Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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7
votes
1answer
249 views

Bootstrapping an EC2 Spot Instance

I'm considering using EC2 Spot Instances in an automated fashion (ie create a script that will request EC2 Spot Instances that will run unattended). For this specific use case, I'm happy to lock down ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

How to use Aircrack-ng when knowing part of the password?

Let's say I know the password starts with "1234" and after that there is a commonly used password. I would like to use the word list I have for the second part of the password, but to include somehow ...
4
votes
2answers
35 views

SSH: Security of Pubkey Authentication vs Password

Why is Pubkey Authentication considered more secure than a password, and does this apply to my situation (described in more detail below)? I'm a scientist (no formal IT training), but I built and ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Is a newly installed server with no services running (but connected to the web) at risk?

A new server has just been installed but literally has nothing else running on it, no services setup to SSH in or anything yet (it's a Linux server). However, it is hooked up to the web so I can ...
35
votes
8answers
4k views

Is full disk encryption on a server in a secure data center pointless?

I am having a debate with several people regarding how much protection full disk encryption provides. dm-crypt is being used to encrypt data which is required by my company to be encrypted at rest. ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Server full disk encryption protection from malware

A group of LINUX servers is using dm-crypt to encrypt data. The servers do not store data long-term but are only temporary stopping points for data before it is sent to other systems. The time the ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

chroot ssh users [on hold]

I am using CentOS 7. I need to give shell access to ssh users but restrict them in a jail. I have used jailkit to set up the jail. I have copied all necessary libraries, binaries that are needed for ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Linux Kernel module signing

If the linux kernel is compiled to check for kernel modules signing, it checks the validity of the public key (X.509) w.r.t the current system time. For the first time the system is booting up, it ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

How can I delete a password and lock the account in one step?

I have a minimal server install on a remote machine with a root password set to a temporary, but chosen, value. I have added a separate administrator user. This user has an authorized key for SSH, no ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

ARP-poisoning on wireless network - no packets

I've started working with ettercap and ARP-poisoning; however, I've sumbled upon some problems. I've executed the following command: ettercap -i wlan0 -w log -T -M arp:remote /192.168.1.254/ ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

/dev/random in EC2 cloud

is /dev/random any good in AWS EC2 for use in making a shared key that will be passed over a secure channel? i am concerned that a launched instance would have not much entropy to begin with. what ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Linux: Chinese Unionpay plugin, Ubuntu 64-bit - Spamware / Trojan?

China / Linux / Bank / Trojan / Backdoor / Executables Hey guys. I've got an account with a Chinese bank (I live here), and in the process of setting up an online account for the Chinese version of ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Questions regarding Bad USB exploit

I own a Netbook and my external DVD Drive is possibly infected with Bad USB. If i install Ubuntu using this infected DVD drive could my system be taken over during installation process or later when ...
15
votes
7answers
3k views

Convenient cross-platform help on checking secure hashes like SHA-256

It is often helpful to be able to obtain a good cryptographic checksum of a file, e.g. the SHA-256 hash. This can be used to verify file integrity, so long as you have a reliable source for the hash. ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

How hard would it be to scramble crypto keys in memory on command?

I'm looking for a way locate a set of keys in memory on command. Use case would be cold boot attack prevention: a trigger on rack open, scramble the keys in memory followed by shutdown in full disk ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Gnome-keyring iteration count location

I know that Gnome-keyring hashes master password between 1000 and 2000 times. It picks random number. I would like to ask where does it save this number, what is the location of that file? As far as I ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Checking for changes on Linux live OS's [migrated]

I am a novice to the terminal of linux live OS's (eg Kali Linux). Please advise what 1) in built programs (e.g. Syslog...), 2) Commands in the Terminal (eg ls, ps, md5sum, ...) one can use for ...
-1
votes
1answer
54 views

Can I use a VPN to disguise internet traffic at work? [closed]

I have seen this question asked before; I want to know if I can use a VPN to disguise my internet traffic so my employer can't see what websites I'm visiting while at work. However, unlike most ...
2
votes
1answer
664 views

GnuTLS ServerHello exploit (CVE-2014-3466) - how to verify?

So pretty much all of the GNUTLS world is worrying about CVE-2014-3466. I checked my Kali and it responds with this - # apt-cache rdepends libgnutls26 | grep -v lib Reverse Depends: ...
2
votes
1answer
327 views

Are there any security implications in creating an SSH key for the root user?

I've written an install script on a server to quickly set up new sites in the /srv directory. It needs to do a git clone, and has to be run via sudo in order to have the permissions to do all the ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Code Vulnerability in Shell script

I was given an assignment for my Computer Security class. We we were given a piece of code to analyze and determine the vulnerabilities that it might have. #!/bin/sh # shell script to create a copy ...
3
votes
1answer
39 views

What does a signed Linux kernel image get me?

On Ubuntu and possibly Debian systems, you can install packages which contain images which are signed by Ubuntu's EFI key. For example, linux-signed-image-generic-lts-trusty is one of these packages. ...
3
votes
2answers
150 views

Error message in Apache logs shows /bin/bash and wget

I am wondering if my server is compromised or not I just looked at my log and seen the following line in there [Thu May 14 09:10:42.587255 2015] [autoindex:error] [pid 3422] [client ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

iptables problem in Evil Twin [migrated]

I've been looking into the Evil Twin method and I found this steps: Creating AP airmon-ng start wlan0 airbase-ng -e PrivateWIFI -c 9 -v mon0 at0 Configuration ifconfig at0 up ifconfig at0 ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Moving /tmp to an encrypted tmpfs

BLUF: I'm using an SSD on my system, so my primary reason to use tmpfs to increase the life of my drive by moving high read/write files to volatile memory. But from a security point of view, I'd also ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Auditd is not logging events for some watched files [migrated]

We have configured auditd to log all access to certain critical files. The system runs WebLogic Server and we want to know if anyone is trying to poke around sensitive system files, such as the domain ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Too many open ports in Debian 8 [migrated]

The IT department has given me 3 virtual servers with Debian 8 for my area, which I will manage (but they have some monitoring tools). Starting Nmap 6.40 ( http://nmap.org ) at 2015-05-11 13:33 ART ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

How bad is it to *not* reboot a server after kernel updates?

I’m administrating a few Debian Linux server, and install package updates when apticron notifies me of them. Occasionally I see updates to linux-image-[something] packages, but don’t bother to reboot ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Vulnarability test for CVE-2014-2483?

I am in penetration testing on a server with Linux RHEL6/7 os. Vulnarability databases such as http://www.cvedetails.com/ mentioned the vulnarability CVE-2014-2483 for java in linux RHEL systems. I ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Current industry standard key management solution for web app on linux host

The scenario: Data is sent to an application server and you want to selectively encrypt some data before sending it to a DB server for storage. All servers run some linux distro. This is a relatively ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

GUI isolation in X11 when entering Truecrypt password

I have been getting a bit paranoid regarding some of my old TrueCrypt containers. The paranoia has got nothing to do with suspicions regarding TrueCrypt itself (after the shut-down last year), rather ...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

How to check whether my USB flash drive was infected by the BadUSB

After failing to check whether my USB stick firmware can be rewritten AT ALL, I want find out, whether it WAS rewritten when I sticked it in another computer. In particular the question is: how to ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Security of web app files and database passwords in a linux shared hosting environment [migrated]

I have a web app on a linux shared hosting machine. Lets say I have a .htpasswd file, some configs that store a database password and generally don't want people snooping through my source code ...
9
votes
1answer
802 views

How to check if my USB stick firmware can be rewritten via the USB port?

How can I know in Linux (or otherwise), if the firmware of my USB flash drive can be rewritten using the USB port (when sticking it in an USB port)? Eg. for a cheap EMTEC 16GB. I was thinking about ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Apache.exe trojan attack on xp server, wiped it with a linux install am i safe? [duplicate]

Hello I ran a apache web server on a windows xp pc on my home network. My antivirus picked up an attack, but didn't prevent it. It seems I had a Trojan attack on my apache.exe that got through. I know ...
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Ideas on how I can fragment captured network traffic?

I am trying to create a lab environment where I can analyze common IDS solutions (starting with Snort specifically) and their ability to reassemble fragmented IP trains. I have a collection of ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

Log information for SIEM auditing in Linux

How can I know what all types of events generated by Linux. I can get this from the logs, but reading logs and noting ID's is very time consuming. All events might not be triggered. I need this ...
4
votes
2answers
603 views

Security of LXC compared to OpenVZ

For years, I'm now using OpenVZ on my server, but support discontinued for Debian and Ubuntu, current releases seem to focus on LXC now, which is not a bad idea from the point of comfort. But what ...
66
votes
9answers
13k views

Hardening Linux Server

We have already had questions on here about Hardening Apache, Hardening PHP and Securing SSH. To continue this trend I am interested in what steps people take to harden Linux servers. As in what ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Snort even though working properly does not report majority of rules

I have installed Snort 2.9.7.0 and it does not detect majority of attacks, such as nmap port scans, downloading exe files, opening documents containing keyword "root". I use Snort together with ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Linux Plausibly Deniable File System

Is there any way to encrypt a linux filesystem in such a way to maintain plausible deniability? E.g. "Hidden OS support," the way Truecrypt and Veracrypt work, they only support Windows OS due to low ...
42
votes
7answers
8k views

Should I change the default SSH port on linux servers?

Is there any advantage in changing the SSH port, I've seen people do that, but I can't seem to find the reason why. If you have a strong password and/or a certificate, is it useful for anything? ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Is it possible to lock guest VMs (or processes) to sticks of physical RAM to prevent row hammer attacks?

I was wondering if it is possible through some means to isolate processes (or preferably guest VMs) to physical sticks of RAM. This would be to prevent row hammer like attacks from using physical ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

VM production server and low entropy

I'm monitoring a VM functioning as our production server. I noticed it has at many times, quite low entropy (/proc/sys/kernel/random/entropy_avail). On average our server(which among other stuff does ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Securing a VPS network with a VPN and a DMZ

I've got several VPS boxes (Digital Ocean boxes w/Ubuntu) that I would like to lock down from the outside world. I want to have several private boxes (web servers, db servers, puppet/master boxes ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

OWASP + Atomic ModSecurity Rulesets - Too much?

Looking to implement some additional mod_sec rulesets on our server. OWASP and Atomic keep coming up as the best of the best. Would it be wise to implement both? Or, would one or the other be ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

How to verify installed packages [closed]

On Linux (Debian x64) I recently installed some software with: apt-get install the_package_name APT told me some packages couldn't be authenticated but I ignored the warning and installed anyway. ...
28
votes
4answers
19k views

How do you know your server has been compromised?

I recently helped a client who had their server hacked. The hackers added some PHP code into the header of the homepage redirecting the user to a porn website — but only if they came from Google. This ...
5
votes
2answers
304 views

Linux kernel entropy - does it matter to /dev/urandom and what is a minimum?

This question had been asked several times, but still something's not clearly understood from other answers I have a few servers running with a custom built linux kernel (minimal driver modules etc), ...
5
votes
2answers
288 views

IPsec on multicast

I am trying to implement IPSec for multicast communication, I tried strongSwan for setting up IPSec for unicast but it doesn't support any standard for multicast ipsec as listed here ...