Specific to the security of passwords: hashing, entropy, cracking, resets, lockouts, etc.

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3
votes
1answer
221 views

How to find passwords in memory (password managers)

I’m trying to figure out if password managers such as last pass store passwords in plain text (or hash values that can then be decrypted with the master password) in memory after a user logs into the ...
48
votes
10answers
11k views

Why does the user pick the password?

Almost every web service I can imagine has the user pick the password. Why is this? Couldn't the system choose a better password? It doesn't have to be some complicated mess; see ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Do I need to set maximum characters length for password using bcrypt?

I using bcrypt to create a password hash and in the php documentation it says Caution: Using the PASSWORD_BCRYPT for the algo parameter, will result in the password parameter being truncated to ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Full Disk Encryption, Single User System: User/Root Passwords required?

Are there any security issues of having no (or weak) passwords for user and root account on a single user system with full disk encryption (except boot partition)? Assuming no SSH server is running, ...
3
votes
0answers
86 views

What is the most efficient password scheme in terms of entropy per convenience [closed]

Although the main points are right, but now six words are needed, which is both inconvenient to remember, and inconvenient to type. My question is, has then been any case studies on the most ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Why use a password manager to protect browser logons when e-mail client is neglected?

Friends use password managers like lastpass or dashlane which have plugins for the browser, but not for the email clients (thunderbird or livemail). But surely the email password is the Achilles heel ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

All UTF-8 characters for generated passwords

Why do a lot of password generators don't generate strong passwords including chinese, arabian...-characters? All generators I saw, also the included one in my password manager keepass, just output ...
4
votes
2answers
212 views

Password strength metrics

In the question Source code as password I suggested using a combination of entropy and as @Lawtonfogle put it 'meatspace difficulty'. As suggested in the xkcd comic correct staple horse battery is a ...
23
votes
6answers
4k views

Source code as password

Passwords with a mixture of letters, numbers, and special characters are sometimes hard to remember. Is it secure to instead use a small amount of memorable source code as a 'passphrase'? As an ...
3
votes
3answers
135 views

Is it a good idea to use non-Latin Unicode characters in a password?

I've heard many suggestions as to what makes a good password (hard to guess, not a dictionary word or permutation thereof, at least a certain length, etc.) so that it cannot be cracked in a realistic ...
0
votes
2answers
99 views

Can I save passwords in my app securely and retrieve them without asking for a master password? [closed]

I need to save some passwords used on my app, so the user doesn't have to input them so often. I'm trying to understand how this is done. I imagine to keep them safe they should be encrypted however ...
-1
votes
2answers
188 views

SHA256 to text or MD5

I want to decrypt a sha256 to text. Is there a way other than bruteforcing to decrypt sha256? Like if I convert that SHA256 to MD5 and then try decrypting?I know its hard and the possible way for ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

How to implement application-specific passwords using strong hashes?

I am implementing a service where application-specific passwords seem a good choice to improve security. A question on why and when they might make sense has already been discussed here Google ...
2
votes
0answers
51 views

Disallowing Similar Passwords [duplicate]

Upfront, I want to clarify that I am not a professional cryptographer, I am more curious about playing with the math and science behind it, and also want to improve my habits with my own personal and ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Hashcat Turkish character problem [closed]

I'm using cudahashcat, it haven't special chars like "öçşĞÜ" in standart charsets. I defined charsets with windows-1254 and other encoding types(and -1 öÖçÇğĞşŞüÜıİ?a parameter), i tried but they ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Do I have an SSH password?

I have an Ubuntu server hosted on DigitalOcean, I have been using SSH keys since the very beginning. (You can chose for it to be setup before the server instance has even been created). So I have ...
-4
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the most secure way to protect a custom CMS from infiltration? [closed]

I have a custom CMS with a randomly generated ASCII 100-character string from this site for both my username/password. I also have this following sha512 encryption system, which was created by ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Is it safe to signup multiple applications with facebook?

Putting all eggs in one basket.. Is it safe to sign-up on different applications with facebook or such similar platforms, linkedin, twitter etc?
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Password strength in Wordpress Network

Very similar to this question at Wordpress Development, but intentionally asked here. A password, that contains: at least one capital letter, at least one small letter, at least one number and at ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Is my hashing function good enough

Is there an obvious flaw with this hashing function (written in PHP)? function hash($password) { sleep(1); // Make hashing slow $hash = ""; $iterations = strlen($password); for ( $i = 0; $i ...
1
vote
1answer
230 views

How are “worst passwords” lists made?

I don't understand how it's possible to create a list of the worst passwords used if they're (allegedly) encrypted? Are they collected anonymously before saving in the database especially for this ...
27
votes
4answers
3k views

Is it safe to store a password hash history for preventing user to keep same password repeatedly in some cases?

I am developing an application in PHP and it uses bcrypt encryption to store passwords. I want to keep the history of hashes whenever the user changes the password. By doing this I want to stop the ...
5
votes
2answers
265 views

ProtonMail security concerns

This TED talk brought me here. First of all, to those who created ProtonMail: Nice job!!. Regardless of what people say, it's definitely a big step forward from tradition options like Hotmail, Gmail ...
31
votes
5answers
6k views

If a web site shows me what my password was changed to, is it stored as plain text?

I just changed the password on a school-related web site. After completing the change successfully, the next page showed what the password was changed to. Can I conclude from this that the password ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Need some docs that say we shouldn't upper the string when saving it as a password [closed]

I'm trying to find on the Internet some manual, guide or policy secure about applications should not convert lower string to upper string to store as password I mean, don't make ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

How is password information stored and used on Android accounts?

How difficult would it be for someone who stole your device to gain access to the username and password information stored under the Settings -> More -> Accounts section of an Android device? ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

What kind of backdoor can be made after hacking wi-fi? [closed]

I'm interested to know if A hacks B's wifi password, what can A do to gain persistent access to the router even after B changes the wifi password? Secondly, how can we detect the backdoor and patch ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Password security when connecting to ldap with rails application

How do you store a username/password securely in a rails app when using it for many ldap searches? The connection in the app requires ldap_bind_authenticate(Net::LDAP.new, username, password) ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

What does “random” mean in the context of password creation?

Disclaimer: as you will see from my question I'm a total outsider in this subject, just very curious. I was wondering how easy it would be to crack a password-protected RAR5 file, and I found many ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Password sharing with spouse or mate (bulk-change shared passwords (via cloud service))? [closed]

I've read on New Scientist magazine that in 80% of all cases when people in a relationship share a place where they live one of the spouses knows the other's password, thus making the question I am ...
1
vote
3answers
127 views

Trouble understand login vulnerabilities

I'm testing my own web page with the following vulnerabilities. #1: Form escapes ' to \' So if a user tries to enter the following information: username: 'or'1=1 password: m username will ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Framework behind password reset mechanism

I have always seen those "Forgot password" links from web sites that requires some form of user login. Can I get a deeper understanding of how this works? What tools/framework do I need to use because ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What is the safest way to encrypt a password that can be decrypted at a later time?

In a web app I'm building, I need to use Apple's AutoIngestion tool for iTunes Connect. In this tool it seems the only way to use it is to send a password in plain text. What would be the best ...
4
votes
3answers
392 views

SSH Public Key Authentication vs Username/password for API Access

I have a linux device that will be making periodic call to an API server, say everytime the system boots up. Everytime then it should authenticate itself and then do its thing. I can either store the ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

sample/starter code to test for TRUSTe password requirements [closed]

Considering its a requirement for Truste certification I figure that the code to test for a password meeting Truste's password strength requirements has been written more than a few times. I was ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

Does changing the default number of iterations in KeePass (or other encryption applications) increase security?

Inspired by this question about the difficulty of cracking a KeePass database, I'm wondering if changing the default number of iterations in an encryption application (e.g., KeePass) increases ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What is a key-hardened hash?

I've seen the term 'key hardened hash' used to describe a recommended way to tighten up password hashing. What does this mean? Can it just mean to use a pepper?
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Obscure username input on login forms?

Not (necessarily) a duplicate of: Should both user ID and Password be masked for online banking? Definitely not a duplicate of: Should usernames be kept secret? I can sense your finger on the "mark ...
-2
votes
4answers
134 views

Getting password cracking time and byte storage from bruteforce?

I am stuck with this question, you can see it in the picture I have included below. PARTS (a and b) I know a-z will be 26^8, A-Z will be 26^8 guesses, and 0-9 will be 10^8 guesses. But I can't relate ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

What can hacker do, if he knows my SALTED password?

for example, in any website (WORDPRESS or etc..) they store passwords in database, using SALT mehtod (as i know)... for example: $P$dfwegfwegewgIT03.wewefefweg if hacker got this password and ...
51
votes
5answers
8k views

Is sending passwords through cellphone text messages secure?

Both the sender and the receiver deleted the text after it was sent, but is it still possible that it exists somewhere and that someone can get to it?
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Password reset question answer complexity

I need to implement a password reset feature for a system that will be controlled by a security question and answer pair. The problem is that I can't guarantee I'll have a valid e-mail address or cell ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Different password for each login - based on some variable

This might sound a silly question, but I was thinking this as and extra option(which is not required) mainly for advanced users, who want to protect their accounts even more. Lets consider that other ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Is there any point in using two step authentication if you have strong passwords?

If you are in the habit of using strong passwords (randomly generated by password manager) is there any point in using two step authentication? Assuming that 99% of the time that when you enter a ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

Why would you decouple your resource and login servers?

As described on this link, OAuth specifies that a login server and a resource server should be decoupled. The idea is that if one of your resource servers gets hacked, no password data is lost. All ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

Share root access without sharing password

I am looking for a way to share admin privileges on some hosts without providing the admin password. From his link, I was thinking of using a primary host from which every user can sudo -u user to ...
1
vote
3answers
448 views

Who should I give my password to [duplicate]

I've got a dilemma, should I give my password to my local IT help desk (I am seeing them face to face, and I know that they work for the same company as myself). They want to perform a routine ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

MD5 before PBKDF2 on legacy software

I am mantaining a legacy software that uses MD5 in the following way: The client asks for a 16 byte salt when authenticating an account. The server generates a 16 byte salt, links it to the account ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Secure database password stored in an env variable

I need to somewhere store my DB password on my production environment to access the DB. At the moment the prod system is deployed in the cloud, so is the DB. The password, the username and some other ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Is plain text over https really a good idea? [duplicate]

Sending plain text passwords over https is quite secure, the traffic is encrypted, making eavesdropping virtually impossible. However, once on the server side, it is still plain text. Of course, ...