Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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3
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4answers
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Determining the point of compromise on an infected web server?

Recently a friend of mine has had his web server compromised - all PHP files were injected with malicious code, in particular one that looks to be called "GetMama". If I look this up, it seems that ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Is using decrypt_derived more secure than a keyfile?

Say I have two partitions on a Linux system, a root partition (/) and a /home partition. Both of them are encrypted with LUKS. The /home partition needs only to be decrypted if / is unlocked and ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

How many connections can TCP_WRAPPERS handle?

As we know that TCP_WRAPPERS is a good way of security on linux/unix system, to disallow or allow remote user to connect to the specific services. Assume that if there have a large number of ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Disable Perl for some/most Linux users?

One of my server's web accounts got hacked a couple of times. Each time someone downloaded a Perl script via some phpBB forum and used the Perl script to do whatever they wanted to do (mostly connect ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

What can I do to separate users best way if they are allowed to run their ruby (python) code

I have Ubuntu server 12.04 on VDS and I allow users to run their own Rails applications on behalf their own accounts. That means: They can use any shell they want They can upload what they want, ...
1
vote
1answer
530 views

Installing applications with different user accounts on linux

I have basic question about installing applications on Linux operating system, using the Oracle database as an example. When installing the Oracle database package, I created a user called ora112, a ...
-2
votes
1answer
978 views

Linux tools to choose suitable Cisco ASA 5500

I have a linux webhosting server which affects a high DDOS. I want to use Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security Appliances to protect the linux server from this DDOS. I know there are many factors ...
15
votes
5answers
2k views

Can a .sh file be malware?

Can a .sh file be a virus or something harmful? Is it like .exe files on Windows? If yes, can someone read this script and tell me if it safe and is it effect any how on GnuPG security? It gives me an ...
14
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3answers
5k views

Using TPM with DMcrypt?

Is it possible to use TPM for storage of some private key? It's not a full-disk encryption , I want it to be compatible with existing LUKS, just add another key, and store it in the TPM.
4
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1answer
1k views

Can auditd track events that occured over NFS

I have multiple servers mounting a NFS shared called /opt/WHATEVER from Server X. Server X has auditd enables with rule: sudo /sbin/auditctl -w /opt/WHATEVER -p rwxa When events occur on Server X ...
-4
votes
2answers
167 views

how to protect a personal computer? [closed]

I am Linux user with no knowledge on security , up to now i dont know that is my system was in attack or not . I havent felt anything wrong with my system . but every Computer user must have some ...
2
votes
1answer
9k views

How to use http-get-form in THC-Hydra?

I've been messing with Hydra (Brute Force) to solve the "Damn Vulnerable Web App" brute force section but the problem is when I use http-get-form it said: Warning: child 1 seems to have died, ...
6
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1answer
510 views

Testing a chroot environment for privilege escalation vulnerabilities

I'm looking for holes in my current implementation of a chroot jail that I have implemented for a group of users. Is there anything I can do better here? I utilized the following packages: RHEL6 ...
3
votes
2answers
286 views

How likely is an infection with an outdated skype on linux? [closed]

Today I found an article about a skype hotfix and noticed that the repo I use on my linux notebook: deb http://download.skype.com/linux/repos/debian/ stable non-free Doesn't have the new version, ...
4
votes
3answers
359 views

What would the cryptographic impact be of knowing the output of /dev/urandom?

Another noob question, I know, but something I'm unsure about. If I somehow magically knew the output of /dev/urandom at any given time, how much would that weaken a given encryption system? Or, ...
4
votes
1answer
266 views

Are we under hacker control?

We have a Web Server that mount Centos. Onto that WS there is an Apache (version 2.2.3) and some sites. You can log on only if you have a certificate (for root user) or via ftp (a restricted ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

Security Concerns with X11 Forwarding

What are some of the security concerns and reasons either for or against allowing X11 Forwarding. I have generally taken an approach of not allowing it under the blanket guise of security. Recently, ...
1
vote
3answers
648 views

Danger of Path Traversal Attacks

I have setup a test application in Linux. I havent checked for paths in it, so if user enter /etc/passwd , then that file gets displayed to him. However, I want to understand what more can be done if ...
12
votes
4answers
846 views

What would happen if one of the popular Linux repositories is hacked?

Even though most people consider downloading your Linux software from you own distribution's repositories as safe, thinking about the scenario where a repository gets hacked sounds thrilling. What ...
4
votes
1answer
7k views

what does it mean to be setuid root?

I am reading Tanenbaum's Modern Operating Systems 3e. He says "Suppose that the program being attacked [with malicious code] is SETUID root in UNIX (or has Administrator power in Windows). The ...
15
votes
3answers
694 views

If I have two identical linux virtual machine images, will they generate identical random numbers?

A really noob question, I know, but something I was wondering about this morning. If this were the case, would they encrypt things identically? Or maybe someone could direct me to a helpful research ...
10
votes
4answers
14k views

What do I need to configure, to make sure my software uses /dev/urandom?

When setting up a server, what configuration changes do I need to make sure that all of the software uses /dev/urandom instead of /dev/random? Some servers don't have much entropy in the entropy pool ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Pseudo Random Generator is not initialized from the (entropy pool)?

The RHEL5 manuals state that /dev/urandom will use the entropy pool until it's exhausted, and then it will resort to a fall-back pseudo-random algorithm, so that it will never block. But when ...
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vote
4answers
17k views

Netcat IP Spoofing

I am connecting to a server nc -v 192.168.0.1 1111 But I want to do IP spoofing because the server on 192.168.0.1 only accepting commands from 7.7.7.7. We are two friends, I am 192.168.1.1, and my ...
0
votes
1answer
541 views

Sending Commands using Hping3

I want to send my command to destination server. I am using hping3. And; hping3 -p 9999(running daemon and commands executing on this server) -S 127.0.0.1 I want to send my command. How to?
21
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5answers
4k views

environment variable accessibility in Linux

Perhaps this is a trivial question, but how accessible are environment variables in Linux between different users? e.g. if Alice executes export FAVORITE_FOOD=`cat /home/alice/fav_food.txt` Can ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

discover virus or spyware under Linux

I suspect to be the target of very skilled hackers. 5 or 6 years ago I found spyware on my Linux webserver, it was lkm masked as ppp_deflate module with md5 hash hijacked. I mean with the same md5 ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

NSA RHEL5 Checklist

The NSA has came up with the "Guide to the Secure Conguration of Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5" (http://www.nsa.gov/ia/_files/os/redhat/NSA_RHEL_5_GUIDE_v4.2.pdf) I have read through this guide and it is ...
2
votes
2answers
936 views

Allow apache to write to users' .ssh dir's

I know the title is just baiting the "your setup is insecure", but allow me to explain. I'm working on an application which aims to allow clients to rsync over SSH to our server. We need a web ...
0
votes
1answer
259 views

Looking for virus under Linux [closed]

if I am looking for a virus/spyware under linux, where should I have to look for to find it ? I suspect to be the target of very skilled hackers. 5 or 6 years ago I found a spyware on my linux box, ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Network abnormally slow during night hours

My network recently the last week as become abnormally slow around 11 pm. Very slow buffering youtube videos during all hours. Ive recently purchased the new router about two months ago but not ...
3
votes
3answers
4k views

Besides OpenVas and Nessus, what are my other options for vulnerability detection?

I know of Nessus (which is $1300 for a pro feed) and OpenVAS (which I don't like). I use Linux so do I have any other options for vulnerability detection?
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votes
7answers
8k views

Physical computer security, how to disable USB ports when the computer is 'locked'?

Lets say my PC & server is in an environment where a theoretical attacker has physical access to the machine while I'm not there. Now the data is encrypted on the hard drive with TrueCrypt. ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the best IT auditing guidelines for Red Hat Linux 5.x+, including the critical data protection?

Currently, I am a junior application consultant and we are maintaining huge amounts of redhat machines as servers. I am given the chance and liberty by my boss (unbelieveable!) to go do my own ...
1
vote
0answers
338 views

Any suggestion for a good readerless smart card (security token) solution? [closed]

I'm developing a small CRM application that will have to store some sensitive data and I would like to (optionally) supply my users with the possibility to use a readerless smart card (aka "security ...
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votes
3answers
6k views

Which tool (apart from nmap) can I use to scan a range of IPv6 addresses? [closed]

When I try to use nmap: # nmap -sP -6 FE80::1-234 [...] Failed to resolve given IPv6 hostname/IP: FE80::1-234. Note that you can't use '/mask' or '[1-4,7,100-]' style ranges for IPv6.[...] What ...
2
votes
2answers
752 views

vulnerable getlogin

I was reading "A taxonomy of Coding Errors" and I have a doubt regarding the point mentioned in C/C++ >> API Abuse >> Often Misused: Authentication(getlogin). I fail to understand the attack vector ...
2
votes
2answers
872 views

up2date tools for security audit linux / centos

I'm setting up a new CentOS 6 server and am looking into some security audit tools to validate my configuration and to point out weak spots in the server. There are a lot of non up2date tools out ...
12
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2answers
5k views

Available Resources for Securing RHEL 6

Some in our infrastructure group want to upgrade to start taking advantage of the new features in RHEL 6. In the past, I have relied on the NSA Guide to secure RHEL 5 and CentOS 5 installations. I ...
4
votes
2answers
292 views

Securing data on laptop's hdd

I was wondering which is the best way to secure/encrypt data in the hard disk on a laptop that runs Ubuntu Oneiric? Setting LVM encryption? I am mostly concerned about having my laptop lost or what ...
1
vote
0answers
286 views

Unauthorised Perl Scripts [closed]

One of my servers just had the memory exhausted by a load of Perl scripts, we use plesk and they seem to have appeared under the /var/www/vhosts/domainexample.com/cgi-bin/ directory, I managed to stop ...
7
votes
2answers
377 views

In Linux, when I consider trusting a new software source, what do I need to evaluate?

When I'm using the Linux software PackageKit, I get confused about what specific items of information I will need in order to decide whether to authorize software installation from a new software ...
8
votes
3answers
708 views

How to gain a shell?

I'm doing an exercise (exploit-exercises.com) that requires me to gain access to a shell running as another user. My question is this: I can create application that is guaranteed to be run by the ...
11
votes
6answers
11k views

Good file encryption tools [closed]

Could you please help me find a good file encryption tool? The target OS is Linux, but tools for Windows are welcome, too. FOSS tools are preferred. The tool must be reliable both for the recovery of ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Installing Development Tools on Production Server? Security Risk?

I am using an Amazon Linux EC2 instance as a web server. My web app uses ImageMagick. Because the Amazon Linux (CentOS) repository doesn't include an up-to-date version of ImageMagick, I am compiling ...
9
votes
5answers
3k views

How can I remotely wipe the contents of a Linux Laptop if its been stolen?

I am currently investigating using Linux Laptops for my development team. We currently run Windows. The one advantage that keeps coming up for Windows over Linux from a system administration / ...
4
votes
3answers
641 views

Security for home server, wiki

I recently set up my own home server, running Ubuntu linux. The intent I'm having for this is to have a private wiki for my family, so we can have a place to collect information like phone numbers, ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I figure out how malware infected my server, and the subsequent sites on the server?

I recently was in charge of fixing our server at work, and cleaning the sites on it. We were infected with some malware that injected some code into some of our clients websites. Apparently, there was ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Writing a sample virus (not harmful)

I don't know if such a question is allowed on this site, sorry if it's not For educational purposes I am asked to write a small virus running on Linux, which should just be able to inject itself into ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Effects of DDoS attacks on memory use under Linux

Can someone whose Linux system is under DDoS attacks give me exact data on the effects of the Low Orbit Ion Cannon (LOIC), the High Orbit Ion Cannon (HOIC), Slowloris, PyLoris, Hping etc. on memory ...