Key management involves the entire key life-cycle: generation, exchange, storage, safeguarding, use, vetting, revocation, replacement and retirement.

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37
votes
2answers
29k views

Where to store a key for encryption?

I am looking for a way to store a key used for password encryption. I am using a MySQL database which would store a user name and a password encrypted with AES_ENCRYPT(str,key_str). Where can I safely ...
35
votes
2answers
9k views

How many OpenPGP keys should I make?

I am learning how to use OpenPGP keys in GnuPG, and I am wondering what is the threshold people generally use to maintain separate OpenPGP keys. Maintaining an incredibly large number of keys is not ...
328
votes
8answers
274k views

RSA vs. DSA for SSH authentication keys

When generating SSH authentication keys on a Unix/Linux system with ssh-keygen, you're given the choice of creating a RSA or DSA key pair (using -t type). What is the difference between RSA and DSA ...
20
votes
6answers
30k views

Compute the AES-encryption key given the plaintext and its ciphertext?

I'm tasked with creating database tables in Oracle which contain encrypted strings (i.e., the columns are RAW). The strings are encrypted by the application (using AES, 128-bit key) and stored in ...
179
votes
7answers
23k views

How do certification authorities store their private root keys?

Knowledge of a CA private key would allow MitM attackers to transparently supplant any certificates signed by that private key. It would also allow cyber criminals to start forging their own trusted ...
20
votes
3answers
4k views

Does OpenPGP key expiration add to security?

I've created a new OpenPGP key to sign a software package in a source repository with an expiration date three years from now. It seemed like a good security measure, because if the key is compromised ...
28
votes
3answers
10k views

What is a good general purpose GnuPG key setup?

Since most key types can be used for multiple purposes, namely certification, authentication, encryption and signatures, one could simply use one key for everything - which is a bad idea, as ...
4
votes
1answer
972 views

Short OpenPGP key IDs are insecure, how to configure GnuPG to use long key IDs instead?

Short OpenPGP key IDs (with 32 bits / 8 hex characters) are subject to collision attacks. It is strongly recommended to stop using 32 bit IDs: Stop using 32bit key ids It takes 4 seconds to ...
22
votes
6answers
3k views

Shouldn't GPG key fetching use a secure connection?

If I run this for example: gpg --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 0xFBB75451 then does the importing occur in a secure way? I mean does it go over only secured connections? (HKP?) ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Why don't PGP keyservers enforce double-opt-in?

One thing that I found out when starting using PGP: When I uploaded my keys to the SKS keyserver, the keyserver did not take any action to verify that I am who I claim to be. Since a PGP key contains ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

What to do when you can’t protect mobile app secret keys?

We have a mobile app for iOS and Android available in the Apple and Google Play stores. The app communicates with our server’s Web Services over HTTPS. We have attackers able to spoof the app ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

How can I enumerate all the saved RSA keys in the Microsoft CSP?

I have an application that is creating several keys and storing them in various stores (in this case the Machine store). How can I enumerate all the keys on a given Windows system? ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I securely store and retrieve a many-time use key?

I am performing some symmetric database encryption/decryption in .net. I am using a single 256 bit private key. (1) Where do I store this key when not in use? (2) How do I securely retrieve this ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How do open source projects handle secure artifacts?

Specifically, how are things like keystores handled, or other items needed to build or run an app? In my case, I have a Chrome OS app that requires a keystore to build and publish to the Chrome Web ...
119
votes
7answers
62k views

How should I distribute my public key?

I've just started to use GPG and created a public key. It is kind of pointless if no-one knows about it. How should I distribute it? Should I post it on my profile on Facebook and LinkedIn? How about ...
53
votes
9answers
17k views

Should I change the private key when renewing a certificate?

My security department insists that I (the system administrator) make a new private key when I want a SSL certificate renewed for our web servers. They claim it's best practice, but my googling ...
27
votes
4answers
7k views

What is a YubiKey and how does it work?

How do YubiKeys work? Are there any alternatives?
27
votes
4answers
18k views

What vulnerabilities could be caused by a wildcard SSL cert?

In a comment on this answer, AviD says: "There are numerous security issues with wildcard SSL certs." So, what are the problems? I understand that the same private key is being used in multiple ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Using TPM with DMcrypt?

Is it possible to use TPM for storage of some private key? It's not a full-disk encryption , I want it to be compatible with existing LUKS, just add another key, and store it in the TPM.
16
votes
6answers
2k views

How can the impact of cold boot attacks be minimized?

Short of powering down and maintaining physical security for sufficient time, what are effective strategies for keeping keys from being disclosed by cold-boot attacks, and can anything be done without ...
21
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the chances to generate the same ssh key?

I could generate ssh keys on the client like (without password): ssh-keygen -b 8192 -t rsa -f /home/THEUSER/.ssh/id_rsa -P '' -v and copy the generated id_rsa.pub to the server: ssh-copy-id -i ...
3
votes
2answers
566 views

Storing the master key in the app server binary

Imagine you have a master key to encrypt/decrypt the data saved in your database of your app service. What is the risk of having this key embedded in your app service code to store this key in the app ...
6
votes
1answer
465 views

How long do keys stay on keyservers?

Do GPG/PGP keyservers "garbage collect" old keys which have expired, been revoked, or simply haven't been updated in a decade? Or does the server (theoretically) keep every key it has ever seen from ...
102
votes
13answers
27k views

Where do you store your personal private GPG key?

So, I want to start using pass, but I need a GPG key for this. This application will store all of my passwords, which means it's very important that I don't lose my private key, once generated. Hard ...
46
votes
6answers
9k views

Is using a public-key for logging in to SSH any better than saving a password?

Using a public/private key pair is fairly convenient for logging in to frequented hosts, but if I'm using a key pair with no password, is that any safer (or less safe) than a password? The security ...
34
votes
2answers
9k views

Criteria for Selecting an HSM

A very sensitive application has to protect several different forms of data, such as passwords, credit cards, and secret documents - and encryption keys, of course. As an alternative to developing a ...
50
votes
4answers
19k views

What is the best practice: separate ssh-key per host and user VS one ssh-key for all hosts?

Is it better to create a separate ssh-key for each host and user or just using the id_rsa key for all host to authenticate? Could one id_rsa be a malpractice for the privacy/anonymity policies? ...
33
votes
4answers
5k views

What's the common pragmatic strategy for managing key pairs?

I have a small number of different workstations (plus client devices like iPhone) that I use for to connecting to numerous servers using SSH. Originally when I learned about PKI, I created a single ...
31
votes
4answers
8k views

Security of passphrase-protected private key

If an attacker obtains a private key that was created with no passphrase, he obviously gains access to everything protected with that key. How secure are private keys set up with a passphrase? If an ...
13
votes
6answers
23k views

What does “key with length of x bits” mean?

I'd like to know what it means to say "the cryptosystem C uses keys with a length of x bits". I do not understand what the bits length means... doesn't it depend on the encoding? The same word encodes ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

What's wrong with storing private keys in the cloud?

I know this sounds like a dumb question, but whats wrong with it? Assuming that all private data is encrypted (by the client) using PBE AES256, then is this scheme more vulerable than storing keys on ...
17
votes
2answers
11k views

Best Practice: “One per-user ssh key” or “multiple per-host ssh keys” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What’s the common pragmatic strategy for managing key pairs? I was part to a conversation last week about which approach to ssh keys is more “secure”. Note, that when ...
14
votes
4answers
9k views

Does symmetric encryption provide data integrity?

Let's say I have one server that encrypts a file with a symmetric key, e.g. AES-CBC, and sends it to clients that decrypt it. Does that provide data integrity when decrypted? Or is it possible for ...
11
votes
3answers
10k views

How can I securely convert a “string” password to a key used in AES?

I'm writing some software where I have to encrypt all files that are written to a specific folder using AES. There is one password/key that is configured somewhere, that is always used. I don't want ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

What does it mean for a digital certificate to be “signed”?

When someone says that a particular digital certificate (like an SSL cert) has been "signed with a key", what does that imply? Does that mean the certificate simply includes a key that should be used ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Key management in cloud datacenters

In terms of infrastructure, how do Cloud providers (organizations providing SaaS, PaaS, or IaaS via the cloud) manage keys and cryptography? From my understanding, "private" datacenters tend to ...
11
votes
5answers
3k views

Storing private asymmetric key in application binary?

I would like to give a daemon-style process (i.e. no user interaction) access to a shared secret key so that it can access a shared, encrypted data file. User applications accessing the same encrypted ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Where do I securely store the key for a system where the source is visible?

I have a customer with an Access database (ugh!) in which credit cards are stored in plaintext (yikes!), so amongst other changes I'm doing in the app, I'm applying some encryption in there. I've ...
3
votes
2answers
296 views

Is the PGP Web of Trust / Keyserver infrastructure permanently broken?

I love the idea of decentralized trust, the web of trust, and the fact that anyone can run their own keyserver and isn't beholden to a centralized point of failure. But does the decentralized ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What is the recommended procedure to migrate to a new OpenPGP master key?

I am thinking about starting again with a new master key. My current master key was not compromised, but I had stored it on my private server temporarily, which is against good practices (but I am the ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Is Steganography considered encryption and subject to USA export restrictions?

I have written an application for Apple's iOS which embeds messages in JPEG files using steganography (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Steganography). For the purposes of this question lets assume ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Has the leaked D-Link windows signing key been revoked?

Recently news broke as to D-Link mistakenly publishing a private code-signing key as part of an open source framework. The D-Link key was leaked in late February, and expired on September 3, it ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Generating one-time tokens from API-key?

I have a web-site for which I'm building a Drupal module that allows the users of that Drupal site to navigate to my web-site directly from the Drupal site. I intend to distribute secret API-keys to ...
4
votes
2answers
527 views

Signing my certificate by using my smart card and eID card?

In Belgium we have electronic identity cards (eID) issued by our government. They can be read by a smart card reader. On the card are two certificates, one for signing and one for authentication. I ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

When should I use Message layer encryption vs transport layer encryption

Basically I will be having to secure a connection between different hops. Therefore even if TLS is widely known to be the best in class, I am wondering that in such a case message based encryption ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the purpose of 'Version:' in PGP public key

PGP public keys look something like -----BEGIN PGP PUBLIC KEY BLOCK----- Version: GnuPG v1.4.9 (GNU/Linux) mQGiBEl2HAgRBAC9IZGQE3NRWFoXV7CcVRbo7xMe+nGPRMTOocA0pcv9N67R6CAZ ... -----END PGP PUBLIC ...
6
votes
4answers
433 views

How do you guarantee that you don't lose a keyfile?

I am toying with the idea of adding keyfiles to various things that I encrypt. However what's been keeping me from adopting them is guaranteeing that I don't lose the keyfile while still keeping ...
5
votes
2answers
594 views

A SW system constructed with Microsoft CNG can be FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant?

We have to design and construct a system that signs files with sensible data, like evidences/proofs. The sign process is simple, basically calculate MD5 of the file content and encrypt the MD5 result ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

Encrypting a fixed format message?

I'm planning to send across TWO pieces of information over the internet from machine A A site identifier which will be like: $SiteName = "EXAMPLE" (in plaintext) Encoded text which will be like: ...
1
vote
3answers
482 views

Prevent or detect key copy

This question can be classified as somewhat two interrelated questions - or two goals. Main aim is basically to authenticate client to server, but remain secure even if someone steals the key from ...