Key generation is the process of generating keys for cryptography. A key is used to encrypt and decrypt whatever data is being encrypted/decrypted.

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Two keys in ~/.ssh directory [migrated]

I originally had a DSA public key in my ~/.ssh directory on my server id_dsa.pub. The corresponding private key id_dsa is stored on my local machine. I then generated an RSA key pair directly inside ...
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Distribution of key by server

I have read that in asymmetric cryptography, a system admin can generate key pairs on the server. After that, the users will be given the generated key pairs and this is an efficient way of doing this ...
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Same RSA key pair for all users

Let's say in my computer running Debian i have an RSA key pair generated by user foo and copied the public key to server_A for allowing key based authentication in ssh for foo. Now my question is can ...
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Calculate time taken to break AES key

A 256 bit AES key is required to be broken using the brute force method on a 2GHz computer. How long would it take to break the key in the best case and in the worst case situations? Assume that 1000 ...
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What is the difference between “TLS” and “NETLOGON Secure Channel” authentication?

I would like to make sure what is the difference between "TLS" and "NETLOGON Secure Channel"(using signing and encryption) authentication? I know that TLS is aka SSL and I know that NETLOGON secure ...
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50 views

Looking for a way to encrypt/decrypt data using a generated key that works in Windows and Linux

I am looking for a way to encrypt/decrypt data on windows and linux platforms. The data gets encrypted in windows and the same data needs to be decrypted on linux/windows and vice versa. I understand ...
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Online Activation Succeeds, Website Registration of same Serial Key Does Not [closed]

I need to ascertain the validity of software I purchased. It passes one check (online activation) and fails another (registration of a software title at the manufacturer website). I am a belated ...
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Is it possible to make a more secure random number generator algorithm by XORing two or more less secure random number algorithms?

Is it possible to make a more secure random number generator (e.g. for cryptologic purposes) by combining two or more less secure random number generator algorithms using XOR? Here is an example of ...
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Using HMAC to generate secret keys

I am developing a platform that uses several secret keys for several usages: key1 for hashing passwords (using pbkdf2-hmac-sha256), key2 to generate non-repeating unpredictable uuids (using aes-128 ...
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Question regarding RFC7296 (IKEv2) PRF+

In RFC 7296, in section 2.13 What do the "K", "S", and T# represent? And my follow-up question is, in section 2.14 What would be the K, S, and T# equivalent in {SK_d | SK_ai | SK_ar | SK_ei | ...
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Key generation: Differences between GnuPG classic, stable, modern?

I plan to create a 4096 bit RSA&RSA key pair: gpg --gen-key --personal-digest-preferences SHA512 --cert-digest-algo SHA512 Is there any difference in generated key quality between versions 1.4 ...
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How should I organize my keys?

Suppose I have a set of computers with variegate level of trust (for example): I fully trust my own desktop pc at home I trust a bit also my smartphone, but I know it could be stolen I trust a bit ...
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63 views

Long passwords and key derivation functions

Not being a security expert, I have a rather theoratical question that I have been thinking about for quite a while now: Let's imagine an encryption software that takes a user-provided password, ...
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51 views

Public keys Quality

Is there any way to test the quality of generated keys from a public key cryptosystem? I've read about the common RSA attacks, but attacking the algorithm may not mean checking if the generated keys ...
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554 views

Running openssl s_client with an aes encrypted key fails

I'm trying to verify a 2-way SSL connection using the openssl s_client command openssl s_client -connect localhost:8883 -CAfile ca.pem -cert client.crt -key client.key The openssl s_client fails ...
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1answer
132 views

Why is using [x] to generate random keypairs a bad idea?

Anyone who has generated large GPG public/private keypairs has come across this annoying message: "Not enough random bytes available. Please do some other work to give the OS a chance to collect more ...
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100 views

How to properly transition from standard PGP keys to using subkeys?

When I initially set up PGP, PGPTools didn't prompt me to create separate subkeys, as explained in the article "Creating the Perfect PGP Keypair". Now that I've learned a bit more about PGP, I'd like ...
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1answer
214 views

What are the typical ways to generate a One Time Password?

I'm looking for the typical ways to generate a One Time Password. I know about the HOTP and TOPT. But, in my case, the problem is that the "server" only has a display as interface and the ...
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Is it possible to find CryptoKey from orginal password and hashed password?

WebsitePanel is a windows hosting control panel that uses a CryptoKey to hash passwords into the databases. We have lost WebsitePanel config file and lost CryptoKey. We have to reinstall WebsitePanel ...
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71 views

Can I generate multiple PGP key pairs for later use

I was just wondering if I can generate couple of PGP key pairs and save them for later use or backup. In addition can I be sure that other wont generate and use some of my key pairs in the meantime. I ...
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287 views

Generate public key from private key [closed]

Can we generate a public key from a private key?
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311 views

Can the human brain generate cryptographically secure random numbers?

A security conscious friend of mine was attempting to generate entropy using random dice rolls to generate a random password, and I became curious about the security of random number generators and ...
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130 views

Can i know how chosen ciphertext attack work on textbook RSA

I am very new to cryptography and I am confused with something? Here is the homework question I am having trouble with: Write a program to attack the Textbook RSA Encryption Scheme, in order to ...
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How to combine a key and a password in practice

Alice wants to encrypt her data. She is not comfortable with using only a password. While she prefers to use a properly random crypto key, she isn't confident she can protect the key file from theft ...
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105 views

How can I generate some public and private keys on both sides with low overhead?

We have an Authority Center (CA) generating some public and private keys for each client (more than one pair for each client). One method for sending keys to client is sharing a secret key between CA ...
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How to generate a superkey to decrypt strings

I'm working on an application where users have a key or password generated by me that is used to encrypt a string. Each user has their personal key, and no user should be able to decrypt another ...
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Is there any reason someone wouldn't use a longer key?

Larger key sizes are said to be more difficult to bruteforce; is there any reason someone would then decide to instead use a smaller key? Is there any negative effect in using a larger key size, such ...
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499 views

ECC Public Key length differs from bit representation

A 256 Bit ECC key-pair (256 Bit is supposed to be the length of the public key) generated with OpenSSL using this command from the manual: openssl ecparam -name secp256k1 -genkey -noout -out key.pem ...
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165 views

What does the pgp public key length depend on?

What does the pgp public key length depend on? Does a long private key result in a long public key? The longer public key the better; or is it even the private key the crucial factor?
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584 views

Diffie-Hellman key exchange

The following image attempts to explain the diffie-hellman key exchange for people not strong in maths such as myself: I do understand how the colour/paint example illustrates the idea. But I'm a ...
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“Reverse” approach to one-time key generation

Suppose we have a master key, and we want to encrypt some file(s). We then generate one-time key for that file, use it to encrypt file contents, and finally encrypt one-time key using master key (with ...
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142 views

How to compare encrypted private keys?

Is it possible to compare encrypted private keys if you do not have the passphrase? E.g.: openssl genrsa -out unencryptedprivkey.pem 2048 openssl rsa -in unencryptedprivkey.pem -aes128 -out ...
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191 views

Which default encryption does openSSL use?

If I create a private key via: openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:2048 -out cert.crt then openssl writes the private key to the file privkey.pem and if you do not provide the "-nodes" command it will ...
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168 views

Multi user symmetric key encryption

I realize SIMILAR questions have been asked before but I'm looking for certain specifics I can't seem to find elsewhere. The following question closely resembles mine but falls short for me on ...
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Should I hash a password if it is randomly generated

The best practice is we should hash a user password using algorithms such as bcrpyt to protect the user, however, given the following conditions, is hashing in the backend still matters? the ...
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1answer
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Does methods such as Generalized Mersenne are safe way to find p and q? [closed]

There are many methods for finding very large primes fast. Most of them have complete lists. Is it possible an attacker try to guess that p or q was generated using a such kind of method? If yes, ...
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665 views

What is the point to the IPEK in DUKPT?

I'm trying to understand the DUKPT (Derived Unique Key Per Transaction) system used for PIN devices, but I'm getting hung up on the IPEK. This blog post has an image where the sequence is: BDK ...
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Random token and email confirmation key of 10 chars sufficient?

I have a function that returns random unguessable keys with the following characters: a-z A-Z 0-9. I have set the key length to 10 and I am using that for my form tokens to prevent CRSF and I will be ...
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1answer
806 views

Storing encryption keys on a server using Node.js and MySQL

I am writing a web backend/api for an iOS application using Node.js and MySQL. In my database I have a table for posts. I would like the posts content to be encrypted. Let's say I'm using this AES for ...
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Is it possible to sign/verify a key-pair?

We currently have the need to authenticate and verify generated keypairs. Our system allows users to register for our service which generates them a key-pair for use on our network. We are in need of ...
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195 views

Should generating gpg keys ever result in an identical key to an older key?

I recently had a situation where I lost an old private key (write error; realized this too late). In regenerating keys and replacing the public keys on various sites, I noticed that the public keys ...
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Wireless entry systems why not use pre-shared noise?

I think the title question speaks for itself, but here are the details: You have 4 bits for the buttons, 16 bits for the counter, and a fix 16 bit ID. The transmitter would send out these bits plus ...
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Relationship of password strength and key strength

I have just started educating myself about cryptography, and while it is mostly making sense, a few things are still eluding me. One being: In systems that take a user's pass-word/-phrase in order to ...
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3answers
845 views

How does encryption/decryption work when one generate random key?

I am new to this and want to ask a basic question. Suppose I used my password (say "ABC123") to generate a key using the PBKDF2 algorithm (or any such algorithm). For encrypting a file I'll input my ...
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2answers
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safe methods of generating session keys

So I have this web app where I'm supposed to generate my own session key to use in the session manager. I just have few questions about safe approaches to this. I believe to make this safe it should ...
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Should you notify software vendors that their software has been cracked?

Apologies if this is not the right place to ask this question, I will happily move it to another Stack Exchange site if need be. Before I explain the rationale behind the question, let me clear up a ...
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Could using a generated key from an online service be considered a risk?

With some colleagues we're having a debate regarding the randomkeygen.com website. I do think that there is a security risk using the generated keys of this (or any of this kind) website. Why ? ...
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Encryption key generation performance

A question for cryptography experts. Imagine we have a conceptual Notes.app: There are notes (title|content) stored as AES-256 encrypted strings Application has to present a list of all notes ...
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How can I allow acces to encrypted data if only 2 out of 3 users provide a secret?

I want to encrypt data, but make sure that no single user can decrypt the data. Further, it is important not to require ALL users to be present to decrypt. This will allow for some flexibility and ...
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why are the first few characters of a DSA Private Key similar?

I noticed most DSA private keys often start with the same few characters, MIIBvAIBAAKBgQD . For example, generate a private key on Ubuntu, by running: ssh-keygen -t dsa -N '' -f /tmp/id_dsa This ...