A man-in-the-middle attack (MiTM) is an attack against a communication protocol where the attacker relays and modifies messages in transit. The parties believe they are talking to each other directly, but in fact both are talking to the attacker.

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SSLv3 cannot be disabled, can I use weak cipher as a workaround?

We're using lighttpd 1.5.0-2349 which unfortunately doesn't support the option to disable SSLv3. I think a potential workaround would be to only allow it to use some cipher which has already been ...
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74 views

What to do about “approved” direct banking MITM sites like sofort.com?

Brussels Airlines allows several payment types, only two of which are free: Maestro and Sofort Banking: The second option was new to me, but direct debit is usually a free and practical way to pay: ...
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76 views

Securing commands

For a project I'm working on, I need to securely send commands between servers. These commands should not be able to be altered, and there should be some security about not being able to just keep ...
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47 views

arp spoofing in VMware ESXi

I have a VMware ESXi server and I want to create two virtual machines with specific public IP addresses. Is it possible for the 2 virtual machines to sniff each other's traffic ? If so how can it be ...
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1answer
93 views

How to secure my ajax call to the backend?

In my website I'm using an ajax call to get some information from the backend. Even if I'm using SSL someone can intercept the call and replace the real response with a fake one. Is there a way to be ...
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5answers
118 views

Are most MiTM attacks done to impersonate web sites, or simply decrypt traffic?

The more I read about impersonating web sites the more I get confused. Does an attacker need the private key of the server in order to impersonate a website or does having the private key simply give ...
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1answer
69 views

Chat encryption system avoiding protocol sniffing and then key+decryption replay?

I'm working on a chat system and I want to add it some kind of security (not just HTTPS with SSL since I've read it can be sniffed and decrypted with a few tools). Now, my knowledge in cryptography is ...
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1answer
67 views

Why can't all wireless cards perform packet injection?

If a wireless card can send packets, why can't it inject packets? All have to do to inject a packet is create a raw socket, construct a packet with the spoofed headers and then send the packet ...
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1answer
96 views

Can't I forge an SSL certificate? [duplicate]

I read What's keeping a malicious man in the middle server from forging a valid certificate?, but when the client goes to verify the certificate, can't an attacker intercept that connection and say ...
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2answers
132 views

Does a self-signed certificate offer more protection than a public key?

I'm having a hard time finding the practical benefits of transmitting a self-signed certificate over simply a public key. I understand that a self-signed certificate proves the integrity of the public ...
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60 views

Does public key auth in SSH prevent most MITM attacks?

I found this article that claims asymmetric crypto signature of DH-obtained key prevents MITM: http://www.gremwell.com/ssh-mitm-public-key-authentication Key idea: The value of 'signature' is a ...
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1answer
188 views

Why is stackoverflow not using HTTPS for all it's page?

Most webpage from stackoverflow use http even if you are logged in. Isn't it a security issue? Could an eavesdropper steal my session and authentication cookie then impersonate me since it's sent ...
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1answer
123 views

What is stopping me from replaying an SSL certificate?

Say I have the SSL certificate for google.com. I intercept it, edit the certificate with my own domain name and public key and use it to intercept all traffic to google.com. What mechanisms exist in ...
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1answer
379 views

Can eavesdropping be facilitated by injecting content that will be transmitted?

I was asked during a job interview the following question, to which I couldn't find an answer then, and this thing is still bothering me. I was hoping someone might know the answer here: Consider ...
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2answers
154 views

How to avoid session fixation (Login CSRF) by MitM attack without HSTS?

I'm writing a web app that already uses TLS encrypted connections (HTTPS), Secure; HttpOnly session cookie, HMAC-SHA1 CSRF token, requires correct Referer header to avoid Login CSRF and changes ...
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3answers
3k views

For an HTTPS web application, is it worthwhile to encrypt the password before POSTing it, to keep a MITM attacker from harversting it?

Our application has recently gone through penetration testing. The test found one critical security breach, which is essentially: The problem: Attacker sets up a WiFi spot. User enters our site ...
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3answers
124 views

How real is the threat of MITM when you have your own network

I never understood why I have to worry about MITM when I am at home connected to my simple WiFiless modem using an Ethernet cable. I can tell how serious the threat is when you are in an Internet ...
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3answers
165 views

What's the difference between mitm attack and sniffing?

What's the difference between MITM attack and sniffing? Also could anyone name a few other attacks similar to those?
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1answer
66 views

Unencrypted connections between 2 people who use the same ISP, what's the risk?

What is the risk, man-in-the-middle or otherwise, of unencrypted connections between 2 people who use the same ISP, in the same city? If we assume the ISP (and the copper wire that leads to them) is ...
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1answer
55 views

Diffie Hellman Hash MITM

I've seen an application recently that used the Diffie Hellman algorithm. It is not a Ephemeral Diffie-Hellman implementation, but rather a Diffie Hellman one. After the secret keys have been ...
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56 views

Deauth attack without being able to contact the AP

In my home pentest lab I though it would be interesting to try this scenario and see if it works: I have 2 computers and 1 AP, computer A is authenticated to the access point with WPA2 and computer B ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Could I counter SiteKey MitM attack with user-agent identification?

I find it very strange that bank use service like SiteKey without user-agent identification. This still makes them very vulnerable to MitM attack which is exactly what they are trying to protect ...
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1answer
52 views

API request modification

I am building an API that returns data about companies Multiple applications will access the API, some of these applications will have access to one company, some to multiple companies. When a request ...
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3answers
73 views

Flash cookie and man-in-the-middle

I am using the Scala Play web framework. In it, there is a PLAY_FLASH cookie used to flash messages to the user (it's a cookie so it will still work after several redirects). I put HTML in the cookie ...
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2answers
439 views

How to simulate man in the middle attack in android emulator?

I am new to pen-testing. Yesterday i analysed one android application using dex2jar application and i saw an android application implemented https connection using empty trust manager. class miTM ...
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4answers
333 views

Mitigating SSLStrip by only serving a site over HTTPS?

So I just learned about SSLStrip now--I feel like I'm so late to the game. What I want to know is: If your site only serves content over HTTPS and hard fails on HTTP requests, with no redirect, are ...
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84 views

Installing self-made cert as trusted CA on windows?

I'm looking into using mitm-proxy, but part of the process of filtering/snooping SSL is that you must generate and install a root cert as a trusted CA, so that mitm-proxy can generate and throw out ...
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129 views

How to know if I'm under a MITM attack

If I am connected in a public WIFI , is there any way to know whether I am under attack or not while browsing sites using SSL. For example if I visit facebook.com , if the URL starts with "https://" ...
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1answer
76 views

Hacked Router Faking a Certificate Authority

Does a typical computer begin with any shared secret with a certificate authority when I buy it? If not, a compromised home router could fake everything and get my credit card info when I attempt to ...
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3answers
94 views

How can DH provide a known secret to two parties over an unencrypted connection without it being intercepted via MITM?

Without using Private and Public keypairs, i do not understand how Diffie-Hellman is able to generate a secret key between two parties on the internet without passing something between that could be ...
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2answers
140 views

Can ISP use MITM attack to “break” encrypted traffic?

Use connection of A and B as an example. Their communications were encrypted by Public Key Encryption. Before they exchange their public key, ISP MITM attacked. A got "B"'s public key (ISP generated) ...
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1answer
199 views

Man-in-the-middle attack with public wifi

I'm using Charles to sniff out the traffic on my iPhone at Starbucks and for some reason it won't work with at&t wifi. Google Starbucks wifi does, however. I use my iPhone to connect to the same ...
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1answer
532 views

SSL / TLS Renegotiation Handshakes MiTM Plaintext Data Injection- medium or low risk?

This is a Nessus finding, which is considered medium by default. Basically it may allow for some plaintext injection which may allow for some man in the middling. My question is, has these been ...
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1answer
46 views

Inconsistant browser warnings for SSL

I am doing a penetration test at the moment, where the client has deep packet inspection for SSL enabled (my guess), as every SSL connection seems to being MITMed. Now, some HTTPS sites, like Gmail, ...
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93 views

Broadband security question

I have a fixed line broadband connection at home. This morning when I tried accessing Google or Facebook through my browser (Google Chrome) I got a webpage asking me to update my flash player. I found ...
2
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5answers
440 views

Does the SSL termination happen with the ISP or a mobile service provider? [duplicate]

Is it true that when I connect to a site over HTTPS , my mobile service provider or the ISP gets to snoop in the communication? Can they play MITM?
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1answer
34 views

series of SSL errors across multiple sites — reason for concern? [closed]

Rebooted my rMBP late 2013 recently, and saw a set of SSL errors (unable to verify certificate) across a wide range of sites (google, gmail, mubi, medium) and also in the Calendar app as it tried to ...
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5answers
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How can my employer be a man-in-the-middle when I connect to Gmail? [duplicate]

I'm trying to understand SSL/TLS. What follows are a description of a scenario and a few assumptions which I hope you can confirm or refute. Question How can my employer be a man-in-the-middle when ...
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1answer
31 views

What are the security issues of a MITM on an ssh session with rsa keypair

If a user connects to an SSH server using an rsa private key, but does not confirm the server's fingerprint. What kind of information can a man in the middle attack get from the session?
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How does OTR's authentication using “Question and answer” protect against MiTM?

I've read that the answer has something to do Socialist Millionaire, but I still don't understand how can the user be protected against malicious Man In The Middle, which would capture the question ...
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1answer
49 views

MITM protection, key distribution

I want to make sure each of my apps users only get their own data, and that nobody tampers with it or sniffs it in a MITM fashion. Encryption of everything should be the solution, right? But how do I ...
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1answer
77 views

Implementing MITM attack on MAN or WAN

Is it possible to implement MITM attack on larger networks than LAN? For example is is possible to implement such an attack on the whole network of an ISP?
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2answers
79 views

What are the alternatives to ECDSA for an authentication protocol?

In an authentication protocol, S has a public/private key pair known to C, and S and C have established a secure channel (for example, using DH or ECDH, or any other key exchange protocol). C wishes ...
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1answer
106 views

How common are mitm attacks behind an ISP?

Yes. Of course using https everywhere is best. But sometimes that's not an option. In those cases, I'd like to make an informed decision. Is there any information about their prevalence? Or would that ...
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1answer
51 views

MITM attack in a star network with proxy server

My community centre has a public computer center. I am pretty sure that it's connected in a star topology with some switch in the center. It also have a proxy server which we need to enter a username ...
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1answer
66 views

Is code-signing with a non-ssl timestamp unsafe?

Assuming your code-signing tool is secure (e.g., does not suffer from buffer overflow exploits and the like), is there any reason to be concerned if a time-stamping service is not running over SSL? ...
3
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1answer
591 views

How can the OpenSSL CCS Injection vulnerability (CVE-2014-0224) be exploited?

Just curious how this one works in practice and if it's as much of a risk as has been made out? It says you actively require a MiTM scenario, which is understandable, but then what are the steps to ...
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1answer
73 views

Prevent Replay attacks via timestamp while client clock is not adjusted [closed]

I'm going to send my timestamp to server and server will check if it is in a given interval. What if My mobile clock is not adjusted (say it gives 2:00 pm while now it is 2:00 am). now I lost the ...
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1answer
236 views

Can an SSH server fingerprint be spoofed?

If I simply connect to an SSH server, get its key fingerprint, and immediately disconnect, does the SSH protocol ensure that the server also had the private key in order to get that far into the ...
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2answers
80 views

Are MITM attacks possible on HTTP loopbacks?

I have a web server running at example.com. The web server performs a server-side request to example.com which results in a loopback, so the request never passes over the network. Is this request ...