A man-in-the-middle attack (MiTM) is an attack against a communication protocol where the attacker relays and modifies messages in transit. The parties believe they are talking to each other directly, but in fact both are talking to the attacker.

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Can an SSH server fingerprint be spoofed?

If I simply connect to an SSH server, get its key fingerprint, and immediately disconnect, does the SSH protocol ensure that the server also had the private key in order to get that far into the ...
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Are MITM attacks possible on HTTP loopbacks?

I have a web server running at example.com. The web server performs a server-side request to example.com which results in a loopback, so the request never passes over the network. Is this request ...
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Security risk of Microsoft AD Certificate Services?

We have an internal CA server for our domain located at http://cert_srvr.local.domain/certsrv/certrqxt.asp. This server runs Microsoft Active Directory Certificate Services. When I went to the ...
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151 views

Is it secure to be using LDAP, or is LDAPS the only secure option?

I am currently using an LDAP setup. I am wondering if it is secure from Man-in-the-middle attacks or other vulnerabilities?
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3answers
91 views

How are public key certificates updated securely?

Let's say I get a new computer that's never been connected to the internet before. The first time I connect it to the internet, is it susceptible to a mitm attack while downloading its public key ...
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517 views

SSH connection attempts from China show different key; is China doing a MITM attack on SSH traffic?

I have a server located in the USA and SSH to it from various places around the world. When I SSH in from a computer I have never used before, I'll see something like this: The authenticity of host ...
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43 views

Manipulating data during a MiTM

I'm trying to learn some attack methods by myself and I have hit a wall where I can't find any information. I have successfully performed an ARP MiTM between 2 systems and I am able to sniff the ...
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125 views

SSL decryption without installing a certificate on each client

Given a proxy performing MITM SSL decryption and inspection, is it possible to install a wildcard certificate (*.domain.com) on the proxy signed by a root CA (such as VeriSign or GoDaddy) such that ...
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159 views

How common and how easy is sniffing plaintext communication?

So the first reason we give to encrypt content is to prevent against a man in the middle sniffing all data. That is the reason ssh is used and not telnet for example. But in today's networks where ...
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77 views

man in the middle question

I've been wondering about this scenario for a while but I cannot fully understand how it works. Say I am sitting in a cafe on my laptop with wireshark, the cafe has an open WiFi connection. Is it ...
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96 views

What can entreprise admins do with our secured sessions?

The enterprise where I work has a proxy server that traces and filters our web activities. Employees claim that they can know the links that we visited and see the content of HTTP web sites, but they ...
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70 views

Secure end-to-end when part of conversation must be over HTTP

We have a situation where a user's identity can be verified as follows: the network provider knows the identity of the user and injects secure headers into the HTTP request, which our servers can use ...
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155 views

Who can carry out Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) attacks?

We seem to spend a lot of time guarding against Man-In-The-Middle (MITM) attacks without discussing who we are actually guarding against. This is important because if these individuals are unlikely ...
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91 views

Authenticated sessions and Man in the middle

I see a lot of websites (including Stackoverflow) using this authentication mechanism: Client authenticates under HTTPS and gets back a session id. Client drops back to HTTP and accesses secure ...
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68 views

Simple way to protect ssh against man-in-the-middle attack? [duplicate]

If a narrow, trusted channel is needed (for example, there is an usb key to take data between the machines), it is okay. Although SSH will throw a big error if it tries to connect to a server ...
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1k views

Why can't we do MiTM attacks when using secure connection

I have this silly question that is bothering me. When not using secure connection (HTTP for example) cookies can be intercepted and used to connect to the site as if we have the id and password. We ...
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160 views

SSH MITM attack underway

UPDATE: The source of this problem has thankfully turned out to be a buggy mobile SSH client used on 2 different devices not a MITM attack. However, I'd still appreciate a full answer to the original ...
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LTE networks and MITM

2G would leave you vulnerable to spoofed base stations. 3G tried to somewhat fix that using mutual authentication. Now, I tried to check how LTE handles this but I couldn’t find any usefull ...
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77 views

Where can I practice MITM raw binary protocols?

I want to try practicing MITMing raw TCP binary protocols as well as MITMing HTTP protocol. What is the best way to do this? Are there any specific tools which help me do this? Like wireshark or ZAP ...
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178 views

How to prove iOS app is vulnerable to MiTM

I'm updating an iOS app and I want to prove that it is vulnerable to MiTM attack. I have set up Charles Proxy on my mac and configured the Simulator so that it trusts Charles CA Certificate, per ...
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151 views

How does police or somebody find out that an Arp Spoofing attack was done?

If you watch traffic in real time, you can see that an attacker doing a MiTM attack does ARP spoofing because MAC addresses will be duplicated, etc. And, well, you can see all MAC addresses and see ...
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Why is the deprecated SSL 2.0 protocol considered insecure and how can it be exploited?

I am making a presentation to the class about "SSL 2.0 deprecated protocol" and I really have no idea how this exploit is used or how the attacker can use this vul. I understand the impact of this ...
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1answer
80 views

Decline any custom ssl certificate in a mobile application

Consider the following scenario. Eve creates an access point in a public place. Alice connects to the AP via mobile phone and starts browsing the Web. Eve redirects Alice to a registration page and ...
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How to use my WiFi to inspect its user traffic and to run MiTM attacks?

As part of a security research, I need to make my WiFi open, and to inspect the traffic of the ones who connect to it. Additionally, I need to be able to change the content of the webpages they see, ...
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Is webRTC safe against man in the middle attacks?

We are implementing an open source software package (copay, a multisig bitcoin wallet), that uses peerJS, which uses webRTC to allow peer-to-peer communication between browsers. peerJS (and webRTC) ...
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111 views

MITM SSL connection

I read this article today about an SSL MITM. I am trying to understand this attack. This may be a naive question. My understanding is that the WebView sends a request to domain name, the server ...
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Is Apple's push notification service implementation vulnerable to a MitM attack

Recently(more info) I've spotted a strange message in the logs on my quite recent, fresh installation of OS X Mavericks 10.9.2 Apr 27 15:26:47 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: Unrecognized leaf ...
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Unrecognized leaf certificate

Every 15 minutes or so I get this message in my system.log Apr 25 22:05:36 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: Unrecognized leaf certificate Apr 25 22:20:57 Ivans-MacBook-Pro.local apsd[194]: ...
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228 views

Detect possible router attack attemp

I have huge problem with my router: Sagem F@st 3202. Here are some Security log events: Inbound Traffic | Blocked - Default policy | TCP XX.XX.XX.XXX:80->XX.X.XX.XX:51707 on ppp0 ...
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What prevents me from using ARP poisoning to force a client to use HTTP?

So I was just thinking about how ARP poisoning can be used to intercept a clients request, forge an SSL cert, and send it back, with the caveat of not meeting certificate validation, but what if I ...
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353 views

Why is the SSL handshake not shown in Wireshark?

I am trying to figure out if some Android applications with login functions are vulnerable to man in the middle attacks or not. I have set up a MITM proxy (as an attacker) on my lubuntu machine and ...
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158 views

Is DNSSEC immune to stripping signatures?

In my opinion, it should be possible to forge DNS reply so it doesn't include DS/RRSIG/... parts for any request, thus bypassing DNSSEC validation of resolved domain. Is DNSSEC system immune to this ...
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328 views

Would there be MITM attack even fix the heartbleed vulnerability? [closed]

I have read this post askbuntu, the step to fix the heartbleed vulnerability almost: 1. upgrade openssl. 2. generte new keys. 3. revoke the old certificates. Some posts say attackers may have got ...
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Are SSL encrypted communications through a company network safe?

If I'm using Skype, Facebook, or another type of communication at my work, can the network administrator see my Skype and Facebook conversations, although its encrypted with SSL? I found this text: ...
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789 views

HTTPS login vs MITM attack

http://www.troyhunt.com/2013/05/your-login-form-posts-to-https-but-you.html My question is, if the threat is that someone controls your internet connection and can serve up bad login pages, couldn't ...
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396 views

Why is ettercap targetting the whole network?

I recently tried to do a MiTM attack on my network using ettercap. I have a router, two windows 7 machines : Host A and Host B, and Backtrack on a VM. In the ettercap window I added the router as ...
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Threats against website running without TLS but with PGP messages

Are there any threats against a web site that isn't running SSL but uses PGP to encrypt all information to the server (except session identifier) The information flow is as such: 1. Session ID set on ...
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40 views

Safely creating and communicating within a fully decentralized p2p network

I'm not entirely sure if this is the right place to ask this, and I'm also slightly fuzzy on how the p2p system works, so correct me if I'm wrong. I've been looking into the practical implications of ...
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69 views

Can IP phones be eavesdropped upon if administrator access is available?

I am interested in demonstrating an attack to my university's security team on IP phones installed at the university. The IP phone models are Siemens optipath410. Basically, using nmap, I identified ...
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Can MiTM and similar attacks be performed on separate networks

Okay, suppose that I have 2 computers: Computer A and Computer B, connected with this setup: A->switch->router->internet / B->router/ and the closest router to computer B is ...
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How safe is SSL? [closed]

If I got an SSL certificate for my website and use an SSL secured connection (HTTPS), is this safe enough to send my login and password data or should I add some encryption or hashing? And how safe ...
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230 views

MitM Attacks - Iptables?

I have looked for the answer to this question to no avail, apologies if I missed it. I would like to know how effective iptables would be against MitM attacks - in the following setup: ALLOW INPUT ...
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1answer
190 views

CAPTCHA Bypassing with Captcha Clipping Attack is Like MiTM between servers, Is that even Possible?

Sorry if this is a very amateur question. I was checking out some article regarding CAPTCHA bypassing. And I though this article seemed interesting ...
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114 views

MITM Attacks with Web GUI

I'm thinking of writing an application that communicates sensitive information (using Python, if that's relevant). Instead of using the standard GUI libraries (like GTK, Qt or wxWidgets), I was ...
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1k views

HMAC solution for a rest API

I'm trying to learn some things about REST apis and one of the topics that I'm having some trouble is security. I'm using angularjs for web interface ans slim framework for the php api. I've read ...
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120 views

Behavior of trusting a self signed SSL certificate

I have just deployed a Turnkey appliance which comes configured with a self signed certificate. This is a server that only I will be using, so I don't want to pay for a certificate. If I add this ...
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4answers
954 views

Is it possible to boot an encrypted server remotely and securely?

Imagine you have a server that is at a location which is not trustworthy. People might have physical access to the machine who are not supposed to look at the data stored on it. In this scenario I ...
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100 views

Protecting against/detecting a specific Man in the Middle attack

I'm working on a specific (hypothetical) situation, where I have two client machines attempting to perform a public key exchange, via a server. There's no possibility for a direct connection between ...
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105 views

Wouldn't transient cookies for session management increase effectiveness of MITM?

According to wikipedia, a transient cookie (aka session-cookie, in-memory cookie) is forgotten when the user closes the browser. These are also recommended for session cookies by OWASP. I've seen a ...
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Man in the middle and goto fail

My question is inspired by apples goto fail; bug. I am wondering if the bug is really as dangerous as it is propagated everywhere. The reason I am in doubt about that is that there is a MITM attack ...