Malware is any software application which subverts the will of the legitimate owner of a computer, by means of force or subterfuge, with or without personal or monetary gain on the part of the creator.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

8
votes
3answers
4k views

Windows: unknown program/service etc. sends HTTP request to download a file; how can I find the origin of that request?

The firewall of my company has detected and blocked a repetitive (every 15 min) HTTP request from a PC, which tries to start a download of a file called ..._chrome_installer.exe(or so) from the host: ...
8
votes
1answer
273 views

Why Apache runs as unprivileged user?

Apache Web server as a security measure relinquishes its system privileges and runs as a normal unprivileged user before accepting clients over a networks. My Question is How this measure prevents ...
8
votes
4answers
10k views

Are there faux/fake malicious websites to test web reputation services similar to EICAR?

Antivirus writers have agreed for their software to recognize a standard "fake" virus file - the EICAR file, to let users check, that the software is up and running. Are there any equivalent test ...
8
votes
2answers
328 views

Where can I find good resources on reversing web malware?

I am wondering where I can find a good site with resources on reversing web malware like javascript, flash, html5, and any other stuff that is designed to attack the clients. Does anyone have any ...
8
votes
3answers
931 views

How do I report new malware?

I have a new piece of malware that isn't detected by current anti-virus vendors. How do I report it to them? I want to do a good turn and help protect as many people as possible. What is the best ...
8
votes
2answers
865 views

How to avoid ransomware

Malware files execute themselves after downloading them. Let's look at it from the point of view of a piece of ransomware like CryptoLocker, from Wikipedia: Crypyowall 3.0, uses a payload ...
8
votes
3answers
7k views

How to manage admin rights for helpdesk staff?

My question is about issuing administrative rights to helpdesk staff in a large Active Directory setting. Helpdesk staff commonly require administrative rights to provide support for end users. I ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Can malware read keychain entries on iOS devices?

Keychain entries of a 3rd party app are protected according their 'protection class'. For example, assigning the class 'kSecAttrAccessibleWhenUnlocked' to a keychain entry means that the entry is only ...
8
votes
2answers
351 views

Can a malware infect just by right clicking?

Someone I know got infected. He sent me the file to analyze. I downloaded the zip and it contained a scr file. I unzipped it and right-clicked to open it in Notepad++. It immediately got quarantined ...
8
votes
4answers
203 views

Does it matter which platform a file is scanned on for malware?

Different operating systems use different file types and file systems. Does it make a difference to a virus scan which system it is being run on and what type of malware it's looking for? I ask ...
8
votes
1answer
414 views

Is there a public database of mutex names that are associated with malware?

I remember seeing something like this a while back, and it'd be incredibly useful for a project I'm working on. Essentially there was a list of mutex names, with a list of malware identifiers (e.g. ...
8
votes
1answer
11k views

Looking for URL Blacklists of Malicious Websites [closed]

Is there a maintained list of URLs that contain malicious content. These URLs may be involved in Phishing, Scams, Viri, or other Malware. Please indicate in your answer if the list is freely ...
8
votes
2answers
337 views

AV detection of signed malware

With the massive Sony leaks (including their private keys/certificate), i was wondering: How do major AVs deal with signed binaries? ie: Does it influence their detecting ability of the signed ...
8
votes
1answer
209 views

Is NoScript bad? [closed]

I just came to know about NoScript, but after installing it opened the author's homepage with an advert for 'SpeedUpMyPC' that pointed to a UniBlue website, which I found fishy. Googling turned up ...
7
votes
4answers
683 views

What abuses can an infected webpage do to me if I'm using Chrome and Flash is disabled

as a follow-up to this question Can you get virus just by visiting a website in chrome., I've read these pages: http://www.straightsectalk.com/?p=47 ...
7
votes
3answers
938 views

How do virtual machines help security?

Can using a VM help to protect my passwords or other data? I'm asking this because I'm using a PC that others have access to, so there is possibly of some malware. I don't want to login to my web ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is my debugger detected as a Trojan by anti-virus software?

I'm trying to use a deugger (namely OllyDbg) to analyze some exe files. However, all the versions I downloaded from the Internet are considered as Trojans by some anti-virus software. (I use ...
7
votes
4answers
998 views

How to trace the actions performed by a virus?

Is that possible to trace the actions performed by a virus? Run Time , stolen data and the files consulted and get the relative impact on my pc.?
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Is Buzzdocks a security threat?

A BuzzDock toolbar suddenly appeared in my Chrome browser. I definitely did not install it nor do I remember installing any crapware. It is not unknown to the internet community (Example 1, Example ...
7
votes
4answers
951 views

How can Antivirus differentiate between a Trojan and a normal remote desktop application software?

RAT (Remote Access Tool, e.g. Sub7) are considered malicious by Antivirus software. How can it distinguish between such patches and a client application for commercial software like NetSupport ...
7
votes
1answer
889 views

How does this javascript attack work?

There is a closed question on StackOverflow with a similar code excerpt but it is closed due to not being a programming related question so I thought I would ask here instead. It was emailed in a Zip ...
7
votes
2answers
208 views

Can malware infect more than one operating system?

Is is possible for malware to be written in a low-level language such as C or C++ and do the following: Infect a single operating systems(such as Windows) Detect other machines on the same network ...
7
votes
2answers
281 views

How serious is a local virus in terms of network security

My colleague got a notification on his machine of a possible virus (through the virus scanner that is installed by default on all machines). He called up the tech department, and they simply told him ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Any additional security with large blacklisting hosts file?

I run Windows with a pretty hefty c:/windows/system32/drivers/etc/hosts file obtained from http://winhelp2002.mvps.org/hosts.htm. I update this file as regularly as I remember and layer it with ...
7
votes
1answer
392 views

Javascript phishing attack sucker: Do I need to be worried? [closed]

So, I'm an idiot. I opened a javascript phishing attack file. I would really, really appreciate some help with decoding the Javascript to figure out whether I'm in trouble, and what sort. I'm on OS X ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Malware code added when site viewed externally

Please see second followup at the bottom! (Now with added real malicious code! ...ish) Prompted by this question, I've noticed that my university's student charity organisation has an interesting ...
7
votes
5answers
4k views

Browser hijacked - how to fix and prevent?

For the second time in a month, my work PC has been infected with malware that is hijacking my Google search results in Firefox. A search for the URL hijacked searches end up at turns up nothing on ...
7
votes
2answers
551 views

Do Javascript malware signatures exist?

Are there signatures for malicious JavaScript codes as they exist for other viruses/worms/trojans developed in other programming languages ? If so, are these JavaScript malware signatures defined ...
7
votes
3answers
295 views

How can I circumvent the lack of Java updates?

Just imagine you have a bunch of computers which need Java for some important software and you can't just switch to another vendor because all are using Java in this field of technology. If you start ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

Exactly how secure is VM browsing?

I generally do all of my web browsing in a VM. I have one "safe" VM running Ubuntu that has guest services installed. I generally only go to sites I deem are trustworthy here. I also have an "unsafe" ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Has my network/computer been breached?

I'm not sure if this is the right site to ask, so I apologise if it isn't, but here goes. A while ago I started noticing some odd behaviour. My Gmail account was compromised, it seemed, and I had to ...
7
votes
2answers
282 views

Example of malware in the wild?

I'd like to test an application that detects malware on my network. In order to do that, I have a Windows VM set up that I'd like to infect with malware. But for the life of me, I can't seem to find ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

Finding spam sending scripts?

What are the tips for finding email spam sending scripts? I ask because usually I hit a wall in shared hosting environments, so I ask this question as a way to get some insight from others. What I ...
7
votes
2answers
632 views

Process authentication for Linux

Is there any possibility to authenticate a running process in Linux to be sure that this is the original/right one? I know that an Linux operating system is only that secure like the way you use it. ...
7
votes
1answer
383 views

Can virtual machines be used to isolate vulnerable software?

I have had a look at most of the previous questions about virtual machines (VMs) and they all appear to be focused on hosting malware in the VM and preventing it breaking out of the VM. What I can’t ...
7
votes
2answers
522 views

Where Does ClamAV Get Its Virus Signatures?

I see that ClamAV has virus definition files which are mostly hash codes in md5, sha1, and sha256 formats, which either look at the whole file or what are called PE sections of an executable file. Of ...
7
votes
7answers
14k views

How safe/secure are banking applications on Android phones?

I have a mobile banking application installed on my phone which allows me to pay for things, transfer money using my phone from my account to another etc. How safe or unsafe is this application? For ...
6
votes
4answers
615 views

Would running VMs inside of VMs be a more secure way to study viruses, etc?

I was reading this post on SuperUser, and it made me wonder about security. I've read somewhere else that some viruses/malware/whatever CAN break outside of a VM... and then infect the host OS. BUT, ...
6
votes
8answers
262 views

Difference between virus and trojan?

To my current understanding: a virus is a program that does not self replicate and relies on the host file being spread, it has malicious intent. A trojan is a program that is run be deceiving the ...
6
votes
3answers
220 views

Is it safe to attach a potentially malicious hard drive to a Solaris machine?

We bring in hard drives from un-trusted sources and would like to ensure that they will not contain any harmful content. What kind of risk is there for Solaris? As in, if Solaris is running, and I ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

Malware infections from visiting or using YouTube

Is it possible to be infected by viruses or other malware while visiting YouTube? What kind of measures do the YouTube staff take to prevent viruses and malware?
6
votes
4answers
15k views

How can I detect backdoors?

I have a machine running Mac OS X and I suspect there may be a backdoor installed. I know that I could take it to a professional security firm for analysis, or nuke it from orbit, but I'm interested ...
6
votes
1answer
638 views

Google showing spam links on my site

When I search the name of my site on Google, I see site links description which are spammy and not related to my site. Sometimes when I click I get redirect to phishing sites. But I have used many ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How would I go about rebuilding the IAT of a packed executable?

When executables are packed with a tool such as UPX, the real code and data sections are encrypted or obfuscated, then loaded into memory using an injected decrypter stub. This makes static analysis ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

attack/abuse notification email template

I'm building a template for use when sending "abuse" notifications to ISPs, hosting providers, etc., for when attacks originate from their netblock. Are there examples of templates used for this ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the best ways to fake a web server

I was wondering if anyone had some insight into the best way to fake a web service response rather than setting up a web server. For instance, while doing dynamic analysis of malware it's useful to ...
6
votes
3answers
277 views

Spamming exploits without user detection

So I asked this question because I had thought that attackers would have a way to identify client software, because surely if 100 different exploits were spammed against a users machine they would ...
6
votes
3answers
265 views

Does malware persist after wiping hard drive and reinstalling OS from manufacturer disc? [duplicate]

This question is related to a computer where users other than the owner have had access for periods of several hours at a time. The following steps have been taken to clean the computer: Used ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How could malware like Stuxnet be detected?

Stuxnet and others in this list of state-of-the-art Internet worms had certain features that they were very stealthy in leaking out the information they harvested. Thus it managed to go under the ...
6
votes
7answers
2k views

Safe to connect to external drive?

A customer provided an external drive (USB 2.0 and Firewire 800 connections), and wants me to copy files onto the drive. The drive is not new. I have no particular reason to suspect the customer ...