A vulnerability which is known to the designers, implementers, or operators of the system, but has not been corrected.

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177
votes
5answers
95k views

What is a specific example of how the Shellshock Bash bug could be exploited?

I read some articles (article1, article2, article3, article4) about the Shellshock Bash bug (CVE-2014-6271 reported Sep 24, 2014) and have a general idea of what the vulnerability is and how it could ...
28
votes
3answers
15k views

Stack Overflows - Defeating Canaries, ASLR, DEP, NX

To prevent buffer overflows, there are several protections available such as using Canary values, ASLR, DEP, NX. But, where there is a will, there is a way. I am researching on the various methods an ...
192
votes
4answers
68k views

SSL3 “POODLE” Vulnerability

Canonical question regarding the recently disclosed padding oracle vulnerability in SSL v3. Other identical or significantly similar questions should be closed as a duplicate of this one. What ...
25
votes
10answers
4k views

Vulnerable OS's?

Which vulnerable OS's like for example DVL would you recommend for someone to use for the purpose of pentest/exploitation learning?
17
votes
7answers
557 views

which site do you use to view details of vulnerabilities? [closed]

Which site/sites do you guys use to view details of security vulnerabilities?
26
votes
4answers
4k views

How secure are my passwords in the hands of Firefox using a Master Password?

I'm relying on Firefox to remember my passwords, using a Master Password of more than 25 characters. How secure is this set-up?
4
votes
3answers
2k views

HeartBleed - How to detect compromised websites

Is there a way to determine as an end-user which HTTPS sites use OpenSSL? Due to heartbleed it is recommended that clients change their passwords that were sent over TLS recently as private keys may ...
20
votes
1answer
8k views

Attack scenarios of the new Bash vulnerability [duplicate]

Odds are that you're already aware of the newly discovered Bash bug. It can be tested using env x='() { :;}; echo vulnerable' bash -c "echo this is a test". What yet I haven't understand is, what ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Should I be disabling Java?

First it was Apple, now it's the US government... U.S. urges users to disable Java; Apple disables some remotely New malware exploiting Java 7 in Windows and Unix systems How serious is this ...
24
votes
6answers
440 views

How to keep an eye on upgrades, patches and security issues for used open-source libraries?

For a project with many open-source libraries as a part of it, I began to search for information source concerning all upgrades and security issues. The kind of sources I gathered are either ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Is Google Chrome a better secured browser?

I was amazed that IE 8, Safari, Firefox were hacked so fast. Is it really Chrome so good or it was not tested? Has anyone other results of independent investigations about security of web browsers? ...
6
votes
2answers
700 views

Where can I find a list of un-patched CVEs for a specific piece of software?

Is there a database of vulnerabilities somewhere, that can be queried in such a way as to return results for all non-patched vulnerabilities for a specific piece of software? For example, I would ...
18
votes
0answers
604 views

Where can I find a vulnerable operating system to practice pentests on? [duplicate]

I am looking for vulnerable operating systems that are used for practicing pentests. Damn Vulnerable Linux (DVL) is not maintained anymore. Are there any other simillar OS´s to download somewhere that ...
5
votes
1answer
458 views

How are CVE identifiers assigned and managed?

CVE Identifiers (a.k.a. CVE IDs) are used to uniquely identifier a particular vulnerability. We've all seen them on various bulletins, and they're useful when researching an issue. But how are they ...
21
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there a guide of general/common IT vulnerabilities?

I'm looking for an updated and comprehensive guide of general/common IT vulnerabilities (general information). I do not want you to do the job for me, I just want to point me in the right direction: ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

From a technical standpoint, how does the zero-day Internet Explorer vulnerability discovered in September 2012 work?

I'm looking for an answer that explains the issue from the prespective of a developer/engineer. What is exactly being exploited and why does it work? Please note that I am not looking for ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Exploit-db like websites, where people can search for security bugs

If someone has to decide between 2 very similar server programs, or operating systems, then it searches on sites like: http://www.exploit-db.com/search/ so that there he could get enough ...
16
votes
2answers
2k views

Flaw in encryption through pseudorandom number stream (from PGP documentation)

I was reading PGP docs and came upon a part written by Phil Zimmermann (PGP's creator) that piqued my curiosity: When I was in college in the early 70s, I devised what I believed was a brilliant ...
7
votes
2answers
793 views

What risks are inherent with connecting to an untrusted public key server?

Thomas Pornin brought up a good point about PGP key servers in an answer to a recent question, here: Shouldn't GPG key fetching use a secure connection? ...you should not trust the key ...
5
votes
3answers
444 views

Why does printf() vulnerability require 4-bytes of junk data? - “Hacking: The Art of Exploitation”

I've been reading "Hacking: The Art of Exploitation 2nd Ed." and I hit a part that's not explained clearly enough for me. In the section "Writing to an Arbitrary Address" Jon Erickson creates a ...
4
votes
2answers
353 views

Are there any known Heartbleed attacks?

Are there any known instances of malicious security breeches exploiting the Heartbleed vulnerability? Or is there at present only a known vulnerability, albeit a very serious one?
4
votes
4answers
852 views

VGA/HDMI Based Attack

Can I attack a PC via the VGA port? Is VGA one way or does it accept data from the other side? How about HDMI or DVI? And if so, are there known malware or PoCs to do that? or is it theoretically ...
4
votes
3answers
663 views

Vulnerable java applications

I am looking for some open source/free vulnerable JAVA based applications. It can be web application, desktop application or any other. I need them to do some experiments in my research work. They ...
3
votes
1answer
233 views

What servers or clients are immune to related-domain cookie attacks? (*.example.com)

In this question, I want to identify browsers, servers, or implementations that are immune from related domain cookie attacks (e.g. a.example.com vs b.example.com). Lacking any tangible solution, ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

why CVSS give a score of 0.66 for a full impact on CIA?

By visiting: http://nvd.nist.gov/cvsseq2.htm I noticed that the CVSS attributes the following impact values ​​for confidentiality, integrity and availability: none : 0.0 partial impact : ...
42
votes
7answers
2k views

Why is application crash considered insecure?

If an application crashes, the program stops and there is nothing anyone can do about it, other than starting the program again. Crash is a bad behaviour in general and should be avoided, but why are ...
25
votes
5answers
3k views

IMG tag vulnerability

Is it safe to display images from arbitrary domains? I.e. let's say I have an image on my page: <img src="http://badguy.com/image.gif" /> What if image.gif will return some js attack vector, ...
21
votes
6answers
1k views

Why are vulnerabilities and lack of security possible in computers?

I have heard about computer vulnerabilities, virus, malware, etc. Why are these threats possible? Why doesn't the computer just do the things it is supposed to? Why do some people write malware, ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I mitigate the threat that DPAPick poses to my DPAPI protected data?

The Windows Data Protection API (DPAPI) is the suggested method for storing secrets on Windows systems (such as database passwords required by ASP.Net applications). DPAPick was presented at BlackHat ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How should one prepare himself for a job interview for penetration testing?

So, the title basically says it all. I would really like to hear out some of the more experienced friends here with their answers for this. Should it revolve around the ability to verbally explain ...
8
votes
2answers
597 views

Recent Facebook XSS exploit details

There was a recent XSS exploit on Facebook that posted a vulgar message and got users to click on a link to spread the payload. What vulnerability was exploited, and what can other sites do to avoid a ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Force a connection via SSL3 to detect POODLE vulnerability

I have been reading up on the POODLE vulnerability. From my understanding, and correct me if I am wrong, you need to allow connections to be made via SSLv3 on the server. The server I am currently ...
5
votes
1answer
887 views

Does xkcd.com/1353 overstate heartbleed's capability?

Today's xkcd has characters discussing heartbleed: Megan: I mean, this bug isn't just broken encryption. Megan: It lets website visitors make a server dispense random memory contents. Megan: It's ...
4
votes
1answer
278 views

On Hawkes' technique to bypass canaries

I found this reference to bypass canaries: http://sota.gen.nz/hawkes_openbsd.pdf It recommends to brute force the canary byte-for-byte. I don't understand how this works: "Technique is to brute force ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

Implications of Trace/Track Methods on Apache

When performing vulnerability scans using Nessus, against a host running Apache, one expected result is always "HTTP TRACE / TRACK Methods Allowed". While this result only has a base CVSS of 4.3, I ...
6
votes
3answers
402 views

I work on an open source project. Is there a “standard” to reporting security vulnerabilities that we can use?

I work on an (intentionally undisclosed) open source project. To the best of my knowledge, we do not have a discoverable policy on reporting security vulnerabilities. Rails has their own policy ...
6
votes
6answers
529 views

Determining vulnerable software on client machines

I am interested in how attackers manage to identify vulnerable versions of software on client machines, behind a large network or stand alone at home. I am not interested in portscanning at all, as ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

Does every security patch get back ported to every .NET framework? Are there exceptions to the rule?

I can imagine a scenario where Microsoft will create a security patch for some versions of .NET and not others. This might occur in occasions it's too expensive to regression test and back port all ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Security behind the windows 8 eye

I use the Windows 8 operating system. Whenever I navigate to the login page of Internet Explorer 10, or even the login screen of the operating system, I see an eye symbol at the end of the password ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

How can I tell if a DNSSec zone is protected using NSEC3 (versus NSEC)

This answer describes how DNSSec might permit "Zone walking"... where a bad guy can extract all the DNS records from a DNSSec enabled zone. NSEC3 is an update that prevents this. (See bottom of this ...
0
votes
5answers
266 views

Are all URL shorteners unsecure/vulnerable?

The OWASP state that open redirect is a vulnerability: An open redirect is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without any validation. This ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Are there limits (or, what are the limits) to our understanding of AES's resistance to known plaintext attacks?

Let's assume the same message is encrypted many times, each time with a different IV but the same key. Do we reach a point where just knowing what that message is gives us a plausible attack by which ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

How can I remotely detect versions? [closed]

I want to know how to remotely detect a software version. Once attacker knows the version installed, he can exploit published vulnerabilities. So it will be useful to know it when doing penetration ...
-2
votes
1answer
864 views

The correct way to check for vulnerability CVE-2014-7169 (aftershock)

I found two ways of checking for the vulnerability CVE-2014-7169 (aftershock or taviso bug) bashcheck uses: cd /tmp;rm echo 2>/dev/null X='() { function a a>\' bash -c echo 2>/dev/null > ...