Securing Linux systems and applications; understanding Linux security features.

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using “mount -o bind” in chroot

I have to provide a few, reasonably complete, chrooted ssh accesses to a very small system where disk space is at a premium. I was considering doing something along the lines: mkdir -p newroot/usr ...
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77 views

Practicing with return-2-libc exploits

I am trying to reproduce a return-to-libc for a simple vulnerable program. The tutorial is taken from https://sploitfun.wordpress.com/2015/05/08/bypassing-nx-bit-using-chained-return-to-libc/ I made ...
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44 views

Address of environment variable different for each directory

I'm writing a return-to-libc attack for a school project. My script retrieves the system(), exit() and shell addresses as follows (it's a sh script that calls some c programs): Create the environment ...
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54 views

What is the security value of chattr +s?

Most modern Linux file systems support extended attributes. +s is secure deletion which ensures (at least intends) that the data in a file is overwritten with zeros when the file is deleted. Some ...
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53 views

Wayland Partial Encryption for Mouse / Keyboard? (Also X and RDP)

Question What are the best practices for implementing Partial Encryption, to encrypt just the input devices (mouse/keyboard, etc), not the actual video display, during remote desktop sessions using X,...
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40 views

Is an unprivileged LXC where the host user itself is mapped to 0 less secure of one where one of its subids is mapped to 0, and why?

Instead of creating "common" LXC unprivileged containers where all the users are mapped to (unprivileged) subuid/gid of my host user, I'm considering a mapping where my host user itself will be mapped ...
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410 views

Is XSP suitable for Internet facing, production hosts? (either self hosted, as an Apache plugin, or FastCGI)

XSP is portable version of ASP.NET that allows for operation on OSX, Linux, and Windows. It's an alternative to IIS, and hosts its own web server, or can plug into existing web servers such as Apache....
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188 views

Why use oddly compiled ELF files for Linux malware?

I ran file on some Linux malware ELF files that I've acquired over the last couple of years. I noticed some oddities: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV), statically linked, for ...
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180 views

Shorewall stopped policies - routeback

Here goes a very specific question about the insides of Shorewall and Iptables in general. Shorewall supports configuration of "Stopped Policies" using the file routestopped, which defines the ...
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33 views

Using hash of root password to encrypt files/folders (Debian 8 Linux)

I have an application that requires unattended decryption of files/folders. Would it be possible to utilize the hash of the root password to prevent an attack where a malicious user changes the root ...
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32 views

web view addjavascriptinterface exploit

I have been banging my head around this for almost 56 hours now (+/- a few that I took out to have a couple of naps and RedBulls) and have not been able to get anywhere with it so far. I am trying ...
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46 views

Error Running command shell :TimeoutError Operation Time out

I am Testing a Payload linux/x86/meterpreter/reverse_tcp in my Test Linux network to Exploit, I got a Meterpreter Session by Metasploit using it, I tried several commands like getuid, cat and all ...
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31 views

Can linux cgroups and namespaces assist hiding malware?

Reading about sandboxing/security possibilities I was looking a bit into cgroups and namespaces and asked myself: How do I know that my linux root account is indeed the real root account and not ...
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28 views

Inserting XSRF header token in Hydra

I'm trying to break a login form with Hydra. The site is built with the Angular framework, and an XSRF token must be sent through the header and through the POST request. I notice that the XSRF ...
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65 views

Default accounts shutdown, halt, and sync - still shipping?

I'm curious as to whether, and if so why, Unix and Linux distributions still ship with default accounts shutdown, halt and sync. Specifically (from a Red Hat document), sync:x:5:0:sync:/sbin:/bin/...
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28 views

Port Knocking origination matching problem

I set up port knocking using first this method using knockd and then I tried using this method using only iptables directly but when both failed I thought I'd check a bit deeper into the problem. ...
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67 views

Is that a way break Linux user password by bypassing grub protected?

The best way to delve into others Linux machine is by editing the grub. Many will start by, editing the line ro quite splash as rw init=/bin/bash during the startup (usually by pressing button e on ...
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17 views

Where can i find information about Ipsec Xfrm framework?

I have searched online and found very little information about the ipsec xfrm framework, including the book Networking implementation and Theory.. Where can i get more information about xfrm ...
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62 views

Under which circumstances is the default security profile of XRDP considered okay?

In xrdp.ini, the base install of xrdp on my raspberry pi*, there I have the following below. I changed crypt_level to high. [globals] bitmap_cache=yes bitmap_compression=yes port=3389 crypt_level=...
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33 views

iptable ip_conntrack_max testing

I was trying to understand how ip_conntrack_max works so i have created two VM and set ip_conntrack_max to 10000 I used hping to open 10000 udp connection on VM using following command hping --udp -...
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178 views

IPtables accepting SMTP without being configured?

While setting up the IPtables rules for a new server, I set up Postfix and send an email to try it out. To my surprise the email arrived without me declaring a rule for the port in IPtables. ...
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336 views

How should I configure my Tor-dedicated firewall for optimum security?

I'm setting up a Tor-based isolating proxy using the 'Anonymizing Middlebox' iptables rules specified here: https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/wiki/doc/TransparentProxy i.e. iptables -t nat -...
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81 views

Is CVE-2011-1571 fixed in tomcat?

I dont see any record of CVE-2011-1571 being fixed in tomcat based on ASF' security reports for tomcat itself. Usually they specify the CVE number and information about the fix. This was 3 years ago ...
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36 views

Tracking checkins from generic users

Im trying to implement a better system to monitor checkins to our repository. We have some generic users everyone can use, I have recently disallowed them from checking in as those users however there ...
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302 views

Linux Physical memory analysis using hexeditor for Forensics

I am about to forensics investigation of a linux physical memory. I have dumped an ARM Linux which the profile is not listed in Volatility, so I could find the process and the latest command using ...
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130 views

What are some good design practices for cross-platform certificate storage?

Question from the Bouncy Castle development list: At present we use the Windows certificate store as: var store = new X509Store(StoreName.My, StoreLocation.LocalMachine); store.Open(OpenFlags....
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35 views

How to adapt my exploit strategy when “00” is part of the targeted return address and the victim uses strcpy

I intend to exploit the following program on an x86 Linux machine with NX enabled (ASLR and stack canary disabled). The goal is to get a shell. //vuln.c #include <stdio.h> #include <string....
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28 views

rdp connection with netcat pivoting

I want to connection from local computer to another local computer. I have 3 machine. for example A: 192.168.1.50 -> in local windows machine B: 50.3.52.110 -> linux server C: 192.168.5.25 -&...
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12 views

Differences between Intel TXT and Linux IMA

I understand that Intel TXT provides a Dynamic Root of Trust Measurement (DRTM). Does the Linux integrity measurement architecture do logically similar things? If not, what are the differences?
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10 views

Can one setup an application whitelist for other applications even encompassing the root user on Linux?

Is it possible to restrict an application program to being used/called only from designated programs without having resorting to specific code testing or wrappers? This restriction has to apply to ...
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21 views

What is purpose of fipscheck utility and fipscheck library on Linux?

So I am messing around with dracut and I am trying to get my Linux system in FIPS 140 mode by passing fips=1 to my linux kernel at the boot time from grub. However, I got confused on why dracut ...
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29 views

How crypto module integrity checks mandated by FIPS 140 standard help to make Linux based appliances safer?

After browsing dracut and hmaccalc rpm package source code I found out sha512hmac utility that is used to do do integrity checks for linux kernel (and other binaries) from initramfs boot stage uses ...
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60 views

Why isn't ettercap working

I am working on an ARP poisoning/browser redirection project with Ettercap but even if I follow all the steps right it still doesn't work. I tried disabling firewalls too. What I do is: Start ...
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59 views

Why there is no shell prompt by exploiting this script?

I tried to get a shell prompt in the following vulnerable code, I think that I found the vulnerability, actually it is a simple stack buffer overflow, but now I have a problem with exploiting the ...
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34 views

Process of auditd -s enable/disable persists for a long time

I have setup auditd on my system, with some basic rules from CIS Benchmark paper and the following auditd.conf file: log_file = /var/log/audit/audit.log log_format = RAW log_group = root ...
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37 views

What can possibly happen to a public SSH server?

I'm writing a console emulator in JQuery, which will connect to a server through SSH and dynamically send commands (through AJAX) and receive output. Basically it will be a remote ssh console on a ...
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52 views

Does an account with a !! /etc/shadow entry have to still expire?

Currently where I work, our password policy is set at 84 days. This is set in our login.defs on all of our Linux machines. We have policies that are set around PCI DSS 3.1 and the like, this goes for ...
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63 views

Tuning auditd to be more operational friendly

We are in the process of pushing for a passing SOC-2 audit report, and part of that is to get our auditing act together. Specific to what I'm working on right now auditd. I have a nice set of rules, ...
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28 views

Timeout after setting up proxychains

I've installed ProxyChains on my linux machine and I'm trying to hide my IP over the internet. I went on one of those sites that gives you a list of ips, in this case, proxylist.hidemyass.com and got ...
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34 views

Crackle does not work?

I've used to intructions for Crackle but, cannot get this kind of results like in the example. All it does is open up the wireshark like plugin and does not show any results like the picture below. ...
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17 views

Has Anyone Published the Typical Netstat Profile for TAILS Linux?

Using TAILS, and with concerns typical of anyone security conscious enough to be drawn to it in the first place, I was wondering if boum.org or anywhere else has put the typical netstat profile for ...
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98 views

can sudoedit in below context be used to privilege escalate?

We can sudo without supplying a password! Matching Defaults entries for werkzeug on vwebhost: env_reset, mail_badpass, secure_path=/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin ...
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80 views

OSSEC error “agent_control(1750): ERROR: No remote connection configured. Exiting”

I am new to OSSEC and trying to figure the tool to deploy it. I have an ubuntu server where I downloaded and installed the security onion packages. I have a few windows systems which I would like to ...
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74 views

XCCDF check with SCE - Suse Linux Enterprise Server 11

I have written some compliance checks for Red Hat based systems with XCCDF. Some of my checks are OVAL definitions others are shell-scripts. It works great. The same checks don't work on an SLES 11 ...
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28 views

Get data file off critical database host

Re-wording this question to hopefully be more understandable. Thanks for the feedback. We have a data warehouse which sits in our production environment. Our data engineers can get to the host via ...
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122 views

Linux: Chinese Unionpay plugin, Ubuntu 64-bit - Spamware / Trojan?

China / Linux / Bank / Trojan / Backdoor / Executables Hey guys. I've got an account with a Chinese bank (I live here), and in the process of setting up an online account for the Chinese version of ...
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55 views

Is it possible to lock guest VMs (or processes) to sticks of physical RAM to prevent row hammer attacks?

I was wondering if it is possible through some means to isolate processes (or preferably guest VMs) to physical sticks of RAM. This would be to prevent row hammer like attacks from using physical ...
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306 views

Discovered unexplained large salted files in root folder on Linux, possible keylogger?

So I had Linux Mint running on my laptop, just installed it a month ago. It has a small hard drive, just 160gb, and I noticed shortly after installing the system, it ballooned to 80-some gigabytes ...
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469 views

Is there any method to prevent/trace ddos attack?

I have a debian linux server which run a few online game services. I have some competitors in this area and i think one of them is behind the ddos attacks. I have full access to the router, so I set ...
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107 views

Secure password transfer from stdout to another window

I am currently trying to build a little, secure password manager. As of now, I've implemented the encryption. Each website has its own file and each file has a number of fields (Most commonly username ...