A man-in-the-middle attack (MiTM) is an attack against a communication protocol where the attacker relays and modifies messages in transit. The parties believe they are talking to each other directly, but in fact both are talking to the attacker.

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Can SSL requests be proxied by issuing a second certificate?

Alice wants to login to her account at https://www.bobsbank.com/. However she clicks on a malicious link in an email and instead gets sent to the malicious site https://www.charliesbank.com/. The ...
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1k views

Is SSH2 still vulnerable to man-in-middle attacks?

With SSH using RSA public key authentication, can an attacker spoof the server IP address and connect with client to obtain client password?
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451 views

Should the Keygen element be used to create a certificate for mutual auth TLS? What alternatives are there?

I'm interested in using mutual auth TLS to improve the security of my javascript based webservices . I've looked at the Keygen element and given all its issues, not sure if this can even be used for ...
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0answers
255 views

How can Nokia decrypt HTTPS data? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can real end-to-end SSL encryption be made? Regarding this piece of news, I wonder how can Nokia so easily decrypt HTTPS data? As I understand the data is encrypted by ...
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3answers
1k views

How do a VPNs route SSL traffic and do they compromise security?

If my understanding of how VPNs operate is correct, all traffic between me and the Internet at-large is routed through the VPN's servers. So an attacker would only be able to see encrypted traffic ...
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775 views

Is Nokia's “institutional MITM” of SSL traffic vulnerable to CRIME attack?

It's recently been in the news that some Nokia phones proxy all traffic, including SSL connections, through a Nokia proxy. This is effectively an "institutional MITM" attack on users those phones. ...
3
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1answer
583 views

Burp proxy between non proxy aware device

I want to intercept traffic between a Ethernet connected device, which is not proxy aware and modify/inject javascript. Conventionally when testing webapps I would use burp. Can burp sit on my ...
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3answers
2k views

Do client certificates provide protection against MITM?

I'm looking for a way to protect clients from a MITM attack without using a VPN, and ToR. My thought is that client certificates might do the job, but I'm not entirely sure since not too much server ...
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1answer
524 views

What's most standard way to secure internet connections and protect privacy?

It's common knowledge that Wi-Fi, or other Internet connections, should be encrypted via a VPN to be secure, and to hide our real IP address from intermediary network observers. However, one can't ...
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Which Wifi encryption method is secure?

you may wonder apple just removed ethernet port from new macbooks which means we have to use wifi! i made a wifi hotspot with my windows laptop to use for my macbook (my modem don't have wifi because ...
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326 views

How can I use certificates to secure my webservices? What is available to javascript?

I have a few web services that are accessed over public wifi connections and I think it would be a good idea to issue certificates to encrypt data, prevent MITM, and invalid impersonation (beyond what ...
3
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1answer
373 views

Are man-in-the-middle attacks against p2p systems realistic?

I'm implementing a DHT based on Kademlia following this paper. The protocol described in this paper uses nonces to protect against man-in-the-middle attacks. The disadvantage is that latency gets ...
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655 views

Are SIP REGISTER transactions w/ HTTP Digest subject to replay attacks?

It is my understanding that the authentication during a SIP registration is done through some kind of an MD5 hashing algorithm known as HTTP Digest, and doing a tcpdump of the actual traffic I've ...
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278 views

Reg HTTPS man in the middle [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How is it possible that people observing an HTTPS connection being established wouldn’t know how to decrypt it? A browser sends a request to gmail.com, gmail sends the ...
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1answer
167 views

How safe is WSIT username authentication with symmetric key?

I have an ajax-ws web service (exposed via glassfish) that uses username authentication with a symmetric key to encrypt and authenticate clients(link). How secure is this mechanism? Is this enough to ...
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4answers
458 views

How to safely synchronize time over Internet?

All modern OS now keep accurate time by regularly synchronizing time over an untrusted network - Internet. Could an attacker conducting a MITM attack, influence or change the time of a computer while ...
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Safe to make a VPN connection over coffee shop WIFI?

On my work laptop I regularly create a VPN connection that I use to remote desktop to our web server. Is this safe to do on a coffee shop where random people are connected to the same wifi network?
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4answers
992 views

How can a web application protect IE users when this browser doesn't support HSTS?

HTTP Strict Transport Security (HSTS) is a very useful feature at preventing OWASP a9 violations and attacks like SSLStrip which try and prevent the client from making a secure connection. My ...
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2answers
2k views

How to correctly secure a ssh session against MITM attack?

How do you improve the security of your ssh session against a man-in-the-middle attack?
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1k views

Defending against rogue access points

Tools like Karma, and its offspring's, have the feature of becoming any AP that a client is probing for. Your client will naturally connect to this fake AP as it sees nothing wrong with it, thus ...
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827 views

encryption method against man in the middle attack

Let's say there are 3 computers: Alice, Bob, Carol. Carol is network provider, so everything from Alice to Bob and vice versa passes through Carol. Carol can modify messages between Alice and Bob. Is ...
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2answers
837 views

Is a VPN the only way to protect against rogue Wifi access points MITM attacks?

Given that it's very easy set up a rogue access point and MITM that connection, is a VPN to a trusted host the only real way to secure my browsing and other TCP/UDP actions? This question relates to ...
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5answers
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Is there a method to detect an active man-in-the-middle?

Suposing an attacker that has gained access to the router. Is there a way, for the victim, to notice that is being attacked? I think one of my friends is a victim of this kind of attack. How can I be ...
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Should ettercap make the targets this slow?

I recently started experimenting with ettercap, however, I quickly noticed that when I try and arp poison targets they can almost never communicate with each other. Is this normal? My computer is a ...
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336 views

Without SSL, what vantage point does one need to MITM non-SSL'd HTTP?

OK, so there are two things here: being able to read the content of the requests and responses, and then being able to modify them. The former may depend on the latter, I'm not sure. But basically, ...
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arp spoofing protection on LAN

I am a network administrator in company. I read this article eject any wifi device from network with android Some of employers are using mobile phones and company`s wireless network. Theses employers ...
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MiTM, can a binary file be changed or swapped enroute

I genuinely looked for an answer to this but my terminology is lacking. If an attacker was in a MiTM position running a proxy, wouldn't it be possible for them to detect a binary like an .exe or .pdf ...
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Are Windows Updates susceptible to tampering, eg. using a MiTM attack.

My real question is how are patches and updates authenticated in general. But for example how does windows know a windows update is really a windows update, does it just trust the URL or is there some ...
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1answer
96 views

SSL Based Denial of Services due to Message Digest

On a very high level, its known that SSL/TLS uses message digests to verify the integrity of the messages sent. However, the question I have in mind is : How does SSL ensure a DoS does not happen ...
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Why is ARP poisoning killing all network activity?

Using ettercap and ARP poisoning, I was able to eavesdrop on other connections, but suddenly I was unable to make any connection to the Internet. To restore Internet connectivity, I had to restart my ...
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314 views

How does a Web Security Gateway analyse SSL Encrypted Traffic?

Since HTTPS traffic is encrypted in transit how does a web security gateway analyse it?
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How do RSA fingerprints protect from MITM attacks?

I understand that RSA fingerprints are used to verify that you are really connecting directly to who you want to connect to, and not someone else posing as that site. Like when you do a git push, it ...
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2answers
954 views

Signed request vs HTTP digest auth for API authentication?

By signed request I mean something like this (simplified example): Client creates a sig in his request: $sig = hash('sha256', $api_key.$data); which generates 7409ur0k0asidjko2j for example. He then ...
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MITM Attacks over SSL [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How might the U.K. Government's proposed internet surveillance equipment “bypass” encryption? If I have a server (call it server 1) set up to receive ...
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Is it possible to MITM between Google voice SMS/TXT Messaging

I have 2 spammers who won't stop spamming me via SMS once I post stuff online. I would like to determine their location based on language, so if I were to somehow become a man in the middle and have ...
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627 views

MITM session injection/invalidation

When sending a cookie back to the server, the browser does not send back the "secure" flag: the server cannot check whether the sent cookie really come from the "secure" origin (https://example.com). ...
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2k views

HTTPS and cache injection

I understand the downside of this attack and what wrong can be done. But I dont understand how is it done ? Well, I need to educate myself, any pointers would be useful.
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How might the U.K. Government's proposed internet surveillance equipment “bypass” encryption?

http://www.channel4.com/news/black-boxes-to-monitor-all-internet-and-phone-data http://rt.com/news/uk-privacy-internet-freedom-186/ 'Black boxes' will be installed by internet services providers ...
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1answer
428 views

Can the FiddlerCore library be used for Malware (e.g. MitM attacks)?

I've used the excellent Fiddler web debugging software before and have recently come across the Fiddler Core headless .NET library which gives you all the abilities of Fiddler in library form. It's ...
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MITM: tools for intercepting and modifying traffic?

I want to carry out a MITM attack to modify traffic, so I can strip out/modify things in the request. For example: When I receive a request on port 25, I want to be able to intercept all the ...
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542 views

MX record Man In The Middle Attack?

In theory it should be possible to change a MX record of site A (aspmx.exampleA.com) to site B (aspmx.exampleB.com) and send the mail back to site A (aspmx.exampleA.com) So you can intercept all the ...
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How can end-users detect malicious attempts at SSL spoofing when the network already has an authorized SSL proxy?

I'm working on one client's network where they have enabled HTTPS authority spoofing on their proxy. This allows them to effectively perform a man-in-the-middle attack to decipher all outgoing ...
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3answers
170 views

Are my credentials unsafe if I am already logged-in before connecting to a public network?

Let's say I am already logged-in to my Gmail or Yahoo account using my 3G then I switched to a public WIFI in an airport or cafe. Is my username and password still vulnerable? What others kinds of ...
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666 views

Is symmetric encryption vulnerable to known plaintext attack?

If Bob sends some plaintext to Alice for encryption before sending the ciphertext to Carol, can Bob deduce the key by comparing the plaintext and ciphertext assuming only Alice and Carol knows the key ...
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2answers
170 views

In practice, does crypto software accept a *.com or or even a *. certificate?

Assuming this will be done with your own PKI, and not a public trusted CA. Considering that *.sub.domain.com is valid, and so is *.domain.com is valid, is it technically possible to issue *.com and ...
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2answers
482 views

Mitigations for Windows clients that don't support OCSP Nonces

Windows 7 clients (and older) don't support NONCES, a key feature used in securing the revocation check. Without a NONCE a MITM could replay a previously signed response and alter the validation of ...
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3answers
5k views

How do I check that I have a direct SSL connection to a website?

I always thought that if I had an SSL connection there would be no MITM attacks. Now it appears that isn't true (see comments in this question Is it okay from a security perspective to read foreign ...
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HTML payload rewriting?

I read an article about some hotel injection ads to every webpage using some router: http://justinsomnia.org/2012/04/hotel-wifi-javascript-injection/ Would it be possible to do this with any existing ...
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511 views

Monitoring and filtering of arbitrary outgoing data

I would like to be able to not just centrally monitor but also filter any organizational data moving out our edge routers, regardless of the sender application and regardless of the protocol/port used ...
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1answer
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DNS MITM Remote Attack

I guess this is not considered a true MITM attack since the attacker does not have to be between the server and client. My question is how it is possible to poison a DNS cache, and redirect traffic to ...