Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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Using linux to combat windows flash drive malware?

I just put an old flash drive which i used with a windows machine into my linux. I noticed many files, mostly exes which were never visible in windows (my windows does not hide hidden files and ...
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4answers
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What do I need to configure, to make sure my software uses /dev/urandom?

When setting up a server, what configuration changes do I need to make sure that all of the software uses /dev/urandom instead of /dev/random? Some servers don't have much entropy in the entropy pool ...
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5answers
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Browsing on a USB OS (Linux) safe from malware?

Let's say I have a computer. It's a personal computer - the one you'd typically find in homes. In this scenario, it's running Windows XP SP3, although it could run 7, Vista, etc. I have a USB drive ...
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4answers
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Monitoring system calls (in a reliable and secure way)

It there a reliable method of “monitoring” system calls under Linux? There is strace for example to monitor system calls and signals. Is there a way for a process to dodge out of strace? If yes, is ...
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Security tradeoffs of pathname-based MAC (e.g., TOMOYO, grsecurity, AppArmor, …)

I have been learning about MAC (Mandatory Access Control) systems in Linux. Often, but not always, these are tied to Linux Security Modules. Some systems I've looked at: SELinux, Tomoyo, AppArmor, ...
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Ubuntu LVM Encryption

I recently installed Kubuntu and I noticed the option for having an encrypted LVM. The behavior suggests it's full disk encryption since I need to put in a password before I can boot. This article and ...
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Fastest way to “lockdown” CentOS and have network intrusion detection, firewall, etc up and running?

Are there any proven concepts or "installers" to get up and running based on the best practices securing and locking down a CentOS installation? I'm hoping for an automated tool that would scan the ...
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Is there any Linux distro or kernel patch that wipes a process memory space after the process exits?

An application runs on an embedded battery-powered PC, accessible to some restricted public, that stores secrets in RAM. To prevent cold boot attacks and that the PC is stolen to extract its secrets, ...
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Linux or Windows- the security issue [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Open Source vs Closed Source Systems Almost anyone who has grown up on Windows must have had the notion (that I had) of Linux being more secure than Windows- one of ...
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What features do you look for in an Enterprise Log Management solution?

This question is for IT Pros, and people who manage a company's infrastructure. Developers should see this related answer for tools geared for them. What are your requirements for such a Event Log ...
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Filling the disk with random data prior to encryption?

Filling the disk with random data prior to encrypting it will supposedly make it harder for the attacker to perform any cryptanalysis. Most sources seem to state this is because it will be harder for ...
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How to detect Meterpreter and similar malware?

Is it possible to find Meterpreter or similar malware which doesn't modify the hard disk but is only stored in RAM? Most common anti-rootkit software like rkhunter and chkrootkit don't find it.
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How to gain a shell?

I'm doing an exercise (exploit-exercises.com) that requires me to gain access to a shell running as another user. My question is this: I can create application that is guaranteed to be run by the ...
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1answer
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Has Linux Mint updated the OpenSSL library for LMDE (Heartbleed bug)? [closed]

Background I am using Linux Mint for one of my servers and have been trying to find out if the Linux Mint Debian Edition(LMDE) has updated their repositories with patches for the OpenSSL bug. I ...
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DNS spoofing of linux distribution repositories

Question(s) Is it possible to "redirect" linux-update-repos via DNS spoofing (e.g. DNS cache poisoning) to a malicious website, so that harmful software (updates) will be installed, when running the ...
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2answers
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List all files with only arbitrary file path read, but no directory listing nor sudo

I have found a path traversal vulnerability that allows me to read any path on the server that does not require sudo. To fully exploit this, I would like to know which files exist in each directory ...
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Breaking out of a strict linux sandbox running virtually under windows: do the linux-sandbox access control policies even matter?

I am developing an application which will run untrusted code. I have been designing it for linux, thinking that I can just run it in a virtual machine on windows when the need arises. The linux ...
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In Linux, when I consider trusting a new software source, what do I need to evaluate?

When I'm using the Linux software PackageKit, I get confused about what specific items of information I will need in order to decide whether to authorize software installation from a new software ...
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What output can a program, when executed from a command line, output to generate behavior that is a vulnerability on the terminal emulator?

Reading this post, titled "Fixing Unix/Linux/POSIX filenames", I came across a VERY interesting phrase by the author, which says: Oh, and don’t display filenames. Filenames could contain control ...
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1answer
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Bootstrapping an EC2 Spot Instance

I'm considering using EC2 Spot Instances in an automated fashion (ie create a script that will request EC2 Spot Instances that will run unattended). For this specific use case, I'm happy to lock down ...
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2answers
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Hacked Ubuntu server, probably hacked commands (netstat, ps, …), how to replace them? [duplicate]

An Ubuntu server of my company has been hacked to carry out a DoS attack. I found the shellshock bug had not been fixed by my colleagues, and I think it's the problem. Then, I found an ELF file that ...
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Server compromised for 2nd time, cannot locate source of attack

I need some help tracing a vulnerability on my server. For the second time, my server has been compromised with files being replaced with virus-ridden downloads. According to the filesystem dates, ...
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7answers
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Physical computer security, how to disable USB ports when the computer is 'locked'?

Lets say my PC & server is in an environment where a theoretical attacker has physical access to the machine while I'm not there. Now the data is encrypted on the hard drive with TrueCrypt. ...
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4answers
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Would running VMs inside of VMs be a more secure way to study viruses, etc?

I was reading this post on SuperUser, and it made me wonder about security. I've read somewhere else that some viruses/malware/whatever CAN break outside of a VM... and then infect the host OS. BUT, ...
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Security of different OS

At my work we are given a computer to set up at home so if we ever feel like working from home we can do so. The thing is that whenever it comes to developing for java I always prefer using windows or ...
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Appropriate defense for 404s in my logs - persistent web scans from one region

This seems to be a fairly easy question to figure out, but I wanted to make sure. I've got about a thousand entries on one of my web servers with phpmyadmin in the connection criterion, but as I ...
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What key does Linux use when storing user passwords?

Linux typically stores user names and password hashes in /etc/passwd or /etc/shadow. Now lets say I have an old CentOS distro and I want to attempt to recover a user's password (it's in a legal, ...
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2answers
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Is privilege escalation possible when shell is under www user?

So, suppose that someone obtained a shell of a remote machine (of course via Internet). But the (linux) shell is under www user. Would there be any way of trying privilege escalation?
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buffer overflow attack scripts

I saw various different scripts for a buffer overflow attack. Many of the scripts include lines that look like this: char code[] = "\xdb\xd7\xd9\x74\x24\xf4\xb8\x79\xc4\x64\xb7\x33\xc9\xb1\x38" ...
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4answers
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Security of the KWallet password encrypting application?

According to http://gaganpreet.in/blog/2013/07/24/kwallet-security-analysis/ , the KWallet password management system is quite weak, it uses key splitting, Blowfish 56, and no salt. The key ...
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Can i compare linux user permissions without root access?

I've compromised two Linux user accounts on a RHEL machine (neither of which have root permissions) and I want to determine which account is more 'useful' to me in terms of access and privileges. Is ...
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1answer
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loop-aes or dm-crypt for linux hard encryption?

loop-aes and dm-crypt are both used by partman-crypto for linux hard encryption, but dm-crypt needs no patch to kernel and is more supported. dm-crypt keeps it's key on first hard block, is it a ...
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How often is ASLR randomness refreshed, in Linux?

Most Linux distributions now use ASLR for many programs, to randomize the layout of memory. How often is the randomness used for this changed? If I re-run the same program multiple times, will it ...
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Best way to allow sudo access when using ssh keys

Probably a simple question, but I can't seem to find any actual best practices out there. I manage a handful of servers and I am really getting sick of tracking my passwords in pwsafe. I've been ...
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1answer
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Using TPM for full disc encryption?

E.g.: Can I make a better full disc encryption with e.g.: LUKS using the TPM? How?
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Where can I “hide” easter eggs for students learning about Linux security?

I feel like this isn't the best place to ask this (since there's no single right answer), but I can't think of a better place. If you have a better recommendation, could you please recommend it and I ...
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How a malware executes remote payload

Let's assume a malware was installed (on a UNIX-based platform) with some social engineering tricks. The original installed code itself may be benign, but the only malicious activity is that the ...
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Issues with preserving $HOME on sudo

On Ubuntu, the default behavior with sudo is to preserve the user's $HOME environment variable, which means that sudo will be able to read the dot files in the user's home directory. I enjoy this ...
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1answer
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Benefits to BlackArch over Kali

Besides BlackArch having a cooler name and the whole Ubuntu vs. Arch Linux thing, what are the relative benefits of BlackArch over Kali? Are the tools broadly the same, or does one have better ...
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Process authentication for Linux

Is there any possibility to authenticate a running process in Linux to be sure that this is the original/right one? I know that an Linux operating system is only that secure like the way you use it. ...
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3answers
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How to sandbox Iceweasel (Firefox) on Debian? [closed]

Are there any tools for sandboxing Iceweasel (Firefox) on Debian systems? I'm mostly interested in tools distributed by Debian. (An equally trustworthy source would be second best.) (I suppose that ...
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3answers
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Is it better to use a root password, or use 'sudo bash'?

When I am doing a lot of sudo operations, I like to spawn a bash shell from sudo to make the operations go quicker. I am against assigning a root password because I do not like the root account ...
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software to keep a list of IP that try to access ssh over a set of rules and feasibility

i'm interested in software or set of scripts to keep a lists of filtered IP that attempt to brute-force ssh, and to label an IP as brute-forcing i would add some checks like: one attempt to log as ...
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3answers
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What are the risks of making ether-wake available to all users?

The Linux ether-wake utility, which creates a magic packet to wake on lan another machine, requires root access: $ether-wake 12:34:56:78:9A:BC ether-wake: This program must be run as root. To give ...
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3answers
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Making passwd/shadow files more secure

The passwd/shadow files in a unix-like OS contain sensitive info such as a user's password. In addition those files aren't necessarily secured: with a live CD we can access those files on the hard ...
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How to use VNC with SSH tunnel - “is this howto secure”?

PC-A: the local machine, from where i want to see the remote machine [Fedora] PC-B: the remote machine, where the vnc server will be [Ubuntu] install a vnc client [from where you want to connect] on ...
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HOWTO : Email encryption in a browser

I have read about encryption and I think it's a good idea for me to encrypt my email. I run ubuntu 12.10 and use Firefox for browsing. In my quest for learning how to use gmail/hotmail to send and ...
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Preventing Attacks Scanning for PHPMyAdmin etc

I have a Linux web server running Rails and each time I check the Nginx logs I find attempts to access PHPMyAdmin, database and admin directories such as this: 190.196.161.110 - - ...
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What are the security considerations for setting up a basic security testing environment?

I only have 2 spare machines and both are very old, but I really want to set up an environment so that I can start practicing security. One of these machines has a Pentium 4 processor and 512 MB RAM; ...
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Using 'sudo vim' to spawn a shell

I've recently read here an answer from a user about the way he hacked a server in a CTF contest. At some point in the description, he said that he did sudo vim and then spawned a shell via VIM using ...