Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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2answers
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Danger in opening spam emails on Ubuntu operating system [closed]

Some emails are suspected to be viruses; Because of that, the email service store categorizes them as spam. Or some pages are suspected to be viruses, and new browsers classify them as harmful pages. ...
0
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1answer
106 views

What risk does EC2/Ubuntu User-Data pose

The cloud-init Ubuntu package accepts something called user-data to configure a machine in the cloud (eg EC2 on AWS). I think AWS also use this for their Amazon Machine Image. My question is. What ...
6
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2answers
415 views

buffer overflow attack scripts

I saw various different scripts for a buffer overflow attack. Many of the scripts include lines that look like this: char code[] = "\xdb\xd7\xd9\x74\x24\xf4\xb8\x79\xc4\x64\xb7\x33\xc9\xb1\x38" ...
4
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0answers
122 views

Bootstrapping an EC2 Spot Instance

I'm considering using EC2 Spot Instances in an automated fashion (ie create a script that will request EC2 Spot Instances that will run unattended). For this specific use case, I'm happy to lock down ...
3
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1answer
121 views

SNMPv2 and Community Security

When working with servers on the internet and doing monitoring is there any dangers using SNMPv2? I am working with observium and have the following: /etc/snmpd.conf com2sec readonly default ...
2
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4answers
151 views

Protecting IP on a remote server

Apologies in advance if this question is a bit vague. I just joined a stock trading group. A guy set up a server for me, and it's racked in their building. I ssh into it, and run my algo remotely ...
3
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2answers
581 views

possible exploits through avahi daemon

It is always recommended to disable Avahi daemon, for security reasons, when not in use. So, by what ways it is possible to exploit a system which has avahi daemon service running? And how can we ...
5
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2answers
4k views

Ubuntu LVM Encryption

I recently installed Kubuntu and I noticed the option for having an encrypted LVM. The behavior suggests it's full disk encryption since I need to put in a password before I can boot. This article and ...
3
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1answer
766 views

How to remove ssh rootkits? [duplicate]

I checked my linux server with rkhunter, I got following warning messages, ... [00:35:35] Found file '/usr/include/gpm2.h'. Possible rootkit: Trojaned SSH daemon [00:35:35] ...
0
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1answer
573 views

How do I generate a blowfish password hash in Ubuntu?

What's the command line to generate a blowfish password hash? I can't seem to figure this out at all. Apache's htpasswd only supports bcrypt, and openssl passwd doesn't even do blowfish hahes (but it ...
25
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6answers
2k views

Most secure way to partition linux?

I recently acquired a netbook to play with, and I want to install Kali Linux so I can start learning about network security and exploit development. I want to use this to learn as much about security ...
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votes
4answers
478 views

How can I use linux and disguise myself as a windows computer over a LAN? [closed]

My computer is currently running windows XP on a LAN Network. I'd like to use linux but I want to hide myself. I don't want to be the only linux system on a network full of windows XP computers. Is ...
1
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1answer
237 views

Small encrypted network setup [closed]

Several partners and I have just started a small business and we would like to employ a good secure setup from day one. This is a problem however as there are many piecemeal packages, and I am stuck ...
2
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2answers
514 views

Linux Memory Protection from buffer overflow

I am practicing Linux buffer overflow exploitation. when trying to exploit a vulnerability in crossfire, everything works well and I get the shellcode placed in the right place, and the program flow ...
1
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2answers
503 views

Centralize Linux System Management

We currently maintain several linux servers and are looking to employ sub contractors. However, we wan't to keep tabs on who does what on each server. Other then creating sudo accounts on every ...
-1
votes
1answer
366 views

mprotect at kernel level

What would happen if a kernel-level process sets some of its memory pages as PROT_NONE with mprotect and another kernel-level process tries to read one of these protected pages? What is the ...
2
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3answers
314 views

Encrypting Backups on Linux

I'm working on an automated backup solution to protect my files on my Linux servers. However, I'm not sure about how to securely encrypt the resulting archives. I am using 64bit linux, and I am ...
2
votes
2answers
696 views

How to protect Linux partition from access from Windows partition?

In a dual-boot environment (windows? and linux mint 15) What would be best best way to prevent access to the linux partition(s) when the system is booted into windows 7? The goal would be to ...
1
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5answers
1k views

Encrypt-function inside PHP code that you have to publish

If you write a PHP application, where you have to deliver the compiled code to the customer, how could you include a functionality to send encrypted data from that application to others, and include ...
2
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2answers
445 views

Mixing stateless and stateful firewall rules

I have been advised that mixing firewall rules that are both stateful and stateless can lead to trouble when it comes to troubleshooting. Is there any truth in this? Take the following two rule sets ...
4
votes
1answer
592 views

Are Linux vendor-supplied security updates enough for PCI Compliance?

I have several systems that require PCI compliance, all of them are running CentOS 6.4 with all security updates applied daily. However, PCI compliance scanning will often reject detected versions of ...
3
votes
3answers
262 views

Best security practices for software development and release?

I am trying to figure out a way to limit access and also to establish processes to avoid any and all of my team members to compromise our entire production system. We have a team of 10 developers, 1 ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

DBus proxy Javascript binding issues

Recent Gnome-3 (under GNU/Linux, BSD or other Un*x) offer a gnome shell with nice presentation, but where the configuration and theming are to be done via Internet Browser (and a public URL, on a ...
1
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1answer
316 views

Files to monitor in linux

All, I have been googling around for different guides on what files to monitor that people would edit for malicious intent. In my readings so far, i have found the common files people edit. so far i ...
3
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2answers
725 views

What are the implications of including binary blobs in the Linux kernel?

According to this there are compelling reasons for caution when installing obfuscated binaries. Knowing this, how can running binary blobs as a part of the Linux kernel be acceptable from a security ...
2
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3answers
495 views

does switching to linux remove existing computer virus

if you change from a malware/spyware infected windows setup to a linux setup will infections migrate to linux if they were on the computer? (when you are hacked/infected is it the op system that is ...
2
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1answer
209 views

How are IaaS Virtual Machines Isolated?

I am currently examining Hypervisor firewalls for my graduate thesis, but I unfortunately don't have a lot of experience with IaaS environments. How are IaaS Virtual Machines network isolated from ...
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2answers
1k views

Is user password in ubuntu 13.04 in plain text?

Is it stored in plain text or not? Where can I find the file that contains the username and password for my accounts in Ubuntu 13.04?
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2answers
163 views

my websites got infected with a malware i cannot get any info on [closed]

we have a server, on which we host about 30 sites. these are test sites for our customers. most of them are not even indexed by google. some run on php, some on nodejs, some on ruby. all of them that ...
2
votes
2answers
251 views

Can unencrypted keys & logins be kept out of program memory?

No matter what technique is used to store encryption keys & logins, it seems that all roads lead back to program memory (as far as I know), as an unencrypted version of the keys & logins will ...
5
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3answers
323 views

How I can prove that SSH attacks are not from my application?

My ruby on rails web application is hosted on Linode. Linode opened a ticket and blamed my Linode server for attacking other servers. The logs revealed that it's a SSH brute force attack which ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Can linux (be made to) detect foreign connections to the ram bus?

I've been made aware on many answers and some comments that an attacker can read memory while a system is still running by attaching some sort of connection directly to the ram bus. Can linux ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Decrypt from cipher text encrypted using RSA

I am sniffing a client side application traffic and I found some encrypted data. I am not able to decrypt it. Information which I have is Public Key: ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

What about AD2P vulnerability?

My goal is to create a simple one-way intercom using B Speech TX2 and B Speech RX2, an Audio2Bluetooth and Bluetooth2Audio converter. My question is, how secure is the audio(in my case voice) being ...
4
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2answers
507 views

Executing arbitrary commands through iptables-restore input

During a pentest I found a way to add arbitrary iptables firewall rules to a server. These rules get applied by way of the iptables-restore command, and I've been wondering whether there is any way to ...
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votes
2answers
752 views

Install Metasploit under Cygwin? [closed]

Is there a way to install Metasploit under Cygwin? Metasploit is meant to be run under a linux environment. The Windows installation doesn't have many tools such as msfpayload available. Please ...
4
votes
2answers
294 views

Vulnerability testing without the use of exploits?

I was doing some testing on a server to see if it was vulnerable to a 0-day local exploit (the exploit was for gaining root privileges using a bug in the Linux kernel). There was no real information ...
2
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2answers
178 views

Does glibc2 version of the crypt function still use DES for alternative hashing methods?

I'm trying to understand how typical Linux distributions generate the password field for entries in /etc/shadow. I can't figure out what encryption algorithm is being used to produce the encrypted ...
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1answer
654 views

Cascading Encryption Algorithm using mcrypt or GnuGP

I'm trying to a cascading cipher encryption algorithm to encrypt a textfile via mcrypt. I'm essentially trying to emulate the behavior of TrueCrypt, where it can cascade two or three different cipher ...
18
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0answers
594 views

Where can I find a vulnerable operating system to practice pentests on? [duplicate]

I am looking for vulnerable operating systems that are used for practicing pentests. Damn Vulnerable Linux (DVL) is not maintained anymore. Are there any other simillar OS´s to download somewhere that ...
3
votes
2answers
313 views

any reason not to run tmux/wemux on a bastion host?

Is there any reason to worry about running tmux/wemux on a bastion host? It seems to me that it would open up vectors to have your terminal sessions hijacked by some locally exploited account on the ...
2
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1answer
286 views

Linux Runtime Memory protection [closed]

I'm searching for a solution to protect process memory at runtime level in Linux (just like GameGuard in Windows). I googled many times but didn't get any useful information. Does anyone know any ...
10
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2answers
1k views

How to encrypt data on the server?

I have some data on the server (running Linux) which needs to be encrypted (company policy). This data is being served by an application running on this machine. Now I consider a few possibilities: ...
10
votes
1answer
562 views

Help in understanding an application's crash - exploitable?

Being new to researching vulnerabilities in native applications (as opposed to web apps), I'm having difficulties understanding a crash in Debian's browser, Epiphany (version 2.30.6), and determining ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

Configure Wireshark to capture preformatted data from pseudo-device

So, for a research project, I'm trying to use the HONE project on github, which creates during its module installation two pseudo-devices in the /dev folder. These are called hone and honet, the ...
2
votes
2answers
235 views

How to protect source code that resides on virtualbox web server which starts at boot?

I installed CentOS 6 on a 3gb virtualbox disk. It hosts a web server which starts automatically when the OS boots. No user login required. When it boots, it is given an IP and the host machine can ...
3
votes
5answers
332 views

Blocking network access to host(s) at the kernel level in Linux?

Getting it out of the way: Not iptables! What I'd like to do is block network access to certain IPs, subnets, and/or hostnames at the Linux kernel level, such that no user, including root, could ...
2
votes
1answer
550 views

What is the actual value of disabling remote root login using ssh?

I have read the answers regarding why you should disable remote root login, but there is something nagging me. Assume this: Scenario 1: Remote server A. Remote root login disabled. Password ...
15
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1answer
8k views

Configure SSL Mutual (Two-way) Authentication

A lot of tutorials, a lot of pages, a lot of question and they differ in implementation of this issue "Configure SSL Mutual (Two-way) Authentication". I have to do it with Linux, and I don't know from ...
20
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3answers
4k views

Is it appropriate to use haveged as a source of entropy on virtual machines?

While looking for solutions to entropy pool depletion on virtual machines, I came across an interesting project called haveged, which is based on the HAVEGE algorithm (HArdware Volatile Entropy ...