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2answers
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How to prove the integrity of a digital file if certificates are not an option

Certificates are a fantastic way to prove the integrity of a file - provided that they have been signed from the beginning. This methodology can prove the files authenticity, in addition proving it's ...
5
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1answer
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Authentication by Signing or MAC?

I'm still new to security, so I'm sorry if this question doesn't make sense or if I'm completely off base with something. I've got some messages I want to encrypt (probably with AES-256-CBC) and send ...
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4answers
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I had SSL certificate on my site but still it has been hacked…how to prevent this from happening?

I used SSL certificate on my site but still it has been hacked. How do I prevent this from happening? Do SSL certificate come with a waranty which would compensate me because my site was hacked?