Malware is any software application which subverts the will of the legitimate owner of a computer, by means of force or subterfuge, with or without personal or monetary gain on the part of the creator.

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7
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2answers
6k views

Is Buzzdocks a security threat?

A BuzzDock toolbar suddenly appeared in my Chrome browser. I definitely did not install it nor do I remember installing any crapware. It is not unknown to the internet community (Example 1, Example ...
4
votes
2answers
167 views

What is the state of the Windows Update certificate after Flame?

May 28, The Flame malware is discovered in Iran and by Kaspersky Labs. June 5, Dan Goodin (Ars Technica) points out that Flame had hijacked WindowsUpdate, spreading signed malware through that ...
5
votes
1answer
704 views

When and Why does Chrome display malware detection warning?

Google Chrome contains malware detection feature. When user visits some site, browser may display warning that site contains malware. What does it mean that site contains malware? Does it mean that ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

attack/abuse notification email template

I'm building a template for use when sending "abuse" notifications to ISPs, hosting providers, etc., for when attacks originate from their netblock. Are there examples of templates used for this ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How would I go about rebuilding the IAT of a packed executable?

When executables are packed with a tool such as UPX, the real code and data sections are encrypted or obfuscated, then loaded into memory using an injected decrypter stub. This makes static analysis ...
-4
votes
1answer
350 views

What are the technial and programming requirements for writing a stealth keylogger? [closed]

I'm planning to write/code one such stealth keylogger that would bypass detection by a certain antivirus. (I don't want to name the vendor as I know how good Google queries are against StackExchange ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

Are anti-virus companies companies regularly committing software piracy?

As Mikko Hypponen highlighted in a recent tweet, anti-Virus companies collect and store both samples of malicious software and samples of legitimate software: This got me to thinking, what ...
3
votes
2answers
524 views

Can a malware jump from a virtual to the physical machine? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How secure are virtual machines really? False sense of security? I found out that malware authors check if the hard drive volume name, or network card MAC matches ...
2
votes
2answers
270 views

How does duqu delete itself?

I'm curious to know how Duqu deletes itself. From technical point of view and generally, how can an executable delete itself while is running? Does Duqu use a specific procedure to do this?
0
votes
2answers
684 views

Is a VPN the only way to protect against rogue Wifi access points MITM attacks?

Given that it's very easy set up a rogue access point and MITM that connection, is a VPN to a trusted host the only real way to secure my browsing and other TCP/UDP actions? This question relates to ...
5
votes
7answers
3k views

How to safely view a malicious PDF?

I have a PDF with important information that may contain malware. What would be the best way to view it?
6
votes
2answers
342 views

How a malware executes remote payload

Let's assume a malware was installed (on a UNIX-based platform) with some social engineering tricks. The original installed code itself may be benign, but the only malicious activity is that the ...
4
votes
1answer
387 views

In the light of recent information about RarVM, can we still trust RAR files?

See: http://blog.cmpxchg8b.com/2012/09/fun-with-constrained-programming.html https://github.com/taviso/rarvmtools It would seem according to these two sources that rar files can contain custom ...
4
votes
2answers
434 views

What is disk encryption worth? Threat of proprietary Bios, SMM, optionrom, TPM etc?

Supposing there is private/secret data on a machine (i.e a x86 arch) the most reasonable thing to me would be to encrypt this data, so to protect it. I understand that the purpose of ...
20
votes
2answers
2k views

From a technical standpoint, how does the zero-day Internet Explorer vulnerability discovered in September 2012 work?

I'm looking for an answer that explains the issue from the prespective of a developer/engineer. What is exactly being exploited and why does it work? Please note that I am not looking for ...
7
votes
2answers
330 views

How do AV vendors choose malware names?

If you take a look at McAfee's recent malware page, you'll see that the names in the "Malware name" column aren't very human-readable: Downloader.a!cnz, W32/Autorun.worm.bgh, ...
4
votes
2answers
339 views

How can I recognize and find file(s) dropped by malware?

Suppose I am doing malware analysis. How can I recognize if, during the analysis process, a piece of malware dropped a file in my system, and if so, the path of the file? What are the procedures, ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

What authentication threat data exists?

I recently read an article that said there was not much data on which authentication threat vectors were actually being exploited in the real world. Eg what percent of password theft was by ...
-1
votes
2answers
7k views

Malware or buggy software gives Low Disk Space warning

Since a few days, I am getting an alert that in my c drive disk space is low. When I verified, free space in my c drive was decreasing hour by hour and there was a stage when it simply said that 0 mb ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

How did DNSChanger rogue name servers work?

I know DNS changer, changes DNS server with its own Evil DNS server on an infected computer, then the DNS servers point to their own rogue nameservers and the nameservers change the ads on websites ...
4
votes
1answer
405 views

Is Window's system restoration useful for getting rid of malware?

If your computer has been infected with some kind of malware, could a restoration of the system, using the tool provided by windows, help you getting rid of that malware? We should suppose that it ...
20
votes
2answers
754 views

Cohen's problem

Fred Cohen determined theoritically that viral detetction is an undecidable problem. Can anyone provide an intuitive reasoning for that? Background Fred Cohen experimented with computer viruses ...
6
votes
3answers
655 views

What methodologies are useful when reverse-engineering malware / shellcode?

Whilst I'm familiar with reverse engineering techniques from a technical standpoint, I've never found a good methodology for approaching and dissecting malware / shellcode. I've found hundreds of ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What can I do to make sure my computer isn't infected with FinSpy?

What steps have been taken by common free software OS distributions to protect against it? What can Windows users do? What ways are there to rid a system of it?
2
votes
2answers
9k views

How does Remote Access Trojan / Backdoor Software work?

How does the RAT works? I understand it as once we surf the infected website, browser might download the trojan to our PC automatically. Will it executed and auto install in our computer? I can't ...
13
votes
5answers
456 views

What is the risk of giving USB drives as promotional items by a healthcare provider

There have been a couple of instances where malware infected USB drives have been given away unknowingly as promotional items at conferences, e.g., IBM in 2010. Besides this, if a healthcare company ...
1
vote
1answer
363 views

DNS query through squid? [closed]

My IDS picked up our squid proxy server doing a dynamic DNS request. I wasn't aware squid passed DNS requests from the client to the internal DNS server. Is this possible? Snort Alert: ET POLICY ...
38
votes
3answers
2k views

Mars Curiosity Rover Security

Does the software in the Mars Curiosity Rover have any security features built-in? I can't imagine how someone would hack into it, but if the rover does indeed have some protection against malicious ...
3
votes
2answers
553 views

Why do I get AV alerts when browsing a web page?

I'm using the latest version of Firefox and Windows is up to date. When I was browsing a webpage and clicked a link the browser displayed "connection has been reset" and AVAST poped-up saying "Alert!" ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Appilicability of Theoritical Computer Science/Formal methods in Malware research

I would like to know the importance of Theoritical CS/Formal methods in Malware research. Due to the large volume of new malware variants received per day (~50,000 samples/day according to McAfee), ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

What are the security implications of people downloading addons, wrongly thinking that they are safe?

I recently learned about a plugin for Firefox called Fire Sheep, which was featured on the Security Now podcast. I downloaded F.S. and began examining it. To my surprise it includes C++ code that must ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Preventing Client PC's from accessing C&C machines

At my office I find us constantly fighting with malware. All users run under the "user" level, we have McAfee and have recently reviewed the Best Practices guide to ensure we adhere to it, all of my ...
1
vote
1answer
758 views

on stack execution on windows 7 :: metasploit :: meterpreter :: executable crypter

I posted this on stackoverflow, was advised to move it to security section. I was writing an executable crypter as an exercise with goal of Antivirus evasion, now the problem is the final executable ...
2
votes
1answer
495 views

Intepreting PE (Portable Executable) headers of suspicious malware files

I am starting up on malware analysis, and I am analyzing a file to see if it is packed or obfuscated. Using PEview I am examining the .text, .rdata and .data headers. I know that if there is a big ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

Security Alert - Office File Validation - how to decide whether to proceed?

Recently, when opening a Microsoft Word document that came from a trusted source, I received the following warning message: The warning message is titled "Security Alert - Office File Validation". ...
15
votes
2answers
618 views

Is there a real possibility of getting malware by “drive-by”?

I know malware can be gotten by downloading and running stuff, but is there a real possibility of just viewing a webpage or clicking a link and getting one? Assuming using only Firefox / Chrome and ...
3
votes
5answers
412 views

Can web application do anything to prevent risk from client-side malware?

Client side malware (keyloggers, screenscrapers etc.) is a great risk. It can't be effectively stopped from side of ordinary application. Only users themselves can do some measures to prevent risk ...
2
votes
3answers
245 views

Find changes and modifications made to system by application or virus,

I would like to use either Hyper-V or Vmware to take a Clean Base snapshot and a snapshot after an application or virus has made changes so I can then see what was changed between the two images. ...
3
votes
2answers
788 views

How do browser injections work?

I've heard many times that malware like Zeus, SpyEye and Citadel are able to do browser injections to steal credit card data. How do they do it? how do browser "injections" work? How are they able to ...
-1
votes
3answers
250 views

How to find & remove twitter spambot?

Sometimes i can see that i've "retweeted" some tweets , that i actually didn't. And all of them spam to some gaming & pharma websites. I've got windows 7 64bit, norton internet security , using ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Nmap indicates that “telepathstart” and “telepathattack” are listening on ports 5010 and 5011 of my Linux box. What are these?

I have a linux box on my network which, according to Nmap, contains two services called telepathstart and telepathattack listening on ports 5010 and 5011. From the same box, I am receiving inbound ...
6
votes
4answers
472 views

Would running VMs inside of VMs be a more secure way to study viruses, etc?

I was reading this post on SuperUser, and it made me wonder about security. I've read somewhere else that some viruses/malware/whatever CAN break outside of a VM... and then infect the host OS. BUT, ...
0
votes
1answer
327 views

Can the FiddlerCore library be used for Malware (e.g. MitM attacks)?

I've used the excellent Fiddler web debugging software before and have recently come across the Fiddler Core headless .NET library which gives you all the abilities of Fiddler in library form. It's ...
-3
votes
2answers
210 views

Malicious Script [closed]

Any idea what this does? === ...
4
votes
4answers
388 views

Malware that uses http as a covert channel

I'm working on a http traffic analyzer and I need a collection of malware, which uses http as a way to get commands and respond, to analyze their network behaviour. Is there any database of malware, ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

Recommendations for honeypot software

A couple of us wanted to setup a honeypot/honeynet with the goal of learning; not planned to be in a production environment. What's a good recommendation for a high interaction or low interaction ...
22
votes
2answers
15k views

Can you get virus just by visiting a website in chrome

I've recently read Google Chrome: The End of Drive-By Downloads. Is it true to say that drive-by-downloads are history in Google Chrome? So if I have a link (from a spam email) I can right-click >> ...
4
votes
5answers
388 views

Why wasn't the flame malware flagged by firewalls?

Why didn't any firewalls catch the flame malware siphoning out all of that data? I thought there was firewall software that looks for "suspicious" activity?
3
votes
2answers
651 views

How does DNS Changer malware detection work?

This malware directs your computer to use DNS servers under control of the badguys. These DNS servers were taken over by the FBI. They were replaced with clean ones, to prevent service disruption, but ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

Where a sysadmin deletes a company's data, why can't they just restore from backups

As an example, in the UBS Duronio case, Mr. Duronio executed code that deleted everything in its path, but isn't there a backup server? Why was UBS hit by the loss of data? If the backup is available, ...