Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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6
votes
3answers
38 views

Password Storage - Self Encryption vs Hashing?

Self Encryption: Encrypting a password using the password itself (as a symmetric key). Basically, by doing this, I'll get random data as an output. Now, in order to retrieve the password from this ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

What is the right way to implement a Keyed Password Hashing?

As mentioned in this wonderful link, the way to get a PBKDF2 Hash of a user given password given a password (of course), a salt (generated Cryptographically Secure Random Number Generator. iteration ...
18
votes
5answers
3k views

Does too long a salt reduce the security of a stored password hash?

Suppose we have passwords that are statistically 7-8 characters long. Is appending a 200 character long salt less secure than a 5 character salt, because of the similar hash function inputs? I was ...
12
votes
6answers
2k views

Do salts have to be random, or just unique and unknown?

First of all, my motive is to avoid storing the salt in the database as plain text. As far as this question is concerned, the salt is not stored in the database. After discussion in comments and in ...
2
votes
2answers
84 views

Who can actually see the password when I accidentally used ftp instead of sftp?

It has been said that if we accidentally use ftp instead of sftp, people can actually see the login name and password in pure text form, and it is very bad. But who can actually see it? Will it be ...
4
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the best way to store password in memory (RAM) in Java?

Imagine there is a login form in Java application. We need assign usename and password to variables. Moment after we can Hash or HMAC password and keep it just for authentication step (no caching). ...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

How would you store a 4 digit pin code securely in the database?

I'm familiar with password hashing, using salts, bcrypt etc. But it doesn't seem like this would work to store a 4 digit pin code since the attacker could try all 10,000 combinations quite quickly. ...
5
votes
4answers
153 views

Are there any disadvantages to encrypting the password hash?

Is encrypting the password hash in database more secure than storing only the hash? Suppose we store encrypted SHA-256 result with AES instead of hash directly. Is this a good protection from a ...
2
votes
4answers
219 views

How effective are password checking websites? [duplicate]

I typed the following password in howsecureismypassword.net: yummy candy yummy It said it would take 100 billion years for a personal computer to crack. Is this accurate? Even though it has English ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

SIP Provider stores credentials, is it required for some SIP phones?

My SIP provider stores my SIP call time password as AES encrypted in stead of hashed. I understand that SIP authentication has the capability to NOT store the password, and in stead store a ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Cracking WPA2 using Intel HD Graphics GPU [migrated]

I use Linux Kali and yesterday have captured a WPA handshake of my network. I want to crack it's password - but my CPU with aircrack-ng checks only about 2000 keys per second. In my laptop I have got ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Gnome-keyring iteration count location

I know that Gnome-keyring hashes master password between 1000 and 2000 times. It picks random number. I would like to ask where does it save this number, what is the location of that file? As far as I ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Encrypted retrievable password

I have a password conundrum. I need to store an encrypted password in a DB table but in such a manner that would allow me to retrieve the password as plain text afterwards. Please note that this is a ...
23
votes
1answer
2k views

Facebook password lowercase and uppercase

Recently I logged into my Facebook account and then noticed that my caps lock was on. So I tried to log in again with and without capslock on. I got in both times. Then I tried to log in with the ...
-1
votes
0answers
32 views

Configuration file with 12-character XML-encoded passwords [on hold]

I have received a configuration file with 3 passwords I'm trying to crack. However, I'm having a hard time determining what hashing/encryption mechanisms are used for the passwords. The cipher ...
15
votes
3answers
4k views

Is it possible to get the salt if I have the hash and original password?

Is it possible to get the salt if I have the hash and original password? My gut feeling is no, but would it be impossible or will it just take very long?
3
votes
1answer
722 views

Salt usage for Spring security?

I use the Spring security for Java web applications and I have written an authentication provider which is working without salt and now I want to either add salt or alternatively use the built-in ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Storing encryption passphrases in memory in Dalvik?

Given KeePassDroid, I'm considering some of the security implications of accessing KeePass databases on an Android device. In the native applications for Windows, OSX, and Linux, whenever the ...
5
votes
3answers
245 views

Calculating password hashes in the browser?

I just finally got into Keybase and was surprised to see this in the sign-up page: Shouldn't password stretching and hashing be done on the serverside, as we normally don't trust a client?
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Has a plaintext password ever been used in a court of law as evidence to a crime?

Regardless of how the password was obtained (decryption, bad hashing, confession): Are there any prior known cases where the contents of the password was used to prove motive or guilt? Or, looking ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

Can you tell me the best tool to reset PC window password? [closed]

I forgot my PC windows password and want to reset it so can you tell me the best process or tool to reset PC windows forgotten password?
1
vote
2answers
49 views

bscrypt,scrypt v/s iterative SHA-x [duplicate]

Both bcrypt and scrypt hashing algorithms are designed to increase the resources required during the computation. Hashing passwords with these algorithms can be beneficial as it makes the task of an ...
194
votes
6answers
25k views

How to store salt?

Nowadays, if we expect to store user password securely, we need at least do the following thing $pwd=hash(hash($password) + salt) then store $pwd in your system instead of the real password. I have ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Feeding PBKDF2 to SRP verifier creation

There is an older game that solely uses UDP to communicate, and I wanted to add password authentication to the game to facilitate things like experience points and rankings. To this end, I decided to ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

What is preventing us to start using scrypt in production ?

After a lot of reading the expert opinion on password hashing, I understand that scrypt (which is both memory hard and CPU intensive) is a good candidate for password hashing. But I saw the experts ...
2
votes
1answer
761 views

How secure is automatic authentication in Skype?

How secure is checking the automatic authentication option in Skype client? What if I sign in with Microsoft account instead of Skype id? What if both accounts are merged? Is there any documentation ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Key's random art image is mostly black

I have generated an SSH key on Ubuntu 10.04 with ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "example@example.com" and the key's random art image comes out mostly empty (modified slightly): +--[ RSA 2048]----+ | ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

How to suspend a silent oberserver from Facebook account?

A friend of mine told me about the following problem: She used to login on Facebook on a computer of her boyfriend. After they broke up she recognized that he was able to login to her account from his ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Password automatically typed into user box on facebook [closed]

Just want to ask some questions regarding on this strange experience while logging on my account on Facebook There are cases that I'm accidentally typing my password into the username box of the ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

How many passwords should I have? [closed]

So I am upgrading my personal security. Most passwords that I use are generated by and stored in a password manager. There are a few places where I cannot use a password manager -- here, I plan to ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Is Google's password recovery by entering an old password a bad practice?

When you try and recover your password on Google, you will eventually stumble across this screen, and it made me wonder: Isn't this type of password recovery from Google essentially the same as ...
126
votes
8answers
12k views

Why are salted hashes more secure?

I know there are many discussions on salted hashes, and I understand that the purpose is to make it impossible to build a rainbow table of all possible hashes (generally up to 7 characters). My ...
3
votes
3answers
262 views

Method to integrate Touch ID in iOS apps

With the recent announcement of Touch ID APIs for third party apps, I am wondering how can we leverage this feature to perform secure transaction ? I am looking for a method to use Touch ID in my ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Finding Plaintext Password Repositories [closed]

I came across a file, that was used by our tech support, to store all generic usernames and passwords in them for use with new systems. (Our company has been trained on the use of other Password ...
11
votes
3answers
11k views

Is a password protected PDF file safe for bank statement attachments?

My bank emails my monthly statement to me in a password protected PDF attachment. Is this a secure method of transmitting something as sensitive as bank statement?
3
votes
1answer
609 views

Are passwords stored in the cookie? encrypted?

Whenever I connect to security.stack.exchange, I am automatically logged in. I haven't allowed the browser to store my password. When I delete all cookies stored by the security.stack.exchange, I have ...
8
votes
3answers
297 views

Security of pronounceable passwords

Some random password generators support the generation of pronounceable words of any given length n. Assuming that words are derived using 26 lowercase letters, the number of possible words of length ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

SSH key auth, but still need password for sudo?

SSH with public-private key authentication comes enabled by default with most Linux distributions. This is great because when I create accounts for remote users I don't have to email them sensitive ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

How Windows Server 2008 Stores Local Users Passwords?

It is not clear to me how Windows Srver 2008 R8 stores local account passwords. Is there any salt added or just NT hash is computed and stored. The following article describes all the methods used by ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

How to safely use a Key Derivation Function to secure private data - need guidance

I have some secure data created in my client app which I wish to store on the server as backup for the user. The user already has a password to authenticate with the server. The password is never ...
20
votes
10answers
4k views

Password Management within an Organisation

Within an organisation there are many passwords such as those for root accounts on servers, hosting accounts, router logins and other such things, that need to be kept track of. I know in some ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Regarding Windows password and Chromes Remember password Feature

Google Chrome browser helps in password management by prompting users to remember their passwords for the websites. These saved passwords can be accessed from the browsers "settings" menu, and to do ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How does Google not care about “spaces” in Application-specific passwords?

I have recently setup "2-step verification" for my Google account. One of the features is the ability to create "Application-specific passwords " for devices that do not support the 2 step process. ...
54
votes
13answers
8k views

Do we really need a long and complicated password for websites?

Most of websites that handle important information (Gmail, for instance) have some kind of brute force protection. Sometimes if you try more than X times it will lock the account or at least give you ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the Kerberos KDC know the users' plaintext passwords?

In http://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/kerberos5.html section 15.7.8.3 “The KDC is a Single Point of Failure” you can read: By design, the KDC must be as secure as the master password database is ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

Why should I have secure passwords for sites that I pay bills on?

What's the worst that can happen, the hackers will pay my bills for me? Assume that this isn't a malicious hacker out to disconnect my electricity. What kind of concerns are there for my finances, ...
57
votes
12answers
9k views

How reliable is a password strength checker?

I've tested the tool from Microsoft available here which tests password strength and rates them. For a password such as "i am going to have lunch tonight", the tool rates it's strength as "BEST" and ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Can any App Store app access all of my passwords?

Whilst researching another question, I've noticed that on OS X 10.9.4 there are many instances of Library/Keychains/login.keychain from ~ within the Data folder of what looks like apps from Apple App ...
17
votes
7answers
1k views

How different should my passwords be? [duplicate]

Suppose I use remember one long high entropy master password, and use variations of it for each of my passwords. Eg if I remember tSaF4nWeACVkUU4 as a master password and use tSaF4nWeACVkUU4t (with a ...
1
vote
3answers
95 views

Site allows both Partial and Complete password authentication; do they have my password in plain text? [duplicate]

My bank provides online banking facility like most of the banks these days. On the web they have Partial Password Authentication. Although I don't really believe in PPA providing extra security but ...