Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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Prevent keyloggers on Linux?

Are there any mechanisms in the Linux desktop architecture to prevent malicious software keyloggers? What would be an ideal Linux setup to make it very difficult for an attacker to install a keylogger ...
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23 views

using “mount -o bind” in chroot

I have to provide a few, reasonably complete, chrooted ssh accesses to a very small system where disk space is at a premium. I was considering doing something along the lines: mkdir -p newroot/usr ...
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65 views

Practicing with return-2-libc exploits

I am trying to reproduce a return-to-libc for a simple vulnerable program. The tutorial is taken from https://sploitfun.wordpress.com/2015/05/08/bypassing-nx-bit-using-chained-return-to-libc/ I made ...
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42 views

Address of environment variable different for each directory

I'm writing a return-to-libc attack for a school project. My script retrieves the system(), exit() and shell addresses as follows (it's a sh script that calls some c programs): Create the environment ...
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54 views

Methods root can use to elevate itself to kernel mode

When most Linux users hear "root", they think of the maximum possible privilege on a computer. Some even think that root runs in ring 0. But in reality, root is just a regular user running in ring 3, ...
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What is the security value of chattr +s?

Most modern Linux file systems support extended attributes. +s is secure deletion which ensures (at least intends) that the data in a file is overwritten with zeros when the file is deleted. Some ...
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52 views

Wayland Partial Encryption for Mouse / Keyboard? (Also X and RDP)

Question What are the best practices for implementing Partial Encryption, to encrypt just the input devices (mouse/keyboard, etc), not the actual video display, during remote desktop sessions using ...
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37 views

Is an unprivileged LXC where the host user itself is mapped to 0 less secure of one where one of its subids is mapped to 0, and why?

Instead of creating "common" LXC unprivileged containers where all the users are mapped to (unprivileged) subuid/gid of my host user, I'm considering a mapping where my host user itself will be mapped ...
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405 views

Is XSP suitable for Internet facing, production hosts? (either self hosted, as an Apache plugin, or FastCGI)

XSP is portable version of ASP.NET that allows for operation on OSX, Linux, and Windows. It's an alternative to IIS, and hosts its own web server, or can plug into existing web servers such as ...
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176 views

Why use oddly compiled ELF files for Linux malware?

I ran file on some Linux malware ELF files that I've acquired over the last couple of years. I noticed some oddities: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), statically linked, for ...
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173 views

Shorewall stopped policies - routeback

Here goes a very specific question about the insides of Shorewall and Iptables in general. Shorewall supports configuration of "Stopped Policies" using the file routestopped, which defines the ...
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10 views

Does altering the routing table to my hub defeat the purpose of a VPN?

I am running a VPN on my server with openvpn. When running openvpn I have a shell script that runs afterwards: ip rule add from 192.168.0.19 table 128 ip route add table 128 to 192.168.0.0/24 dev ...
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11 views

Error Running command shell :TimeoutError Operation Time out

I am Testing a Payload linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp in my Test Linux network to Exploit, I got a Meterpreter Session by Metasploit using it, I tried several commands like getuid, cat and all ...
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25 views

Can linux cgroups and namespaces assist hiding malware?

Reading about sandboxing/security possibilities I was looking a bit into cgroups and namespaces and asked myself: How do I know that my linux root account is indeed the real root account and not ...
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46 views

Default accounts shutdown, halt, and sync - still shipping?

I'm curious as to whether, and if so why, Unix and Linux distributions still ship with default accounts shutdown, halt and sync. Specifically (from a Red Hat document), ...
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27 views

Port Knocking origination matching problem

I set up port knocking using first this method using knockd and then I tried using this method using only iptables directly but when both failed I thought I'd check a bit deeper into the problem. ...
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58 views

Is that a way break Linux user password by bypassing grub protected?

The best way to delve into others Linux machine is by editing the grub. Many will start by, editing the line ro quite splash as rw init=/bin/bash during the startup (usually by pressing button e on ...
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16 views

Where can i find information about Ipsec Xfrm framework?

I have searched online and found very little information about the ipsec xfrm framework, including the book Networking implementation and Theory.. Where can i get more information about xfrm ...
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48 views

Under which circumstances is the default security profile of XRDP considered okay?

In xrdp.ini, the base install of xrdp on my raspberry pi*, there I have the following below. I changed crypt_level to high. [globals] bitmap_cache=yes bitmap_compression=yes port=3389 ...
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33 views

iptable ip_conntrack_max testing

I was trying to understand how ip_conntrack_max works so i have created two VM and set ip_conntrack_max to 10000 I used hping to open 10000 udp connection on VM using following command hping --udp ...
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165 views

IPtables accepting SMTP without being configured?

While setting up the IPtables rules for a new server, I set up Postfix and send an email to try it out. To my surprise the email arrived without me declaring a rule for the port in IPtables. ...
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321 views

How should I configure my Tor-dedicated firewall for optimum security?

I'm setting up a Tor-based isolating proxy using the 'Anonymizing Middlebox' iptables rules specified here: https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/wiki/doc/TransparentProxy i.e. iptables -t nat ...
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81 views

Is CVE-2011-1571 fixed in tomcat?

I dont see any record of CVE-2011-1571 being fixed in tomcat based on ASF' security reports for tomcat itself. Usually they specify the CVE number and information about the fix. This was 3 years ago ...
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36 views

Tracking checkins from generic users

Im trying to implement a better system to monitor checkins to our repository. We have some generic users everyone can use, I have recently disallowed them from checking in as those users however there ...
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292 views

Linux Physical memory analysis using hexeditor for Forensics

I am about to forensics investigation of a linux physical memory. I have dumped an ARM Linux which the profile is not listed in Volatility, so I could find the process and the latest command using ...
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128 views

What are some good design practices for cross-platform certificate storage?

Question from the Bouncy Castle development list: At present we use the Windows certificate store as: var store = new X509Store(StoreName.My, StoreLocation.LocalMachine); ...
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7 views

Lock down OS to specific hardware device

I know everything is reversible. But how could I lock down an instance of linux to a specific hardware device? Possibly tying the filesystem to a specific serial number on the board for instance.
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11 views

What is purpose of fipscheck utility and fipscheck library on Linux?

So I am messing around with dracut and I am trying to get my Linux system in FIPS 140 mode by passing fips=1 to my linux kernel at the boot time from grub. However, I got confused on why dracut ...
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20 views

How crypto module integrity checks mandated by FIPS 140 standard help to make Linux based appliances safer?

After browsing dracut and hmaccalc rpm package source code I found out sha512hmac utility that is used to do do integrity checks for linux kernel (and other binaries) from initramfs boot stage uses ...
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26 views

Why isn't ettercap working

I am working on an ARP poisoning/browser redirection project with Ettercap but even if I follow all the steps right it still doesn't work. I tried disabling firewalls too. What I do is: Start ...
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34 views

Why there is no shell prompt by exploiting this script?

I tried to get a shell prompt in the following vulnerable code, I think that I found the vulnerability, actually it is a simple stack buffer overflow, but now I have a problem with exploiting the ...
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16 views

Process of auditd -s enable/disable persists for a long time

I have setup auditd on my system, with some basic rules from CIS Benchmark paper and the following auditd.conf file: log_file = /var/log/audit/audit.log log_format = RAW log_group = root ...
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24 views

Inserting XSRF header token in Hydra

I'm trying to break a login form with Hydra. The site is built with the Angular framework, and an XSRF token must be sent through the header and through the POST request. I notice that the XSRF ...
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35 views

What can possibly happen to a public SSH server?

I'm writing a console emulator in JQuery, which will connect to a server through SSH and dynamically send commands (through AJAX) and receive output. Basically it will be a remote ssh console on a ...
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44 views

Does an account with a !! /etc/shadow entry have to still expire?

Currently where I work, our password policy is set at 84 days. This is set in our login.defs on all of our Linux machines. We have policies that are set around PCI DSS 3.1 and the like, this goes for ...
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51 views

Tuning auditd to be more operational friendly

We are in the process of pushing for a passing SOC-2 audit report, and part of that is to get our auditing act together. Specific to what I'm working on right now auditd. I have a nice set of rules, ...
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15 views

Timeout after setting up proxychains

I've installed ProxyChains on my linux machine and I'm trying to hide my IP over the internet. I went on one of those sites that gives you a list of ips, in this case, proxylist.hidemyass.com and got ...
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23 views

Crackle does not work?

I've used to intructions for Crackle but, cannot get this kind of results like in the example. All it does is open up the wireshark like plugin and does not show any results like the picture below. ...
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Has Anyone Published the Typical Netstat Profile for TAILS Linux?

Using TAILS, and with concerns typical of anyone security conscious enough to be drawn to it in the first place, I was wondering if boum.org or anywhere else has put the typical netstat profile for ...
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51 views

can sudoedit in below context be used to privilege escalate?

We can sudo without supplying a password! Matching Defaults entries for werkzeug on vwebhost: env_reset, mail_badpass, secure_path=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin ...
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42 views

OSSEC error “agent_control(1750): ERROR: No remote connection configured. Exiting”

I am new to OSSEC and trying to figure the tool to deploy it. I have an ubuntu server where I downloaded and installed the security onion packages. I have a few windows systems which I would like to ...
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52 views

XCCDF check with SCE - Suse Linux Enterprise Server 11

I have written some compliance checks for Red Hat based systems with XCCDF. Some of my checks are OVAL definitions others are shell-scripts. It works great. The same checks don't work on an SLES 11 ...
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25 views

Get data file off critical database host

Re-wording this question to hopefully be more understandable. Thanks for the feedback. We have a data warehouse which sits in our production environment. Our data engineers can get to the host via ...
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108 views

How 'private' is my setup?

I'm currently running QubesOS (so essentially a virtualized Fedora operating system), which I use to access an offshore VPS through I2P (using garliccat). I then route all my traffic through the VPS ...
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23 views

At OpenSSH ssh server side key files has 0 data. I would like to know the reason for it

I am using the Monta Vista Linux. In this recently i have observed the ssh keys files has 0 data due to which the keys were not generating and i am not able to login to machine via ssh because of key ...
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326 views

TPM Command Line Tools

I am trying to create a key storage hierarchy on TPM (Trusted Platform Module) on Linux (CentOS 6.4). The most commonly recommended TPM tool suite on Linux is TrouSerS. However, the command line suite ...
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117 views

Linux: Chinese Unionpay plugin, Ubuntu 64-bit - Spamware / Trojan?

China / Linux / Bank / Trojan / Backdoor / Executables Hey guys. I've got an account with a Chinese bank (I live here), and in the process of setting up an online account for the Chinese version of ...
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52 views

Is it possible to lock guest VMs (or processes) to sticks of physical RAM to prevent row hammer attacks?

I was wondering if it is possible through some means to isolate processes (or preferably guest VMs) to physical sticks of RAM. This would be to prevent row hammer like attacks from using physical ...
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302 views

Discovered unexplained large salted files in root folder on Linux, possible keylogger?

So I had Linux Mint running on my laptop, just installed it a month ago. It has a small hard drive, just 160gb, and I noticed shortly after installing the system, it ballooned to 80-some gigabytes ...
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438 views

Is there any method to prevent/trace ddos attack?

I have a debian linux server which run a few online game services. I have some competitors in this area and i think one of them is behind the ddos attacks. I have full access to the router, so I set ...