Network Security - securing network infrastructure and connections

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60
votes
6answers
25k views

What techniques do advanced firewalls use to protect againt DoS/DDoS?

It is hard to protect a server against Denial of Service attacks, DoS/DDoS. The two simple ways I can think of is to use a server with much resources (e.g. CPU and memory), and to build the server ...
42
votes
6answers
184k views

If someone hacks my wi-fi password, what can they see and how?

If someone knows my wifi password (be it WEP or WPA) what can they see? Do they just see URLs I visit, or can they see everything in my browser, or even everything I do on my computer? Does using ...
44
votes
10answers
53k views

Why do people tell me not to use VLANs for security?

I have a network, where a have a couple of VLANS. There is a firewall between the 2 VLANs. I am using HP Procurve switches and have made sure that switch-to-switch links accept tagged frames only and ...
26
votes
5answers
5k views

Security impact of using a public password for free WiFi

We have a WiFi network that we want to be public and free. Does having a password that is known to everyone provide any additional security advantage to the people using this network as opposed to ...
42
votes
5answers
44k views

Should SSL be terminated at a load balancer?

When hosting a cluster of web application servers it’s common to have a reverse proxy (HAProxy, Nginx, F5, etc.) in between the cluster and the public internet to load balance traffic among app ...
20
votes
5answers
28k views

How to find out that a NIC is in promiscuous mode on a LAN?

How to find out that a NIC is in promiscuous mode on a LAN?
127
votes
8answers
16k views

Are “man in the middle” attacks extremely rare?

In "Some thoughts on the iPhone contact list controversy and app security", cdixon blog Chris Dixon makes a statement about web security Many commentators have suggested that a primary security ...
71
votes
3answers
81k views

Is it a bad idea for a firewall to block ICMP?

This question was inspired by this answer which states in part: The generic firewall manifest file finishes off by dropping everything I didn't otherwise allow (besides ICMP. Don't turn off ICMP). ...
27
votes
6answers
34k views

Security risk of PING?

I have been told that PING presents a security risk, and it's a good idea to disable/block it on production web servers. Some research tells me that there are indeed security risks. Is it common ...
26
votes
5answers
30k views

Can I detect a MITM attack?

Based on this question here: Are "man in the middle" attacks extremely rare? Is it possible to detect man-in-the-middle attacks, and if so, how would one go about it? In addition, what if ...
19
votes
6answers
3k views

What security risks does IP spoofing bring?

By manipulating the TCP packet and changing the source address one is able to spoof the IP. As I understand it, you will not be able to set up a full handshake by doing this, as you will never receive ...
10
votes
2answers
10k views

How can someone hack my PC if I am connecting to the internet through NAT?

If I own a private IP address, 192.168.2.1 for the sake of it, and I am physically connected to my router, which it's internal interface is 192.168.2.254 and it's external interface is some public IP ...
8
votes
1answer
15k views

Are open ports dangerous?

I have forwarded port 80 to WAMPServer and 25565 to the MineCraft-server running Bukkit. (http://www.bukkit.org/) Am I vulnerable to attacks. Can hackers attack me if WAMP-server is running or if it ...
130
votes
7answers
114k views

What is the difference between SSL vs SSH? Which is more secure?

What is the difference between SSH and SSL? Which one is more secure, if you can compare them together? Which has more potential vulnerabilities?
89
votes
8answers
12k views

How can I protect my internet-connected devices from discovery by Shodan?

There's been a lot of buzz around this recent CNN article about Shodan, a search engine that can find and allow access to unsecured internet-connected devices. Shodan runs 24/7 and collects ...
38
votes
11answers
34k views

DDoS - Impossible to stop?

Is it possible - in theory - to stop1 a DDoS attack of any size? Many people claim it's impossible to stop DDoS attacks and tell me I just shouldn't mess with the wrong people on the internet. But ...
23
votes
6answers
2k views

How to secure a WiFi network?

What do I have to do to secure a WiFi network? Is there any best practices? I have been recommended to use WPA2 encryption on the router, is that enough? What can I do to improve the security even ...
43
votes
9answers
62k views

Why block outgoing network traffic with a firewall?

In terms of a home network, is there any reason to set up a router firewall so that all outgoing ports are blocked, and then open specific ports for things such as HTTP, HTTPS, etc. Given that every ...
31
votes
6answers
7k views

Can malware be dangerous even when quarantined?

I am reading a book on network security and when talking about user confusion it writes: "It is not uncommon for a user to be asked security questions such as Is it safe to quarantine this ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

How does Convergence (CA replacement) prevent its notaries from being MITM'd as well?

I have been looking into Convergence and how it works, but I cant figure out how it is effective against a MITM attack that happens near the target system. My understanding is that Convergence works ...
6
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between SSH and IPsec?

There seems to be similar encryption going into both. They both use asymmetric (RSA, elliptic curves, etc) for the initial key exchange, then go to some symmetric (AES, Blowfish, etc) protocol. I'm ...
16
votes
1answer
5k views

SFTP, FTPS and SecureFTP differences and security implications

What are the basic differences and security implications of using SFTP, FTPS and SecureFTP.
26
votes
7answers
41k views

Is it still unsafe to email credit card number nowadays?

We all know not to do it, but someone emailed my credit card number and cvv code to my gmail. I'm wondering if the risk is so low I don't have to call to cancel my card. The email is sent from a ...
12
votes
4answers
14k views

How can I keep a roommate from seeing my web activity?

I have a roommate who is a network security engineer and I think he hacked our home network and now knows what sites I am visiting and what I am doing online. Although he is not stealing anything I ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Any advantage to securing WiFi with a PSK, other than to keep out unauthorized

As I understand WiFi with a PSK, such as WPA(2)-PSK or WEP, anyone on the same network can decrypt anyone elses packets because everybody has the same key. In which case, if you are not going to ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Reveal the True IP of a User

Is there any best practice method (and preferably documented) way of revealing the True IP of a user using a HTTP(S) connection? I.e.: To be able to uncover the true IP from transparent as well as ...
3
votes
7answers
4k views

Scanning A Subnet Externaly

Scenario: I have a router with a public IP address provided by the ISP and two hosts behind the router with a private IP (192.168.x.x). Is it possible to perform a port or vulnerability scan of a ...
41
votes
7answers
73k views

What is the difference in security between a VPN- and a SSL-connection?

I would like to design a client-server application where the server is placed on Internet. I assume that I could set up the client-server connection using VPN (is it using IPSec?) or using a SSL ...
29
votes
7answers
8k views

Port Knocking is it a good idea?

Normally for a server I like to lock down SSH and other non-public service to only be accessible by certain IP addresses. However this is not always practical if the business doesn’t have static IP ...
26
votes
3answers
7k views

How do DoS/DDoS work?

In the last days one could frequently read about attacks from anonymous and LulzSec against different platforms like Sony or HBGary etc. Yesterday for example they DDoS'ed soca.gov.uk and jhw.gov.cn. ...
23
votes
7answers
1k views

Securing the security guy's home office: what should we do?

I read an article in the latest InfoSecurity magazine (an infosec trade rag by Elsevier) saying that us security professionals aren't necessarily taking the correct steps to protect our own home ...
19
votes
2answers
6k views

Reject IP packets with an ICMP error, or just drop them?

Consider an internet-facing host (the outer firewall). What should be done with undesired traffic: just drop it, or send back an ICMP error such as port unreachable? (In Linux terms: iptables -P DROP ...
14
votes
5answers
3k views

Access to a router's GUI

During a recent visit to a coffee shop, I noticed that they hadn't bothered changing their default user name and password for their router. I realise that someone could log on and be annoying to ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the vulnerabilities of VOIP-specific security protocols?

Existing relevant questions: How do you Secure VOIP in a large organization What are the main issues and best practice security controls when exposing SIP and H.323 to the Internet? Do secure phone ...
23
votes
4answers
7k views

Are popular porn sites more likely to be infected with malware?

I'm trying to help my friend understand this because he believes that since a site is very popular, that it's less likely to infect its viewers because of its security! Is a popular site less likely ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

Nessus vs third-party scans

As part of our PCI-DSS compliance process we get scans done by a third party. Based on the form and wording of the output, it's pretty clear they're using Nessus for most of their heavy lifting. Same ...
8
votes
5answers
8k views

What kind of attacks against home router's NAT do exist?

I always thought NAT was some kind of a security feature and I still think it is, because if it didn't existed the internet, respectively the clients behind NATs, would be even more insecure, since ...
5
votes
4answers
19k views

What are the laws regarding ISP recording IP addresses? How would they know who had which?

Since most internet users have ISPs using dynamic IP addresses (e.g. someone gets a new external IP address every few days) are there any laws requiring the ISPs to keep logs associating an IP address ...
19
votes
2answers
2k views

In what scenarios is relying on source IP address as a security control acceptable/unacceptable?

A number of questions on this site mention relying on source IP address as a control and in most of them it is dismissed as being unreliable. In what circumstances might using source IP address as a ...
17
votes
3answers
6k views

Can an attacker sniff Mac addresses on a wifi?

If an attacker turns on wifi but doesn't have the security key to connect to an access point in range, can he still sniff packets that travel between the access point and clients connected to the ...
11
votes
5answers
11k views

Can I block based on Mac Address?

Incase of dynamic IP's the hacker can work around by taking a new IP or use a Proxy, is it possible to make a ban based on Mac Address ? I want to block at the Webserver level so that unwanted users ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

What is best practice for separation of trusted zones from a DMZ with a single firewall?

At our organization we have a single firewall sitting between our internal zones and the public internet. Currently all of our trusted zones are defined as different vlans on a layer 3 switch plugged ...
6
votes
7answers
2k views

What security risks exist in cell phone apps' data transfer?

Smartphones apps transfer various types of data over the provider's data network (or wifi, if enabled). What security risks are there in this transfer, and how can the risks be mitigated? I'm not ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Can teleworking let my boss to sniff my network traffic? What else could he do?

My boss proposed me to code from home on the their machines via internet, in two possible ways: I would connect to their computer and work on their machine, as if I was in front of the computer(from ...
9
votes
2answers
717 views

How to implement secure device identification in a for-pay wifi router to prevent usage fraud?

After reading this question about how for-pay wifi routers identify specific devices it got me thinking about what a secure alternative might be. I know that certain research has focused on ...
8
votes
4answers
734 views

CAM table attack in 2011?

Today's switches are vulnerable to CAM Table attack? https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/CAM_Table
5
votes
3answers
10k views

Resolving an IP address of a Remote machine to its MAC address

I wanted to know whether its possible to get the MAC address of remote node (computer/Access Point) if I know its IP address. I have heard that if someone sends you an email (even through gmail), you ...
1
vote
3answers
216 views

Can man-in-the-middle attacks affect anyone not connected to the attackers network?

I'm trying to understand what these attacks are restricted to. I'm aware that man-in-the-middle attacks can be done if the attacker is on the same network (using something like Wire Shark), but is it ...
4
votes
0answers
178k views

Hack into a computer through MAC and IP address [closed]

Is my computer vulnerable to someone who knows my modem's MAC address and my public IP address? What kind of vulnerabilities would this imply? Could they actually get access to my computer just with ...
29
votes
2answers
125k views

What is the real function and use of a DMZ on a network?

I read the article on Wikipedia describing what a DMZ (demilitarized zone) is on a network, but am still failing to grasp both how it is set up (ie: is it within the main network or sequestered away?) ...