A man-in-the-middle attack (MiTM) is an attack against a communication protocol where the attacker relays and modifies messages in transit. The parties believe they are talking to each other directly, but in fact both are talking to the attacker.

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Unencrypted connections between 2 people who use the same ISP, what's the risk?

What is the risk, man-in-the-middle or otherwise, of unencrypted connections between 2 people who use the same ISP, in the same city? If we assume the ISP (and the copper wire that leads to them) is ...
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ssh dns spoofing warning - possible investigation?

Recently the router my ISP provided started to work suspiciously. At times the wireless connection from my devices to the router breaks and the router stops responding while sometimes the connection ...
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If I install a certificate for the purposes of logging into a Wifi connection, is it still safe?

There are some wifi networks (large universities for example) which use HTTPS to get to a login page, and in order to verify that they have not been spoofed, provide the certificate ahead of time ...
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Mitigating the risk of disabling EPA on ADFS

I'm currently investigating the deployment of an Active Directory Federation Services (ADFS) server for providing Single Sign-on for various services. By default, ADFS enables support for Extended ...
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Is it possible to trick a CA into signing a certificate by intercepting on SSL domain validation email?

From my understanding domain validation certificate are verified by receiving an email on some special email addresses on the domain (e.g. postmaster@example.com, admin@example.com) or by sending on ...
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What is going on with my download of the recent Apple security update?

The update in question is the Mavericks combined update which, among other things, claims to fix the recent SSL vulnerability/gaping hole. This issue really annoyed me, so I decided to procure ...
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For attackers looking to launch arp spoof on a target, does the attack have to happen in real time?

I was surfing the web at 3 in the morning and I got a warning which seems to indicate a MITM attack. Does this mean the attacker was able to passive sniff my activity in real-time in order to launch ...
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102 views

How to recreate the Freak attack?

Currently I am trying to recreate the Freak attack on a virtual machine. For this purpose I set up a Linux Mint 17.1 system with Apache 2.4.7 (with a self signed certificate) and OpenSSL 1.0.1f. I ...
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23 views

Secure channels without web-of-trust or CA

I was reading about Impagliazzo's five worlds and I have some questions about cryptomania and minicrypt: What is difference between them? I cannot find one? How does cryptomaniac MitM protection work ...
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176 views

Does Diffie-Hellmann (DH) key exchange protocol lower Off-The-Record protocol (OTR) security level?

Off-the-Record protocol employes Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol (DH). DH protocol does not provide authentication of the communicating parties and, according to many sources, is vulnerable to ...
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131 views

Are VPNs using shared secret susceptible to trivial MITM attacks

I'm looking at a few VPN providers and many seem to offer L2TP VPN but they seem to share their shared secrets publicly on their website, for example : Goldenfrog ...
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257 views

forcing a traffic redirect?

I am trying to get my machines to be force through a MiTM and the MiTM to redirect them to a server of my choice (which happens to be the MiTM on port 17002) I am running ip tables: sudo iptables -t ...
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Routing Protocol Encryption

As far as I know 'newer' versions of routing protocols support authentication between routers. What about encryption and integrity checks? Some implementations like this one from Cisco use MD5, which ...
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Does ZRTP provide useful protection, given that the SAS is not verified?

Firstly, some important backstory. I'm producing a corporate version of an IM/VOIP/Screensharing client using the Open Source Jitsi. We are going to be using a central server and have already ...
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Can Bluetooth be man in the middle'd at the L2CAP layer?

Bluetooth HID devices can be man in the middle'd with two bluetooth dongles and this code http://ossmann.com/shmoo-2010/ Is this technique limited to just HID profile bluetooth devices or could this ...
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Does HTTPS protocol leak HTTP body length?

It seems that in a MITM attack, hackers may know the whole HTTPS packet size sent through the network (i.e. size of HTTP headers + HTTP body + overhead). Besides that, does the HTTPS protocol also ...
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Is facebook to facebook (mobile application call ) encrypted?

I understand facebook uses WebRtc to send voice data packet in network if any one end client is on the browser. Use of DTLS packets can be seen in captured (wireshark) file. But in case of mobile app ...
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Combining Hash Visualisation (VisualHostKey) and SiteKey to prevent MITM

TL;DR Skip to the No SiteKey + Plugin if you don't want to read this whole thing. VisualHostKey shows an SSH hash like this: # Host github.com found: line 53 type RSA 2048 ...
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38 views

Usefulness of checking MS-CHAP-Challenge by TTLS Server

I've spotted what may be a "missed opportunity" in the EAP-TTLS specification for "Challenge"-based authentication protocols (for instance MS-CHAP-V2). The client initiates MS-CHAP-V2 by tunneling ...
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195 views

Man in the middle attack, bridging wlan interface to virtual wired interface at0

I'm trying to execute a Man in the Middle attack on my mobile phone, I have two wireless cards, one inbuilt in the laptop, running AR9285 atheros drivers, the 2nd is an Alfa AWUS036NHA card with an ...
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42 views

Application of digital watermarking for session hijack

I know digital watermarking can protect the media from man-in-middle and replay attack. Is it good also for session hijack attack or phishing attack?
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171 views

Victim loses Internet connection during MITM attack

I tried to do MITM attack on my network. I enabled ettercap, marked my router as TARGET1 and my second computer as TARGET2. Then I enabled 'ARP Spoofing'. I do not know why - but after this operation ...
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WPA explained for the non-technical?

Can anybody give me a simple explanation of the WPA mechanism used in our WiFi routers? How does my device know that it's connecting with the router I want to connect to (i.e. no man in the middle ...