The operating system is the software component that provides abstraction of physical hardware, and provides a generalized model for application software to execute without the need for specific hardware knowledge. Questions on the topic of operating system security should use this tag; you may also ...

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Minimize risk with Windows 2003 end of life

The company I’m at currently has over 500 Windows 2003 servers remaining globally in production and even though they have a refresh plan they are working through, they are not going to be done anytime ...
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32 views

safe system32 folder or not [on hold]

I have been (still am actually) under really serious hacker attacks now about 2 weeks and I have been cheking constantly all system files, incomening and outgoing traffic, changing rules and etc in ...
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0answers
61 views

What protections are put in place to prevent rootkits from getting ring 0 access?

I've been learning about What is a rootkit? As well as rootkit building and general system architecture. I have read that there are "User mode" rootkits that run in ring 3. But these aren't the ...
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0answers
37 views

Is it possible to re-install an operating system over an encrypted system? [migrated]

Scenario: I buy old PC/laptops, fix it and then resell them. I recently got a laptop at an auction with the whole system password encrypted McAfee Endpoint Encryption. Windows does not even load. I ...
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2answers
34 views

exploiting setuid and setgid bit

I was reading material on secure coding and at many places it is mentioned not to use setuid and setgid bits for privilege escalation. These a vulnerable and can lead to security issues. Instead we ...
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1answer
95 views

ARM TrustZone with Normal and Secure World

I am new to Security testing and I am working on a 64-bit ARM server. We are using ARM TrustZone technology. Is it possible for me to check if I am in the Secure world or the Normal world? How do I ...
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1answer
251 views

What do Msgsrvr and Scientia-ssdb do?

I'm having a task in a computer security class in school where I'm supposed to scan a host for open ports in order to find out what services are being run there. I have found out (among other things) ...
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3answers
79 views

Does it matter which platform a file is scanned on for malware?

Different operating systems use different file types and file systems. Does it make a difference to a virus scan which system it is being run on and what type of malware it's looking for? I ask ...
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1answer
151 views

At what criteria should an unpatched machine be considered hacked? [closed]

Since every machine connected to the Internet requires security patches, there is a window of time in which those updates have been released and those machines haven't yet been patched. It is ...
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2answers
48 views

What negotiates SSL ciphers? [duplicate]

In light of the recent FREAK vulnerability I am trying to get a hold on what ciphers are being used by inbound connections. I have FTP tracing on which is giving me which ciphers are being negotiated ...
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1answer
50 views

NMAP Scan Returns Odd OS Detection [closed]

I am new to NMAP but I was using it to troubleshoot some issues I have been having. I ran a scan on a device and I know the device runs some sort of Linux or Ubuntu OS and I was attempting to figure ...
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1answer
83 views

Resources to learn about Windows systems exploitation [closed]

I'm a beginner in penetration testing, and I'm struggling with finding decent material to learn. I used book about nmap, Metasploit, exploit writing etc..., but they contained too much information ...
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1answer
58 views

What's the difference between Systems security and Information Security? [closed]

I'm trying to differentiate between the the three. What is Systems Security? What is Information Security? What's the difference between Systems Security and Information Security? I'm trying to ...
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2answers
7k views

How can I recover encrypted files after system reinstallation

I had a file which contains images and videos, I was using the windows 7 ultimate and I had encrypted the file. Now I have copied that file to my hard disk and format that operating system and again. ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Does Linux and Mac OSX have built-in Credential/Password Managers with API access? [closed]

Does Linux and Mac OSX have built-in Credential/Password Managers with API access like Windows has with its CredMan (CredWrite, etc). It would be preferrable if they could be used without the need to ...
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2answers
1k views

How do I know my tools aren't compromised? [closed]

After reading different articles, most notably/concerningly: If the NSA has been hacking everything, how has nobody seen them coming? Ken Thompson's Hack (more the concept than specifics) I am ...
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2answers
114 views

High Level NSA Target, Help/Feasibility [closed]

I would like to know the feasibility of certain kinds of attacks. To be clear, assume the target is a high-level priority of the NSA. Is an OS such as tails useless against root-kits/keyloggers, ...
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1answer
70 views

Operating system scanner

I am confused about Operating Systems scanner vs Network Scanner. Usually a network scanner such as Nessus can already check for operating systems vulnerability. So what does an operating system ...
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4answers
684 views

Effects Of Encryption On Computer Systems

I am currently writing an essay and one part is a discussion about the effects of encryption on an Operating System/Computer/Infrastructure in general. However, I am struggling to see how a computer ...
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2answers
81 views

Trust a possibly compromised system for iso downloads

My only operational computer has shown some wierd signs like disapearing logs, rotated logs gone random files getting updated and so on. Tho this is my only operational computer and I have decided to ...
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1answer
118 views

What registry windows keys malwares target often?

I wonder what are the main registry windows keys malware target often ? I would love to code a program that will check the state of those windows registry keys for eventual modifications by malware.
3
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1answer
80 views

Are files created in Chrome OS developer mode tracked by Google?

If I enable developer mode, then open a shell and create /some/directory/temp.txt, it is invisible to me through the Chrome Filesystem API. But does this mean that it's also invisible to Chrome OS ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Is there a GNU/Linux or BSD distribution dedicated to air-gapped computer?

I am currently in the process of setting up an air-gapped computer which will be dedicated to managing cryptographic key (including: generation of GPG key/subkey, management of a small CA, generation ...
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4answers
1k views

Verify Mac firmware is not hacked…how to do?

I have a late model Mac computer. I allowed someone to plug in a USB drive, and my network activity changed afterwards. Normally, Little Snitch will report every app that uses the internet. Every ...
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1answer
108 views

How is Thread local storage used by malware/Virus?

I have been told that code in TLS is run before the entry point of an exe is reached ,so if one puts a breakpoint on this TLS address he/she could debug the behavior of the virus.Can Fiber local ...
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3answers
313 views

Security in Windows 7 vs Ubuntu

I have two semi-related questions about the security-related reasons I hear for switching to Ubuntu over Windows 7 (or from other Windows OSs to other Linux distributions). Someone people say that ...
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6answers
3k views

How can I protect my computer from my potentially malicious colleagues?

So, I work in this small company (10 people) where we do stuff in programming, for various platforms. I started recently working there (2 months) right after I graduated. My work is not exactly ...
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1answer
37 views

Is there a solution for runing processes in encrypted mode on runtime?

Is there any solution for securely running encrypted processes on an untrusted machine over the WAN? In public clouding, you can split your processes and send process request over the WAN, but you ...
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10answers
4k views

Vulnerable OS's?

Which vulnerable OS's like for example DVL would you recommend for someone to use for the purpose of pentest/exploitation learning?
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2answers
466 views

How nmap guesses the operating system?

nmap has the capability to guess the operating system with the option -O. I was highly surprised that it can find the correct kernel or service pack. * How nmap guesses the operating system? * What ...
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1answer
613 views

Hardware encrypted external HDDs

I'm planning to buy an external HDD with hardware encryption, namingly the WD My Passport Ultra 2TB. On the WD website the information about the encryption is sadly scarce so I'm asking here. How ...
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6answers
1k views

Where to download OpenBSD release ISO's over HTTPS?

OpenBSD claims to be highly secure. So why doesn't it allow downloading the release iso's over HTTPS? Or I'm missing something? Can someone please explain this to me?
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2answers
65 views

Can a detached hard disk reveal the system information of machine from which the hard disk is detached?

Can an internal hard disk (on which Ubuntu or any other OS is installed) that I detached from the PC or laptop (Keeping the OS as it is) and connected to some other PC or machine reveal the info of ...
2
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2answers
329 views

Is a monolithic kernel more secure than a microkernel for a small OS?

Upon building a kernel for a small CLI system what option is the best one? I don't know much about what microkernels can do so bear with me if I'm being ignorant: In one instance, there are ...
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163 views

Pentesting an ATM OS upgraded from Windows XP to Windows 7

How to approach penetration testing of a ATM OS that was upgraded from Windows XP to Windows 7? From what I gather, the testing flow should be as follows: Architectural Review Pentesting OS and ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Could see image of previous session after restarting and switching OS

(I have GNU/Linux and Microsoft Windows installed.) I played a game on Microsoft Windows, quit the game, restarted the PC, and selected GNU/Linux. On the login screen, the background image was ...
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0answers
60 views

Bitlocker with bootloader on a seperate drive

I believe the answer to this may simply be it's not possible but all the same: Is it possible to have an OS partition protected by bitlocker loaded from a seperate drive with another bootloader ...
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7answers
2k views

Can hackers detect my operating system?

I've seen people demonstrating the use of backtrack to attack VMs. In one of the components of backtrack, it shows the operating system of the targets. Since support for Windows XP is ending soon, i ...
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1answer
112 views

Why doesn't the OS give every application a secret password?

As far as I understand if Dropbox wants to automatically run in the background without asking the user for a password it has to store the password somewhere on the harddrive and has currently no way ...
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2answers
2k views

What does “sandboxing” mean for Chrome OS? [duplicate]

I read about Chrome OS in the security section, and I was wondering what the meaning of "sandboxing" that they keep mentioning is. Is this sandboxing like Selinux or Apparmor ?
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2answers
91 views

Is it safe to create live usb on an infected system?

I am using Ubuntu 13.10. If my laptop is infected with malware, can I get rid of it by creating a live usb on it and using that live usb format and re-install the ubuntu ? I mean is it possible that ...
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2answers
2k views

Major differences between Kali and SecurityOnion

Curious about the major differences between Kali Linux and SecurityOnion. Do you think it would be easy or useful to replicate what has been done with SecurityOnion on Kali? Why is there such a ...
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4answers
734 views

How to hack a Win95 machine?

While playing with old operating systems, I came across that there are no remote code execution exploits available for Win95 machines, running just file share (no IIS or anything else). Win95 neither ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Recommened books for learning operation system [closed]

I see other similar question here. I want to become Malware analyst. I have learn to program in Python and C++(not on expert level but fairly good). Before I continue with Assembly language I want to ...
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3answers
20k views

How does the Windows “Secure Desktop” mode work?

Can anyone explain (or provide a link to a simple explanation) of what the Windows "Secure Desktop" mode is and how it works? I just heard about it in the KeePass documentation (KeePass - Enter ...
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3answers
2k views

Can Windows malware harm a Linux computer when it's executed with Wine?

I am an (Ubuntu) Linux user. Sometimes, I have to use Wine for running Windows executables. I would like to know if Windows malware (virus, trojan, worm,...), i.e. malware that was not intended to ...
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2answers
215 views

Intrusion Detected - OS Attack

I have recently gotten a prompt from my anti virus stating that there was an intrusion with an OS attack as describe in the link below: ...
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2answers
139 views

the dangers of internet forums - what is FUD, what is not

I just visited a forum and a member knew what OS I was running without me saying anything (a not TOO common distro of linux). Now I'm not sure how he exactly he might have done it, or what information ...
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2answers
176 views

How to hide or obfuscate the type of OS?

I get the OS type of a remote host by: connecting to an open port (telnet <host> 22); using Nmap (nmap -A <host>). What are techniques and how to hide or change the information about ...
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1answer
46 views

What parameters to check to say that a computer running Windows is slow in responding because of infection?

When interaction between the user and the operating system is too slow (Windows become slow in responding to different user's request): what parameters could we check (and that we could use within a ...