Key generation is the process of generating keys for cryptography. A key is used to encrypt and decrypt whatever data is being encrypted/decrypted.

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Why doesn't the number of bytes required by GnuPG generating the key decrease?

I ran a gpg --gen-key on a remote machine connected with SSH and left it to do its job. It finished successfully, however during the execution time it asked to perform random actions to collect more ...
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which type of encryption is RWJKeLBJTBfDc? [duplicate]

which type of encryption is RWJKeLBJTBfDc ? and how can you detect it
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324 views

Virus using input from victims mic to generate encryption keys [closed]

I am a software engineer from Bucharest and I've created an audio based encryption and authentication application called WaveCrypt. It basically allows users to encrypt (AES) their files with an ...
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73 views

ssh-keygen: How is the seed generated?

How is the seed for ssh-keygen generated? I expect it will take information from /dev/random and request supplementation with system activity if we have insufficient random bits. An Instructor ...
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How is the AIK TPM generated?

Here is what I understood from the AIK(Attestation Identity Key) generation the AIK is generated after the boot, when all the PCRs have been initialized. The algorithm will take some PCRs (not ...
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What is the exact meaning of “Keying material”?

I have seen this term in many docs on IKE and ISAKMP. These docs seems to be written for Security experts but not everyone who needs to setup an IPSec tunnel needs to be a security expert :-) So what ...
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Key Distribution Center Key Protocol Analysis

http://i68.tinypic.com/fwu92v.png As shown in the image, why is Circle 1 to be B and Circle 2 to be A? Why is not the opposite, that is, Circle 1 to be A and Circle 2 to be B? like this picture ...
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33 views

Why must the master key be stronger than the session key?

If I am going to use a master key to generate a session key, the master key must be "stronger" than the session key. For instance, I should not be distributing a 128-bit AES keys with a 56-bit DES ...
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116 views

Secure Handshake and register for Auth

The registration The Start - pre-authentication Let's assume there are Alice and Bob. They know each others public keys and each of them generates a random string - Bob's Bobkey and Alice's Alicekey....
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Algorithm to generate (and verify) string of 4 quad alpha numeric code

I am writing a system, for which I need to generate unique transaction numbers (which can be verified by myself). I want to use something similar to that used by credit cards, where a string of the ...
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38 views

Preventing a key from being found by analysis

Lets say Alice wants to send an encrypted message to Bob. They both know a secret key. Alice uses the key to encrypt the message and Bob uses the key to decrypt the message. Now, if the handshake ...
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Are there any mechanisms to verify the correctness of a burned disc?

I was recently recommended a specific smartcard over on HardwareRecs.SE. As part of this, the answerer (our ursine overlord) stated that the cards in question don't offer a means to securely backup ...
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Best practices: Use of a single private key as a person, or multiple to identify self across domains?

Similar to the question here, I'd like to apply the same question to a person. For example, I have implanted a chip in my hand that holds an encrypted private key that serves as my personal unique ...
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key hierarchy management and master key

Now, I have this equation, {{K_ab}K_bs}K_as. K_ab is encrypted by K_bs then whole packet is encrypted by K_as I think the key structure is K_as is the master key, K_bs is under K_as and K_ab is the ...
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39 views

How to properly use PGP for e-mail encryption/signature (key generation, key rollover, etc.) [duplicate]

To improve my privacy, I would like to use PGP to encrypt/sign my e-mails. How should I proceed to use PGP in a secure fashion? I am trying to think about how to do it properly. From what I found, ...
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Are OpenStack SSH keys secure? [closed]

I found two places that describe OpenStack SSH keys, but nothing seems to say whether or not they're generated on VMs. Is this configurable? I have read and heard here (How can you securely ...
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Critical sub-packets in OpenPGP not used

OpenPGP in RFC4880 allow to tag signature sub packets as "critical" by setting the high bit 7 in the packet type. I checked a few keys generated with GnuPG2 and all the sub packets are not critical, ...
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Can I generate a random 32 bit key by using the Java hashCode and random English words?

I want to generate and communicate a 32 bit key to Bob over a phone conversation. I know he happens to have the same Java and OS installed as I have. Suppose I have a dictionary of 100,000 (English) ...
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Decrypting packets sent from a server to a client, how to figure out the key, having both decoded packets and encoded packets

I have written a packet sniffer which succesfully intercepts all the packets sent from a server to my computer. The problem is that the packets are encrypted(of course) and i need to decrypt them. An ...
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Is a 43 character GPG (symmetric) passphrase as secure as a 256-bit key?

A 43 character securely randomly generated mixed case alphanumeric password (with 2 extra chars to give 64 possibilities per character) would constitute 258 bits of entropy (6 * 43 = 258). Since the ...
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OpenSSL key derivation

I'm trying to manually decrypt DTLS packets sent by OpenSSL. The cipher suite used between the server and the client is TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256 and my understanding is that the IV used by ...
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50 views

Is it true that key authentications are considered insecure nowaday?

Some of the comments on this post here: http://superuser.com/q/1034137/479461 are claiming this. i.e. this one says (emphasis mine) You got brute forced. This is why one does not leave a ssh ...
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pseudo-random key generation

If you set up a pseudo-random number generator in two different locations, but with the same seed, and you assume that they are both on the same number of ticks from startup, will they output the same ...
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How to counter the security risks of shared prime factors among RSA moduli employed in practice?

A. K. Lenstra et al. in an extensive examination of the RSA moduli employed in practice (http://infoscience.epfl.ch/record/174943/files/eprint.pdf, p.10) wrote that they "could not explain the ...
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How can I create a secure random key for AES?

I need to generate a lot of shared keys for an AES method which uses in various condition, my concern is how can I generate unpredictable keys? I've had some research on Cryptographically secure ...
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Why is the Key Derivation Function important?

Let's consider this openssl command : openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -pass pass:PASSWORD Why is it important to have a good Key Derivation Function? This answer to another question suggest that GnuPG is ...
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Safe to Encrypt ClientId (Integer value) to use as Client Key?

Asked a follow up question (see this link). Based on my understanding, I have to issue an unique ClientId and Client Secret Key to the API subscribers right after the registration phase (client lives ...
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Is this a safe way to verify public keys?

I want to verify a public key like this: Alice generates a public/private key pair for encryption Alice generates a public/private key pair for signing Alice signs a random 4-letter word + the ...
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Transparent key management for client computers

I'm tasked with adding a backup feature to our software. This backup feature should store the customer's database on external memory. One of the requirements for this feature is that the backup should ...
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Using 8192 bit keys GPG [duplicate]

I am interested in generating 8192 bit keys out of curiosity. I know that 4096 bit keys is the maximum key strength that is recommended, but I would like to know how to increase the size. I have ...
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124 views

OpenSSL ecparam generates same private key every time?

Currently I am trying to make my web server as secure as possible and I am testing different cipher suites on the server side, some of them using ECDHE key exchange. When generating private EC keys, ...
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One Input Two Hashes

Suppose I have some password x, and two different hash functions h1 and h2. I can then compute the hash y1 = h1(x) and y2 = h2(x). Is there any sort of vulnerability in this case? More specifically,...
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Find private key from private certificate

I have a private certificate from my email server in order to sign emails. At Section "Your S/MIME Personal Certificate" I can view my: private certificate public certificate My public certificate ...
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How much entropy should passphrases for encrypting ssh keys have?

When one generates keys using ssh-keygen one gets prompted for a passphrase to encrypt the generated key with. How strong should such a passphrase be, entropywise, to withstand a full-blown brute-...
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Alternatives to HTML's deprecated <keygen> for client certs?

The keygen tag is used to make browsers generate private keys and POST the resulting CSR to the server, which can then issue a certificate. It's now been deprecated, for rather stupid reasons but that'...
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How many bits of security is in a n-bit modulus?

In a paper that I read, "A riddle wrapped in an enigma" by N. Koblitz and A.J. Menezes, there are several statements like this one(at page 4, section 2.3): ..., the NSA updated to Suite B [40] so ...
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How to store encryption key securely?

Say I have symmetric key which I want to store securely. One way is I will store this key on file system encrypted using user password. Then user at windows startup will enter password which will be ...
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National ID analysis and generator?

A National ID in my country consists of 14 digits: CYYMMDDXXZZZZ1C1 Where: C refers to the century - 2 for those born between 1900 and 1999, 3 for those born between 2000 to 2099 YYMMDD - ...
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Using the password, among other values, as key data in two-factor authentication

I'm writing an implementation and a thesis about two-factor authentication, and am currently doing some research. I'm currently looking at an implementation for deterministically generating a ...
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What is the openssl equivalent of using java's KeyPairGenerator?

I have been using java's KeyPairGenerator in order to generate public/private keys within a program so that I can encrypt and decrypt files(also using java encrypt/decrypt methods). I want to be able ...
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LibTomCrypt weird ECC Keys

I recently started working with the LibTomCrypt Library because it claimed to be a well documented C Library to get started with Elliptic Curve Cryptography. In my first little program I created an ...
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Why is openssl key length different from specified bytes

I realize this is rudimentary question, but I can't seem to even google diagnose it. Why is openssl key length different from specified bytes? For example when I use the command: openssl genrsa -out ...
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Do you need more then 128bit entropy

UUID use 128 bit numbers. Currently it is not feasible to randomly produce two UUIDs that are the same. Does that means 128 bits of entropy is suitable for all cryptographic operations? I would ...
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Publish an image to github with rsa keypairs, what are the security risks? (NOT PRODUCTION)

I have Dockerfile for an image that I would like to publish to docker hub so it can be easily available to users without building the image themselves. The whole thing is meant for labbing and ...
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How does STK (Short Term Key) generation work in a Bluetooth Low Energy?

I want to understand how STK (Short Term Key) generation works in a Bluetooth Low Energy. I don't want to go deep at a packets exchange level of a Security Manager Protocol, but I want to understand ...
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106 views

Should I revoke & regenerate PGP private keys after computer is serviced by Apple Store?

I recently had an issue with my MacBook where it wouldn't boot. So I took it in to the apple store, and they said that they would need to send it off to a service center to diagnose and repair it. I ...
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Key stretching approaches

I've seen that a number of key stretching algorithms and they involved increasing the number of operations needed to compute the key(i.e. the number of rounds within a hash function). But, I wonder if ...
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Using plain-text phrases as public/private pair?

I'm working on an application that'll be used by relatively non tech-savvy users, and while the machines will have internet access, the app can't have any sort of hosted intermediary. The app allows ...
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How to verify a password/key on subsequent key derivations

The first time a user logs in to our app, we derive an AES key from their password using PBKDF2. The AES key is kept in RAM only and used to encrypt and wrap other keys and data during the session. ...
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New certificate but what about the keys?

One of our SSL certificates has expired and along with that so has the keys. I have a re-newed certificate but no re-newed keys. The posting Should I change the private key when renewing a ...