Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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3
votes
2answers
7k views

How long it will take to crack a RAR password?

I wonder how long it will take to crack 16 character alphanumeric WinRAR password for a mini supercomputer. As far as I know graphic cards are preferred over CPUs to crack passwords nowadays. If we ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

Can you do a client and server side encryption [duplicate]

I am creating a PHP website where users, among other things, can login and do administrative stuff. For their passwords i use password_hash($password) and to later verify with it, I use ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Why will Google no longer allow me to end or begin passwords with a space? [closed]

Why won't Google allow me to use a password ending in a space anymore? Backstory: I have memorized a cipher that allows me to generate a different and very strong password across many different ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Password generation based on hash of master password + suffix?

Is this [1] a secure and reasonable way to generate a unique password for login on various websites? echo -n my_strong_master_password#website.com | sha1sum Of course, if my system is compromised ...
59
votes
9answers
11k views

Is password reuse a problem if the password is very strong?

I always read that using the same password on multiple sites is a risk. I'm wondering what is the real reason for this? In my case, I use the same password on multiple sites everywhere. My password ...
-1
votes
1answer
39 views

Quantum Computation and its threats [duplicate]

Since Quantum Computers has potential to become super computers of next generation. will that make cryptography obsolete..?
4
votes
3answers
306 views

Can using emojis make someone's password safer?

I was just thinking about this the other day, after reading about making safe passwords, you have a few options: The first would be, adding numbers, or something other than just a word ...
19
votes
8answers
3k views

Why should I hash passwords?

I've read that every good web application should hash passwords. I found many articles about hashing. So I started implementing hashing on my website and then I asked myself why should I do it? When a ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

OTP on the same device being used to login

I've seen mobile apps use two factor authentication by sending an SMS to the mobile phone. However, if I've stolen someone's phone, where is the security advantage? I can understand it if it's used in ...
16
votes
4answers
8k views

SSH key auth, but still need password for sudo?

SSH with public-private key authentication comes enabled by default with most Linux distributions. This is great because when I create accounts for remote users I don't have to email them sensitive ...
-2
votes
1answer
113 views

How MD5 and salt algorithms come into play if the attacker uses curl?

When the user logs into any site, they supply a username ('user01') and password ('password123') into a form then submit. The user has no idea what their hashed password value is that is stored in the ...
42
votes
4answers
3k views

Is using bcrypt on existing SHA1 hashes good enough when switching password implementation?

I'm working on improving a CMS where the current implementation of storing password is just sha1(password). I explained to my boss that doing it that way is incredibly insecure, and told him that we ...
1
vote
1answer
547 views

VeraCrypt: Is it possible to change the password after an encrypted container has been created?

I would like to know whether it is possible to change the password after an encrypted container has been created? The password I chose was a bit weak, and I would like to be able to modify it without ...
2
votes
2answers
12k views

Excel 2007 Encryption Strength

With a strong password of 10+ characters, mixed case, etc... is the encryption of an Excel 2007 document secure enough to create reasonably strong defense against a brute force attack? What ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Would using a password already hashed+salted be secure?

Some basic principles of password security: Hash it and use a salt The people storing the password should never be able to see what the password is, just the hash This hash should be difficult to ...
5
votes
2answers
299 views

Keeping passwords out of source code

Secrets should not be in source code and in version control because of two reasons: External threat: An attacker can exploit a vulnerability to get access to files/source of your ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

If You Use Secure Sites with Extended Validation Certificates How Much Do You Still Have To Worry About Phishing Sites Impersonating Them?

Was mulling over the issue of protecting users from password-stealing phishing sites when an interesting question that hadn't occurred to me before popped into my head: Let's say that I decide to ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

What would typically be considered an acceptable string entropy for passwords?

I have gained interest in creating a way to check password strength (think password strength meters - yes - another one). I've found many ways to award a score on a policy driven approach (one ...
3
votes
3answers
615 views

Password entry on OS X and keyloggers

There's several places in my ‘personal security infrastructure’ (is there a better phrase for that?) where I find myself typing very important passwords into text-fields on OS X (for instance, ...
-1
votes
1answer
128 views

Can I encrypt Windows' SAM file?

i recently learned that the SAM file in Windows is easily crackable, and even if an attacker couldn't find my password, there are tools that allow password removal, account elevation and even account ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Google account's password exposed after authorizing web apps to the account

Yesterday I registered accounts on some online storage websites. On that same day's afternoon, Google notified me about someone had has logged in using my Google account in US (clearly that's not ...
6
votes
1answer
161 views

Are there any reliable estimates of the password cracking abilities of nation states?

For the purposes of evaluating a hashing algorithm against the threat of a nation state adversary, are there accepted estimates of the password cracking abilities of nation states - or is there an ...
7
votes
1answer
701 views

Password manager in not own device

I believe that password managers have a lot of advantages rather than remembering the passwords. So: its time to use them! But I don't want to lose the capability of using my passwords in devices I ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Resetting the admin password for an application

We have a enterprise application dealing with data. We have one super user (admin) that has the highest level of privileges. The application is not opensource. If some customer has forgotten the ...
3
votes
4answers
176 views

Password Policy: Issue random generated passwords / Let the user choose a password

I'm currently thinking about a new password policy. Originally I wanted the users to choose a password that is X digits long, contains numbers, special chars, lower and upper case,... but then I did ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Password cracking based on properties of target

Many people base their passwords on some characteristics or properties of their persona, which might not even be included in wordlists used for a dictionary attack. If one would put research into ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Prevent Plain-Text Passwords Output by a Script From Being Accessible in the Future

Let's say I have a Bash script that generates a password, creates a new user with that password, and then tells me what the password is: # Generate a password and set it to $PASSWORD PASSWORD=$(tr ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Should BCRYPT be used for client-side password hashing

I am concerned about the use of bcrypt for client-side password generation. I am developing a password generation function to be used client-side, similar to PwdHash and PasswordMaker. Much has been ...
0
votes
2answers
146 views

How to check an open source product for password handling quality?

I just created an account on Magento Commerce, which is an online shop solution. During account creation, I entered a password. Personally I prefer longer, generated passwords that do not contain ...
4
votes
2answers
349 views

Has a plaintext password ever been used in a court of law as evidence to a crime?

Regardless of how the password was obtained (decryption, bad hashing, confession): Are there any prior known cases where the contents of the password was used to prove motive or guilt? Or, looking ...
3
votes
2answers
32k views

Remove Password Protection from XLS Document

Similar to what is listed here, http://datapigtechnologies.com/blog/index.php/hack-into-a-protected-excel-2007-or-2010-workbook/, is there a way to remove the password from an XLS (Excel 2003) ...
6
votes
3answers
680 views

Is piping a `ssh-agent` signed message as a password secure?

There's an encrypted filesystem on a server I ssh into using public key authentication. Since a forwarded ssh-agent can deterministically sign a message (see also the ssh-agent protocol section ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

How to give “Forgot password” option for a password encrypted file?

I have created a utility that encrypts a file (.txt, .dox, so on...). The utility asks for a password from user at the time of file encryption. Problem Suppose a user has created 1000 encrypted ...
-2
votes
1answer
63 views

generating “non-dictionary” numeric passcodes [closed]

In case of numeric passcodes, e.g. for numeric locks on doors etc, anyone can agree "poor passwords" are ones with specific pattern, e.g. 1234, 1111, 2468, 1122, etc. (as well as ones that form a ...
1
vote
2answers
641 views

What would be the most efficient way of brute forcing a wifi key [duplicate]

I was wondering how can a brut force of my wifi be prevented so I want to know the best technique that can be used to brute force it first, so protection isn't my question. My question is: What brute ...
3
votes
3answers
259 views

Choosing a good password - again

There are many password-related questions in here, but I failed to find the answer to mine. I'm no expert so maybe I don't have the right keywords. Sorry for any duplicate for a possibly asked 100 ...
16
votes
7answers
2k views

How different should my passwords be? [duplicate]

Suppose I use remember one long high entropy master password, and use variations of it for each of my passwords. Eg if I remember tSaF4nWeACVkUU4 as a master password and use tSaF4nWeACVkUU4t (with a ...
1
vote
3answers
408 views

What would be a good set of criteria to consider a password safe? [duplicate]

Nowadays we see many websites with a "security meter" for the password. I actually think this is a great feature since it gives the final user the sense of how insecure their password could be. I ...
34
votes
4answers
21k views

Demystifying Web Authentication (Stateless Session Cookies)

I'm currently researching user authentication protocols for a website I'm developing. I would like to create an authentication cookie so users can stay logged in between pages. Here is my first ...
2
votes
2answers
79 views

Could PKE be used as a better alternative to SRP for authentication?

If I understood SRP correctly, its weakpoint is during the registration of a user when sending the verifier to the server. Let's say the Server knows the PubKey(User) of the User and the User knows ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

What is a key-hardened hash?

I've seen the term 'key hardened hash' used to describe a recommended way to tighten up password hashing. What does this mean? Can it just mean to use a pepper?
2
votes
1answer
164 views

What is the entropy of a password made with pwgen?

pwgen is a unix utility that generates "memorable" passwords randomly. The man page says the entropy is lower than truly random passwords with the same specification. What is the actual entropy of a ...
7
votes
3answers
903 views

How to find passwords in memory (password managers)

I’m trying to figure out if password managers such as last pass store passwords in plain text (or hash values that can then be decrypted with the master password) in memory after a user logs into the ...
1
vote
1answer
308 views

Teamviewer and remote logins

Not sure if this has been asked before (a cursory search doesn't show anything), so I figure here is a sensible place to ask. Say I am remotely controlling my desktop at home via Teamviewer. Now ...
2
votes
2answers
177 views

Using “Literal” Passwords

Many people, including my friends, use passwords that sound exactly how they sound when responding to a question about what the password is. For example, if person X asks person Y what the password to ...
2
votes
1answer
588 views

Can I know somehow if my password hash is known?

Is there a secure way to know if my password's hash is publicly known on the internet? First I tried to search for it in Hashes.org (http://hashes.org/search.php), but then I suspected, that if it ...
0
votes
2answers
262 views

Website sent me my new password (after reset) in clear text [duplicate]

I was resetting my password on a website and the website emailed me a new password in plain text rather than giving me a reset link to change the password myself. I logged back in and changed the ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

Are there risks associated with a strong password reuse for disk encryption?

I understand the risks of password reuse when we share the password with 3rd parties as perfectly discussed under this question: Is password reuse a problem if the password is very strong? However I ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

How to “Pass the hash” when LM hash is disabled?

I ran the NTLM_stealer metasploit module and ended up with the following results: LMHASH:Disabled NTHASH:008940f335e9b2ddc182bb5b960a0c5bad0b125cbee3cf84 I was wondering if there is way to ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

How to safely reuse passwords in variation?

Remembering a lot of passwords is difficult. A lot of people use the same or a small set of passwords for everything. Of course, this is very unsafe. If such a password a password is stolen, the ...