Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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5
votes
3answers
19k views

Four-way Handshake in WPA-Personal (WPA-PSK)

Can someone explain to me in what consists the Four-way Handshake in WPA-Personal (WPA with Pre-Shared Key), which informations are being sent between AP and client, how is it possible to find the AP ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Should an administrator be able to turn off TFA for a user

We use Google Authenticator and SMS for two factor authentication. Should we allow the administrators of the site to turn off TFA for users? Google Auth uses SMS as backup option but SMS does not ...
-1
votes
1answer
4k views

Is my information secure when using Private Tunnel? [duplicate]

I am using Private Tunnel to do some tasks involving sensitive data like logging in to PayPal and online banking. Is my data safe or can it be retrieved by other users of the Private Tunnel service?
-1
votes
2answers
122 views

I don't understand how BIPS got hacked [closed]

http://www.networkworld.com/news/2013/112513-bitcoin-robbery-276352.html In this story we can see BIPS got hacked, but I don't get how it was hacked when it was offline because of the DDoS.
6
votes
2answers
447 views

Stolen Laptop - Next steps

My laptop (modded 2007 Macbook Pro) was stolen 2 days ago when I didn't pay attention to my backpack in a tourist spot in Europe and while I'm quite certain they won't have much use for it (the apple ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

After having confirmed a computer is infected by a Botnet.

And having found a server IP that is controlling it. How can I find out the log-in credentials this client uses to log in to a IRC channel / server webpage / control panel. I have found out a python ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Banking platform accepts password containing subset of real password [duplicate]

How would it be possible that if my password was 123abc that my bank also accepts something like 123abc12? Isn't that an extreme security flaw? If the password was hashed and salted, wouldn't the ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Security of LastPass + YubiKey

I'm looking at password manager solutions and came across LastPass. I see they also support two-factor authentication using YubiKeys. How secure is this combination for password management? What are ...
4
votes
2answers
173 views

Is it ok to email someone their password from a newly created account? [duplicate]

I have a pretty standard registration form. One thing I've decided to do away with is the requirement to enter the password twice, for usability reasons. In order to mitigate the increased risk of ...
9
votes
4answers
532 views

Password security

I was requested at the login page of a website to first change my password. After typing in a new password, the web page told me the new password did not differ enough from the previous one. Does this ...
3
votes
1answer
302 views

is 'mysql_real_escape_string' enough

Recently on stackoverflow I've seen many discussions that mysql_*_escape_string is deprecated and instead recommending PDO. The way I've been doing it was to allow only letters and ' in the name field ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

Question about a “Password Space” definition

I am currently reading the "Green Book" (http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/secpubs//rainbow/std002.txt) of the "Rainbow Series" and have a question on chapter "C.4 Password Space". From this ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Using the same base string for a password in several different logins [duplicate]

It is clear to me that using the same password for different websites is a bad idea because if an attacker manages to get a hold of your password, then he can gain access to the other websites in ...
0
votes
3answers
113 views

Best way to store passwords for a LAN tool?

I am making an app in Python for linux as a front end to the router (to automate some tasks). But I need to log in to the router before I can do any operations on it and since it uses a http-auth I ...
1
vote
3answers
189 views

S/MIME doesn't protect against a stolen password, right?

We're setting up S/MIME so that we can send encrypted emails. However, I have a bit of a stupid (and maybe obvious) question... If someone steals a password for either the sender or the receiver, ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Does it make sense to use two factor authentication with password protected wp-admin folder?

I've finished building my wordpress website and now, I'm concerned about the security of the website. To improve security, I'm using Google two factor authentication plugin while also ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Microsoft password email reset link leads to different url?

...I am really annoyed and unsettled by the password reset email I just received from Microsoft. What should I think of this? My email client correctly told me that the underlying url is not the same ...
0
votes
1answer
154 views

Why is there a “show password” functionality in some login forms? [duplicate]

I've noticed that on a lot of login forms in websites and applications that there is a "show password" check box. Why? I myself have seen some hacks that an attacker could hack the input password box. ...
32
votes
10answers
5k views

Is there any point in using 'strong' passwords?

Let's say I'm setting up a new account on a website. Should I bother using a strong password? My reasoning is this: Password strength is a rough measure of how long it would take to brute-force my ...
4
votes
2answers
940 views

How does processor architecture affect password hashing speed?

Does hashing speed vary significantly using different architectures (x86 vs ARM)? Scenario I am investigating the possibility of using a cluster of Raspberry Pi for cracking passwords hashed with ...
288
votes
13answers
56k views

Are passwords stored in memory safe?

I just realized that, in any language, when you save a password in a variable, it is stored as plain text in the memory. I think the OS does its job and forbids processes from accessing each other's ...
6
votes
3answers
443 views

Is it a good idea to have a “master” password?

Though I do have a good memory of passwords, it is quite impossible to have one password per application. Yet, it should be... My current way to deal with passwords is to have five passwords and to ...
1
vote
3answers
178 views

Cracking passwords after a patteren with ex. John

So i am trying to find out how easy it is to crack a password using some great Linux tools. We all know about John as a password cracker and how great it is. But how about specifying a patteren. ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

How is password character validation in 3D secure is implemented? [duplicate]

We have a website which stores hashed passwords in the database. During logins we hash the password entered by user and compare two hashes. This is quite standard so far. Our client which is in ...
30
votes
7answers
2k views

How do I educate others about social engineering?

One of my friends used to boast about how long his passwords are. One day, I decided to play a prank and social-engineered it out of him. I was pretty surprised as to how effortless the entire ...
-4
votes
2answers
238 views

Inform someone about a hacked account [closed]

I'm not a hacker but recently I was able to get someone's email password. I want to teach him a lesson to be careful when using internet and to pay attention to his passwords but I have some problems: ...
57
votes
21answers
11k views

How can I avoid my password being harvested by key loggers from internet cafes?

During traveling, especially in poor countries, sometimes you are going to need to use the internet at an internet cafe and you really can't be sure whether anyone has installed anything to listen to ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Would siloing passwords into their own locked down schema improve security?

First off, I don't know how hackers get at an entire password table and steal them. I don't know if the owners of the website are to blame or what, but I am wondering if it involves logging into the ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

Is it safe to show users why their password is not allowed?

/////////////////////////////// Updated Post Below //////////////////////////// This question has received a lot of hits, more than I ever thought it would have on such a basic topic. So, I ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

What kind of attacks can be performed off a local network? [closed]

I have been working with programs like Kali Linux, Cain, etc., and I have noticed that for the most part the biggest password stealing attacks must be performed on the same network as the victim (for ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

When is it appropriate to challenge with a secret word?

Lets say a secret word is say, the name of your first pet. Mother's maiden name is also a common one. When does it make sense to challenge the user with this? Or, what actions should be secured by a ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

storing username/email and password with a hash of the hash of the email/password? [duplicate]

Quite the simple discussion this one (one would assume): If I'd hash the email and password, and then hash the hashes, whould this be considered safe enough or would this just be a waste considering ...
0
votes
2answers
151 views

Password management [duplicate]

I am work in small company. I am Java Developer and Sysadmin of remote servers. I have problem with store password from several servers. How to best way to manage passwords in company?
259
votes
10answers
31k views

Is my developer's home-brew password security right or wrong, and why?

A developer, let's call him 'Dave', insists on using home-brew scripts for password security. See Dave's proposal below. His team spent months adopting an industry standard protocol using Bcrypt. ...
43
votes
3answers
44k views

How difficult to crack keepass master password?

How easily could someone crack my keepass .kdbx file if that person steals the file but never obtains the Master Password? Is this a serious threat, or would a brute force attack require massive ...
1
vote
2answers
244 views

Do I need to salt PBKDF2 when it's used for AES encryption

If I'm using PBKDF2 to stretch a password into a suitable key for use in encryption with AES, should I be using a random salt (for PBKDF2, not the AES IV)?
0
votes
2answers
214 views

Encryption method and other security concerns for a simple password manager [closed]

I thought I would learn a little bit of cryptography programming by making myself a simple password manager program that I can potentially even use to keep track of my passwords. The idea is that my ...
0
votes
3answers
211 views

How to retrieve the admin's password of a webapp?

I'm doing a pentesting example on a web app and I have dumped all the database. I have a table with the users in plaintext and the passwords hashed. I have to find the admin's password (I know that ...
16
votes
5answers
753 views

At what length does a password stop making sense?

I'm going to recommend that our users start using a password manager and start creating strong random passwords. Though I don't know what size of a password to recommend. Is it possible for a ...
-1
votes
1answer
2k views

How can I avoid sending passwords in plain text when logging into a website?

Suppose that I login to a website. When I type my personal data, aka, password and email, the password is sent in clear text to the server, correct? Then, a network card in promiscuous mode can ...
1
vote
3answers
226 views

Should I trust my bank after this [closed]

I have just discovered that I can login to my bank with passwords that is not mine. Example: My password is "1234" but I am authorized with all possible post characters. For example "12345" or ...
4
votes
3answers
554 views

Why not hashing and salting passwords?

When I was implementing my webapp, I decided to hash and salt users' passwords in order to protect them, even though I knew that there will never be a lot of them ... if any. Of course, I'm not saying ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Rainbowtable - Start with plain text [duplicate]

I know how to use rainbow tables. I've already read the other questions this topic here. Well but there is still one question left. As an attacker, I usually have a hash value of a password and ...
7
votes
6answers
309 views

City Government Emailing User Name and Password

My city has online billing for utilities. When you set up an account they email your user name and password to you. You can't change your password without them emailing it to you again. Isn't this ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Rainbow Tables: What is the Reduction Used for?

This is a follow up from this answer. The answer is very good, and it put me to thinking and doing some research. I have found another good explanation on this site. At some point, the author says: ...
-2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to effectively save database password inside desktop application?

Suppose we are in the field of desktop applications which need to store their data in a database. How do I store the password for this database avoiding the most obvious mistakes, which are: 1) hard ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Is this code snippet good enough for password hash and salt

After a few days reading up about salting and hashing passwords, I found an actual bit of code that tells how to do it. This is what I found: $blowfish_salt = ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Brute force password cracking with a GPU

How are GPU's provisioned for password cracking? Do all, if not most cracking programs have special GPU aware software or do they just function at the basic driver or API level of the device? Can it ...
17
votes
4answers
5k views

Password resets - what practices should web services follow?

Many of you may have seen How Apple and Amazon Security Flaws Led to My Epic Hacking, where a Wired reporter's Amazon, Apple, Gmail, and Twitter accounts were successfully hacked. The hacker followed ...
4
votes
2answers
368 views

From password to key

Can you explain this passage from Wikipedia? When a password (or passphrase) is used as an encryption key, well-designed cryptosystems first run it through a key derivation function which adds a ...