Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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Is PassFace Authentication System secure?

In the passface authentication system, whether the passfaces are selected by the users or assigned by the system? Is such system secure? How is user's passface stored on the server side?
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4answers
139 views

Is secondary password (e.g.: pin) necessary?

I find some cases (especially in online games) that a software or website asks users to enter an additional password, such as 4 or 6 digit pin numbers, in addition to their original password. Most of ...
17
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5answers
3k views

Is sending plaintext passwords to a SQL Server database a security risk?

I have a database which has stored procedures which take plaintext passwords. It hashes them and inserts them into the DB. If an attacker has access to the DB connection, it is possible to intercept ...
14
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2answers
529 views

Concrete figures on password cracking in the wild

While password guessing is a science, not every attacker out there is up-to-date with the latest advances or cares to invest in GPUs or FPGAs. It's easy enough to test online password guessing ...
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2answers
125 views

How much do unusual characters in passwords help?

If I use a system that allows all Unicode characters or a similarly large space for passwords, how much would using an unusual character help in practice (for example, ࡀ ,which I found under Mandaic ...
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5answers
894 views

What if I develop my own hash algorithm to create strong passwords from easy ones?

I came up with this idea but I cant figure out if it's good or bad, maybe you can help. My goal is: I want to create extremely strong passwords for my main accounts (gmail, skype and so on). I want to ...
3
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2answers
150 views

John the Ripper not identifying a password contained in the username?

I have uploaded a screenshot of what exactly is going on, here: http://i.imgur.com/bJSv7C8.png I can see that single-crack mode includes a rule that looks at the username, and "slices" it to identify ...
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2answers
105 views

Why do web users still use password manglers though password is sent in ciphertext

There are many variations of password manglers. An example would be Hash( user password + secret key + domain site ) During website login authentication , passwords are sent in ciphertext from ...
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3answers
446 views

Cracking passwords after a pattern with John

So I am trying to find out how easy it is to crack a password using some great Linux tools. We all know about John as a password cracker and how great it is. But how about specifying a pattern. ...
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1answer
328 views

Best Practices for Security Questions

When a website asks me to enter security questions in addition to a password what is best practice on my part? This often happens with banks and other institutions but I see it less with other ...
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5answers
4k views

Does too long a salt reduce the security of a stored password hash?

Suppose we have passwords that are statistically 7-8 characters long. Is appending a 200 character long salt less secure than a 5 character salt, because of the similar hash function inputs? I was ...
335
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4answers
106k views

Do any security experts recommend bcrypt for password storage?

On the surface bcrypt, an 11 year old security algorithm designed for hashing passwords by Niels Provos and David Mazieres, which is based on the initialization function used in the NIST approved ...
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1answer
264 views

Best practices for usefully storing two factor authentication backup codes?

For a lot of web services offering two factor authentication, after setting up the system, you are given a short list of backup codes (one-time pads) that are around 7-10 characters long. These are ...
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0answers
65 views

Request for Google Password for Calendar Updates

A website that I trust (Delta Airlines) offers a link to add flight information to Google Calendar; that link opens a window asking for my Google login and password. Based on the advice in a similar ...
0
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1answer
161 views

Things to remember while building a password manager [closed]

I want to build a simple password manager for desktop whose sole purpose is to store the passwords that can be read by the user as and when required. I am not considering any fancy features such as ...
2
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1answer
313 views

Reverse Engineer this basic Hash using known answer?

Little background: I forgot one of my CCTV accounts password, so used the admin account to create a new one. However I can't access the old one as it's not possible to change a user account password, ...
0
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1answer
145 views

Please help clarify password hashing - salted, multiple iterations of MD5 vs bcrypt/sha2, etc [duplicate]

I was reading an article about the Ars Technica hack here and had a couple of questions. The commenter said: "PHPass uses salted and iterated MD5 to hash passwords" My question is that if I were ...
0
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1answer
215 views

Is there a FIPS 181 like standard for random password generation with alphanumerical seed?

NIST recommends FIPS 181 as a random password generator for "easy to remember" passwords. As far as I understand the standard: it will generate a password that is lowercase, and with some ...
4
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1answer
384 views

entropy of FIPS-181 automated password generator

From wikipedia article on password strength: NIST recommends 80-bits for the most secure passwords Is there any estimation of entropy for FIPS-181 automated password generator? Recommended ...
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4answers
302 views

Using a password manager vs manual

was wondering, who still uses the traditional method of storing passwords (in envelope) in an actual physical safebox vs modern methods like password managers? what are the pros and cons of each ...
3
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3answers
2k views

sniff SSH password on the server

Is it possible on the server to log the password encoded by the remote user inside a log. I want to make a honeypot to see the type of user/password used.
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0answers
109 views

Rainbow Tables: Why do we need to store the last value of a chain?

Surely we could just make it so a rainbow table says for each beginning of chain do 10k iterations, and then we wouldn't have to store both values? Or does by doing it this way stop collisions?
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2answers
360 views

How to avoid referer information leakage during password reset

Most password reset systems involve emailing the user a one-time link that lets them reset their password. The token needs to be in the URL, as most email clients do not allow HTML emails to perform ...
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2answers
923 views

Distance between two passwords

It is known that people reuse their passwords across different sites. The reuse can be done in two ways: using exactly same password for two different sites, slight modifying the password of one ...
4
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2answers
288 views

Has a plaintext password ever been used in a court of law as evidence to a crime?

Regardless of how the password was obtained (decryption, bad hashing, confession): Are there any prior known cases where the contents of the password was used to prove motive or guilt? Or, looking ...
3
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1answer
766 views

what is a valid challenge for 2 factor authentication?

When designing password reset process: 1- Is a an email address or an assigned username a valid piece of information ( identifier) to ask for in two factor authentication? 2- How does two factor ...
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1answer
170 views

TLS/SSL and password transmission

I am still getting confused with security topics. At the moment the advantages and disadvantages of some of authentication methods are still not very clear. According to OWASP Authentication Cheat ...
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2answers
7k views

What should end-users do about Heartbleed?

What should one do about the Heartbleed OpenSSL exploit? mainly talks about what people running websites should do about Heartbleed. What should end-users of websites be doing? Do they need to ...
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3answers
127 views

Creating user and safely sending password

Assuming I currently use a safe way to salt-challenge-response-authentication-method, passwords are stored secured and all. I now question myself - how do users set the password? Meaning, they enter ...
15
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1answer
826 views

Linux /etc/shadow password change security

I wonder what happens what happens when I am changing my password on a Linux system. Basically all passwords are stored in a file called /etc/shadow or /etc/master.passwd in BSD-like systems as I do ...
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3answers
5k views

Is LastPass' locally stored One-Time-Password recovery a security problem?

If you forget your LastPass master password then LastPass provides the possibility to recover access to your vault using a One-Time-Password (OTP) which is stored locally but is initially disabled. ...
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1answer
135 views

Domain socket authentication as in MySQL and PostgreSQL secure?

Are authentication mechanisms based on UNIX domain sockets (Linux) secure? And more specifically, are the respective MySQL and PostgreSQL implementations on Linux secure? The background for my ...
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1answer
242 views

Why not use md5 auth mechanisms for IMAP over TLS?

I'm using Dovecot for IMAP connections. I've read a lot of tutorials on how to set up Dovecot, and a lot of them said to only allow: auth_mechanisms = plain login Why should I not allow *-md5 ...
4
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2answers
350 views

Including and storing the order of character entry in a password as an enhanced security measure

I'm sure I will be quickly corrected if this is a stupid idea, or if it has already been tried. My question is: has this idea been tried before? If not, are there good reasons it would not work, or ...
32
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8answers
5k views

Why must I have a “strong” password for sites like this? [duplicate]

I don't share any personal information with StackExchange, I'm not really worried about anyone trying to hack my account and I can't see any incentive for them to do so, and yet the password strength ...
4
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1answer
251 views

Soundness of GRC.com Haystack padding concept [duplicate]

I was wondering how sound is the concept presented by the Gibson Research Corporation (see below if you do not want to follow the link) about simple passwords (= very easy to remember) with the ...
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1answer
414 views

What is the right way to implement Keyed Password Hashing?

As mentioned in this wonderful link, the way to get a PBKDF2 Hash of a user given password given a password (of course), a salt (generated Cryptographically Secure Random Number Generator. iteration ...
2
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2answers
124 views

Who can actually see the password when I accidentally used ftp instead of sftp?

It has been said that if we accidentally use ftp instead of sftp, people can actually see the login name and password in pure text form, and it is very bad. But who can actually see it? Will it be ...
4
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1answer
933 views

What is the best way to store password in memory (RAM) in Java?

Imagine there is a login form in Java application. We need assign usename and password to variables. Moment after we can Hash or HMAC password and keep it just for authentication step (no caching). ...
22
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4answers
4k views

How would you store a 4 digit pin code securely in the database?

I'm familiar with password hashing, using salts, bcrypt etc. But it doesn't seem like this would work to store a 4 digit pin code since the attacker could try all 10,000 combinations quite quickly. ...
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3answers
393 views

Are there any disadvantages to encrypting the password hash?

Is encrypting the password hash in database more secure than storing only the hash? Suppose we store encrypted SHA-256 result with AES instead of hash directly. Is this a good protection from a ...
3
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4answers
301 views

How effective are password checking websites? [duplicate]

I typed the following password in howsecureismypassword.net: yummy candy yummy It said it would take 100 billion years for a personal computer to crack. Is this accurate? Even though it has English ...
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2answers
173 views

Encrypted retrievable password

I have a password conundrum. I need to store an encrypted password in a DB table but in such a manner that would allow me to retrieve the password as plain text afterwards. Please note that this is a ...
16
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3answers
5k views

Is it possible to get the salt if I have the hash and original password?

Is it possible to get the salt if I have the hash and original password? My gut feeling is no, but would it be impossible or will it just take very long?
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1answer
1k views

Salt usage for Spring security?

I use the Spring security for Java web applications and I have written an authentication provider which is working without salt and now I want to either add salt or alternatively use the built-in ...
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1answer
117 views

Storing encryption passphrases in memory in Dalvik?

Given KeePassDroid, I'm considering some of the security implications of accessing KeePass databases on an Android device. In the native applications for Windows, OSX, and Linux, whenever the ...
6
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3answers
325 views

Calculating password hashes in the browser?

I just finally got into Keybase and was surprised to see this in the sign-up page: Shouldn't password stretching and hashing be done on the serverside, as we normally don't trust a client?
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2answers
130 views

bscrypt,scrypt v/s iterative SHA-x [duplicate]

Both bcrypt and scrypt hashing algorithms are designed to increase the resources required during the computation. Hashing passwords with these algorithms can be beneficial as it makes the task of an ...
3
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1answer
85 views

Feeding PBKDF2 to SRP verifier creation

There is an older game that solely uses UDP to communicate, and I wanted to add password authentication to the game to facilitate things like experience points and rankings. To this end, I decided to ...
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1answer
145 views

What is preventing us to start using scrypt in production ?

After a lot of reading the expert opinion on password hashing, I understand that scrypt (which is both memory hard and CPU intensive) is a good candidate for password hashing. But I saw the experts ...