A man-in-the-middle attack (MiTM) is an attack against a communication protocol where the attacker relays and modifies messages in transit. The parties believe they are talking to each other directly, but in fact both are talking to the attacker.

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How does OTR's authentication using “Question and answer” protect against MiTM?

I've read that the answer has something to do Socialist Millionaire, but I still don't understand how can the user be protected against malicious Man In The Middle, which would capture the question ...
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62 views

Arp Spoofing Causing Dropped Connections

I have had a lecture today based on Arp Spoofing. However, i can not get it to work. Scenario: My laptop - running kali Target laptop (housemate - with permission) - running windows 8 Commands ...
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76 views

Unencrypted connections between 2 people who use the same ISP, what's the risk?

What is the risk, man-in-the-middle or otherwise, of unencrypted connections between 2 people who use the same ISP, in the same city? If we assume the ISP (and the copper wire that leads to them) is ...
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260 views

What is going on with my download of the recent Apple security update?

The update in question is the Mavericks combined update which, among other things, claims to fix the recent SSL vulnerability/gaping hole. This issue really annoyed me, so I decided to procure ...
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hsts bypass with sslstrip2 + dns2proxy

I am trying to understand how to bypass HSTS protection. I've read about tools by LeonardoNve ( https://github.com/LeonardoNve/sslstrip2 and https://github.com/LeonardoNve/dns2proxy ). But I quite ...
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Mitigating the risk of disabling EPA on ADFS

I'm currently investigating the deployment of an Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) server for providing Single Sign-on for various services. By default, ADFS enables support for Extended ...
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23 views

Secure channels without web-of-trust or CA

I was reading about Impagliazzo's five worlds and I have some questions about cryptomania and minicrypt: What is difference between them? I cannot find one? How does cryptomaniac MitM protection work ...
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Does Diffie-Hellmann (DH) key exchange protocol lower Off-The-Record protocol (OTR) security level?

Off-the-Record protocol employes Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol (DH). DH protocol does not provide authentication of the communicating parties and, according to many sources, is vulnerable to ...
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Are VPNs using shared secret susceptible to trivial MITM attacks

I'm looking at a few VPN providers and many seem to offer L2TP VPN but they seem to share their shared secrets publicly on their website, for example : Goldenfrog ...
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166 views

forcing a traffic redirect?

I am trying to get my machines to be force through a MiTM and the MiTM to redirect them to a server of my choice (which happens to be the MiTM on port 17002) I am running ip tables: sudo iptables -t ...
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Routing Protocol Encryption

As far as I know 'newer' versions of routing protocols support authentication between routers. What about encryption and integrity checks? Some implementations like this one from Cisco use MD5, which ...
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Does ZRTP provide useful protection, given that the SAS is not verified?

Firstly, some important backstory. I'm producing a corporate version of an IM/VOIP/Screensharing client using the Open Source Jitsi. We are going to be using a central server and have already ...
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How can MITM be performed in WebRTC?

From what I could tell, certificates are self-signed. When A wants to call B, after they finish relaying data to server, they initiate communication with each other. Certificates are self-signed, ...
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Combining Hash Visualisation (VisualHostKey) and SiteKey to prevent MITM

TL;DR Skip to the No SiteKey + Plugin if you don't want to read this whole thing. VisualHostKey shows an SSH hash like this: # Host github.com found: line 53 type RSA 2048 ...
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21 views

Usefulness of checking MS-CHAP-Challenge by TTLS Server

I've spotted what may be a "missed opportunity" in the EAP-TTLS specification for "Challenge"-based authentication protocols (for instance MS-CHAP-V2). The client initiates MS-CHAP-V2 by tunneling ...
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70 views

Is it possible to trick a CA into signing a certificate by intercepting on SSL domain validation email?

From my understanding domain validation certificate are verified by receiving an email on some special email addresses on the domain (e.g. postmaster@example.com, admin@example.com) or by sending on ...
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60 views

Man in the middle attack, bridging wlan interface to virtual wired interface at0

I'm trying to execute a Man in the Middle attack on my mobile phone, I have two wireless cards, one inbuilt in the laptop, running AR9285 atheros drivers, the 2nd is an Alfa AWUS036NHA card with an ...
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34 views

Application of digital watermarking for session hijack

I know digital watermarking can protect the media from man-in-middle and replay attack. Is it good also for session hijack attack or phishing attack?
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Is it possible to perform one-way OTR MITM?

Here's something that is bugging me recently: suppose that me and my friend establish an OTR session and - as a result of that - DH key exchange is performed. My friend verifies my key, but I cannot ...
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Victim loses Internet connection during MITM attack

I tried to do MITM attack on my network. I enabled ettercap, marked my router as TARGET1 and my second computer as TARGET2. Then I enabled 'ARP Spoofing'. I do not know why - but after this operation ...