Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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Linux Rootkit / BIOS Malware: What packages are necessary to get infected?

Everybody knows about the dangers of Rootkits / BIOS malware. What do you say about this countermeasure? In order to actually get infected the malware needs to use the OS to 'patch' the BIOS chip. ...
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1answer
76 views

Wireshark: could “Follow TCP Stream” yield an empty window? or is it a bug?

I am capturing a pop3 netcat connection (port 110) using Wireshark, on Debian linux (Kali). After filtering packets with (tcp.port eq 110) I get few packets but once I R.Click on any and click "Follow ...
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12 views

DPA compliant way to receive uploaded data on server, and remotely access it as a volume whilst keeping it encrypted

I need to set up a server on which users upload tarballs containing Personally Identifiable Information. I must be compliant with the Data Protection Act, so this is so far what I understand I must ...
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1answer
78 views

Fuzzing shared libraries

Are there any tools capable of automatically fuzzing Linux shared libraries, by automatically I mean detect exported function, determine function signature and finally inject random data ? Can ...
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2answers
23 views

Ubuntu backup to only specific devices

I am looking into setting up a secure Ubuntu server with daily backups to two different external hard drives that will be swapped with the external hard drive that is stored in a safe deposit box. ...
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3answers
108 views

How do I ensure that my Ubuntu download has not been tampered with?

I am downloading Ubuntu Linux, and would like to make sure that my download has not been tampered with. Ubuntu has a GPG key, which I could use to make sure that the download is valid -- but how do I ...
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3answers
4k views

Retrieve auto saved Skype password from Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

The email address I used to create Skype profile has been disabled and I can't get it back. Unfortunately, I don't remember the Skype password now. As the password is auto saved in my local machine I ...
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2answers
18 views

Do `sudo` and `su` belong to capability-based security?

In Linux, do sudo and su belong to Capability-based security ? For example, when editing a system file, we usually need sudo or su to temporarily switch to user root. Does this example belong to ...
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1answer
150 views

Current industry standard key management solution for web app on linux host

The scenario: Data is sent to an application server and you want to selectively encrypt some data before sending it to a DB server for storage. All servers run some linux distro. This is a relatively ...
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10 views

Gnome-keyring iteration count location

I know that Gnome-keyring hashes master password between 1000 and 2000 times. It picks random number. I would like to ask where does it save this number, what is the location of that file? As far as I ...
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1answer
62 views

What are the options for acquiring disk image from a Linux computer that can't be removed from a crime scene?

If the suspect's computer is Linux, can you directly use tools such as dd or dcfldd on his computer to acquire the disk image? Or do you need to use forensic live cds like Helix, Penguin sleuth or ...
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3answers
85 views

Not replacing SSL cert on a rebuilt, formerly rooted Unix Server

If a server was rooted, to the point that we know a Perl script which creates a remote shell was placed on the filesystem remotely, and the server was rebuilt entirely, patching the original Apache ...
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2answers
139 views

Where can I “hide” easter eggs for students learning about Linux security?

I feel like this isn't the best place to ask this (since there's no single right answer), but I can't think of a better place. If you have a better recommendation, could you please recommend it and I ...
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6answers
5k views

Unix execute permission can be easily bypassed. Is it superfluous, or what's the intention behind it?

The unix read permission is actually the same as the execute permission, so if e.g. one process has write access it's also able to execute the same file. This can be done pretty easily:First this ...
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37 views

calculate time taken to reach from network A to B without ping and telnet [migrated]

I want to find distance between A and B either in terms of network time or Hops count.I have few ideas like I can ping B from A will log down time taken to respond that ping request . Also If I know ...
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1answer
52 views

SElinux security context public_content_t for vsftpd

My understanding of SElinux context public_content_t is as public_content_t is required for files shared via a FTP server unless associated with a user home directory Here is my question Does user ...
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2answers
713 views

I ran a netstat on my server and port 80 is listening, does that mean it is open and vulnerable to attacks? [closed]

Sorry I am just getting into Web Development and trying to learn more about servers and PHP, so I downloaded the LAMP stack on an Ubuntu14 OS and started an apache2 server. tcp6 0 0 :::80 ...
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2answers
537 views

How to pass PCI DSS 2.0 anti-virus requirement (5.1) on Linux?

PCI DSS 2.0 Requirement 5.1 states: 5.1 Deploy anti-virus software on all systems commonly affected by malicious software (particularly personal computers and servers). This requirement ...
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40 views

CA Flag in SSL certificate [migrated]

I have an web portal running as a POC purpose, and then i have a mobile apps to access this web portal. Since it's a POC, I just generate a self-signed SSL cert and load it inside the Web and my ...
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2answers
196 views

Using a TPM with Linux

I have the need for a company laptop (Dell e6540) that contains our java application on it to go out for evaluation purposes. For this reason I would like to make sure that the HDD is protected from ...
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1answer
23 views

updatedb and encrypted home folders: Does it store unencrypted file and folder names somewhere?

When you encrypt your home folder in Ubuntu and Debian, it protects not only the file contents but also the file and folder names. Yet I see that updatedb and locate works in Debian. When I run ...
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1answer
42 views

How do I secure X server against spyware in a GUI application?

Suppose you have a GUI application, that potentionally may be too curious about your environment, such as the list of window titles. How do I limit application's ability to enumerate windows, capture ...
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3answers
18k views

Simple example auditd configuration?

Auditd was recommended in an answer to Linux command logging? The default install on Ubuntu seems to barely log anything. There are several examples that come with it (capp.rules, nispom.rules, ...
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1answer
66 views

RHEL 6: PHP 5.3.3 - Is it inherently insecure?

I am talking about the PHP 5.3.3 package that is available in the Red Hat Enterprise Linux repository, running on Apache. From what I can see, as of RHEL 6, it is the latest version (no updates ...
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1answer
50 views

Which hardening methods are used in large linux desktops environments (i.e. Goobuntu)? [closed]

Im courious to know about how these large enterprises secure their linux desktop as Google does with ubuntu LTS. I am the only user at home with linux on the desktop and had already created some ...
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1answer
54 views

What is a secure mechanism for wireless communication between Android and Ubuntu?

I have come across a few Android apps that provide various features for communicating with a desktop machine (sending text or typing in one direction or another, controlling the desktop pointer with ...
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1answer
32 views

Limiting account access based upon NIC used to connect on Linux

I have a server which has multiple NICs (ignoring redundant pairs): 'inward' facing production (connects to other servers); 'outward' external facing production (connects out to the internet via a ...
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1answer
57 views

Linux file information leakage

What information is kept in a linux file about the user and/or system that created it? I want to make some files publicly available, posted on another server such as GitHub or FTP, but I'd rather the ...
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2answers
86 views

Why was LibreSSL PRNG unsafe on Linux?

From the source: https://www.agwa.name/blog/post/libressls_prng_is_unsafe_on_linux The first version of LibreSSL portable, 2.0.0, was released a few days ago (followed soon after by 2.0.1). Despite ...
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2answers
752 views

Possible implementations of networked+encrypted filesystem

Is it possible to implement scheme where remote server just share its filesystem (or resizable container file in it) and it's locally encrypted and mounted? And what is best practical method? (On ...
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2answers
690 views

What Ubuntu packages are still affected by gnutls bug CVE-2014-0092?

Right now the internet is abuzz with news about a severe breach in GnuTLS. An update to the relevant GnuTLS packages has already been released. But I am worried whether some packages might have had ...
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1answer
304 views

Enterprise Anti-virus for Linux?

I know this question is probably at risk of offending the guidelines but our IaaS provider was unable to offer us an anti-virus solution for our Linux servers. We are deployed in an enterprise cloud ...
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3answers
90 views

Is it possible to USB whitelist in Linux?

After watching Black Hat's presentation on the fundamental problems with USB "security", I'm wondering if there's a way to do USB whitelisting in Linux. Is there currently a mechanism that will allow ...
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3answers
64 views

Permissions security scenarios for a web server

Having /var/www/site.com owned by www-data:www-data with a 750 permission for directories and 640 for files, and having my user alexb added to www-data group, I found my self with permission issues ...
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1answer
195 views

how to protect my linux pc from wifi sniffing

I have a wifi shared connection with other flatmates and I'd like to know how can I protect my Debian pc from being sniffed. Should I use a wifi anti sniffer to detect if any wifi card is in ...
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3answers
124 views

Is MS Windows more secure than Linux on this aspect?

The administrator account can be renamed which means the hacker needs to figure out two pieces of information : the user name and the password while there is always one root account in Linux named ...
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1answer
36 views

Throttle network based on OS [closed]

What do I need to learn/know to throttle a clients network based on his/her operating system. For example: Someone in my network using Kali Linux... I would like to throttle their traffic to ...
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3answers
2k views

How to prevent BadUSB attacks on linux desktop

What can I do to protect my linux laptop from BadUSB attacks as described here? Perhaps writing an appropriate apparmor profile would help?
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2answers
65 views

Is it safe to create live usb on an infected system?

I am using Ubuntu 13.10. If my laptop is infected with malware, can I get rid of it by creating a live usb on it and using that live usb format and re-install the ubuntu ? I mean is it possible that ...
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2answers
75 views

Does the EICAR test work on Linux based antivirus scanners?

Does the EICAR antivirus test work on antivirus scanners for Linux? The EICAR test is described in more detail here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EICAR_test_file The reason I ask is that it requests ...
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6answers
4k views

Is Linux really that secure, with only root password denying external access?

While I was searching online for information about Linux security, the most typical explanation was: Linux is secure, because the root password is required to access the kernel and install new ...
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2answers
2k views

Do simple Linux servers really need a non-root user for security reasons?

Playing devil's advocate, Let's assume I purchase a Linux server from a hosting provider. I am given a password for the root user and am told I may login using SSH. The only purpose this server has ...
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1answer
50 views

How to fuzz shared objects?

I know there have been similar questions about that topic, but I think mine differs from the others. I have this application which I am able to crash, but the error seems to happen inside of a shared ...
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3answers
2k views

Is it better to use a root password, or use 'sudo bash'?

When I am doing a lot of sudo operations, I like to spawn a bash shell from sudo to make the operations go quicker. I am against assigning a root password because I do not like the root account ...
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4answers
167 views

DNS spoofing of linux distribution repositories

Question(s) Is it possible to "redirect" linux-update-repos via DNS spoofing (e.g. DNS cache poisoning) to a malicious website, so that harmful software (updates) will be installed, when running the ...
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1answer
287 views

Installing Joomla with nobody:nobody user/group (CentOS/cPanel)

If you are installing Joomla via cPanel's File Manager to your mywebsite.com (user mywebsite) account, you will upload the package to your server and extract the archive. All files will have the user ...
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1answer
54 views

How secure is user-mode Linux, in terms of protecting the host system?

Two questions about User-Mode Linux: Suppose that a privilege escalation attack is used to gain root in a UML guest. Assuming modern (3.0 or later) host and guest kernels, is it trivial to escape ...
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1answer
104 views

Is a Linux environment PCI compliant if the swap file is not encrypted and PANs are loaded into RAM?

Is a Linux environment PCI compliant if the swap partition/file is not encrypted and PANs are loaded into RAM by an application?
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1answer
55 views

Can a malicious user do any harm using /dev/kvm?

I'd like to know if giving access to Intel version of /dev/kvm on Linux to a user that just wants to spawn VMs gives him any extra privileges. That is, are her VMs subject to process scheduling just ...
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4answers
609 views

does switching to linux remove existing computer virus

if you change from a malware/spyware infected windows setup to a linux setup will infections migrate to linux if they were on the computer? (when you are hacked/infected is it the op system that is ...