Programs that map out a network to figure out which computers and services are available to be exploited.

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21
votes
2answers
7k views

How is wireless WiFi password cracked?

Let's say I have a wireless network that is password protected. What procedures can an intruder take in order to be able to gain access to my wireless network, or at least be able to decipher the ...
21
votes
3answers
8k views

What benefits does Nessus have over OpenVAS?

Nessus and OpenVAS appear to have fairly similar features. Why would you choose one over the other, besides the benefit of commercial support (which isn't available for Nessus Home Feed users ...
20
votes
5answers
2k views

419 Nigerian scam problem

I fell in a scamming trap. It took me a while to figure it out. Blinded like an idiot. But it is what it is. I can only do as much as I can now. Tell me if there is anything else I should do. After ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Open-source penetration-test automation

Has anyone built a metascript, or a `script of scripts' useful during a penetration-test? Do you use Metasploit RC files? A network vulnerability scanner in a special way? A command-line, custom, or ...
14
votes
6answers
4k views

Are some uncommon TCP ports scanned less than others?

Ignoring the top 5-10% of port numbers for common services that are the commonly targeted by port scanners (i.e. ports 22-ssh, 23-telnet, 80-http, 139-smb/cifs, 443-https, 3389-rdp, etc.), are the ...
13
votes
3answers
3k views

Nessus vs third-party scans

As part of our PCI-DSS compliance process we get scans done by a third party. Based on the form and wording of the output, it's pretty clear they're using Nessus for most of their heavy lifting. Same ...
12
votes
4answers
630 views

Wireless Activity Monitoring for PCI DSS Compliance

In an effort to be PCI DSS compliant, I took a trustkeeper.net questionnaire. I failed the question that asks Is the presence of wireless access points tested for by using a wireless analyzer at ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

nmap showing unknown IPs on private network

I had a go at scanning my home network with nmap, doing a 192.168.0.0/16 netscan. To my surprise, the results shown multiple live devices not only on 192.168.1.x (where all our known devices are) but ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Bypassing a reverse proxy/NAT

Reverse proxies and NAT would seem to obscure a network behind such technologies to the point where it would be hard if not impossible to identify ports open and services running. Given that many ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Malware known to use port knocking to evade detection by network scanners?

Are there any known cases of malware in the wild that utilize port knocking on a backdoor to evade detection by network scanners?
8
votes
2answers
19k views

nmap scan shows ports are filtered but nessus scan shows no result

I'm performing an port scanning on a range of IPs on our remote site. I tried running nmap scan on that IP range and some of the IP result are shown as filtered When I perform a nessus scan on the ...
8
votes
4answers
5k views

How to detect hosts running in virtual machines with nmap?

I have to determine if a given subnet has virtual hosts. Are there any ideas about what switches to use?
7
votes
3answers
10k views

How does “traceroute over TCP” work, what are the risks, and how can it be mitigated?

There is a utility called tcptraceroute, and this enhancement called intrace that is used just like a standard traceroute, but it works over TCP. How is the syn flag in TCP used to achieve ...
7
votes
1answer
423 views

different portscan tools give different results

I have different results as of my open TCP ports. When using nmap -sS 127.0.0.1, I get some 5 usual open ports, but when using osx built-in tool as stroke, I get those 5 ports plus 5 extra ports. How ...
7
votes
4answers
484 views

What kind of IT security applications do you guys run on your laptop/desktop?

I know a lot of people run different security applications on their laptops/desktops. I use Little Snitch on my Macbook Pro. I like to know where my applications are sending data and where I am ...
7
votes
2answers
337 views

What should a Vulnerability Management System scan on a large scale

On a large scale (~1500 workstations, ~100 servers, ~50 network routers and switches, etc), what should a vulnerability management system be scanning? Should it scan everything, or just samples? I ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

Scanning my network with NMAP

Each computer is assigned one ip address on my network, and my ISP supplies one IP for my network. If I try to scan the ip supplied by my ISP what I got is the OS running on the router, running on the ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Initial steps of network mapping

In light of recent security breaches hitting the news, it's been all hands on deck at my work as far as security. I'm trying to pen test our network. I have a very basic question. My Question You ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

How can I portscan large subnets?

I need to scan several /16 and a /8 subnet to see what hosts are up and additionally, if any services are running on a select few ports. I've tried various tools such as angry IP scanner, Nmap, ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Persisting and comparing NMAP scans

Does anyone have any good recommendations on a good tool for persisting NMAP scans to database? It may be a tool for persisting or simply a java library for easy parsing of the nmap xml scan result ...
5
votes
2answers
373 views

Is it possible to ping a LAN card through its MAC address? [duplicate]

As you can start a PC through its 'WAKE ON LAN' feature on private networks, can you trace someone's online status through their MAC address over the internet ?
5
votes
4answers
1k views

How can I scan open ports without being traced back

I would like to scan open ports of a server. But as far as I know, when I try to scan the open ports with something like nmap in shell they would be able to trace me. Is there a way to secure this ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How does this shellshock scan work?

My server is obviously up to date and not vulnerable to shellshock exploits. However I am still curious to know how the following shellshock scan work: /var/log/apache2 # cat access.log | grep bash ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Where can I use the TCP FIN scan?

For a coursework i've got to run the various port scans, i'm having trouble with the FIN scan though, I can't seem to find a system where I can try it, everywhere I try it all ports either come back ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

Do these ports mean anything?

I'm diving to the world of penetration testing and I decided to port scan my server. My website is completely managed by a friend of mine but he lacks any knowledge of security. PORT STATE ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

How to bypass Nmap blockage?

I rent a server, and my provider seems to be blocking nmap. Is there any other tools I could use to test my home network from the outside? Also, does blocking nmap on a network provide any security? ...
4
votes
4answers
394 views

Malware that uses http as a covert channel

I'm working on a http traffic analyzer and I need a collection of malware, which uses http as a way to get commands and respond, to analyze their network behaviour. Is there any database of malware, ...
4
votes
3answers
254 views

packet sniffers and segments

Just curious why most packet sniffers are limited to their segment? is it the nature of a gateway to block the attempt outside a subnet? cheers
4
votes
3answers
987 views

Sharing Nmap scan results in a web page

Is there a tool that allow the sharing of nmap scan results ? I know nmap can produce XML and I can easily convert them in HTML. I would like to know if there is a tool with more features. For ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

what scanning tools are unlikely to set off network IDS?

What network scanning tools have a stealth option to avoid detection?
3
votes
3answers
735 views

Online security check via command line

My scenario is that I have a VPS with Apache (mostly for development of my own projects) accessed via SSH; and I time to time I would like to do a quick check just to be sure that there's no potential ...
3
votes
4answers
302 views

What does a switched network protect us from? What does it not protect us from?

There seems to be some misconceptions regarding what a switched network will protect us from, and what technologies/precautions a secure environment requires when segmenting trusted users from hostile ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

Could Nmap scan switches/routers

Nmap can scan and sometimes successfully detect the running OS in the remote host. However, can nmap scan routers and switches? Most of them use an embedded system.
3
votes
5answers
214 views

How to introduce delay in scanning tools that do not implement delay without touching source code?

Usually scanning tools implement a switch in order to delay requests and not flood the target. Sometimes there tools that do not implement this delay option. Is there a way to delay packets from ...
3
votes
2answers
909 views

Tools/methods helping to determine application/protocol serving specific port

I do blackbox testing of the server and figured out that there is a bunch of listening ports. I need to determine what services/protocols those ports are used for. What I've tried so far is to use ...
3
votes
2answers
649 views

Is it possible to trace fellow nodes on a DSL internet connection?

I'm not in my college campus right now. In campus we had private LAN. There my computer was directly connected to a gateway. Using subnet masks I used to find out fellow nodes on my subnet. There were ...
3
votes
1answer
327 views

Is this a security threat?

So at my business our receipt printer randomly printed some questionable looking data. I looked into scanproxy.net and it's clearly not something legitimate. Can anyone give me a better idea of ...
3
votes
1answer
911 views

How does OS detection work in practice?

I was wondering how OS detection really works on Nmap. I know it is about to send different tcp probes to see how the target machine responds to them. But what kind of probes would distinguish a ...
3
votes
3answers
391 views

Watching for applications like WireShark and other eaves dropping on corporate network

Are there ways to monitor and check for network monitoring like WireShark? Or would it just be more ideal to ensure every application uses SSL to ensure no employee or anyone could packet sniff ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

tcp seq number prediction

While testing a system, nmap told me that the tcp seq number prediction is really low, (trivial joke). There is only one system in the whole range that gives me that answer. Some papers, e.g. a ...
3
votes
7answers
1k views

Determining network topology from the outside

To what extent can an attacker generate a map of a network from outside of it? Are network scanning tools such as nmap the only means to do this? Otherwise what other types of tools or techniques ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Public facing computers in a Media Lab

I've just taken over administering a lab of Apple computers on a university campus. We have about 15 computers and I've discovered that they all have public IPs and domain names. Even our printer is ...
3
votes
1answer
526 views

Good software for IT Infrastructure discovery

Currently, I have an industry attachment project in which my group need to suggest a good tool for Network discovery to a IT service company. The company wants to automate the stage in which they have ...
3
votes
1answer
291 views

Scan All private subnets with NMAP [closed]

I have a managed switch on my network but I don't remember the subnet. How can I scan all the private network without changing my ip address : 10.0.0.0/8, 172.16.0.0/12, 192.168.0.0/16 Thanks for ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

SYN scan, determining scan vs large file upload

In a system attempting to detect SYN scans, one technique is to analyze the rate of change of (network packets sent from victim host per second). Processes such as uploading a large file would not be ...
3
votes
1answer
294 views

Can I perform WEP cracking from several laptops against 1 AP

I have successfully being able to perform WEP key cracking attack using aircrack tool. I want to allow my students to test this in a lab environment. They will be working fro their own laptops against ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why do multiple IP Addresses in my local network point to the same computer?

I'm new to linux and nmap, and I am attempting to do a scan of my local network. Using nmap I find that there are 4 hosts on my network (10.0.2.2, 10.0.2.3, 10.0.2.4, 10.0.2.15). I am using VirtualBox ...
3
votes
1answer
565 views

What is known about the sirefef/zeroaccess malware/botnet?

There appears to be an increase in p2p communication among botnets that has been attributed to the sirefef/zeroaccess malware botnet. What is known on this particular threat?
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Scan for mobile phones?

I'd like to measure queuing time, similar to what they're doing in Finland. Instead of detecting bluetooth (which is disabled in most phones) I thought of detecting EDGE/3G. I'd like to log the ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

How to remote monitor a computer network traffic?

I would like to know if it is possible to remote monitor the incoming and outcoming network traffic of a specific IP from my network. I need to log the time, ip numbers and port that contact the ...