Related to the laws and regulations imposed by governments, the enforcement of those laws, and legal and judicial process including investiagtion and trial.

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4
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3answers
74 views

What countries have strong data protection laws?

Many answers on this site and other security-related websites state that one should host sensitive data in a country with strong data protection laws. What countries are these, and how is this ...
-5
votes
3answers
94 views

Is using netcat illegal? [closed]

Is using netcat to connect with a server that one does not own, illegal? For example, using netcat to connect with a web server and querying GET / HTTP/1.1 etc. I am asking this question because ...
0
votes
2answers
117 views

Encryption Laws in India

Is cryptography legal in India? If yes, then what type of encryption is not allowed?
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Is scanning a site directory considered illegal penetration testing?

Does anyone know if using Dirbuster [link] to scan for unlisted directories and their contents is (possibly) legal in say the US?
4
votes
1answer
808 views

Hacking / Penetration Testing Laws

Is it illegal to post tutorials and articles on hacking related things? In particular in the UK. For example would it be illegal under this law? http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1990/18/section/3A ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Is there a way my organization can collect clients' sensitive documents without being liable for them? [closed]

I am the head of IT for a microlending organization. We make small loans to new businesses, and as such we have to collect these clients' tax returns and other financial data as part of the ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Are Keystroke and Click Loggers Legal? [closed]

I worked with the firewall "Nobero" which is paid and bit expensive. It is a complete Network Firewall including groups policy, banning URLs and social sites. But It has a feature of tracking users' ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Are internal patient identifiers considered PHI under HIPAA?

We use GUIDs to internally to identify patients in our system. I'm having a debate with our regulatory people on whether these identifiers can be used in query strings to REST calls. They are ...
-2
votes
1answer
97 views

Data security is not perfectly possible, laws exist but no one uses them. What is missing on international level? [closed]

In my country (Austria) I was a member of the team that made laws for protecting the personal data of every person. In the meantime I realise that we have the laws but nobody claims them in ...
-4
votes
1answer
71 views

what is today allowed, when I travel to USA? [closed]

Is there a list of prohibited devices, for travellers, when they travel as normal citizen into the USA, for a maximum of 3 months into USA ? Is it prohibited to carry the following in a bag: notebook, ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Section 37 of the United Kingdom's computer misuse act

Section 37 of the United Kingdom's computer misuse act states you are not allowed to produce, obtain or supply articles which can be used for computer misuse. How do UK information security bloggers ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the current U.S. law regarding the building of and deployment of honeypots? [closed]

I have lots of links to information on the topic that I've gathered published since the mid-2000s and this SANS document has always been my goto: ...
-3
votes
2answers
70 views

Is there any benefit to login to a website as anonymously as possible, if you've already been there from an identifiable IP address?

Here's a basic example of the situation I am in: 1.Friend downloads full-length, new release movie on shady internet site (felony). 2.Uploads it to a randomly created, cloud hosting service account ...
10
votes
1answer
869 views

Legality of writing exploits for educational purposes (USA, Canada) [closed]

Is it legal for me to write a small exploit (possibly to a closed issue) and put it up on the internet for everyone to see (as a tutorial)? I have been researching the legality of exploiting ...
143
votes
8answers
26k views

What are the implications of NSA surveillance on the average internet user?

It would appear as though the tinfoil hat-wearing were vindicated today, as news broke of the true scale of the U.S. government's surveillance of its citizens' online activities, conducted primarily ...
105
votes
8answers
5k views

Is it acceptable that a skilled professional pentester deletes or modifies sensitive data in production unintentionally during a pentest?

Today I experienced a situation where a person responsible for the security of a company required a pentesting company to withdraw a clause in the contract that says that: "during the pentest there ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Is CloudKit or iCloud suitable for storing PII?

iCloud is Apple's storage technology that copies data from one iPhone and shares it with every other device. CloudKit is a similar technology that allows (from what I can tell) the partial ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

What jurisdiction do DNS root servers and corresponding TLDs have?

We are setting up DNSSec and want to document risks that relate to the core root servers, their binding keys, and the next level DNS TLD. Since there is history saying that the US Government owns ...
34
votes
8answers
8k views

Is it legal to start a private website for you and your friends to hack? [closed]

My friends have expressed an interest in hacking, but we don't want to do anything illegal, and considered CTF365, but it was WAY to expensive. Is it possible/legal for one of us to create a private ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

What are legal/ethical concerns to bear in mind, when hacking websites with open invitations?

I was reading another question which mentions a site that had a page inviting people to try to hack it, and it made me wonder. Lets assume, for the sake of this rather hypothetical question, that a ...
22
votes
6answers
18k views

At what point does “hacking” become illegal? (US)

Hypothetical situation: before I hire a web development company I want to test their ability to design secure web apps by viewing their previous client's websites. Issue: this situation raises a big ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Can a school legally access an account that a student logged in to at school? [closed]

Is this scenario legal, A school has a few public computers that can be used. The only browsers that are installed are chrome and internet explorer, and the entire network is man-in-the-middled. ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Should a password ever be presented in plain text to a user (On a website)? Is this illegal under UK Data protections act? [closed]

There is a website I use at work, external to our own. They have just presented with every employee with their plain text password and username via our internal website which requires our own logins. ...
10
votes
3answers
491 views

Sourcing hardware that is least likely to contain backdoors

I understand that CPU silicon (for example) is scrutinized for backdoors but there are other aspects of a computer system that may "leak data" to the outside world unbeknownst to the owner regardless ...
2
votes
1answer
716 views

Is there a maximum allowed key size in the USA?

I've heard that using encryption outside military use has been illegal for a long time in the USA. However, I've also heard that when the regulation was updated, limits were put on encryption strength ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Who is responsible for a compromised computer? [closed]

In light of the recent public hacks on public systems, is there any culpability for the owner of a compromised system? Two examples: The owner is a large public company that leaks sensitive ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the implications of running a TOR non-exit relay node?

Intuitively, running a non-exit TOR node should bring the benefit of plausible deniability that a packet originated from your device. Unlike exit nodes however, you would not have to worry about ...
17
votes
3answers
2k views

Techniques for ensuring verifiability of event log files

Bit of newbie at the whole forensics stuff - but I'm trying to find out what I should have in place before an attack. While there is no end of material on the internet about forensics from seizure ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

Web/App vulnerability responsibility [closed]

While auditing a few web apps and websites I uncovered a few serious vulnerabilities which I've since flagged (responsibly, of course). One of the things I noticed was that several development ...
3
votes
0answers
216 views

How do I avoid drawing the ire of the Department of Homeland Security when prepping to run my RPG? [closed]

So I'm running a long-standing role-playing game wherein the players' characters in the game are unknowningly working for another character who wants access to the data of the United States ...
21
votes
5answers
3k views

Can ECC be used without infringing on patents?

Can ECC (Elliptic Curve Cryptography) be safely used without infringing on Certicom's patents? I would like to make use of ECC in an embedded system to establish a secure channel. But, I am concerned ...
3
votes
3answers
689 views

Why have export controls for cryptography?

I've always heard someone justify the means for export restrictions with "it's for governmental control/spying". In most reasonable countries, the justice system asks people to adhere to the "spirit ...
0
votes
1answer
372 views

What regulations *require* multi-factor authentication?

What industries require multi-factor authentication? Please include the following information: Country Industry Regulation name Additional information as you see relevant. Some additional ...
4
votes
2answers
284 views

Has a plaintext password ever been used in a court of law as evidence to a crime?

Regardless of how the password was obtained (decryption, bad hashing, confession): Are there any prior known cases where the contents of the password was used to prove motive or guilt? Or, looking ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Has 100+USD, accidentally [closed]

Yesterday, I just visit a shopping site which use serial payment method and I type in some serials randomly then my account have 100USD; I just want to 'test' that website (for the bug bounty), is my ...
7
votes
1answer
962 views

Why does every site makes me acknowledge cookie usage? [closed]

In the last year or so every other site on the net started showing different kinds of notification that they're using cookies and I should be aware of it. The sheer number of different sites doing ...
-1
votes
1answer
260 views

Is attempting mySQL injection illegal? [closed]

I was testing an SQL injector I made in Java and the site I tested it on said 'Detected security breach attempt' blah blah blah. Is what I did illegal or not? I have found different opinions and ...
21
votes
2answers
5k views

In the SilkRoad takedown, what does it mean “An IP address was leaking” in Tor?

According to the official complaint, on Page 28 they mention: on May 24, 2013, a Silk Road user sent him a private message warning him that "some sort of external IP address" was "leaking" from ...
3
votes
1answer
625 views

Are voluntary / manual DDoS illegal?

Since DDoS is simply a group of subjects coming together to send requests to a particular server, is it true to say that a voluntary DDoS is perfectly valid and legal in US? By that, I mean that a ...
2
votes
2answers
653 views

Penetration testing's terms of agreement template

My company is going to start to provide penetration testing services pretty soon, in fact, we are just missing the legal aspects of it. I'm wondering if is there any template which states the most ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

Is it legal to “use” security vulnerabilities [closed]

I understand that the answer to questions like this depend on country, but I'd like to get an idea what the usual approach to cases like this are. Heres the case: I found a security hole in one of ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Traveling abroad with encryption software on my computer [closed]

I have software installed on my computer that has encryption capabilities. This is the case both for things like VPN/SSL, and also GPG. I don't really use GPG (there are not that many people I can use ...
0
votes
2answers
218 views

Are files hosted on cloud servers/websites/databases manually checked by people?

I was wondering ... when I upload a file to, say, Dropbox, does anybody personally check it to see what it is? Say I upload a copy of my Blu-ray movie to cloud storage ... will anyone check, and ...
2
votes
2answers
185 views

Does SMIME differ from TLS, PGP, DMARC signature, or a Portal Encrypted email message in terms of legal non-repudiation?

I'm interested in protecting email messages from NSA-style snooping, but don't want to incur additional legal risk in doing so. In other words, does SMIME encryption and/or signing cause a given ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Content of a penetration testing authorization

Recently I conducted a penetration testing where I used the following text as authorization: Penetration testing authorization During a penetration testing is possible that: The ...
0
votes
2answers
199 views

Is it legal to create a remote administration tool? [closed]

I'm planning to make a simple remote administration tool with the basic features that are available on all other rats in the market. However, I'm really worrying about legal issues after marketing it. ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Best way to report a foreigner attacker's ip to authorities?

I have been under attack last week and I was able to trace down the attacker and get his IP address. The attacker was located in Germany but I live out of Europe? From your experience what is the ...
1
vote
2answers
366 views

Is it illegal to publish an exploit against a known vulnerability in US?

Is it illegal to publish an exploit against a known vulnerability in US? The exploit could be published in one's blog or places like exploit-DB. It seems that in countries like Germany and France such ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Are VPNs/proxies legal? [closed]

Are VPNs/proxies (and VPN/proxy software such as Tunnelblick and Hola) legal in the U.S., assuming that you are doing legitimate activities on the Internet (i.e. nothing illegal)?
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Can I save & store a user's data in a way that proves that the information has not been altered, and that the timestamp is accurate?

There are many situations where the validity of the timestamp attached to a certain post (submission of information) might be invaluable for the post owner's legal usage. I'm not looking for a service ...