesteracademylab.appspot.com The complete path is pentesteracademylab.appspot.com/lab/webapp/basicauth I'm using the ...
-2
votes
0answers
32 views

Are there any notary-like services for standard HTTP content? [duplicate]

One of the things I've consistently noticed is that a lot of open source projects and companies publish the public keys they use to sign packages on HTTP sites, with no HTTPS equivalent. I've come to ...
4
votes
3answers
215 views

Windows: unknown program/service etc. sends HTTP request to download a file; how can I find the origin of that request?

The firewall of my company has detected and blocked a repetitive (every 15 min) HTTP request from a PC, which tries to start a download of a file called ..._chrome_installer.exe(or so) from the host: ...
-3
votes
1answer
49 views

Session hijacking [closed]

I know one way of doing session hijacking 1.copying the session value from the chrome browser and pasting the cookie value to firefox browser Is there any other way of doing session hijacking ? If ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

IPtables - new vs new, established, related [migrated]

I'm «pretty» new to IPtables, or I have used IPtables a few years, but never with advanced features. I understand the concept of stateful IPtables rules, but recently I discovered that some people ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

What are those http://123.249.24.233/POST_ip_port.php POST requests I get on my server? [closed]

I receive a lot of requests on my Node.js server, which I don't understand. On the picture, there are phpMyAdmin-oriented requests, that I understand as automated testing against phpMyAdmin. But I ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

How to make sure my HTTP server on Win 7 is secure? [closed]

I'm hosting a HTTP server from home. I'm concerned about security issues since the machine has some personal files in it. I have forwarded data from external IP port 80 to my IP at port 80. The ...
3
votes
1answer
37 views

What are the security benefits to block all http referer header requests for web browser?

I would like to know also if you lose site functionality. Is this a security benefit that is beneficial than compromising functionality (if compromising at all)? What I mean by this is one a ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Secure Flag and HSTS in HTTPS Only site

If I had a site only available in HTTPS should I still enable HSTS and Secure Flag?
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

SSL and Fake Domain

I am reading information related to SSL handshake on the Internet. It seems like in the last step the domain name is compared to the domain in the certificate. How exactly is this protecting against ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Metasploit reverse_http(s) PAYLOAD for linux target

During exploitation via metasploit's browzer_autopwn, I need to set a payload using http or https channel on a linux target. But there is no reverse_http(s) available in linux payload category. What ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

HTTP status 302 and subsequent redirect [closed]

I have sent a HTTP GET request to google.com and I get a 302 status. Now the location : url in http header is an http:// address, instead of https. When the browser visits this address I get back a ...
-3
votes
1answer
101 views

insecure HTTP Methods Enabled — how to control? [closed]

Here I am new to insecure HTTP Methods Enabled. The server allows HTTP methods that are considered dangerous. The following methods were enabled: PUT,DELETE Software used: ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

What are the security implications of enabling a SNI-hole on a web server?

A web server (let's say Apache 2.4) implements SNI. It is configured with a 4096 bit SHA384-signed Wildcard Certificate (*.land.org) with a Subject Alternative Name (land.org). The Certificate ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

Any reasons for using “Basic HTTP” authentication?

I'm building a simple API that will be used in an android app (that only about 3-4 users will ever have). The app connects to the server and sends GET/PUT requests. I've read through my googling that ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Force https without 301

For my website's .htaccess I currently have: RewriteCond %{HTTPS} !=on RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://%{HTTP_HOST}%{REQUEST_URI} [L,R=301] So that when someone visits the page over http they get a 301 ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Does HTTPS protocol leak HTTP body length?

It seems that in a MITM attack, hackers may know the whole HTTPS packet size sent through the network (i.e. size of HTTP headers + HTTP body + overhead). Besides that, does the HTTPS protocol also ...
1
vote
3answers
83 views

Risks associated with HTTP content injection?

I'm curious about the risks associated with HTTP content injection, where an ISP injects content to pages accessed over non HTTPS connections. Some examples: ...
-1
votes
4answers
83 views

Custom CSRF protection mechanism without persisting tokens

I have had this functionality (csrf protection) for quite some time now. The thing I never liked about it is that it saved csrf tokens in the session file. While it may not be a real problem I see it ...
3
votes
1answer
104 views

How to detect changing IP address and user agent on a HTTP session?

I have some HTTP logs where I see the hacker changing his IP every request, and occasionally changing his useragent. Is there a way to detect this automatically? Perhaps a snort rule? or any other ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

creating a TLS encrypted API

I have an HTTP API endpoint on my server that is encrypted (TLS). It is not a public API; users must sign-in and validate their account/identity to access the API. When I connect with my test client ...
2
votes
3answers
330 views

GET and POST request vulnerable to CSRF attack?

Are both GET and POST request vulnerable to CSRF? Should we use PUT instead?
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How to filter secure (HTTPS) websites by URL with regular expression?

I need to block access to certain pages on a website using regular expression and/or wildcard. The site uses https and therefore cannot be blocked using regular parental control filters (this is ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Website using http and https

Is there any method to know whether a website is https only or uses http webpages as well?Can it be done without using browsers cache?
3
votes
3answers
59 views

HTTP Server: Response time on login request

I have a site on which I would like to prevent an unauthenticated attacker from knowing if an account exists. On the site, passwords are hashed using bcrypt, so login requests must do a bcrypt ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Security benefits to have IP-filter in HttpModule instead of Page-Load in asp.net pipeline?

I'm working on implementing an IP-filter which blocks all requests by machines outside our IP-range. This is for an asp.net project (written in c#). I've read on multiple forums that the safest way ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Has HTTP bogus request type “COOK” been used in any known website attacks?

An apache web server access weblog shows a request type "COOK" where POST or GET are normally found. Is such a request part of any known web-based site attacks?
3
votes
3answers
246 views

Is it possible to obtain the login credentials submitted by users?

It's a question at computer security textbook Assume that user A is about to use some website that requires login credentials. User A starts his web browser, types the website’s URL, and submits the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

In What Ways Can X-Foward-For Header Information Be Used In An Attack

By enabling X-Foward-For on our proxy, we would essentially be advertising our internal IP addresses externally. However, we use a private range. Everything goes through NAT. So, the best anyone would ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Best practice for caching sensitive data

My server returns private data in the body of an HTTPS response. It's not passwords or credit cards, but it is user-generated text and images, which should not be accessed by others. The data for a ...
1
vote
3answers
247 views

Is browsing http sites insecure?

So for example this site, security.stackexchange.com, when I look in my browser it doesn't say that it uses https and it does say that my connection is not encrypted. The same goes for, say, ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

“Transferring” SSL certificate to another person [closed]

Last year, I did a lot of work on a site as a freelancer. We wanted to put the whole thing behind HTTPS, so, for reasons I can't recall but probably expediency-related, I purchased a cert for it under ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

HttpOnly at logout page [closed]

Firstly, my website can't be accessed without a session established. After a session is established then the server would set cookies. However, if i assess the website without a session, my site will ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

Secure HTTP headers

In this article, the example shows ... HttpOnly;Secure However, a check on my server response show ... Secure;HttpOnly This may be a stupid question but, does the order matter? thanks
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Spoof IP in a TCP Packet & Vulnerable PHP Code

Assuming we have this PHP Script <?php //$user_ip here REMOTE_ADDR etc etc if($user_ip == "22.41.41.41") { shell_exec($_GET['cmd']); } ?> It is vulnerable? I mean let's say that I'm the ...
14
votes
1answer
323 views

Is there any evidence misusing the HTTP Pragma header in responses has any (unique) effect?

I've been investigating the Pragma header, since there are already two other cache-busting HTTP response headers (Cache-Control & Expires), and I was interested in which browsers use(d) the old ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

RSnake's Slow Loris tool

I was looking at RSnakes implementation of his Slow Loris done on perl which can be seen here. I set up a little server to listen to his packets, and at first found this GET / HTTP/1.1\r\nHost: ...
0
votes
4answers
118 views

Risks of using HTTP

What are the risks of using HTTP instead of HTTPS assuming that there isn't any rogue hacker sitting on my personal WIFI network waiting to sniff my traffic? Can a hacker sit in his boat in the ...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Payment form from http is secure? [closed]

There are lot of payment gateways (Worldpay, PayPal, ..) offering easy integration, when the plain webpage using URL redirection to the payment page. HTTPS (worldpay,paypal), where the user posts his ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Is this system of authentication secure for a mobile app? What can I do to improve it?

Users authenticate with their phone number, get a pin text, and if it is correct, they get an access token. Store the access token in a DB in a Token model. The client always sends the access token in ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

IP over HTTP GET only

Consider the following scenario: There is a client behind a really strict firewall. There is nearly nothing available to 'connect to the internet'. Just DNS resolution and HTTP/HTTPS (some whitelisted ...
-2
votes
1answer
122 views

Fiddler Can decrypt https traffic

So apparently, a software called fiddler is able to very easily decrypt secure https traffic with a click of a few buttons: http://docs.telerik.com/fiddler/Configure-Fiddler/Tasks/DecryptHTTPS I ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Browser Unable to Fully Authenticate HTTPS

I'm attempting to fully verify the HTTPS encryption using Chrome & Firefox but both browsers currently display the connection as 'including resources which are not secure'. I have tried using ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Disclosure and HTTP status codes

Disclaimer: yes, I have checked the Which HTTP status codes are interesting from a security point of view? which sounds relevant but not entirely. These days it's supposed to be a good practice to ...