The operating system is the software component that provides abstraction of physical hardware, and provides a generalized model for application software to execute without the need for specific hardware knowledge. Questions on the topic of operating system security should use this tag; you may also ...

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Is a monolithic kernel more secure than a microkernel for a small OS?

Upon building a kernel for a small CLI system what option is the best one? I don't know much about what microkernels can do so bear with me if I'm being ignorant: In one instance, there are ...
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1answer
177 views

Whitelisting applications in Windows7

Windows 7 and Server 2008 R2 come with a security tool called Applocker. This allows admins to restrict applications to a specific white list which can be as granular as the individual application ...
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How does OS detection work in practice?

I was wondering how OS detection really works on Nmap. I know it is about to send different tcp probes to see how the target machine responds to them. But what kind of probes would distinguish a ...
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Security logs on Linux, Solaris and Windows

As the company's security department, our system administrators ask us what they need to log for SIEM (Security Incident and Event Management). We don't have any prepared documents and are seeking ...
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2answers
319 views

Security model for datacenters

I have several datacentres and now I want to plan security for it, so it's resilient to external attacks. I need to make a security model which will cover my web servers, auth servers, log servers, ...
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232 views

At what criteria should an unpatched machine be considered hacked? [closed]

Since every machine connected to the Internet requires security patches, there is a window of time in which those updates have been released and those machines haven't yet been patched. It is ...
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1answer
80 views

Operating system encryption of a Virtual Machine

I am a MacBook Pro user but sometimes I need to manage very sensitive data on Windows Seven. I am running Windows Seven on a virtual machine using Parallels Desktop v10.2.1. This software already has (...
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4answers
279 views

One computer with multiple OSs in different drives

I use my personal computer for both programming work and gaming at my free time(and sometimes penetration testing) all these in different operating systems each. The problem is that I dont really ...
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1answer
101 views

Are files created in Chrome OS developer mode tracked by Google?

If I enable developer mode, then open a shell and create /some/directory/temp.txt, it is invisible to me through the Chrome Filesystem API. But does this mean that it's also invisible to Chrome OS ...
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OS fingerprinting [closed]

I have been asked to write a small tool that detects the running OS on a victim device. The tool should be able to fingerprint Linux versus Android versus iOS. Extra credit for version info. It needs ...
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2answers
380 views

How does binary code execution vulnerability work on a modern OS?

In a modern OS I think that: the .text section where binary assembled CPU instructions are stored cannot be modified the .data/.bss section is marked as no-execute so that the information there will ...
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1answer
488 views

What do Msgsrvr and Scientia-ssdb do?

I'm having a task in a computer security class in school where I'm supposed to scan a host for open ports in order to find out what services are being run there. I have found out (among other things) ...
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If someone steals my laptop while I'm logged in, how can I protect my browser?

My question has its roots in an xkcd from this week: http://xkcd.com/1200/ Isn't this true and ironic? We place so much emphasis on browser security and OS security -- and rightly so -- yet if I ...
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Does setting a firmware password add security if FileVault 2 is enabled?

On an up-to-date OS X computer with FileVault 2 (whole-disk encryption, minus the recovery partition), is any security gained by setting a firmware password, as well?
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BSD encryption advantages [closed]

If someone who knows about the BSD project has a moment to answer this, I'm wondering a few things about the encryption used. It's more than what I'm finding in the docs and on Wiki/Google (even the ...
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3answers
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Are file permissions set in Unix/Linux effective in Windows or Any other OS?

Consider some files and folder in Unix/Linux OS which are configured for only read access by root, if the hard drive stolen, and used in Windows Environment, are these permissions are still effective? ...
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Tails like OS for Smartphones

In Jacob Applebaum's latest talk at the 30c3 conference, he advised all journalists to use Tails or similar OS for their laptops. Does anyone know of a similar OS or functionality for Smartphones? ...
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What are possible approaches and arguments for securing corporate IT systems with most computers being portable?

I was employed as the only system administrator by a company where half of computers are portable ones being taken away for work at home, business trips, visits to clients, etc. having access to ...
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1answer
149 views

Are auto-mounting hard drives a security issue?

Why are hard drives mounted by default in Windows OS, while they aren't in Linux OS? Is that a security issue? If your computer was hacked, can unmounted drives be considered clean?
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Security Risks Involved in Deploying Win Server 2008 on a Linux host

The Question: Are there any major security risks I should be concerned about, caused by installing Windows Server 2008 R2 onto a Linux Host in VirtualBox? I run an Ubuntu box, with a fully-secured ...
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3answers
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Security in Windows 7 vs Ubuntu

I have two semi-related questions about the security-related reasons I hear for switching to Ubuntu over Windows 7 (or from other Windows OSs to other Linux distributions). Someone people say that ...
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2answers
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Is it possible to defeat the OS detection capabilities of network scanning tools?

Network scanning tools such as nmap have the capability to infer operating system version based upon lower-level system details. EG: TCP/IP stack behavior, etc. Are there any known methods to trick ...
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2answers
534 views

How is it possible that a text message can reboot an Apple device?

I was reading through my infosec newsfeed and found this article: http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/may/27/iphone-crash-bug-text-imessage-ios It basically talks about a bug iOS has while ...
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Is bugged CPU mean “gameover” for whole Computer? [closed]

I'm looking for answer on such question. Imagine that CPU bugged on the factory simply like Blue Pill, but for the network's interconnections. How exactly firewall of OS could protect station ...
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1answer
816 views

What kind of hashing is generally used in log-in modules?

Do operating systems hash the log-in password? What hash function is used in Windows XP, 7, 8,Linux Ubuntu, Debian, MAC Lion OS X ,...? Where should I look to know these security considerations of an ...
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2answers
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Sun ILOM / Out of band management security concerns

I would like to get some outside opinion on this if possible, although I do not know what to ask. Sun ILOM is an Out-of-band management system. I understand it is a separate OS on the box that is ...
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2answers
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Is Qubes OS more secure than running a set of activity related VMs?

I'd like to skip the argument about Linux being more secure than Windows, and purely focus on the security boundaries between Host OS and VMs. Is Qubes OS theoretically more secure than say - Windows ...
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Is it fundamentally possible to develop a (provenly) transparent computing system?

I recently asked a question regarding security obstacles of online voting via a web service, and one of the primary obstacles to doing this is the difficulty of proving that the program processing ...
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2answers
335 views

exploiting setuid and setgid bit

I was reading material on secure coding and at many places it is mentioned not to use setuid and setgid bits for privilege escalation. These a vulnerable and can lead to security issues. Instead we ...
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1answer
119 views

NMAP Scan Returns Odd OS Detection [closed]

I am new to NMAP but I was using it to troubleshoot some issues I have been having. I ran a scan on a device and I know the device runs some sort of Linux or Ubuntu OS and I was attempting to figure ...
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1answer
874 views

OS fingerprinting protection - why not by default?

This article describes how to fool nmap in it's OS fingerprinting detection. In short, nmap sends malformed packets to open and closed ports and listens to the responses. Because every OS implements ...
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2answers
269 views

Intrusion Detected - OS Attack

I have recently gotten a prompt from my anti virus stating that there was an intrusion with an OS attack as describe in the link below: http://www.symantec.com/security_response/attacksignatures/...
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1answer
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After restoring from a (valid) full disk backup can malware still persit?

In the comments to this question it is mentioned that even after a backup recovery malware still can persist. Do I understand that correctly? How is this possible? If Acronis True Image is used to ...
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Apple Mac Security - What do I need to know?

As I've been working on Windows machines most of my life I know most of the best practices and apps to keep them secure. When it comes to security on Apple macs I'm clueless as to where to start.
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Can a virtual machine program view a host machine's connections?

I don't really know anything about computers. I need to run a virtual Windows machine inside an Ubuntu system. My current setup uses a stripped down version of Windows XP on VirtualBox. I intend to ...
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1answer
287 views

Security research on Operating system security measures, where to start?

I am researching on operating system security, And I don't know where to look for more information on this. I could find the following sources, but I need more guidance. Sources: Microkernel ...
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1answer
140 views

OS login password: How does it work?

I am making an application to create a password for a user. I am a bit baffled over how it all works though. Namely I want to be sure that my application will store the correct hash so the user can ...
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1answer
294 views

What is susceptible to Kon Boot hack tool?

I just learned about Kon Boot (from this YouTube video) and am wondering, how is such a hack tool guarded against? In the video the presenter claimed he had full disk encryption but was still able to ...
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1answer
304 views

ARM TrustZone with Normal and Secure World

I am new to Security testing and I am working on a 64-bit ARM server. We are using ARM TrustZone technology. Is it possible for me to check if I am in the Secure world or the Normal world? How do I ...
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1answer
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Where does Active Directory store user hashes?

During a penetration test for a client, having an infrastructure with multiple (5) Active Directory Servers (Win Serv 2008 R2)... I found a nice exploit to drop a system shell in one of the servers, ...
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1answer
539 views

Is 2008 Server Core installation the most secure deployment?

In a Windows environment where security is more important than flexibility is Windows 2008 R2 Core Server installation the best option? How much more difficult is it to setup an environment with ...
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userWorkstations attribute in AD preventing users from logging into WebApp

For some of our users in AD, we have set userWorkstations attribute to restrict access to other machines. But this is preventing those users from logging into WebApplications (around 50+) protected ...
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What protections are put in place to prevent rootkits from getting ring 0 access?

I've been learning about What is a rootkit? As well as rootkit building and general system architecture. I have read that there are "User mode" rootkits that run in ring 3. But these aren't the ...
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1answer
175 views

Resources to learn about Windows systems exploitation [closed]

I'm a beginner in penetration testing, and I'm struggling with finding decent material to learn. I used book about nmap, Metasploit, exploit writing etc..., but they contained too much information ...
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0answers
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Creating New Acc in Mac Mail 1st Connect to Server not SSL is uname & pw tx secure?

It appears that whenever you set up a new mail account on Mac Mail on OS X (or iPhone, iPad etc), that as soon as you enter the server and the mail account user name and password, Mac Apple-Mail tries ...
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1answer
217 views

Force all user processes to be ptraced

I'm implementing a ptrace based tool for logging system call use. It is much more simple than strace, but I'm doing this so I can learn how these tools work. I'd like to trace all user processes since ...
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3answers
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How to find the OS of the target machine

I am new to this field. Currently I am using Linux OS and my question is how can I find the OS of another machine to which I do not have a direct access. I am interested in any possibilities which ...
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3answers
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Since when can't any program get MS-DOS and MS-Windows admin rights?

I'm certain that I read that in the 80s with 8-bit Intel processorn, any DOS program that was run with MS-DOS was run in administrative mode and could do anything that any C program could do. Now I'm ...
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How could one say that older operating systems are more vulnerable?

Experiment conducted by me in Windows using Virtual Machine: I have collected all rogue security software that target a range of Windows versions and several latest malware (no older than a month) ...
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Trust a possibly compromised system for iso downloads

My only operational computer has shown some wierd signs like disapearing logs, rotated logs gone random files getting updated and so on. Tho this is my only operational computer and I have decided to ...