Malware is any software application which subverts the will of the legitimate owner of a computer, by means of force or subterfuge, with or without personal or monetary gain on the part of the creator.

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Detection and analysis of unknown malware

Suppose I have a binary which is suspicious. How can I determine whether it is malicious, and if it is, reverse-engineer how it works and what it does? For example, maybe using static analysis? Are ...
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4answers
562 views

Unknown malware, how to report it and whom to report it to?

I'm a professional Windows system administrator, but I've been caught off-guard (or maybe some malware writer has been very clever) and I caught some unknown malware on my home computer (Windows 7 x64 ...
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3answers
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How serious is InstallIQ?

Background: Recently I've seen hits for InstallIQ a "potentially unwanted application" from ESET. From what I can find it seems like this is an installer wrapper that asks people to install other ...
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2answers
2k views

What does this injected code do?

One of my sites has just been hacked as this code has been inserted into random(?) files and places within the files. Does anyone understand what it is trying to do? I would welcome anything that may ...
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3answers
5k views

Do I really need an Anti-Virus software if I'm careful about where I browse?

A friend told to me the following: I don't use Anti-Virus software at all, I am just careful about where I go and what I click on. I've also heard this from other people as I've repaired their ...
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5answers
880 views

Checking if notebook is clean of hardware spyware

Are there any simple steps one can follow to verify if a notebook is clean from hardware spyware? What should be looked for? How should it look? If any visual tutorials with photographs are ...
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2answers
2k views

Where do I find JavaScript malware?

I am looking for JavaScript malware. I need it just for local tests on my computer for a project I am working on. Are there any Internet resources where I could find this?
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3answers
455 views

Retrieve files from possibly infected USB

I work in a lab environment, and save data to a shared PC. This PC is not networked, and so the only way to get the data from that PC to my own, is through USB. The lab director has mentioned that the ...
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6answers
2k views

weird visitors to my website

For the last three months I have thousands of real visitors to a single page on my website. Those visits are recorded in Google Analytics and count as page views in adsense reports, but they are fake: ...
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2answers
607 views

Skype called someone and connected to them with no action on my part. What do I do?

This happened to me today, September 12, at about 6pm. Any ideas about what happened, what's going on, and what I should do? I was at home alone with my 2 year old -- I was feeding her dinner. All of ...
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3answers
749 views

How to deobfuscate this PHP malware?

Two days ago a file called "images.php" appeared on a friend's server, which he noticed because it caused errors. The file contained the following. This code is of unknown origin and presumed to be ...
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5answers
2k views

Detecting malware-infected USB drives

I'm about to distribute some relatively cheap promotional usb drives to some of my company's clients. I'm fairly confident the company I purchased them from wouldn't intentionally implant malware on ...
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1answer
2k views

Oligomorphism vs polymorphism vs metamorphism in malware

What is the difference between these three? As I understand it, polymorphic malware code actually is always the same, and it's just that it appears to be different (through encryption, data ...
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2answers
374 views

How do you visit a link without risking your computer?

I got a link from: http //61.19.247./~naowit/dustin.html (removed the last digits so you don't accidentally click it! (they were 192)), which was masked as a youtube.com link via email. Now I'm not ...
10
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2answers
297 views

CSP Reports: Ignoring Client Malware

I'm seeing a lot of Content Security Policy (CSP) reports raised because of client-side malware. Many have "blocked-uri" entries like randomstring.cloudfront.net, something.akamaihd.net and so on. I ...
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5answers
1k views

Ads appearing in our application when they should not be

I received a strange issue reported by one of my web application users. Apparently they are getting "ads" within the browser window when using my application. I didn't add advertisements at all. It's ...
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3answers
674 views

Reason for writing Self-Decrypting Virus

What is the rationale behind writing a self-decrypting virus? By this I mean a virus that has it's payload encrypted, decrypts at runtime and runs it. How does this protect the virus from antivirus ...
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5answers
654 views

Can a mobile phone battery contain malware?

It has 3 terminals and is presumably a smart battery. I bought it on ebay recently for $2.74 USD and that included postage from China to Australia. It would normally retail for maybe $40 - $50. The ...
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2answers
2k views

How can a malicious URL affect a computer?

Many security experts advise not to click on malicious URLs. How can clicking a URL affect a computer's security? If a malicious file was downloaded and executed, then a computer's security may be ...
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4answers
578 views

What would happen if one of the popular Linux repositories is hacked?

Even though most people consider downloading your Linux software from you own distribution's repositories as safe, thinking about the scenario where a repository gets hacked sounds thrilling. What ...
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1answer
1k views

How to study the packets sent by a keylogger

One of my friends runescape account got hacked through key-logger. He downloaded a runescape gold generator from a file sharing site and tried to use it. I have a strong doubt that it is a key-logger. ...
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6answers
2k views

Pursuing a career in Malware Analysis

When I was a kid, I want to become a Malware Analyst and work in a Antivirus company. At that time, I love to try out different antivirus solutions and did a research project on Computer ...
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4answers
1k views

How would you analyze an image to find out if there are scripts embedded in it?

How would you analyze an image to find out if there are scripts or possible malware embedded in it? What tools / methods to use?
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2answers
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Malware known to use port knocking to evade detection by network scanners?

Are there any known cases of malware in the wild that utilize port knocking on a backdoor to evade detection by network scanners?
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2answers
3k views

Detecting reflective DLL injection

In the past few years, malware (and some pen-test tools like Metasploit's meterpreter payload) have begun to use reflective DLL injection (PDF) to load a DLL into the memory of a process. The benefit ...
9
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1answer
256 views

Malicious PDF Analysis

I have been analyzing a PDF I suspect to contain malicious content. For the most part, I've always trusted automated tools to determine if a PDF was safe to open. However, my eyes have been opened to ...
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4answers
847 views

Is disabling auto-run enough to protect against malicious code from removable media automatically infecting a machine?

If I block auto-run on a windows machine, is this enough to protect it from malicious code (assuming I don't run any files manually)? Or are there known vulnerabilities that may cause infection?
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How can I prevent viruses/malware from infecting my flash drive?

I've a pen drive that I carry to the college lab . It seems all the systems in lab is infected. I need to be able to write to the drive, so I can't simply write protect it. Everytime I insert a ...
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3answers
2k views

Am I protected from USB autorun malware on Windows 7?

As far as I know, the autorun.inf problem (the possibility of automatically executing code when a USB stick is plugged in) was solved through Windows Updates for XP, and on 7 it is no longer possible ...
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2answers
11k views

Advice on what to do after being hacked?

After running a system scan earlier today, I found that my computer had been infected by a trojan horse. My reason for running the scan was because Windows kept shutting down and then recovering. ...
8
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2answers
241 views

Where to find papers / information about spyware, tracking and cookie problems?

I am right now working on a problem and looking for some papers / information about spyware, tracking and cookie problems. I am no expert in that area, so I lack the knowledge where to find material ...
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3answers
206 views

How do I report new malware?

I have a new piece of malware that isn't detected by current anti-virus vendors. How do I report it to them? I want to do a good turn and help protect as many people as possible. What is the best ...
8
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3answers
206 views

How to identify and analyze malware that checks for security tools before running?

I've been reading about the ZeroAccess and looking into some bot's code source* and I found this piece of code which checks if filemon is running in the infected computer before running the bot. ...
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3answers
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Can malware read keychain entries on iOS devices?

Keychain entries of a 3rd party app are protected according their 'protection class'. For example, assigning the class 'kSecAttrAccessibleWhenUnlocked' to a keychain entry means that the entry is only ...
8
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1answer
277 views

Is there a public database of mutex names that are associated with malware?

I remember seeing something like this a while back, and it'd be incredibly useful for a project I'm working on. Essentially there was a list of mutex names, with a list of malware identifiers (e.g. ...
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6answers
1k views

Using linux to combat windows flash drive malware?

I just put an old flash drive which i used with a windows machine into my linux. I noticed many files, mostly exes which were never visible in windows (my windows does not hide hidden files and ...
7
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5answers
2k views

Browsing on a USB OS (Linux) safe from malware?

Let's say I have a computer. It's a personal computer - the one you'd typically find in homes. In this scenario, it's running Windows XP SP3, although it could run 7, Vista, etc. I have a USB drive ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Nmap indicates that “telepathstart” and “telepathattack” are listening on ports 5010 and 5011 of my Linux box. What are these?

I have a linux box on my network which, according to Nmap, contains two services called telepathstart and telepathattack listening on ports 5010 and 5011. From the same box, I am receiving inbound ...
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2answers
7k views

Is Buzzdocks a security threat?

A BuzzDock toolbar suddenly appeared in my Chrome browser. I definitely did not install it nor do I remember installing any crapware. It is not unknown to the internet community (Example 1, Example ...
7
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4answers
12k views

Security issues with allowing Dropbox installations on client PC's in our organisation

Does anyone know if there is any good reasons not to allow Dropbox installations on our client PC's? All the PC's have antivirus installed and running. I know it is an additional attack vector to ...
7
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3answers
798 views

How does a root kit work inside a virtual machine?

In my class, we are discussing virtual machine based root kits. I've research root kits, but could not find any information specifically talking about how root kits work inside of virtual machines ...
7
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2answers
316 views

Are there any independent organizations doing (publicly available) IT security research?

When looking up security risks on the net I find that all research being cited (if any is cited) always seems to come from the Anti-Malware companies. (just e.g., this article cites F-secure, AVG and ...
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2answers
238 views

How serious is a local virus in terms of network security

My colleague got a notification on his machine of a possible virus (through the virus scanner that is installed by default on all machines). He called up the tech department, and they simply told him ...
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3answers
2k views

attack/abuse notification email template

I'm building a template for use when sending "abuse" notifications to ISPs, hosting providers, etc., for when attacks originate from their netblock. Are there examples of templates used for this ...
7
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2answers
365 views

How do AV vendors choose malware names?

If you take a look at McAfee's recent malware page, you'll see that the names in the "Malware name" column aren't very human-readable: Downloader.a!cnz, W32/Autorun.worm.bgh, ...
7
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5answers
1k views

Malware code added when site viewed externally

Please see second followup at the bottom! (Now with added real malicious code! ...ish) Prompted by this question, I've noticed that my university's student charity organisation has an interesting ...
7
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1answer
187 views

Why Apache runs as unprivileged user?

Apache Web server as a security measure relinquishes its system privileges and runs as a normal unprivileged user before accepting clients over a networks. My Question is How this measure prevents ...
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3answers
287 views

How can I circumvent the lack of Java updates?

Just imagine you have a bunch of computers which need Java for some important software and you can't just switch to another vendor because all are using Java in this field of technology. If you start ...
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3answers
4k views

How to manage admin rights for helpdesk staff?

My question is about issuing administrative rights to helpdesk staff in a large Active Directory setting. Helpdesk staff commonly require administrative rights to provide support for end users. I ...
7
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2answers
66 views

AV detection of signed malware

With the massive Sony leaks (including their private keys/certificate), i was wondering: How do major AVs deal with signed binaries? ie: Does it influence their detecting ability of the signed ...