Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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2
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1answer
112 views

Identical lanman hashes on AD accounts?

I ran metasploit's smart_hashdump module against my (2008r2) domain controllers, trying to find any accounts that may still have lanman hashes in place. These should have been disabled long ago. I'm ...
5
votes
3answers
489 views

comparing password hashing algorithms - PoC ideas?

OK so I just started working for a security consulting firm and we recommend SHA 256 (with salt) for password hashing because MD5 is too weak. I have read some brilliant answers (the list is too ...
1
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0answers
94 views

Security for message queue in ActiveMQ

I am using ActiveMQ and WSO2 for my application. I need to protect my queue to restrict posting of messages by anonymous users(I need to protect my queue with some password). I know, there is a ...
2
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2answers
99 views

Are repeating random patterns weaker than non repeating random patterns?

Which would be harder to crack: a password comprising of n characters randomly selected or a password comprising of x randomly selected characters repeated m times so that m*x=n. For example: ...
0
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2answers
102 views

how long do lowercase alphabets-only passwords have to be to match more complex ones? [duplicate]

Lowercase-only passwords are convenient for phones since we dont hit shift or go to characters page(each which is as much effort as hitting a character in my Android devices). But how long would a ...
0
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2answers
169 views

Timing-safe string comparison in high-level languages

I'm looking for a reliable solution to compare two strings without leaking their content through time differences. The length of the strings is not secret. The background is this: I'm implementing ...
3
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2answers
376 views

MySQL ENCRYPT salt is not random?

I know there's little reason to still use ENCRYPT() nowadays, what with bcrypt being almost ubiquitous and MySQL providing better hashes such as SHA1. But while dabbling with ENCRYPT() on MySQL ...
34
votes
9answers
3k views

Is there a method of generating site-specific passwords which can be executed in my own head?

I was thinking recently about password security. My goal is to have mostly random passwords, that are different for each site. But you also should be able to remember them (or re-generate them) ...
3
votes
1answer
624 views

Decrypt Passwords based on using a user's password

I am creating a database to store our client's information at work (a heritage center specializing in DNA based genealogy). Once the results of a test come back, we have people that use the ...
0
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1answer
100 views

How can I tell if my ISP account password is encrypted?

How can I be sure my ISP encrypts my account password? I found out accidentally that mine did not. I had called to report an interruption in service, and in the process of "troubleshooting", the ...
17
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4answers
4k views

How secure is NOPASSWD in passwordless sudo mode?

On all our boxes we have ssh access via keys. All keys are password protected. At this moment the sudo mode is not passwordless. Because the number of VMs are growing in our setup, we investigate the ...
44
votes
9answers
6k views

Can users make use of a password manager when banks tell them never to write passwords down?

Consider a user who wants to use a password manager for their banking passwords. Advice from banks usually says they should never write down their password. The user would be concerned about going ...
10
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3answers
1k views

HMAC Based Request Signing - Storing the Salt

I'm working on a (non high security) project that currently isn't live but might go live at some point. We have a REST API (implemented using Restlet and Neo4j) running on a server and an Android ...
5
votes
3answers
540 views

Is piping a `ssh-agent` signed message as a password secure?

There's an encrypted filesystem on a server I ssh into using public key authentication. Since a forwarded ssh-agent can deterministically sign a message (see also the ssh-agent protocol section ...
1
vote
3answers
115 views

Issuing password information by phone [duplicate]

We have a confidential portal for clients. Historically they have been identified face to face in person and handed a unique token number that is associated with their email address and allows them ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Forced to use using 2-Step Authentication to keep online profiles safe?

I am starting to see a majority of services, websites, and social networks offering the 2-step Authentication like crazy now to protect their users. Also, after reading how the Twitter Account N was ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Should a space in a password count as a symbol when checking for complexity?

There is no doubt in my mind that spaces should be allowed in passwords. I see some websites disallow spaces, symbols in passwords and even enforce minimum length which seems t otally nonsensical to ...
1
vote
3answers
792 views

RatticDB for passwords is not encrypted. Is this good approach?

I am looking for a password application for storing passwords, and RatticDB have a web interface and SSH access is planned, which are exactly the features I am looking for. However, they write that ...
3
votes
4answers
402 views

Ethical brute force demo on a web login when knowing the password complexity requirements

We are currently having accounts compromised at a substantially high rate. Some in the organization believe that our password complexity requirements is enough to thwart brute force attacks. I wanted ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

SAML, and forcing a re-authentication

I have a use case forced upon me by industry regulation. I wish it wasn't there, but it is. A user logs in to my service, navigates around, etc. The user can perform many actions, but one of the ...
1
vote
1answer
311 views

Is there anyway to generate a SAM file?

I was wondering if it is possible to create a windows SAM file. I already tried using chntpw but it seems like it only works under a Redhat based linux, ie I was able to blank/change a Windows 7 ...
2
votes
2answers
238 views

Locality Sensitive Hash (LSH) function to approximately match old passwords

Recently, I ran across a website that requires me to change my password after X number of days had passed since I had last created one. Intelligently, the service made sure that the password did not ...
1
vote
1answer
355 views

Exploiting Writeable SNMP

So, I've come across a couple of devices that are using default writable community names for SNMP such as 'private' (on windows machines) and 'Secret c0de' (on Brocade switches). I'm aware of the ...
1
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3answers
200 views

Touch tone phone username and password

I just got off the phone with Fidelity, who manage the health benefits for the company where I work. Before talking to a person, I was prompted to enter my username and password on the numeric keypad: ...
16
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2answers
676 views

Can client-side hashing reduce the denial-of-service risk with slow hashes?

When storing user's passwords that you need to verify against (but not use as plaintext) the current state of the art is: Hash the password Use a salt Use a slow hash function - bcrypt, scrypt, etc. ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How many passwords does the average user know?

Looking for research on the count and complexity of passwords that an average user is actively using. Note: Also, just to be clear, by research, this is not a request for you to respond with an ...
4
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3answers
382 views

Why use Keepass, etc. if all your passwords are in one place?

I'm a firm proponent of using a password manager like Keepass to generate and store secure passwords. I also encourage others to do the same. But there's always one person who says they'll never use ...
20
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2answers
13k views

Why are GPUs so good at cracking passwords?

What is it about GPUs that lets them crack passwords so quickly? It seems like the driving force behind adopting good key-derivation functions for passwords (bcrpyt, PBKDF2, scrypt) instead of ...
4
votes
11answers
4k views

Definitely safest password storage scheme?

I already asked this on StackOverflow but I was suggested this would be a better suited place and I found no way to "move" the question so I have to copy it. Believe, I know, there are hundreds ...
21
votes
6answers
8k views

Is AES encrypting a password with itself more secure than SHA1?

This isn't really a practical question, but more a question of curiosity. I heard a CS professor recommend stepping up from md5ing passwords not to SHA1, but to AES encrypting the password using ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Security of the KWallet password encrypting application?

According to http://gaganpreet.in/blog/2013/07/24/kwallet-security-analysis/ , the KWallet password management system is quite weak, it uses key splitting, Blowfish 56, and no salt. The key ...
0
votes
2answers
109 views

How secure would this method be considered for password storage

Ok I am currently storing the passwords in most secure way I could think of. With use of Encryption and Hash. The passwords are first generated by user as plain-text with minimum length of 6 ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

Any reason I shouldn't be salting and hashing before putting through bCrypt?

I've been reading up on password storage and such, and have come to the conclusion that I need to be using bCrypt. I've got an implementation working correctly, but I'm wondering the best way to move ...
0
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3answers
752 views

Authenticating users to Web Apps without sending password — can anyone suggest improvements?

I have been interested in implementing authentication method for a web app that is run in modern browsers, without having to send the password over the wire. Can anyone suggest improvements or even ...
176
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7answers
37k views

Why would you not permit Q or Z in passwords?

Jetblue's password requirements specify that, among other stringent requirements: Cannot contain a Q or Z I can't fathom a logical reason for this, unless it were say, extremely common for the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Why do websites limit password length? [duplicate]

I just made a new account with some eGov service (Belgian government). I use LastPass (which generates long, random strings for each site), But the system told me that the maximum allowed length was ...
1
vote
3answers
114 views

Is it possible to have a high confidence that a password is not being reused?

Have a few thoughts on the topic, but the general gist is if a user inputs a new password, is it possible to have a high confidence that a password is not being reused elsewhere? By elsewhere, I mean ...
7
votes
4answers
215 views

What standards are there for mangaging high value passwords?

I am leading a small team at a start-up and I am facing a dilemma with high value passwords. I am the only one on the team who knows all the key passwords for production servers, databases ... etc. ...
2
votes
2answers
225 views

Dual Authorization (Social Auth 2.0)

Can you see any obvious challenges to requiring 2+ users to confirm authentication requests using an association such as a friendship type of relationship. A practical application would be an ...
0
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2answers
87 views

Precise measurement of password complexity

I am thinking on a system, which measures the complexity of a password not based on its entropy or compressibility, but with a simply sophisticated method. The measurement of the ...
3
votes
3answers
209 views

How can a site know about insecure password?

I received an email from my web host recently that informed me I had an "insecure" password on one of my email accounts and that I had to change it. Their definition of what a secure password is as ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

Challenge-response login without storing a password equivalent

A problem with many challenge-response login systems is that the server has to store a password equivalent. For example, if the server stores SHA1(salt + password), and an attacker captures that hash, ...
22
votes
4answers
5k views

Security of passphrase-protected private key

If an attacker obtains a private key that was created with no passphrase, he obviously gains access to everything protected with that key. How secure are private keys set up with a passphrase? If an ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

What impact do the frequency of password resets have on password reuse?

Wondering if there's any research behind the most common password reset cycle I've seen of 90-days, and if there's any research that gives any insight into how to optimize password resets to reduce ...
3
votes
4answers
767 views

Best practice for forgot password form, ok to leak that a given e-mail is invalid

On our forgot password reset form, is it ok to leak that a given e-mail address entered is invalid? Or should we always just return success and check your e-mail, even if the e-mail is not valid. I ...
4
votes
0answers
722 views

A Google owned IP address accessed my outlook account [closed]

Today I got a warning from Microsoft saying that there was unusual activity on my account. Diving deeper I saw that there was a successful sign in from a Google owned IP address (according to ARIN). ...
65
votes
8answers
120k views

Where can I find good dictionaries for dictionary attacks?

I’m wondering where I can find good collections of dictionaries which can be used for dictionary attacks? I've found some through Google, but I’m interested in hearing about where you get your ...
0
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2answers
1k views

Securing passwords for REST Authentication

first post on sec so go easy. I'm developing a REST application using the Spring Framework, as as part of the requirements, we have to secure the different functions of the system to different user ...
3
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1answer
167 views

How does “Google password monitoring” work?

Google Apps has a feature to monitor users' password strength and notify administrator about it. Google help says: View the length of each user's password along with a graph showing its relative ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it a good idea to store Email addresses as hash only?

I am currently building a web service at http://write-math.com similar to http://detexify.kirelabs.org/ that should help users to get LaTeX code from drawn formulae. It is part of my bachelors thesis ...