A man-in-the-middle attack (MiTM) is an attack against a communication protocol where the attacker relays and modifies messages in transit. The parties believe they are talking to each other directly, but in fact both are talking to the attacker.

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How does a Short Authentication String (SAS) mitigate MITM attacks?

Reading about Silent Circle, and more specifically Silent Text, I learnt that by implementing SAS, the likelyhood of a MITM attack is greatly reduced. Could someone please explain how this works? If ...
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2answers
2k views

Is using an SSL Session ID along with a cookie based session verification more secure or not really?

I am using Django which is a web framework for Python. I love it but the session handling is cookie-based. Now over SSL I'm sure it's reasonably "secure" but I don't think there is any kind of fail ...
7
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1answer
873 views

Any MITM tool for forcing weak SSL cipher suite?

Let's say I'm trying to reverse engineering communctions between an Android app and a web server uing HTTPS. At beginning, I tried to do MITM using webmitm and a fake cert. But the app failed to ...
0
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1answer
3k views

Javascript http to https redirect - how vulnerable/how secure? [duplicate]

If I had a website http://site.com redirecting to https://site.com via javascript (with a HTTP/1.1 403 Forbidden), what are the attack vectors I could be vulnerable too? Why is this not a good ...
2
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5answers
483 views

Is it possible for an attacker to change my sent emails content before arrival?

I have a web application that sends "change password link" to user that wants to changhe his password. The link is something like this: http:// ...
3
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2answers
881 views

How a provider can tap an internet line even for SSL encrypted connection [duplicate]

I heard once from someone I trust, that the French governement is about to buy and certify a software to put on tap an internet line even for HTTPS connection. I don't really care about the legal ...
0
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1answer
510 views

With a 'man in the middle' attack, can the attacker find out Client/Server session keys with a compromised AS/TGS secret key?

Assuming that an AS/TGS secret key has been compromised by a 'man in the middle' attack who in turn can monitor the network traffic, is an attacker able to find out the Client/Server session keys ...
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2answers
300 views

How does the 'QuantumInsert' attack work?

I recently stumbled on descriptions of the 'QuantumInsert' attack (mainly used by the TAO group from NSA). This technique seems to be massively used to perform man-in-the-middle or man-on-the-side ...
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5answers
1k views

Is asymmetric encryption vulnerable to man-in-the-middle attacks?

I'm looking for ways to send private messages over a public channel, and in doing this I stumbled in asymmetric encryption, which is just perfect for what I was looking for at first - A and B ...
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0answers
130 views

Are VPNs using shared secret susceptible to trivial MITM attacks

I'm looking at a few VPN providers and many seem to offer L2TP VPN but they seem to share their shared secrets publicly on their website, for example : Goldenfrog ...
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1answer
314 views

MiTM not working --rejected by router?

I have been attempting to run a MiTM on a very old XP SP3 computer. I have attempted it with 3 products, as listed below: Wireshark: Traffic from the computer did not even show up. (I did see traffic ...
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1answer
392 views

Does Skype Trump SSLStrip?

I am using SSLStrip against my own computer, but am not being redirected to HTTP. Skype automatically starts up and logs in at my computer's startup, so I was wondering whether the fact that port 80 ...
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1answer
119 views

Making a content injection target [closed]

I don't know much about content injection so I'm hoping to draw on the experience of the community here. I'm writing a tool that evaluates public web proxies. I want to know if the proxies are being ...
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0answers
215 views

forcing a traffic redirect?

I am trying to get my machines to be force through a MiTM and the MiTM to redirect them to a server of my choice (which happens to be the MiTM on port 17002) I am running ip tables: sudo iptables -t ...
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1answer
342 views

Sniff HTTP(S) from PPTP VPN server

I've setup an PPTP VPN server on my Debian 7 server. I'm using this VPN in combination with my Android phone to ensure a secure connection. However, i'm getting curious of what my phone is sending ...
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3answers
127 views

MiTM attacks SSL to SSL

I was wondering what ways there are to MiTM a client link to the server where I would give them a public key that they would then send their data via https://example.com using my key. Then without ...
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1answer
61 views

Broken/halfbaked security with this implementation?

I'm reading the specification for a commercial product which provides a webservice.The spec goes like this: The client (a webbrowser) may use https Client asks server for info --> gives modulus and ...
3
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1answer
406 views

How does a client know that a DNS zone is DNSSEC protected?

Recently, I've been reading about DNSSEC and how it works. I found other questions and some very interesting answers on this and other websites related to this matter. However, I have a question to ...
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1answer
202 views

How does tunneling actually work?

I recently saw a question in which someone implied that tunneling could foil MITM even if it were implemented while an MITM was taking place. My understanding of tunneling is that it is only capable ...
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1answer
360 views

How does the MITM (Man in the middle) attack happen with respect to SQRL

I recently looked into SQRL and was intrigued by its simplicity. At first glance it seemed reliable and its author claimed it was inherently fail-proof against phishing and MITM attacks. But upon ...
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3answers
316 views

Would SSH MitM attacks utilize spoof IPs?

I am presented with SSH log from a SSH server and the said SSH server only accepts connection from 2 known public IPs over WAN. The content of the log shows that a user was successfully ...
1
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1answer
355 views

Who other than my ISP can perform man-in-the-middle attacks?

I've heard that not using https is dangerous because of man-in-the-middle attacks. Now, if I connect to a server from my home computer, I assume traffic passes through my ISP, so they could eavesdrop ...
0
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1answer
646 views

How to MiTM SSL on a device with no proxy settings

I'm trying to MiTM a device on my network and having some problems. SSLstrip doesn't work because the URL is https://, and I can't use something like Fiddler because the device has no configurable ...
2
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1answer
702 views

Why am I unable to connect to an address spoofed with arpspoof?

I wanted to see how many combinations of websites and browsers are still vulnerable to a tls stripping attack (like, by implementing HSTS or disabling cleartext HTTP altogether). To do it I wanted to ...
5
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3answers
1k views

How to Man in the Middle Internal AD Traffic

A coworker asked me why I thought encrypting internal AD Bind communication was important. I said because I follow a standard security practice, but couldn't actually articulate how an attacker would ...
2
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4answers
263 views

How is “security word” safe from man in the middle attack?

In this bank site I read the following lines Item #2 - You will also need to create a "Security Word". This allows you to verify that you have reached our Internet Banking site, and not some other ...
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1answer
195 views

Is there any live ZRTP mitm attack demostrtion?

I'm a student and currently try to create demonstration of libzrtp mitm attack. I've spent hours searching trough google - and there is no any useful information. Does anyone have any experience with ...
2
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1answer
88 views

MITM vs. data leakage

We are designing a web API - accessible via https only - but two schools of thought seem to have arisen among our team: Group 1 wants to adopt an approach that is more concerned about data leakage ...
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2answers
230 views

Man-in-the-middle SSL generation on request possible

I am doing some research on man-in-the-middle focusing on SSL in particular. I have been looking into generating a certificate on request when a client connects and requests a secured page. ...
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0answers
221 views

Routing Protocol Encryption

As far as I know 'newer' versions of routing protocols support authentication between routers. What about encryption and integrity checks? Some implementations like this one from Cisco use MD5, which ...
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2answers
240 views

Understanding certificate security

I am reading Computer Networks by Tanenbaum and Weatherall. In chapter 8 they describe secure communication using public key exchange via certificates. They describe a situation where Alice is sending ...
5
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0answers
617 views

Why is it not possible for an ISP to man-in-the-middle attack an SSL connection? [duplicate]

If the ISP carries my data, why do people seem to think they cannot see the contents? Wouldn't they be holding the key?
3
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2answers
287 views

Is it true, that using symetric encryption, if attacker knows encrypted text, original message, and algorithm means he can calculate the secret?

I am a newbie in the security field, so sorry for the naive question. In my understanding, using symetric encryption, if attacker knows encrypted text, original message, and algorithm means he can ...
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1answer
347 views

Man in the middle attack [duplicate]

How data can be modified in a man in the middle attack? is there any video demonstrating that,any how to guide,i need practical material ,i have used cain and abel,ettercap but now i am strucked i ...
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2answers
3k views

How to detect the NSA MITM attack on SSL?

As Bruce Schneider reported here... https://www.schneier.com/blog/archives/2013/09/new_nsa_leak_sh.html ...the NSA reportedly performed a MITM attack on a company in brazil and decrypted their SSL ...
8
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1answer
377 views

Are there any reasons why browsers should block mixed passive content by default?

Most browsers block "active" content that's being loaded over HTTP on HTTPS pages. This includes stuff like javascript which can be modified with an MITM and compromise the security of the entire ...
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4answers
688 views

Comparing Man-in-the-Middle with Man-in-the-Browser

According to OWASP the Man-in-the-Browser (Malware-in-the-Middle) attack uses the same approach as Man-in-the-middle attack, but the differences is that interception is done at the application layer ...
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1answer
33k views

How does SSLstrip work?

I've been reading up on SSLstrip and I'm not 100% sure on my understanding of how it works. A lot of documentation seems to indicate that it simply replaces occurrences of "https" with "http" in ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Sniffing From Squid SSL

I created a Squid proxy and a self-signed SSL certificate. The SSL certificate on the server is a private certificate linked to the ssl-bump feature. I am using tshark to dump the SSL traffic, but I ...
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0answers
445 views

Does ZRTP provide useful protection, given that the SAS is not verified?

Firstly, some important backstory. I'm producing a corporate version of an IM/VOIP/Screensharing client using the Open Source Jitsi. We are going to be using a central server and have already ...
4
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2answers
888 views

Why does Google SSL cert change so frequently?

For the last few months I have been using the Firefox addon Certificate Patrol to watch for changes to sites' SSL certs - so as to know if I am being MTIMed, against which SSL otherwise provides no ...
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3answers
228 views

How do I mitigate a MITM on https?

I am trying to view a https site (which worked perfectly fine till yesterday) and Chrome is showing me that the site's security certificate is not trusted. I am on a home network. How can I know if ...
1
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2answers
3k views

Man in the middle attack still possible against ssl?

I've heard about ssl strip in the past that allowed for man in the middle attacks to take place against browsers, but those vulnerabilities were patched long time ago. So my question is...are there ...
4
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1answer
717 views

What are the alternative to PKI certificates in mesh networks?

My particular problem has to do with secure communications over a mesh network (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesh_network), in particular man-in-the-middle (MITM) attacks. The difficulty is that mesh ...
0
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3answers
11k views

How to prevent man-in-the-middle attacks beside of SSL?

I would like to discuss this scenario: There is a HTTPS service which responds with signed keys to an authenticated client. These signed keys can be used for another service to return very sensible ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What are the risks associated with SSL interception in an Organization?

If an SSL interceptor is installed for security reasons in an Organization, and a certificate from intermediate CA is installed on all domain machines, what kind of risks this setup presents?
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1answer
498 views

Can manual hash verification defend against a DH MITM attack?

I understand how DH key exchange is vulnerable to a MITM attack. When Alice sends Bob g, p and her public key, if she also sent a value H that was a hashing of the values g,p, and public key all ...
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1answer
517 views

Network ARP poisoned with Cain but Fiddler not modifying HTML.

The Situation I have successfully used Cain to ARP poison my phone and traffic is being routed via my PC. I have confirmed this in Wireshark and Cain is also able to recover passwords for my SMTP and ...
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3answers
426 views

Get info encrypted across a MITM proxy

All current protocols seem to only fail when MITMed. For example, SSL displays a huge red warning when somebody tries to MITM using a different certificate. Is there any protocol that can actually ...
13
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1answer
4k views

Is it safe to disable SSH host key checking if key-based authentication is used?

I have some tasks that go like so: Spin up some new EC2 instances (Amazon Web Services) Get them to execute a task Kill them The problem is that they're (seemingly) randomly assigned an IP ...