Intrusion Detection Systems

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23
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8answers
11k views

Can I detect web app attacks by viewing my Apache log file?

I occasionally get clients requesting I look at their access_log file to determine if any web attacks were successful. What tools are helpful to discern attacks?
23
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3answers
20k views

Simple example auditd configuration?

Auditd was recommended in an answer to Linux command logging? The default install on Ubuntu seems to barely log anything. There are several examples that come with it (capp.rules, nispom.rules, ...
17
votes
5answers
7k views

Do you detect/react to DNS tunnelling?

I've just seen a talk about tunnelling TCP/IP over DNS requests, because port 53 UDP is usually open and unfiltered. What techniques exist to detect and block such tunnels, and have you ever seen that ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

What techniques and tools do you use to relate security events?

You have central logging going, detailed app logging/alerting (e.g. modsec), network based security alerting (e.g. snort), and whatever else feeding your observation deck. Do you have any cool ...
14
votes
7answers
2k views

Tripwire - Is it security Theater?

Tripwire type intrusion detection systems supposedly protect your system from rootkits, by monitoring the checksums of important binaries for changes. Let's say I have tripwire configured to run ...
13
votes
2answers
7k views

How do Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) work?

How do Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS) work? As I understand it, they monitor network traffic but what exactly do they look for? How can they tell apart regular activity from intrusions?
13
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5answers
1k views

Neural networks & anomaly detection

Neural networks, with their ability to learn behavioural patterns from arbitrary data, seem like a natural way to deal with intrusion detection. There are many academic papers on the topic which ...
13
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2answers
461 views

Detecting website attack attempts

I am currently trying to implement some recommendations from OWASP AppSensor Project and I'd like to respond to attacker, when he tries to break into my website. Is there any resource ...
12
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9answers
20k views

Tracking down a rogue access point

Over the course of about a month we have received multiple reports of a rogue access point attempting to intercept traffic. I suspect an attacker is using a wifi pineapple, or similar hardware ...
11
votes
3answers
454 views

Do any of you who are *really* dealing with APT have any recommended intelligence feeds for SIEM/IDS/etc?

This question about Advanced Persistent Threats (APT) was posted by Rich Mogull on twitter. I copied it here because I'm curious too. Rich posted these follow-up tweets: And by APT I mean real ...
11
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3answers
296 views

What are the pros/cons of using a threat detection system?

What are the pros/cons of using a threat detection system for a web app (like OWASP's AppSensor)? What does a properly implemented threat detection system do and how does it behave when it detects ...
10
votes
2answers
414 views

Using “canaries” to detect intrusion?

I haven't read much about such a technique, but I'm wondering if there's any sort of best practice around the use of "canaries" to detect certain types of intrusion: Create a bogus account that ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

Snort's great, but BASE isn't. What are some alternative front-ends?

BASE is an improvement over ACID, but it's easy to tell that it's maintained by someone who doesn't use it. There's no at-a-glance overview of network activity like you get with McAfee's NUBA IDS and ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Applications of probability/statistics in IT security?

What are some areas of computer security that utilizes statistical modeling? I ask b/c I'm a studying statistics at school and have become interested after reading a few papers.. some of the areas ...
9
votes
3answers
537 views

What FOSS software do you like to use to build intrusion detection stacks?

Start-ups and organizations with limited budgets that are security conscious are often encouraged to deploy intrusion detection stacks. Given that prevention will always fail, intrusion detection ...
8
votes
3answers
18k views

Difference between IDS and IPS and Firewall

The differences between an IDS and a firewall are that the latter prevents malicious traffic, whereas the IDS: Passive IDS: the IDS only reports that there was an intrusion. Active IDS: the IDS also ...
8
votes
2answers
219 views

Can you tell if an attack is successful by looking at IPS logs?

In my organization, we have an IPS behind a firewall. Each time a security event is triggered, I am left to wonder if the attack is really successful. For events that are set to drop in inline, we can ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

HIDS detection system and registry changes

I use OSSEC HIDS to monitor XP and Windows 7 Operating Systems. When OSSEC flags changes in the Windows registry, I have no idea where to go for to look for information and identify if the changes ...
7
votes
3answers
439 views

Popularity of Anomaly based IDSes

I've been reading quite some time about anomaly/behavior based IDSes for Web servers. I understand the downsides: possible high false positives, learning phase, constant training. My question is how ...
7
votes
2answers
229 views

What criteria should be used for manually reviewing / prioritizing failed logins?

I have a web application that is exposed to the Internet, and am interested in creating alerts, or prioritizing the manual review of failed logins to the web application. What thresholds, or ...
6
votes
4answers
643 views

Is Stonesoft's “advanced evasion technique” a major problem?

A month ago, Stonesoft (an IDS constructor from Finland) has launched an alert about Advanced Evasion Techniques. With these techniques, they claim to be capable of launching attacks on a network ...
6
votes
4answers
25k views

Testing Snort IDS installation

What is the easiest way to test Snort IDS after installing? Would using and writing a rule that captures all of the traffic work? alert ip any any -> any any ( msg: "ICMP packet detected!"; sid: ...
6
votes
3answers
741 views

How could malware like Stuxnet be detected?

Stuxnet and others in this list of state-of-the-art Internet worms had certain features that they were very stealthy in leaking out the information they harvested. Thus it managed to go under the ...
6
votes
3answers
388 views

Out-of-the-box Network Intrusion Appliance for non-Power User

First, let me apologize if any of this question is naive or beneath the scope of this board. Bear in mind the context and that I'm asking as an attempt to exhaust all resources. Also, I understand if ...
6
votes
3answers
853 views

How do I identify an unknown port/protocol that my IDS picks up?

Googling a port and protocol leads to a terse description at best, and a linkfarm in the average case. Most protocols on assorted, unknown high ports contain little or no plaintext, and often if the ...
6
votes
1answer
267 views

Isn't a HIDS, NIDS and WAF complementary?

Assume this scenario: Someone trying to hack a website. Simply put: www.site.com/example.php?=<script>alert(1)</script> A HIDS would see this attempt in Apache's access log, a NIDS would ...
6
votes
3answers
479 views

How can an IPS be fingerprinted?

I'm not trying to solve a current technical problem but I came across this and have been wondering how it's done. Intrusion Prevention Systems are supposed to let all network traffic pass through and ...
6
votes
1answer
737 views

Intrusion Prevention Logs

I received an email from a client with IDS logs. I was wondering if the following log has any real indications of the server being compromised. If there are certain things I can do to diagnose the ...
6
votes
2answers
544 views

Detecting Pass-the-Hash

I was wondering what you guys are doing to detect attacks like Pass-The-Hash within your network. I've read about Breachbox ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How can an admin choose which Snort rules to enable?

The purpose is to configure Snort as an IDS to monitor network activity, and alert against the standard set of things an IDS should alert against--> buffer overflow attacks, injection attacks, port ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Snort Sensor Placement

I have a snort sensor monitoring some of my network being fed from a mirrored port. This mirrored session only monitors traffic between the firewall and peering switch. Since this just sees traffic ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

Detecting the presence of wifi devices

Is it possible, with a normal wifi adapter, to detect present wifi devices in the surrounding? Let's say, is it possible to detect an Iphone with wifi switched on in the range of my wifi adapter? ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How effective is an IDS at catching targeted attacks

I have recently become very familiar with IBM Site Protector. As I understand things, Site Protector is in the top tier of IPS/IDS systems, used by some of the largest Fortune 500 companies. I was ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Blacklist IP addresses based on number of 404s in Apache

I'm getting a lot of hackers spamming my domain with requests for files that just don't exist. This is eating up a lot of my allotted bandwidth and I'd like to blacklist these IP addresses. Is there ...
5
votes
2answers
334 views

How did Evernote detect the security breach?

http://blog.evernote.com/blog/2013/03/02/security-notice-service-wide-password-reset/ Evernote's official message says little about technical details of the attack and how it was detected. ...
5
votes
3answers
778 views

Best practice for creating an initial IPS policy

I see that most IPS available in the market comes with a basic pre-defined policy which administrators can base on when creating their initial IPS policy. However, these policy may be insufficient and ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

Integrity check against package repository?

I have a Debian installed. When there are security updates, I review and install them as soon as possible and think about using automatic updates. From time to time I want to boot from a clean boot ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Symbiote Counter-Attack Detection

I saw this video on YouTube about hacking Cisco phones (and other embedded systems) and I was overjoyed when the presenter not only hacked, but presented a security solution. Intrigued, I started ...
5
votes
1answer
810 views

Tools to identify and report hacking attempts originating inside reputable organizations?

Re: Should I report hacking attempts? - Server Fault Lots of people look at their own logs for attacks from the outside. But who regularly reports such attacks back to the source? I'm mainly ...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

Managing a team of IDS experts; how would you orgainze your team?

Suppose you are managing a team of Intrusion Detection Experts: ...what are the functional areas of the IDS knowledge space would you group your team into? ...how would you structure your team? ...
5
votes
1answer
252 views

How to detect malicious code sending information to attacker's server in linux

Suppose you have some malicious code on your linux laptop, for example a rootkit or trojan or something like that. Now restrict your attention to the case that the malicious code does transfer some ...
4
votes
3answers
386 views

Information gathering before deploying a Network IPS

I understand that most NIPS these days have either rules or signatures built in to them and perhaps gathering information prior to deployment may help in fine-tuning the rules / signature once the IPS ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Bench marking Snort and other IDS/IPS

I am looking for facts and figures of research or surveys done which have bench-marked Snort with other IDS/IPS on various parameters like overall performance, accuracy, speed, documentation, ...
4
votes
2answers
728 views

Detect changes in /boot when using full disk encryption

When running a fully encrypted linux system using dm-crypt, the /boot partition has to be unencrypted to boot, as far as I know. I've setup a server that can be unlocked remotely by connecting to a ...
4
votes
3answers
470 views

Log Attacks in Different Files using Snort

How can I log attacks separately using snort. I basically want to log attacks invoked from different files separately. Like if I have 2 files, ddos.rules and log.rules, then I want logs generated from ...
4
votes
1answer
613 views

Outbound TFTP request to 255.255.255.255

Recently snort notified me that I have a user's computer on my network initiating an outbound TFTP request. The odd thing is the destination is 255.255.255.255 Anyone have a clue as to what this may ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Can you have 2 promiscuous (sniffing) ports on a single machine?

I'm wondering if you can actually have 2 (or more) promiscuous (sniffing) ports on a single machine, to monitor multiple network segments? And can you monitor them all with snort?
4
votes
1answer
811 views

New to ossec - what does active response do out of the box

I am new to ossec. I installed the server and wui on a dedicated machine. I have agents running on my zookeeper and kafka servers to start. Below are events I am seeing. I assume the are ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Event monitoring for a home network

I'd like to utilise some of the free SIEM type products out there to increase the chances that I will detect attacks and compromises of any of the devices on my home network. Most of my home devices ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Security / logging on a Xen-based VPS instance?

Our company has a Xen-based instance on a VPS provider and we have some sensitive data stored on it. Is there a way for me to tell if/when employees of the hosting company have accessed my VPS (by ...