Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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5
votes
1answer
105 views

Is a Linux environment PCI compliant if the swap file is not encrypted and PANs are loaded into RAM?

Is a Linux environment PCI compliant if the swap partition/file is not encrypted and PANs are loaded into RAM by an application?
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Can a malicious user do any harm using /dev/kvm?

I'd like to know if giving access to Intel version of /dev/kvm on Linux to a user that just wants to spawn VMs gives him any extra privileges. That is, are her VMs subject to process scheduling just ...
3
votes
4answers
613 views

does switching to linux remove existing computer virus

if you change from a malware/spyware infected windows setup to a linux setup will infections migrate to linux if they were on the computer? (when you are hacked/infected is it the op system that is ...
0
votes
3answers
212 views

VPS Privacy: OpenVZ vs KVM vs Xen

Considering OpenVZ, KVM and Xen: Which VM technology is the most difficult for the host's administrators to access given an encrypted root partition? Can I have a reasonable expectation that rogue ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

How exactly does this Flash malware function on Ubuntu?

In this video, an experienced Ubuntu user manages to infect his system with some sort of malware. This is the first example I've ever seen of truly successful malware in the wild aside from privilege ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Ubuntu 12.04 server attacked using Wordpress vulnerability (plugin?) [duplicate]

Env Rackspace cloud server Wordpress 3.9.1 Ubuntu 12.04 Linux web.mydomain.com 3.2.0-67-virtual #101-Ubuntu SMP Tue Jul 15 17:58:37 UTC 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux History These may ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Can Windows malware harm a Linux computer when it's executed with Wine?

I am an (Ubuntu) Linux user. Sometimes, I have to use Wine for running Windows executables. I would like to know if Windows malware (virus, trojan, worm,...), i.e. malware that was not intended to ...
-1
votes
3answers
129 views

Help me catch someone red handed on our server.

I first tried to log in this morning and our password was changed on our ubuntu server. I contacted our server support and they told me that I had just been fat fingering the password. I thought it ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Running an Open Server (contents are visible)

I'm considering the possibility of running an Open Server, as I would call it, that is, a server where as much of its contents are publicly visible as possible. I would like to give read access to ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What Linux software can I use to explore entropy of a file?

I've heard of tools that could be used to graph entropy of a file. Is there a graphical Linux program that I could use for this job that would let me conveniently explore which blocks of a file have ...
2
votes
3answers
126 views

Is there any way to block LD_PRELOAD and LD_LIBRARY_PATH on Linux?

Preferably with a vanilla Linux kernel i.e. not using SELinux or GrSecurity? Lately there has been a case of in-the-wild UNIX server malware: ...
2
votes
1answer
340 views

Is it safe to disable connection tracking in iptables?

While reading about NOTRACK target of raw table in iptables, I encountered an article suggesting that for certain traffic you could (or even should) disable connection tracking. The two examples were: ...
1
vote
2answers
101 views

the dangers of internet forums - what is FUD, what is not

I just visited a forum and a member knew what OS I was running without me saying anything (a not TOO common distro of linux). Now I'm not sure how he exactly he might have done it, or what information ...
26
votes
4answers
3k views

Should I get an antivirus for Ubuntu?

Considering the recent thread regarding anti-virus for the Mac I wonder how many of the arguments put forth are relevant today to Linux systems, specifically Ubuntu. There are no known Ubuntu ...
16
votes
6answers
3k views

How can I protect my computer from my potentially malicious colleagues?

So, I work in this small company (10 people) where we do stuff in programming, for various platforms. I started recently working there (2 months) right after I graduated. My work is not exactly ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

How to hide or obfuscate the type of OS?

I get the OS type of a remote host by: connecting to an open port (telnet <host> 22); using Nmap (nmap -A <host>). What are techniques and how to hide or change the information about ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

In return to libc how do you know the address of system() in a remote machine?

I have the following scienarion: a vulnerable program running in a server and can be accessed using netcat I have a copy of that program locally and I can exploit it locally using ROP: ./vuln ...
2
votes
2answers
119 views

PHP shellcode inside /tmp. Is the server compromised?

I have a Debian 7 VPS that runs Nginx, PHP5-FPM and MariaDB. This server runs a couple of WordPress installations, phpMyAdmin and Roundcube Webmail. One is my personal blog running WP 3.9.1 and ...
0
votes
4answers
73 views

Can a virus on the host affect the VM guest [duplicate]

let me explain my problem. The wifi on my macbook suddenly stopped working so tried to use my usb wifi adapter on a linux VM. But the funny thing is that nothing works on the guest vm either... Well ...
1
vote
2answers
132 views

Storing SSH private keys on an Android device

(I'm not sure if this better belongs on unix.se or android.se, but since it's primarily security-related, I'm asking it here) I use my Android device to access servers for quick on-the-go ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

How do I customize /proc permissions?

So that: Only process owners, and root, can access information about their processes, Or, at the very least, cmdline permissions are only readable by root, and My system (CentOS 6.x) still runs ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What are the most common files to check with File integrity monitoring software?

I have a file integrity monitoring suite and in it I have to select specific files and folders for it to monitor. There are some obvious services that I want monitored like our web-server. Is there a ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Store a file on a harddisk without root having access to it

Is there a way to store a file on a disk as a user so that even the root user has no access to it? I tried EncFS but that is no solution because the root user can switch to every user, so he/she can ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

How should privileged accounts be secured in both Linux and Windows?

I have recently started work in application security at a mid-sized firm, having transitioned away from 5+ years in security consulting (pentesting, etc). One of the biggest challenges I see here from ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

environment variable accessibility in Linux

Perhaps this is a trivial question, but how accessible are environment variables in Linux between different users? e.g. if Alice executes export FAVORITE_FOOD=`cat /home/alice/fav_food.txt` Can ...
0
votes
2answers
173 views

Clarifying MITM attacks and Digital Certificate requirement

We are running a Portal application for our client with Payment Gateway integrated. Payment gateway uses SSL as it is suppose to be . The concern for me is that our Portal application does not use ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

benefits of xinetd for a web server

What are the pros and cons of using xinetd for a web server running on a VPS. Assume the following measures have already been taken to secure the system: system hardening, latest updates, minimal ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

How can we know which debian package correct which CVE

We can found on the debian's website CPE/Aliases List, CVE List related to packages. But I can't figure out where can we know which patch of packages correct which vulnerabilities ? For instance : ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

You've just acquired a newly created CentOS server, what should you do to secure it?

I've just acquired a new CentOS server, which will be hosting a Ruby on rails application, it is public facing. What should I do to secure this server?
-2
votes
1answer
72 views

Proccess to exploit an OS vulnerability [closed]

What are the steps to use an exploit on an OS vulnerability? I tried the popular ms08-067 on an XP machine, following a guide found on the internet, discovering Metasploit etc., but I can't figure ...
16
votes
7answers
1k views

Defence Against Keyboard Keylogger

I am wondering whether there is a way to defend against USB Keyboard Keylogger (obviously other than physically checking the keyboard every time after leaving my computer unattended). These days, ...
5
votes
3answers
392 views

How to sandbox Iceweasel (Firefox) on Debian? [closed]

Are there any tools for sandboxing Iceweasel (Firefox) on Debian systems? I'm mostly interested in tools distributed by Debian. (An equally trustworthy source would be second best.) (I suppose that ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

What's there to harden for a home Unix-box behind Comcast cable modem?

I'm learning that much of the security advice I come across under the "hardening" heading simply does not apply to a single-user home desktop box sitting in a private wireless IPv4 LAN behind a ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

I've found security vulnerability in current linux distribution. What next?

I've installed ubuntu server 12.04 on VM two weeks ago. I've created regular snapshots. XXX time ago I've noticed unusual activity and I've found that a backdoor was installed into my server. One of ...
47
votes
7answers
5k views

Can “cat-ing” a file be a potential security risk?

I often use cat on the console to view the contents of files, and every now and then I accidentally cat a binary file which basically produces gibberish and system beeps. However today I've ...
3
votes
3answers
125 views

Protect partition from formatting

How can i protect my Linux and Windows partitions from being wiped,from a windows installation CD,with password?
2
votes
2answers
32 views

Is there a website or other resource that lists operating systems/platforms and the included root certificates?

I need to choose a certification authority (CA), to get a certificate, but I noticed that there are several of these only present in some operating systems/platforms like windows. I need to choose one ...
1
vote
2answers
117 views

Open Source OS - code you see vs code you get

In this question I will use the example of Linux OS, but I am also interested in general situation. Linux OS distributions are famous for being open source and thus rather secure. But how can you be ...
2
votes
3answers
98 views

How to setup a dedicated home machine (Linux) for secure transactions?

I would like to set up a computer at home (preferably running Debian, or some other flavor of Linux) to be used only for secure financial transactions. The idea is that, by strictly limiting what is ...
3
votes
2answers
171 views

How do shared hosts protect different sites?

I host all my websites from a single VPN, and am about to sell some limited space of my Linode to a friend to host their new blog. It'll simply be another entry in Apache, and then a dedicated folder ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

How secure is NOPASSWD in passwordless sudo mode?

On all our boxes we have ssh access via keys. All keys are password protected. At this moment the sudo mode is not passwordless. Because the number of VMs are growing in our setup, we investigate the ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Encrypt-function inside PHP code that you have to publish

If you write a PHP application, where you have to deliver the compiled code to the customer, how could you include a functionality to send encrypted data from that application to others, and include ...
1
vote
3answers
594 views

What is the most secure way to set up web server user permissions? [closed]

The default Debian way of setting up a common web server (Nginx) is to run the main process as root and unprivileged workers as www-data. In order to allow for the worker processes to read/execute web ...
1
vote
0answers
483 views

GnuTLS ServerHello exploit (CVE-2014-3466) - how to verify?

So pretty much all of the GNUTLS world is worrying about CVE-2014-3466. I checked my Kali and it responds with this - # apt-cache rdepends libgnutls26 | grep -v lib Reverse Depends: ...
3
votes
4answers
209 views

Find out what Linux software is trying to phone home

I have seen some suspicious outbound communications blocked on my VPS, which hosts a small experimental Web site, and want to find out which application is making the attempt. The server is running ...
72
votes
3answers
10k views

Is a rand from /dev/urandom secure for a login key?

Lets say I want to create a cookie for a user. Would simply generating a 1024 bit string by using /dev/urandom, and checking if it already exists (looping until I get a unique one) suffice? Or should ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Encryption in Linux: covenience and security [closed]

I was using TrueCrypt until recently, until one of two options has happened: either it was discontinued or its web-site truecrypt.org was hacked. Any option implies that I don't trust it anymore. So ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

My server has been brute forced what now? [duplicate]

I have installed a raspberry pi for fun at home. I opened the port 22 and this morning I was concerned about someone brute forcing my server. I ran this query : cd /var/log;zgrep ssh auth*|grep ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

How to secure an embedded linux image

I'm building an image with openwrt sdk and i want to secure my image (by encrypting filesystem for example).. How can i do that to prevent anyone from seeing my sscripts or programs running ?
13
votes
5answers
1k views

Hackable linux distributions

A few years ago we had that awesome Linux distribution called Damn Vulnerable Linux. But unfortunately it looks like the project is dead. So my question is are there other Linux distributions which ...