Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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3
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3answers
209 views

How can a site know about insecure password?

I received an email from my web host recently that informed me I had an "insecure" password on one of my email accounts and that I had to change it. Their definition of what a secure password is as ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Challenge-response login without storing a password equivalent

A problem with many challenge-response login systems is that the server has to store a password equivalent. For example, if the server stores SHA1(salt + password), and an attacker captures that hash, ...
22
votes
4answers
5k views

Security of passphrase-protected private key

If an attacker obtains a private key that was created with no passphrase, he obviously gains access to everything protected with that key. How secure are private keys set up with a passphrase? If an ...
3
votes
4answers
774 views

Best practice for forgot password form, ok to leak that a given e-mail is invalid

On our forgot password reset form, is it ok to leak that a given e-mail address entered is invalid? Or should we always just return success and check your e-mail, even if the e-mail is not valid. I ...
4
votes
0answers
727 views

A Google owned IP address accessed my outlook account [closed]

Today I got a warning from Microsoft saying that there was unusual activity on my account. Diving deeper I saw that there was a successful sign in from a Google owned IP address (according to ARIN). ...
65
votes
8answers
122k views

Where can I find good dictionaries for dictionary attacks?

I’m wondering where I can find good collections of dictionaries which can be used for dictionary attacks? I've found some through Google, but I’m interested in hearing about where you get your ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Securing passwords for REST Authentication

first post on sec so go easy. I'm developing a REST application using the Spring Framework, as as part of the requirements, we have to secure the different functions of the system to different user ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

How does “Google password monitoring” work?

Google Apps has a feature to monitor users' password strength and notify administrator about it. Google help says: View the length of each user's password along with a graph showing its relative ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it a good idea to store Email addresses as hash only?

I am currently building a web service at http://write-math.com similar to http://detexify.kirelabs.org/ that should help users to get LaTeX code from drawn formulae. It is part of my bachelors thesis ...
1
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3answers
89 views

Is it ok to use the same password for many services with two-factor authentication?

Let's say that I've a relatively strong password, but I don't want to use many different passwords for each different service, and let's say that those services provide two-factor authentication using ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Logging “password with counter” use

When prompted to update their passwords after they've become stale (whether that's after 30, 60, 90 days — whatever is implemented by policy), many users simply increment the number that they may have ...
60
votes
7answers
47k views

Certificate based authentication vs Username and Password authentication

What are the advantages and drawbacks of the certificate based authentication over username and password authentication? I know some, but I would appreciate a structured and detailed answer. UPDATE ...
44
votes
3answers
8k views

Paypal sent an email addressing me with one of my old passwords as my name

I got this email from service@intl.paypal.com, with the title: Your account has been limited until we hear from you. I think this is a scam / spoof email because I don't see any notification in my ...
9
votes
4answers
630 views

Should I obfuscate passwords before hashing? Should I pre-hash them on the client? What about salts?

For fun, and in my spare time I'm creating a simple CMS for my own purposes (with hopes to release for wider use... later), using PHP. I'm currently working on the login scheme now, and have a few ...
0
votes
4answers
222 views

Password Hashing Without a Unique Salt

I have a question about password hashing. This is not a question about the the BEST POSSIBLE method of hashing passwords, but rather a more utilitarian question about what is sufficient to hash a ...
0
votes
2answers
520 views

Are passwords safe to send through POST, without SSL in a iOS app?

Is it safe to post passwords to my web server in this manner? NSURL *url=[NSURL URLWithString:@"http://mywebsite/test/register.php"]; NSData *postData = [post dataUsingEncoding:NSASCIIStringEncoding ...
3
votes
1answer
224 views

Hashed passwords for NTLM authentication

I understood that Windows users' password hashes can be exported very easily. Right? So my question is: If I can have the hashes of other user accounts (e.g. local users on my Windows machine), isn't ...
8
votes
3answers
19k views

How secure is WD MyPassport lock

I have a WD My Passport hard drive. There is an option that allows you to lock your hard drive with a password. How secure is this lock? They don't give details about the encryption algorith or the ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Multi user symmetric key encryption

I realize SIMILAR questions have been asked before but I'm looking for certain specifics I can't seem to find elsewhere. The following question closely resembles mine but falls short for me on ...
9
votes
6answers
2k views

Should I hash a password if it is randomly generated

The best practice is we should hash a user password using algorithms such as bcrpyt to protect the user, however, given the following conditions, is hashing in the backend still matters? the ...
6
votes
1answer
213 views

How important is a mysql password for localhost?

We can assume that if an attacker gained access to a web server running mysql that they would be capable of reading the scripts to determine the mysql password. If mysql only responds on localhost, ...
2
votes
1answer
136 views

encfs and passwords

I notice that encfs fails to mount a filesystem when a wrong password is entered. However, this capability of detecting whether a password is right or wrong can allow brute-force attacks to be ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is it safe to use the Keccak Algorithm to create the Key for a Serpent cipher?

I like to store some configuration but would encrypt them with the Serpent cipher. Is it safe to do this? When not, what is a better solution?
2
votes
1answer
616 views

How do application specific passwords work in Google accounts? [duplicate]

I turned on 2-step verification and had to setup an application specific password for Outlook. I noticed the password generated is actually weaker than the one I had before turning on 2-step ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

how to use hash passwords to retrieve keys from keystore or access database

How do I hash the password for a keystore? How do I then use the hash to retrieve something from keystore? Similarly, how do I use a hashed password for accessing the database? I have encrypted the ...
2
votes
2answers
264 views

Is it important to use a slow hash in htpasswd?

It's my understanding that the purpose of .htpasswd files is to restrict access to some files in the server filesystem. If an attacker gains access to it, he probably has access to everything else ...
-3
votes
3answers
174 views

Hashing credentials. Is hash(email+password) secure enough?

I am working on a client server application where to identify each user I was thinking of storing a single database entry: hash(email + password) In my opinion, this is enough to stop some known ...
2
votes
2answers
242 views

Wifi Sniffing Prevention

I share my wifi with my brother. Recently I came to know he is sniffing on my browsing. Is there a way I can prevent him from sniffing on my browsing? PS: I can't afford VPN.
0
votes
1answer
112 views

What are the implications of an overly-restrictive password policy? [duplicate]

I came across an interesting password policy online recently: "Please be sure to enter a password that meets the following criteria: must be 8 characters long must not be based on dictionary words ...
57
votes
3answers
19k views

How can I create a password that says “SALT ME!” when hashed?

How can I create a password, which when directly hashed (without any salt) with md5 will return a string containing the 8 characters "SALT ME!". The hope is that a naive developer browsing through his ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Amazon Turk - How secure is it? Strange behavior

I just had this really strange experience with Amazon Turk, where suddenly I was logged into someone else's account. I was logged into the company's Turk account, left my computer for a while, ...
4
votes
4answers
572 views

Can't brute force password cracking somehow be throttled?

Online articles mention the importance of a strong password and suggest that hacking tools allows bad guys to attempt millions of passwords per second. I am wondering why OSes and websites and such ...
17
votes
1answer
4k views

How to apply a pepper correctly to bcrypt?

Update: There is a better way to add a server side key, than using it as a pepper. With a pepper an attacker must gain additional privileges on the server to get the key. The same advantage we get ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Does my brokerage/bank use poor password security measures?

I'm no expert. Could someone please tell me if I'm overreacting? After the Heartbleed news broke, I changed a lot of passwords. Here's what I discovered when changing the password on my all-in-one ...
1
vote
2answers
434 views

Which hashing algorithm is ideal for use on the web? [duplicate]

I am new here, and have poked around the site looking for an overview of which hash algorithm to use on the web and why. It seems to be the consensus that SHA-256 or other SHA-2 family algorithms are ...
0
votes
2answers
152 views

How different should passwords be?

It seems to be generally accepted the same password should not be used for different sites or devices. How different should passwords be? For example +_^gum<JW1 and +_^gum<JW2 are very similar. ...
5
votes
1answer
6k views

Recover Server 2008 R2 Domain Admin Password

So I did the ultimate silly thing: I lost my domain admin password for my Server 2008 R2 box. Sure, I could just re-install but that's going to be a huge pain. I tried rebooting with the Windows ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How do you manage credentials to multiple remote systems?

We are a vendor that provides software to the healthcare industry, and our application is locally hosted on customer infrastructure. As such, we are provided with VPN access in order to be able to ...
0
votes
1answer
998 views

What happens if you run out of password attempts?

In Samsung Knox, you have 20 password attempts. However, it is never explained what happens if you run out of attempts. Does it delete your Knox data, do you need to enter the recovery PIN or is it ...
2
votes
1answer
420 views

FIPS 140-2 C# Password Hash

Is the following algorithm, using RNGCryptoServiceProvider & Rfc2898DeriveBytes, sufficient to implement a FIPS 140-2 password hash on Windows Server 2008R2? var provider = new ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does bcrypt compare the hashes in “length-constant” time?

I saw this function slowEquals() while reading Salted Password Hashing - Doing it Right, which uses a byte-level xor comparison to avoid timing attacks. I was wondering whether this is what Bcrypt ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Length-constant password comparison in scrypt? [duplicate]

E.g.: XORing the candidate against stored then comparing against 0. Do I need to worry? (my question is much in the same style as this question: Does bcrypt compare the hashes in ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Cracking encrypted SQB databases

I've recovered a .SQB SQL database backup file from a backup server and do not have the password. As I do not have the password available to me, I'm looking to determine what type of encryption is ...
20
votes
5answers
16k views

Is saving passwords in Chrome as safe as using LastPass if you leave it signed in?

Justin Schuh defended Google's reasoning in the wake of this post detailing the "discovery" (sic) that passwords saved in the Chrome password manager can be viewed in plaintext. Let me just directly ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

API to change passwords?

After I learned last week that the login data of some of my accounts was leaked, I had to change my passwords for more than 30 sites. That was tedious! As luck would have it, some days later we ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Hashing password for secure storage (generating salt)

I wanted to check if the following means of generating a hash for storage of a password was secure. I have an username and password combo. In order to generate a secure hash, I am doing the ...
6
votes
1answer
365 views

What happens if biometric data is stolen?

As we move toward a future where fingerprints might possibly replace passwords, I see one issue. While passwords can be stolen, they can be changed by the owner after being notified of the security ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What to do with .hash files when cracking WPA2

So, I'd say I'm one level above n00b. I've gotten to the point where I have accomplished a WPA Handshake (and saved the output as xxx-01.cap). I have also downloaded these hash tables (if that is the ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

CNN Money Portfolio and Heartbleed [duplicate]

Is/was CNN Money Portfolio ever vulnerable to heartbleed? It states 256 bit SSL bank level encryption on the website..
5
votes
2answers
450 views

TPM- Symmetric key storage

I understand that the TPM can be used to store an unlimited number of keys. However I am left with a few questions: Presuming the TPM is connected on the LPC what protects the data travelling across ...