Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
510 views

Are there any security implications in creating an SSH key for the root user?

I've written an install script on a server to quickly set up new sites in the /srv directory. It needs to do a git clone, and has to be run via sudo in order to have the permissions to do all the ...
0
votes
1answer
340 views

Moving /tmp to an encrypted tmpfs

BLUF: I'm using an SSD on my system, so my primary reason to use tmpfs to increase the life of my drive by moving high read/write files to volatile memory. But from a security point of view, I'd also ...
2
votes
3answers
225 views

How bad is it to *not* reboot a server after kernel updates?

I’m administrating a few Debian Linux server, and install package updates when apticron notifies me of them. Occasionally I see updates to linux-image-[something] packages, but don’t bother to reboot ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Apache.exe trojan attack on xp server, wiped it with a linux install am i safe? [duplicate]

Hello I ran a apache web server on a windows xp pc on my home network. My antivirus picked up an attack, but didn't prevent it. It seems I had a Trojan attack on my apache.exe that got through. I know ...
78
votes
9answers
16k views

Hardening Linux Server

We have already had questions on here about Hardening Apache, Hardening PHP and Securing SSH. To continue this trend I am interested in what steps people take to harden Linux servers. As in what ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Is it possible to lock guest VMs (or processes) to sticks of physical RAM to prevent row hammer attacks?

I was wondering if it is possible through some means to isolate processes (or preferably guest VMs) to physical sticks of RAM. This would be to prevent row hammer like attacks from using physical ...
1
vote
1answer
276 views

Securing a VPS network with a VPN and a DMZ

I've got several VPS boxes (Digital Ocean boxes w/Ubuntu) that I would like to lock down from the outside world. I want to have several private boxes (web servers, db servers, puppet/master boxes ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

OWASP + Atomic ModSecurity Rulesets - Too much?

Looking to implement some additional mod_sec rulesets on our server. OWASP and Atomic keep coming up as the best of the best. Would it be wise to implement both? Or, would one or the other be ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How to verify installed packages [closed]

On Linux (Debian x64) I recently installed some software with: apt-get install the_package_name APT told me some packages couldn't be authenticated but I ignored the warning and installed anyway. ...
32
votes
4answers
30k views

How do you know your server has been compromised?

I recently helped a client who had their server hacked. The hackers added some PHP code into the header of the homepage redirecting the user to a porn website — but only if they came from Google. This ...
7
votes
2answers
786 views

Linux kernel entropy - does it matter to /dev/urandom and what is a minimum?

This question had been asked several times, but still something's not clearly understood from other answers I have a few servers running with a custom built linux kernel (minimal driver modules etc), ...
5
votes
2answers
682 views

IPsec on multicast

I am trying to implement IPSec for multicast communication, I tried strongSwan for setting up IPSec for unicast but it doesn't support any standard for multicast ipsec as listed here ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Linux random number compliance

Not sure if this is the right forum, and I am pretty sure that his must have been answered before (I searched a lot but I haven't found a definitive answer). Do the Linux random number generators ...
1
vote
0answers
255 views

Snort alerts analysis (web interface) [closed]

I have a question about Snort (or maybe any other IDS/IPS, any working solutions would be ok). The goal is to set up some web interface providing a way to view the whole TCP stream packets of each ...
23
votes
3answers
3k views

Linux-based Turla trojan

There are several articles describing the newly discovered Linux-based Turla trojan. But basically, all these articles repeat the same, very limited, information. Can anybody provide more details, ...
-2
votes
1answer
88 views

Official proof (document) that Linux is safer and faster than Windows [closed]

I work for the Mexican government, and even though everyone involved in Linux knows that it is safer and runs faster in most instances, I have not found an official document or authority that I can ...
1
vote
2answers
187 views

Vmware over unsecure os

I run VMWare with Linux through my Windows OS. I want to use the Linux VM for online transactions. Is it possible for a virus, spy or worm to attack my Linux VM from the Windows host? Is my Linux ...
1
vote
2answers
737 views

Setting up a security lab, looking for a little guidance [duplicate]

I'm new here. Over the past couple of years I've had a growing interest in the security aspects of IT/CS. Recently, I've started setting up a lab for myself based on a kali/win7 dualboot and I've ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

How to detect Meterpreter and similar malware?

Is it possible to find Meterpreter or similar malware which doesn't modify the hard disk but is only stored in RAM? Most common anti-rootkit software like rkhunter and chkrootkit don't find it.
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Linux Updates to Shellshock

My question is about the community response to Shellshock. What improvements were made in either the Linux development cycle or in the recommendation to its users to prevent something like ...
-1
votes
2answers
77 views

Server Files Got Exposed, What Security Steps Should I Take? [duplicate]

so I made a script that would accept a GET request through a script on my page download the url in the GET and then echo the response. Sort of like an in browser proxy. Basically someone found out ...
2
votes
1answer
342 views

exploiting Heap Overflow in gdb segfaults

I have been trying to exploit the heap overflow vulnerability for the program below, I am running Linux 14.04. #include <stdio.h> #include <string.h> #include <stdlib.h> int n = 5; ...
-1
votes
2answers
88 views

How can I detect mode interface of other machine is promiscuous [closed]

I have a project that is to protect my box from attack man in the middle arp poison. I should detect if interface mode of other machine is promiscuous. I must write script python or command linux.
3
votes
1answer
271 views

How to find stack pointer for overflow bug?

I've read that stack usually starts in same address so the attacker may guess the starting point of the buffer to overflow. This is necessary to know this address to make the malicious code run. I ...
0
votes
1answer
452 views

Why my files that Encrypted with EFS in Windows 8.1 shown in Linux ubuntu?

i Encrypted my files with EFS in windows 8.1 so i logged in ubuntu and without any warning , its shown my files actually not Exactly the file but shown the path of file and the name and i can ...
0
votes
0answers
293 views

Discovered unexplained large salted files in root folder on Linux, possible keylogger?

So I had Linux Mint running on my laptop, just installed it a month ago. It has a small hard drive, just 160gb, and I noticed shortly after installing the system, it ballooned to 80-some gigabytes ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

unable to execute shellcode,which is place on stack [duplicate]

I am trying to execute the shellcode to spawn an "sh" shell. I have taken shellcode as command line arguement,copied it to stack and tried to overwrite the return address of main function with the ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

OpenSSH downgrade attack

I have tried to implement a downgrade attack against the SSH protocol as the first steps (encryption protocols exchange) are not signed, as per RFC4253. The idea is to intercept (mitm) these steps and ...
2
votes
3answers
869 views

Can I use 777 file permissions inside server virtualisation (that only I have access to) without worry?

For this question, please assume I have followed every possible security measure to secure my Linux server. Only I have access to the web server via one open SSH port. If there are security issues ...
2
votes
3answers
167 views

Is it okay to only use username/password to secure an admin page for moderating a website?

Is there a standard practice to securing an admin page for an application written in angular and nodejs or just in general? The admin page would approve/ban users and moderate comments. Should it be ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

NMAP Scan Returns Odd OS Detection [closed]

I am new to NMAP but I was using it to troubleshoot some issues I have been having. I ran a scan on a device and I know the device runs some sort of Linux or Ubuntu OS and I was attempting to figure ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Is End to End encryption possible for all servers across the whole infrastructure?

Running into a possible situation where a client I am working with is requesting that all data that leaves the servers should be encrypted and here, we are talking of hundreds of Linux servers ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

What security problems does copying .Xauthority to another user present?

If I want to use a GUI application with another user (example: webbrowser), I can copy the .Xauthority file to that given user's home then I can "su - user" and start the GUI app. Question: but what ...
4
votes
2answers
250 views

Is there a way to check for “hollow” processes, or malware hidden within “normal” processes

I recently came across an article on the The Verge, which centers around the concept of commercial malware production and how it's used around the world. The article introduced me to a number of ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

How to change default cipher in GnuPG on both Linux and Windows?

How can I change the default symmetric cipher used by GnuPG from CAST5 to another? I'm using GPG4Win on Windows, but would also be interested in a solution for Linux.
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Tails OS for Android and PC?

Can I use Tails OS on a USB-stick on both an Android tablet and a PC, or do I have to have two different versions? Would I have to go into the BIOS to make this work?
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Read SSL Certs with user process

I am running my own server, on which I have different services (Nginx etc.). All these (internet) services are / should be secured with SSL (offcialy signed). The key files / certificates are located ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

php- is my code secured enough to protect from remote command execution when using shell_exec()?

I am using shell_exec function on the following variables to execute commands on the shell: fname (characters only) fpack(characters only) email (a valid email address) My code is: <?php ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Linux/ssh - Forensic question

In a Linux terminal, I made a ssh connection from A to B and I used commands to read some files stored in B. Then I disconnected and I closed the terminal. Is it possible to find on A, informations ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Are paravirtualized drivers a security risk?

Below is a copy of my answer that I gave in some other thread (Would running VMs inside of VMs be a more secure way to study viruses, etc?) about a topic of security of nested virtualization. I would ...
1
vote
2answers
330 views

How to test the php vulnerability CVE-2014-3515

How to test if I'm vulnerable regarding CVE-2014-3515? My vendor supplied me with a patch and verified that it installed however I would like to verify that I am no longer vulnerable. My vendor ...
4
votes
2answers
215 views

Four eyes authentication for command execution on Linux. (OS level) [closed]

I reached the end of the internet with no success, so now I turn to you guys. What I'm after is a way to implement four eyes principle on the OS level for certain commands in Linux. Example : The ...
-1
votes
3answers
617 views

How to determine if someone is scanning my server?

How is possible to determine if someone make requests with tools for pentesting? Is there any linux command?
1
vote
2answers
206 views

Roommate Frequently Hacked — How Do I Protect My Network/Devices?

If you absolutely had to share a network with a user who had a very lax approach to security and was frequently hacked (1-2x month for over a year now), what might you consider doing to secure your ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Can sshd block IPs with failed attempts or is a tool like denyhosts or fail2ban necessary?

I am only indirectly familiar with denyhosts (and only just discovered fail2ban) and they certainly seem like worthwhile tools. However, after looking through the options for sshd_config I am trying ...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

Explain the last part of how Mitnick hacked Tsutomu Shimomura with an IP sequence attack

I was reading up on why TCP ISNs need to be randomized, which led me to this write up by Tsutomu Shimomura. I understood how IP address spoofing and predicting the ISN helped the attacker establish a ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Safe to use setuid with absolutely no input?

I have a shell script which syncs some files from a remote source and I have a pretty typical HTTP server set-up. There is a user who owns the files served by the HTTP server and a user which runs the ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Improve the security of a website implementing the least privilege principle [duplicate]

I am a beginner and I am trying to program a secure website to improve my skills and knowledge. I am under Linux and I am using LAMP with php. My website is similar to a social network so people will ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Is there any way to block LD_PRELOAD and LD_LIBRARY_PATH on Linux?

Preferably with a vanilla Linux kernel i.e. not using SELinux or GrSecurity? Lately there has been a case of in-the-wild UNIX server malware: ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

My sendmail started sending spam; what is causing it to do so? [closed]

Today my sendmail service started sending e-mail to various addresses. /var/spool/mail: From MAILER-DAEMON@noxcommunity.com Fri Jan 30 22:15:30 2015 Return-Path: ...